| United States Senator |
from South Dakota
March 4, 1913 –March 3, 1925
|Preceded by||Robert J. Gamble|
|Succeeded by||William H. McMaster|
|Dean of University of South Dakota |
College of Law
July 1, 1901 –June 10, 1911
|Preceded by||position established|
|Succeeded by||Marshall McKusick|
|Born||February 21, 1851|
|Died||August 26, 1930 79) (aged|
|Relatives||John A. Sterling (brother)|
Thomas Sterling (February 21, 1851 –August 26, 1930) was an American lawyer, U.S. Senator, and the first dean of the University of South Dakota College of Law.
The University of South Dakota School of Law in Vermillion, South Dakota, United States, is a professional school of the University of South Dakota and the only law school in the state of South Dakota. Established in 1901, by U.S. Ambassador Bartlett Tripp and U.S. Senator Thomas Sterling. The law school is home to approximately 168 students and has more than 3,000 alumni. With 168 J.D. candidates, it is currently the second-smallest law school and smallest public law school student population among the American Bar Association accredited law schools.
A Republican, he served in the United States Senate from 1913 to 1925. He later served as dean and law professor at George Washington University Law School. The University of South Dakota School of Law awards Sterling Honors to their graduating top 10% in honor of their first dean.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress which, along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislature of the United States. The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol Building, in Washington, D.C.
Sterling, was born near Amanda, Ohio. He moved with his parents, Charles Sterling (1821-1905) and Anna Kessler (1827-1908) to McLean County, Illinois in 1854, where he attended the public schools and graduated from Illinois Wesleyan University at Bloomington in 1875. He was superintendent of schools of Bement, Illinois from 1875 to 1877. His brother John A. Sterling, became a U.S. Representative from Illinois.
Amanda is a village in Fairfield County, Ohio, United States. The population was 737 at the 2010 census. Amanda was the birthplace of Thomas Sterling, a Republican in the United States Senate from 1913 to 1925.
McLean County is the largest county by land area in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 169,572. Its county seat is Bloomington.
Illinois Wesleyan University is an independent, exclusively undergraduate liberal arts college in Bloomington, Illinois. Founded in 1850, the central portion of the present campus was acquired in 1854 with the first building erected in 1856. It offers over 80 majors, minors and programs in the liberal arts, business, the fine arts, nursing, and eight pre-professional areas.
Sterling studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1878, commencing his practice in Springfield, Illinois. He became the city prosecuting attorney in 1880 until 1881. In 1882 he moved to the Territory of Dakota and located in Northville, in then Dakota Territory. He moved to Redfield in 1886 and continued the practice of law, serving as district attorney of Spink County, South Dakota from 1886 to 1888. In 1889 he became a member of the State constitutional convention, and a year later in 1890 a member of the State senate. From 1901 to 1911 he was the first dean of the University of South Dakota College of Law at Vermillion.
Springfield is the capital of the U.S. state of Illinois and the county seat of Sangamon County. The city's population was 116,250 at the 2010 U.S. Census, which makes it the state's sixth most-populous city and the largest city in central Illinois. As of 2013, the city's population was estimated to have increased to 117,006, with just over 211,700 residents living in the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Sangamon County and the adjacent Menard County.
Northville is a town in Spink County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 143 at the 2010 census.
Redfield is a city in and the county seat of Spink County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 2,333 at the 2010 census. The city was named for J. B. Redfield, a railroad official.
He was elected in 1912 as a Republican to the United States Senate, was reelected in 1918, and served from March 4, 1913, to March 3, 1925. During this time, he served on the Overman Committee investigating seditious German and Bolshevik activities. He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1924. During the Sixty-sixth Congress he was the chairman of the Committee on Civil Service and Retrenchment. In the Sixty-seventh Congress he served on the Committee on Civil Service, and on the Committee on Post Office and Post Roads during the Sixty-eighth Congress. While he served in Congress he served with William Williamson and Royal C. Johnson, two of his first graduates from the College of Law.
The Overman Committee was a special subcommittee of the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary chaired by North Carolina Democrat Lee Slater Overman. Between September 1918 and June 1919, it investigated German and Bolshevik elements in the United States. It was an early forerunner of the better known House Un-American Activities Committee, and represented the first congressional committee investigation of communism.
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
William Williamson was a teacher, a lawyer, a judge, and a U.S. Representative from South Dakota. He was the last U.S. Representative from the third district of South Dakota.
He practiced law in Washington, D.C., and served on the faculty of National University Law School, now George Washington University School of Law. He was appointed by President Calvin Coolidge in 1925 as field secretary of the Commission for the Celebration of the Two Hundredth Anniversary of the Birth of George Washington.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States. Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, the first president of the United States and a Founding Father. As the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations, Washington is an important world political capital. The city, located on the Potomac River bordering Maryland and Virginia, is one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million tourists annually.
Calvin Coolidge was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 30th president of the United States from 1923 to 1929. A Republican lawyer from New England, born in Vermont, Coolidge worked his way up the ladder of Massachusetts state politics, eventually becoming governor. His response to the Boston Police Strike of 1919 thrust him into the national spotlight and gave him a reputation as a man of decisive action. The next year, he was elected vice president of the United States, and he succeeded to the presidency upon the sudden death of Warren G. Harding in 1923. Elected in his own right in 1924, he gained a reputation as a small government conservative and also as a man who said very little and had a rather dry sense of humor.
Sterling died in Washington, D.C. and was interred in Cedar Hill Cemetery.
In honor of their first dean, the University of South Dakota School of Law awards Sterling Honors to students who finish in the top 10% of their class.
Granville Gaylord Bennett was an American lawyer who served as a justice of the Supreme Court for the Dakota Territory and as a delegate to the United States House of Representatives.
Simeon Davison Fess was a Republican politician and educator from Ohio. He served in the United States House of Representatives and U.S. Senate.
Karl Earl Mundt was an American educator and a Republican member of the United States Congress, representing South Dakota in the United States House of Representatives (1939-48) and in the United States Senate (1948-73).
Israel Moore Foster was a Republican Representative in the United States Congress from the State of Ohio.
Robert Jackson Gamble was a U.S. Representative and Senator from South Dakota. He was the father of Ralph Abernethy Gamble and brother of John Rankin Gamble, members of South Dakota's prominent Gamble family.
Charles Spalding Thomas was a United States Senator from Colorado. Born in Darien, Georgia he attended private schools in Georgia and Connecticut, and served briefly in the Confederate Army.
Miles Poindexter was an American politician and author. As a Republican and later a Progressive, he served as a United States Representative and United States Senator from the state of Washington. Poindexter also served as United States Ambassador to Peru during the presidential administrations of Warren Harding and Calvin Coolidge.
James Henderson Kyle was an American politician. One of the most successful members of the Populist Party, he served for 10 years as a member of the United States Senate from South Dakota from 1891 until his death. Kyle, South Dakota was named after him.
Martin Nelson Johnson was a North Dakota politician who served as a United States Representative and Senator from North Dakota.
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Edwin Fremont Ladd was a United States Senator from North Dakota. While in the Senate, he was chairman of the Committee on Public Roads and Surveys during the sixty-eighth Congress.
Benjamin Franklin Shively was a United States Representative and Senator from Indiana. Born near Osceola, Indiana, attended the common schools and the Northern Indiana Normal School at Valparaiso. He taught school from 1874 to 1880, engaged in journalism from 1880 to 1884, and was secretary of the National Anti-Monopoly Association in 1883. In 1884 he was president of the board of Indiana University and was elected as a National Anti-Monopolist to the Forty-eighth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William H. Calkins, serving from December 1, 1884, to March 3, 1885.
Selden Palmer Spencer was an American lawyer and politician. A Republican, he was a United States Senator from Missouri.
George Edmund Foss was a U.S. Representative from Illinois. He was a brother of Eugene Noble Foss.
John Allen Sterling was a U.S. Representative from Illinois, and brother of Thomas Sterling.
William Thomas Fitzgerald was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.
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Drew Howard Wrigley is the United States Attorney for the District of North Dakota. He served as the 37th Lieutenant Governor of North Dakota from 2010 to 2016. He was appointed by Governor Jack Dalrymple on December 7, 2010. Wrigley had previously served as United States Attorney for the District of North Dakota (2001–2009), as deputy chief of staff to Governor John Hoeven (2000), and as executive director of the North Dakota Republican Party.
Robert J. Gamble
| U.S. Senator (Class 2) from South Dakota |
Served alongside: Coe I. Crawford, Edwin S. Johnson, Peter Norbeck
William H. McMaster