Thomas Stephens Davies

Last updated

Thomas Stephens Davies FRS FRSE (1795–1851) was a British mathematician.

Contents

Life

He was born on 1 January 1795. [1]

Davies made his earliest communications to the Leeds Correspondent in July 1817 and the Gentleman's Diary for 1819. He subsequently contributed largely to the Gentleman's and Lady's Diary, Clay's Scientific Receptacle, the Monthly Magazine, the Philosophical Magazine , the Bath and Bristol Magazine, and the Mechanics' Magazine. Davies was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London, 19 March 1840

Davies's early acquaintance with Dr. William Trail, the author of the Life of Dr. Robert Simson, materially influenced his course of study and made him familiar with the old as well as with the modern professors of geometry. He became a fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1831, and he contributed several original and elaborate papers to its Transactions. He also published Researches on Terrestrial Magnetism in the Philosophical Transactions, Determination of the Law of Resistance to a Projectile in the Mechanics' Magazine, and other papers in the Cambridge and Dublin Mathematical Journal, the Civil Engineer, the Athenæum, the Westminster Review, and Notes and Queries.

In 1831 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh his proposer being John Shoolbred. [2] In April, 1833 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. [3]

In 1834, he was appointed one of the mathematical masters in the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich. Among the numerous subjects that engaged his attention were researches on the properties of the trapezium, Pascal's hexagramme mystique, Brianchon's theorem, symmetrical properties of plane triangles, and researches into the geometry of three dimensions. His new system of spherical geometry preserves his name in the list of well-known mathematicians.

His presentation "On the Velocipede" in May 1837 is extant as a manuscript and gives a vivid testimony of the rise and putting down of the draisines aka hobby-horses. He must have been an early hobby-horse rider himself according to that (transcript in The Boneshaker #108(1985) pp. 4–9 and #111(1986) pp. 7–12))

His death, after six years of illness, took place at Broomhall Cottage, Shooter's Hill, Kent, on 6 January 1851, when he was in his fifty-seventh year.

Publications

Davies edited the following works:

Of the above, Solutions of the Principal Questions is the most important work. It is a large octavo of 560 pages, enriched with four thousand solutions on nearly all subjects of mathematical interest and of various degrees of difficulty.

A long catalogue of Davies's writings is printed in the Westminster Review, April 1851, pp. 70–83.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Playfair</span> Scottish minister, mathematician, natural philosopher and geologist

John Playfair FRSE, FRS was a Church of Scotland minister, remembered as a scientist and mathematician, and a professor of natural philosophy at the University of Edinburgh. He is best known for his book Illustrations of the Huttonian Theory of the Earth (1802), which summarised the work of James Hutton. It was through this book that Hutton's principle of uniformitarianism, later taken up by Charles Lyell, first reached a wide audience. Playfair's textbook Elements of Geometry made a brief expression of Euclid's parallel postulate known now as Playfair's axiom.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Matthew Stewart (mathematician)</span> Scottish mathematician (1717–1785)

Matthew Stewart FRS FRSE (1717–1785) was a Scottish mathematician and minister of the Church of Scotland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Charles Hutton</span> British mathematician and surveyor (1737-1823)

Charles Hutton FRS FRSE LLD was a British mathematician and surveyor. He was professor of mathematics at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich from 1773 to 1807. He is remembered for his calculation of the density of the earth from Nevil Maskelyne's measurements collected during the Schiehallion experiment.

Prof Robert Hamilton was a Scottish mathematician and political economist. He was a founder member of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sir George Clerk, 6th Baronet</span> Scottish politician

Sir George Clerk of Pennycuik, 6th Baronet was a Scottish politician who served as the Tory MP for Edinburghshire, Stamford and Dover.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Robert Blair, Lord Avontoun</span>

Robert Blair of Avontoun FRSE (1741–1811) was a Scottish advocate and judge who served as Solicitor General for Scotland from 1789 to 1806, Dean of the Faculty of Advocates from 1801 to 1808, and Lord President of the Court of Session from 1808 to his death.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">H. F. Baker</span> British mathematician

Henry Frederick Baker FRS FRSE was a British mathematician, working mainly in algebraic geometry, but also remembered for contributions to partial differential equations, and Lie groups.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Donald Crawford</span>

Donald Crawford KC FRSE was a Scottish advocate who became a United Kingdom Liberal MP. He sat for the constituency of Lanarkshire North-East from 1885 to 1895.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George Chrystal</span> British mathematician

George Chrystal FRSE FRS was a Scottish mathematician. He is primarily know for his books on algebra and his studies of seiches which earned him a Gold Medal from the Royal Society of London that was confirmed shortly after his death.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Robert Graham (botanist)</span> Scottish physician and botanist (1786–1845)

Robert Graham was a Scottish physician and botanist.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Andrew Coventry</span>

Andrew Coventry FRSE (1762–1830) was a Scottish agriculturist. He was the first Professor of Agriculture in Great Britain.

Sir Hugh Cleghorn FRSE LLD (1751-1836) was the first colonial secretary to Ceylon. He was key in the takeover of Ceylon from Dutch control to the British Empire. In 1795 Cleghorn used his friendship with Comte Charles-Daniel de Meuron, who owned a regiment of Swiss mercenaries, the Regiment de Meuron, that controlled Ceylon for the Dutch, to transfer control to the British. His grandson Hugh Francis Clarke Cleghorn was instrumental in the foundation of the forest department and forest conservation in India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Clerk, Lord Eldin</span>

John Clerk, Lord Eldin FRSE FSA was a Scottish judge based in Edinburgh.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Robert Haldane (mathematician)</span>

Robert Haldane FRSE was a British mathematician and minister of the Church of Scotland.

William Alexander Francis Balfour-Browne FRSE FZS FLS PRMS (1874–1967), known as Frank, was an English entomologist who specialised in Coleoptera, especially Dytiscidae.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Daniel John Cunningham</span>

Daniel John Cunningham M.D., D.C.L., LL. D. F.R.S., F.R.S.E. F.R.A.I. was a Scottish physician, zoologist, and anatomist, famous for Cunningham's Text-book of Anatomy and Cunningham's Manual of Practical Anatomy.

Charles Bernard Childs FRSE was a British physicist and mathematician. He was founder and chairman of the Scottish Community Drama Association. He was also Chairman of the British Universities Film Council.

Prof Ernest George Coker FRS FRSE MIME MICE Wh.Ex. (1869–1946) was a British mathematician and engineer. He won the Howard N. Potts Medal for Physics in 1922, and the Rumford Medal for work on polarised light in 1936. He was an expert on stress analysis and Photoelasticity. He contributed to Encyclopædia Britannica and other works under the initials E.G.C.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Francis Chalmers Crawford</span>

Francis Chalmers Crawford FRSE (1851-1908) was a Scottish stockbroker of fame as an amateur botanist and ornithologist. Saxifraga crawfordii is named after him. He served as President of the Scottish Microscopical Society.

Samuel Newby Curle FRSE (1930-1989) was a British mathematician. He served as Professor of Applied Mathematics at St Andrews University from 1967 until 1989. St Andrews University created the Curle Lecture in his memory.

References

  1. C D Waterston; A Macmillan Shearer (July 2006). Former Fellows of The Royal Society of Edinburgh, 1783–2002: Part 1 (A–J) (PDF). Royal Society of Edinburgh . ISBN   090219884X. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 January 2013. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  2. C D Waterston; A Macmillan Shearer (July 2006). Former Fellows of The Royal Society of Edinburgh, 1783–2002: Part 1 (A–J) (PDF). Royal Society of Edinburgh . ISBN   090219884X. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 January 2013. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  3. "Library and Archive catalogue". Ruyal Society. Retrieved 26 November 2010.
Attribution

Wikisource-logo.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : "Davies, Thomas Stephens". Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.