Thomas Street (judge)

Last updated

The Honourable Baron
Sir Thomas Street
MP, KB, JP
Baron of the Exchequer
Personal details
Born(1625-03-22)22 March 1625
Middlesex, England
Died8 March 1696(1696-03-08) (aged 70)
Nationality English
Spouse(s) Lady Penelope Berkeley
Alma mater Oxford University

Baron Sir Thomas Street, MP, KB, JP (1625 – 8 March 1696) was an English judge and politician who became a Baron of the Exchequer in 1681. He represented Worcester in the House of Commons between 1659 and 1679. In 1667, he became the Mayor of Worcester, as his father had been before him. In 1677, he became the Chief Justice of Brecknock, Glamorgan and Radnor. [1]

Contents

Following Monmouth's Rebellion in 1685, the Catholic King James II took to contravening the Test Act and began filling the military high-command with Catholics, leading to a confrontation with Parliament which took shape as the case of Godden v. Hales (1686), to be settled by the King's Bench where Sir Thomas was by then residing. [2] Of the ten judges who composed the last King's Bench before the Glorious Revolution of 1688, Sir Thomas was the only one to rule against King James II's contravention of the Test Act in 1687, giving rise to his reputation and the Street family motto: Fideli Cum Fidelis ("Faithful Among the Faithless"). [3]

Biography

Street was born in Worcester in 1625. His father George Street (1594-1643) was the Mayor of Worcester, his grandfather John Street (d. 1622) was an alderman of Worcester, and his great-grandfather Francis Streate (d. 1607) was the Member of Parliament for Worcester. His father George was a cousin of the John Street (1584-1633) who in 1605 killed two of the Gunpowder Plot conspirators and was rewarded with a pension "for that extraordinary service performed in killing those two traitors, Piercie and Catesbie, with two bulletts at one shott out of his muskett." [4] Street matriculated at Lincoln College, Oxford on 22 April 1642, aged 16. He went on to enter Inner Temple in November 1646 and was called to the Bar on 24 November 1653. He was a member of the Oxford Circuit. [5] He had his children by Lady Penelope Berkeley before dying in 1696, aged 70. [5]

Career

In 1659, Street was elected Member of Parliament for Worcester in the Third Protectorate Parliament. Street was re-elected MP for Worcester in 1660 for the Convention Parliament. He was appointed JP for Worcestershire on 10 July 1660. In 1661 he was re-elected MP for Worcester in the Cavalier Parliament and sat until 1679. [6] An active member of parliament, Street was appointed to 175 committees, in twelve of which he took the chair, made sixteen recorded speeches, and three times acted as teller. [2] From 1667 to 1677 he was Puisne judge of great sessions and ex officio JP for Brecknock, Glamorgan and Radnor. He became a Bencher of his Inn on 7 November 1669 but was fined £100 for refusing to come up to the bench when called. He became Serjeant at law on 3 July 1677 and was Chief Justice for Brecknock, Glamorgan and Radnor from 1677 to 1681. [6] He became King's Sergeant on 23 October 1678. He was knighted on 8 June 1681 and was a Baron of the Exchequer from April 1681 to 1684. In 1682 he was recorder of Worcester and 1683 recorder of Droitwich 1683. He was a Justice of the Court of Common Pleas from 1684 to 1689. He died in 1696 and was buried in Worcester Cathedral. [5]

See also

Related Research Articles

Henry Capell, 1st Baron Capell of Tewkesbury English politician

Henry Capell, 1st Baron Capell of Tewkesbury KB, PC was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1660 and 1692. He was then created Baron Capell.

George Booth, 1st Baron Delamer 17th-century English parliamentarian

George Booth, 1st Baron Delamer, was an English landowner and politician from Cheshire, who served as an MP from 1646 to 1661, when he was elevated to the House of Lords as Baron Delamer.

Baron of the Exchequer

The Barons of the Exchequer, or barones scaccarii, were the judges of the English court known as the Exchequer of Pleas. The Barons consisted of a Chief Baron of the Exchequer and several puisne (inferior) barons. When Robert Shute was appointed second baron in June 1579 the patent declared "he shall be reputed and be of the same order, rank, estimation, dignity and pre-eminence to all intents and purposes as any puisne judge of either of the two other courts." The rise of commercial trade in Elizabethan England occasioned fraudulent application of the Quo minus writ. More taxation demanded staff at the exchequer to sift an increase in the case load causing more widespread litigation cases to come to the court. From the 1580s onwards the Barons of Exchequer were no longer held in such low regard, and more likely to be Serjeants-at-law before qualification. The Inns of Courts began to exclude solicitors, and held posts for judges and barons open equally to barristers. In 1591, Regulations reflected a case in which the Lord Keeper Egerton banned solicitors from seeking cases in the Exchequer.

Sir John Ernle was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1654 and 1695. He was one of the longest-serving Chancellors of the Exchequer, a position he held from 2 May 1676 to 9 April 1689.

Sir Francis Winnington

Sir Francis Winnington was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1677 and 1698. He became Solicitor-General to King Charles II.

George Treby (judge)

Sir George Treby JP (1643–1700), of Plympton, Devon, and of Fleet Street in the City of London, was Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas and six times Member of Parliament for the Rotten Borough of Plympton Erle, Devon, largely controlled by him and his descendants until abolished by the Great Reform Act of 1832.

Sir Trevor Williams, 1st Baronet of Llangibby, Monmouthshire, was a Welsh gentry landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1660 and 1692. He played a significant part in events during and after the English Civil War in South Wales, siding first with King Charles, then with the Parliamentarians, before rejoining the Royalists in 1648.

Caleb Banks was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1685 and 1696.

Bussy Mansell (1623–1699) Welsh politician sat in the House of Commons

Bussy Mansell was a Welsh politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1653 and 1699. He was a zealous Parliamentarian during the English Civil War.

Sir Thomas Carew was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1659 and 1681.

Henry Henley English politician

Henry Henley (1612–1696) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1653 and 1681. He supported the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War.

Thomas Reynell

Thomas Reynell of East Ogwell, Devon, was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1654 and 1689.

Sir Thomas Meres, of Lincoln and Bloomsbury, Middlesex, was an English lawyer and Tory politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1659 and 1710. He showed a remarkable level of activity both within and outside Parliament, particularly during the reign of Charles II.

Francis Rolle

Sir Francis Rolle (1630–1686) was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1656 and 1685.

Richard Lewis was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1660 and 1702.

Sir Robert Thomas, 2nd Baronet (c.1622-1685) was a Welsh politician who sat in the House of Commons of England from 1661 to 1681. He was knighted and succeeded as baronet in 1673 on the death of his father.

Mayor of Dorchester

John Parkin was the first mayor when he was elected in 1629. The first woman to serve as mayor was Winifrede Marsden in 1930. Stella Jones MBE has been mayor three times and she was also the mayoress three times when her husband Trevor was mayor.

Sir Thomas Earle, of Bristol and Crudwell, was an English merchant and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1681 to 1685.

Samuel Swift was an English Tory politician, MP for Worcester 1693–1694 and 1695–1718.

References

  1. Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria. Vol. 2. London. pp. 229–239.
  2. 1 2 Henning, B.D., ed. (1983). The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690. Vol. 3. London: Secker & Warburg for History of Parliament Trust. pp. 501–502.
  3. Kishlansky, Mark A.; Morrill, John S. "United Kingdom: The Later Stuarts". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  4. Lodge, Edmund (1895). "Illustrations of British History, Biography and Manners". Google Books. pp. 246–249. Retrieved 2 March 2022.
  5. 1 2 3 Williams, W. R. (1897). The parliamentary history of the county of Worcester. Hereford: Jakeman and Carver.
  6. 1 2 Granger, James (1824). A Biographical History of England, 5th ed. Vol. 6. London: William Baynes and Son. p. 117.
Parliament of England
Preceded by
William Collins
Edward Giles
Member of Parliament for Worcester
1659
With: William Collins
Succeeded by
Not represented in restored Rump