Thomas Strangways (1643–1713)

Last updated

Melbury House, chromolithograph in Morris's Country Seats, 1880 Melbury House Dorset Morris edited.jpg
Melbury House, chromolithograph in Morris's Country Seats, 1880

Thomas Strangways (1643–1713) of Melbury House in Melbury Sampford near Evershot, Dorset [1] was an English landowner and Tory politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1673 and 1713. For the last nine years he was the longest sitting member (Father of the House).

Melbury House Grade I listed house in West Dorset, United Kingdom

Melbury House in the parish of Melbury Sampford near Evershot, Dorset, has been the seat of the Strangways family of Dorset since the estate was acquired in 1500 from William Browning by Sir Henry Strangways (c.1465-1504) who had married his widow. The mediaeval manor house of the Browning family was rebuilt after 1546 by Henry's great-grandson Sir Giles Strangways (1528-1562) using ham stone from a quarry nine miles away. Though Sir Giles lived extravagantly and encumbered his considerable estate with debts at his premature death, at Melbury he built a conservative house, "a courtyard with no frills", as Mark Girouard described it, "apart from the one gesture of its tower". This remarkable feature, a hexagonal tower, rises near the intersection of three ranges of buildings, filled above the level of adjoining roofbeams with banks of tall arched windows of many leaded panes that offer views in every direction over the rolling landscape of the park and the countryside beyond. Its roof has mock battlements.

Evershot village in the United Kingdom

Evershot is a village and civil parish in the county of Dorset in southwest England, situated approximately 7 miles (11 km) south of Yeovil in Somerset. It is the second highest village in the county at 175 metres (574 ft) above sea-level. Evershot parish encompasses part of the nearby hamlet of Holywell, 1.25 miles (2.01 km) east of Evershot village. Dorset County Council's latest (2013) estimate of the parish population is 210. The village has connections with the writer Thomas Hardy.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Contents

Early lifes

Arms of Strangways: Sable, two lions passant paly of six argent and gules StrangwaysArms.svg
Arms of Strangways: Sable, two lions passant paly of six argent and gules

Strangways was born in 1643, the fourth but second surviving son of Giles Strangways (1615-1675), MP of Melbury Sampford and his wife Susanna Edwards, daughter of Thomas Edwards, Mercer, of London and Fair Crouch, Wadhurst, Dorset. He matriculated at Wadham College, Oxford in 1660. [2] He was Captain of the Dorset foot militia by 1671 and became colonel in 1675. On 19 January 1675 he married Susan Ridout, daughter and heiress of John Ridout of Frome, Somerset. He succeeded his brother John in 1676, inheriting the Melbury Sampford estate, where he extended Melbury House. [3]

Giles Strangways English politician

Giles Strangways of Melbury House in Somerset, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1640 and 1675. He fought on the Royalist side during the Civil War

Wadham College, Oxford college of the University of Oxford

Wadham College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. It is located in the centre of Oxford, at the intersection of Broad Street and Parks Road.

John Strangways (died 1676) English politician

John Strangways was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1661 to 1676.

Career

Strangways’ father obtained the reversion of an Exchequer sinecure for him in 1673 and nominated him as country candidate at by-elections for Weymouth and Melcombe Regis on 31 January 1673 and for Poole on 3 February 1673. Strangways was defeated in both by-elections, but was returned as Member of Parliament for Poole at another by-election on 3 March 1673 through an electoral bargain with Lord Chancellor Shaftesbury. At the 1679 general elections, he was returned as MP for Dorset his family's pocket borough and was also successful in returning supporters at four other Dorset constituencies. He was returned again at the general elections in 1681 and 1685. [3]

Weymouth and Melcombe Regis was a parliamentary borough in Dorset represented in the English House of Commons, later in that of Great Britain, and finally in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was formed by an Act of Parliament of 1570 which amalgamated the existing boroughs of Weymouth and Melcombe Regis. Until 1832, the combined borough continued to elect the four Members of Parliament (MPs) to which its constituent parts had previously been entitled; the Great Reform Act reduced its representation to two Members, and the constituency was abolished altogether in 1885, becoming part of the new South Dorset constituency.

Poole (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1950 onwards

Poole is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Robert Syms, a Conservative.

Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 2nd Earl of Shaftesbury English politician and Earl

Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 2nd Earl of Shaftesbury Bt, known as Lord Ashley from 1672 to 1683, was an English peer and Member of Parliament.

After the Duke of Monmouth landed at Lyme, Strangways' militia regiment was engaged by the rebels at Bridport and his brother was killed in the skirmish. His regiment rendered useful service during the rebellion, but King James was unwilling to compensate him for the support, which made him uneasy. His concerns increased in the light of the King's religious policy and from his responses to the repeal of the Test Act and Penal Laws, he lost his local offices, and King James agents were seeking to replace him in Parliament. Nevertheless he was slow to take sides with William of Orange until the Prince arrived in the country when he was one of the Dorset leaders to welcome him. He was returned to the Convention at the 1689 English general election and served on the elections committee. [3]

The 1689 English general election elected the Convention Parliament, which was summoned in the aftermath of the Glorious Revolution. Party strengths are an approximation, with many MPs' allegiances being unknown.

For the last years of his life, Stranhways was the Father of the House, succeeding Sir Christopher Musgrave, 4th Baronet and being succeeded by Richard Onslow, later 1st Baron Onslow. He stood down at the 1713 British general election in favour of his son Thomas. [4]

Father of the House is a title that has been traditionally bestowed, unofficially, on certain members of some legislatures, most notably the House of Commons in the United Kingdom. In some legislatures the title refers to the longest continuously-serving member, while in others it refers to the oldest member. Recently, the title Mother of the House or Mother of Parliament has also been used, although the usage varies between countries; it is simply the female alternative to Father of the House, being applied when the relevant member is a woman.

Sir Christopher Musgrave, 4th Baronet was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1661 to 1704, and briefly became Father of the House in 1704 as the member with the longest unbroken service.

Richard Onslow, 1st Baron Onslow English Speaker of the House of Commons

Richard Onslow, 1st Baron Onslow PC was a British Whig Member of Parliament, known as Sir Richard Onslow, 2nd Baronet from 1688 until 1716. He served as the Speaker of the House of Commons from 1708 until 1710 and as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1714 until 1715. Onslow was a very unpopular figure amongst members of both political parties, particularly during his time as Speaker. He was extremely pedantic and showed an absolute devotion to principle, as a result he was given the nickname "Stiff Dick".

Death and legacy

Strangways died on 21 December 1713. By his wife Susan, he had five sons (three of whom predeceased him) and four daughters. His children included:

James Hamilton, 5th Duke of Hamilton Scottish peer

James Hamilton, 5th Duke of Hamilton and 2nd Duke of Brandon KT FRS was a Scottish peer, the son of the 4th Duke of Hamilton.

Mells Manor Grade I listed building in Mendip, United Kingdom

Mells Manor at Mells, Somerset, England, was built in the 16th century for Edward Horner, altered in the 17th century, partially demolished around 1780, and restored by Sir Edwin Lutyens in the 20th century. The house, along with the garden walls, has been designated as a Grade I listed building, and is closely associated with the adjacent Church of St Andrew. The gardens are listed, Grade I, on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens of special historic interest in England.

Arranged marriage is a type of marital union where the bride and groom are selected by individuals other than the couple themselves, particularly by family members such as the parents. In some cultures a professional matchmaker may be used to find a spouse for a young person.

His brother Wadham Strangways also served as Member of Parliament for Bridport..

Related Research Articles

Stephen Fox-Strangways, 1st Earl of Ilchester Earl of Ilchester

Stephen Fox-Strangways, 1st Earl of Ilchester PC was a British peer and Member of Parliament.

Sir James Long, 2nd Baronet English politician

Sir James Long, 2nd Baronet was an English politician and Royalist soldier.

Nicholas Wadham (1531–1609) English benefactor

Nicholas Wadham of Merryfield in the parish of Ilton, Somerset and Edge in the parish of Branscombe, Devon was a posthumous co-founder of Wadham College, Oxford with his wife Dorothy Wadham who, outliving him, saw the project through to completion in her late old age. He was Sheriff of Somerset in 1585.

Sir James Long, 5th Baronet was an English landowner and Tory politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1695 and 1729.

Henry Bertie was an English colonialist and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1705 to 1727.

John Strangways (died 1666) English politician, died 1666

Sir John Strangways of Melbury House, Melbury Sampford, Somerset, and of Abbotsbury in Dorset, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1614 and 1666. He supported the Royalist side in the English Civil War.

George Horner (died 1707) politician

George Horner of Mells Manor in Somerset, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1685 and 1689.

Thomas Sclater, later Thomas Bacon, was an English lawyer and Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1713 and 1736.

Francis Hawley, 2nd Baron Hawley, was a British landowner and politician.

Giles Strangways (died 1546) 16th-century English politician

Sir Giles Strangways, of Melbury House, Melbury Sampford, and of Abbotsbury, both in Dorset, was an English politician.

Giles Strangways (1528–1562) English politician

Sir Giles Strangways, of Melbury Sampford, Dorset, was five times MP for Dorset in 1553, 1554, 1555, 1558 and 1559.

John Young (died 1589) English politician

Sir John Young, of The Great House, Bristol, of London and of Melbury Sampford, Dorset, was an English politician.

Edge,, is an ancient and historic house in the parish of Branscombe, Devon, England. The building is currently known as Edge Barton Manor; the surviving house is grade II* listed and sits on the steep, south-facing side of a wooded valley, or combe. The building was not originally a manor house; it was one of the first stone-built houses in "Branescombe", on a villein holding called La Regge. It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited houses in England, and is constructed from the local Beer stone

Wadham, Knowstone

The manor of Wadham in the parish of Knowstone in north Devon and the nearby manors of Chenudestane and Chenuestan are listed in the Domesday Book of 1086:

Elizabeth Fox, Countess of Ilchester

Elizabeth Fox, Countess of Ilchester (c.1723–1792), née Elizabeth Horner, was the wife of Stephen Fox-Strangways, 1st Earl of Ilchester.

John Browning (died 1416)

John Browning of Melbury Sampford in Dorset and of Leigh near Deerhurst, Gloucestershire, was thrice a member of Parliament for Gloucestershire, in 1397, 1401 and 1414.

Thomas Strangways Horner British Member of Parliament (1688-1741)

Thomas Strangways Horner (1688–1741), of Mells, Somerset and Melbury, Dorset, was a British landowner and Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1713 and 1741.

References

  1. Melbury House (map)
  2. Foster, Joseph. "Stermont-Synge in Alumni Oxonienses 1500-1714 pp.1422-1452". British History Online. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  3. 1 2 3 "STRANGWAYS, Thomas (1643-1713), of Melbury Sampford, Dorset". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  4. "STRANGWAYS, Thomas I (1643-1713), of Melbury Sampford, Dorset". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  5. https://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1715-1754/member/horner-thomas-1688-1741
Parliament of England
Preceded by
George Cooper
(Sir) John Morton
Member of Parliament for Poole
1673
With: (Sir) John Morton
Succeeded by
Henry Trenchard
Thomas Chafin
Preceded by
John Strode
Thomas Browne
Member of Parliament for Dorset
1679–1707
With: Thomas Freke 1679-1701
Thomas Trenchard 1701-1702
Thomas Chafin 1702-1707
Succeeded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Christopher Musgrave, 4th Baronet
Father of the House
1704–1707
Succeeded by
Final Father of the House of the Parliament of England
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Parliament of England
Member of Parliament for Dorset
1707–1713
With: Thomas Chafin 1707-1711
Richard Bingham 1711-1713
Succeeded by
George Chafin
Thomas Strangways II
Preceded by
First Father of the House of the Parliament of Great Britain
Father of the House
1707–1713
Succeeded by
Richard Onslow