Thomas Sturge Moore

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Thomas Sturge Moore
Thomas Sturge Moore.jpg
Thomas Sturge Moore
by George Charles Beresford, 1903
Born4 March 1870
3 Wellington Square, Hastings, East Sussex
Died18 July 1944
St Andrews Cottage, Clewer, Windsor, Berkshire
Resting placeAshes scattered near Petersfield, Hampshire
OccupationPoet, writer and artist
Education Dulwich College
Croydon School of Art
Lambeth School of Art
Genre Georgian Poetry
Noh drama
Art nouveau
Art deco
SpouseMarie Appia (18721956)
ChildrenDaniel Sturge-Moore (19081980)
Riette Sturge-Moore (19071995)
Relatives G.E. Moore (brother)
Nicholas Moore (nephew)
Thomas Sturge Moore, portrait by Charles Shannon, c. 1897, a.k.a. The Man with a Yellow Glove Thomas Sturge Moore, by Charles Shannon.jpg
Thomas Sturge Moore, portrait by Charles Shannon, c. 1897, a.k.a. The Man with a Yellow Glove

Thomas Sturge Moore (4 March 1870 18 July 1944) was a British poet, author and artist.

Contents

Biography

Sturge Moore was born at 3 Wellington Square, Hastings, East Sussex, on 4 March 1870 and educated at Dulwich College, the Croydon School of Art and Lambeth School of Art. [1] [2] In Lambeth he studied under the wood-engraver Charles Roberts. He was a long-term friend and correspondent of W. B. Yeats, who was to describe him as "one of the most exquisite poets writing in England". He was also a playwright, writing a Medea influenced by Yeats' drama and the Japanese Noh style. As a wood-engraver and artist he designed the covers for poetry editions of Yeats and others. [3] [4]

Dulwich College Independent, day and boarding school in London

Dulwich College is a 2–19 independent, day and boarding school for boys in Dulwich, London, England. It was founded in 1619 by Edward Alleyn, an Elizabethan actor, with the original purpose of educating 12 poor scholars as the foundation of 'God's Gift'.

W. B. Yeats Irish poet and playwright, Nobel prize winner

William Butler Yeats was an Irish poet and one of the foremost figures of 20th-century literature. A pillar of the Irish literary establishment, he helped to found the Abbey Theatre, and in his later years served two terms as a Senator of the Irish Free State. He was a driving force behind the Irish Literary Revival along with Lady Gregory, Edward Martyn and others.

Medea daughter of King Aeëtes of Colchis in Greek mythology

In Greek mythology, Medea is the daughter of King Aeëtes of Colchis, a niece of Circe and the granddaughter of the sun god Helios. Medea figures in the myth of Jason and the Argonauts, appearing in Hesiod's Theogony around 700 BC, but best known from Euripides' tragedy Medea and Apollonius of Rhodes' epic Argonautica. Medea is known in most stories as a sorceress and is often depicted as a priestess of the goddess Hecate.

He was a prolific poet and his subjects included morality, art and the spirit writing in a 'severely classical tone', according to poet/critic Yvor Winters. [3] His first pamphlet, Two Poems, was printed privately in 1893 and his first book of verse, The Vinedresser, was published in 1899. His love for poetry led him to become an active member of the Poetry Recital Society.

Arthur Yvor Winters was an American poet and literary critic.

The Poetry Society is a membership organisation, open to all, whose stated aim is "to promote the study, use and enjoyment of poetry".

In 1901, Moore, with Yeats, Laurence Binyon, Charles Ricketts, and Ethel and Sybil Pye, formed the Literary Theatre Club. Moore's first (of 31) play to be produced, a copyright reading of Aphrodite against Artemis, was the first production staged by the club, at the Dalston Theatre on 30 July 1901. Yeats described the play as "powerful with a beautiful constrained passion." [5]

Laurence Binyon English poet, dramatist, and art scholar

Robert Laurence Binyon, CH was an English poet, dramatist and art scholar. His most famous work, "For the Fallen", is well known for being used in Remembrance Sunday services.

Charles Ricketts British artist and publisher

Charles de Sousy Ricketts was a British artist, illustrator, author and printer, and is best known for his work as book designer and typographer from 1896 to 1904 with the Vale Press, and his work in the theatre as a set and costume designer.

Sybil Pye was a self trained British bookbinder famous for her distinctive inlay Art Deco leather bindings. She was, along with Katharine Adams and Sarah Prideaux, one of the most famous women bookbinders of their period. She was the only binder in England and one of a few in the world whose specialty was inlaid leather bindings.

In 1913 Moore nominated Rabindranath Tagore the Indian poet for the Nobel Prize in literature.

Moore received a civil list pension of £75 per annum in 1920 in recognition of his contribution to literature. In 1930 he was nominated as one of seven candidates for the position of Poet Laureate. He suffered from chronic ill health, suffering a series of heart attacks in 1942 and 1943, and died on 18 July 1944 at a convalescent home, St Andrews Cottage in Clewer, Windsor, Berkshire, from a kidney infection following a prostate operation. [4] [6] [7] [8]

Clewer village in United Kingdom

Clewer is an ecclesiastical parish and an area of Windsor in the county of Berkshire, England. Clewer makes up three wards of the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead, namely Clewer North, Clewer South and Clewer East.

Windsor, Berkshire town and unparished area in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England

Windsor is a historic market town and unparished area in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England. It is widely known as the site of Windsor Castle, one of the official residences of the British Royal Family.

He was cremated at Woking. [4] His ashes were scattered near Petersfield in August 1953. [9]

Woking town in Surrey, England

Woking is a large town in northwest Surrey, England. It is at the southwestern edge of the Greater London Urban Area and is a part of the London commuter belt, with frequent trains and a journey time of approximately 24 minutes to Waterloo station. Woking is 23 miles (37 km) southwest of Charing Cross in central London. Woking town itself, excluding its narrowly contiguous built-up area which extends from West End to West Byfleet, has a population of 62,796, and the UK Government has recorded its Built Up Area as 5% more populous than its Borough with 105,367 residents in 2011, the highest in the county.

Petersfield town in Hampshire, England

Petersfield is a market town and civil parish in the East Hampshire district of Hampshire, England. It is 17 miles (27 km) north of Portsmouth, via the A3 road. The town has its own railway station on the Portsmouth Direct Line, the mainline rail link connecting Portsmouth and London. Situated on the northern slopes of the South Downs, Petersfield lies wholly within the South Downs National Park.

Family

Sturge Moore adopted the use of his middle name 'Sturge' (his mother's family name) as a way of avoiding confusion with the poet Thomas Moore. [4]

Thomas Moore 18th-century Irish poet, singer, and songwriter

Thomas Moore was an Irish poet, singer, songwriter, and entertainer, now best remembered for the lyrics of "The Minstrel Boy" and "The Last Rose of Summer". As Lord Byron's named literary executor, along with John Murray, Moore was responsible for burning Lord Byron's memoirs after his death. In his lifetime he was often referred to as Anacreon Moore.

On 26 November 1903 Moore married Marie Appia, niece of Louis Appia, a founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross, and cousin of the Swiss stage designer Adolphe Appia. [10] They had two children: Daniel Sturge-Moore, journalist and broadcaster; and Henriette Sturge-Moore, prominent theatre designer, teacher and interior decorator. [11] [12] [13]

Moore was the brother of the Bloombury philosopher George Edward Moore, one of the founders of the Analytic tradition in philosophy, and uncle of Nicholas Moore, New Apocalyptics poet of the 1940s, and of the composer Timothy Moore. [1] [4] [14]

Works

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References

  1. 1 2 Hodges, S, (1981), God's Gift: A Living History of Dulwich College, pp. 87-88 (Heinemann: London)
  2. Moore, Thomas Sturge. "Thomas Sturge Moore Papers". Archives & Manuscripts. Senate House Library, University of London. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  3. 1 2 Untermeyer, Louis, Modern British Poetry, Doubleday and Page & Co, 1920
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 Gwynn, Frederick L. (1951). Sturge Moore and the Life of Art (pdf). Lawrence, Kansas: University of Kansas Press. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  5. Schuchard, Ronald (2008). The Last Minstrels : Yeats and the Revival of the Bardic Arts. Oxford University Press. pp. 41–48. ISBN   9780191528064 . Retrieved 14 October 2014.
  6. Public Records Office. "1944". England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1966. Kew, Surrey: The National Archives. p. 756.
  7. Kelly, John. "Moore, Thomas Sturge". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  8. Bowers, Jr., William Edgar (1953). The Poetry of Sturge Moore. Stanford, CA: Dept. of English, Stanford University. p. iv.
  9. Aggett, Viv. "Sturge Moore family papers (reference MS1159)" (pdf). Senate House Library. University of London. p. 4. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  10. Yeats, W.B. (1986). Kelly, John; Schuchard, Ronald (eds.). The Collected Letters of W. B. Yeats: Volume IV, 1905-1907. Oxford: OUP. p. 398. ISBN   9780198126843 . Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  11. Brett, Charles Edward Bainbridge (1978). Long shadows cast before: nine lives in Ulster, 1625-1977. Edinburgh: J. Bartholomew. p. 45. ISBN   9780702810589 . Retrieved 14 October 2014.
  12. Dunlop, Frank (24 October 1995). "Obituary: Riette Sturge Moore". The Independent . London. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
  13. Legge, Silvia (1980). Affectionate Cousins: T. Sturge Moore and Marie Appia. Oxford University Press. ISBN   9780192117618.
  14. Marshall, Nicholas (10 March 2003). "Timothy Moore". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 March 2014.