Thomas Sturges Jackson

Last updated

Sir Thomas Sturges Jackson
Born6 March 1842
Died9 September 1934
Allegiance Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Service/branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Rank Admiral
Commands held Devonport Dockyard
Awards Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO)

Admiral Sir Thomas Sturges Jackson, KCVO (6 March 1842 – 9 September 1934) [1] was a Royal Navy officer who was Admiral-Superintendent of Devonport Dockyard.

Contents

Jackson entered the Royal Navy in 1856, and served in the Second Opium War in China, where he was present at the capture of Canton in 1857, and the capture of Peiho Forts in 1858, for which he received the China medal, with Canton and Taku clasps. [1] He was promoted to commander on 1 November 1873, [2] and captain on 14 October 1881. [3] He was naval officer in charge in Jamaica 1892–1895, and was promoted to flag rank as a rear admiral on 20 October 1896. [4]

Jackson was appointed Admiral-Superintendent of HM Dockyard Devonport on 7 July 1899, and served as such until 11 July 1902. [5] He was promoted to Vice admiral on 24 January 1902, [6] and knighted as a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO) on 8 March 1902, during a visit of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra to Devonport and the dockyard. [7] [8]

He was promoted to admiral on 5 July 1905, [9] and placed on the retired list at his own request later the same month. [10]

Personal life

Jackson was born in 1842 in Stepney, London, to the Rev. Thomas Jackson and Elizabeth Fiske. He married first, in 1867, Helen Gordon, daughter of C. A. Gordon, of Lahore. She died in 1884, and he remarried, in 1892, Marian Crane, daughter of Hon. W. H. Crane, of Sackville, New Brunswick. [1] Lady Jackson was godmother to HMS Encounter, launched and christened at Devonport Dockyard on 18 June 1902. [11] She died in 1920. He had a total of three sons and six daughters with his two wives, including Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Jackson, KBE (1868-1945), and Helen Douglas Jackson (1869-1949), wife of Major-General Clifford Coffin.

Jackson died in September 1934 in Colchester, England.

Related Research Articles

HMAS <i>Encounter</i> (1902)

HMAS Encounter was a second-class protected cruiser of the Challenger class operated by the Royal Navy (RN) and Royal Australian Navy (RAN). She was built by HM Dockyard Devonport and completed at the end of 1905.

Astley Cooper Key Royal Navy admiral

Admiral Sir Astley Cooper Key, was a Royal Navy officer. As a junior officer he saw action at the Battle of Vuelta de Obligado in November 1845 during the Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata and took part at the Battle of Bomarsund in August 1854 and the Bombardment of Sveaborg in August 1855 during the Crimean War. He also went ashore with the naval brigade to take part in the Battle of Canton in December 1857 during the Second Opium War. He later commanded a specially-formed Baltic Fleet created in February 1878 to intimidate Russia from entering Constantinople during the closing stages of the Russo-Turkish War. He became First Naval Lord in August 1879 in which role he was primarily interested in administration and technology rather than strategy: he kept the cost of running the Navy within budgets, sanctioned the construction of six Admiral class battleships and ensured the Navy was properly prepared for the Panjdeh Incident in 1885 when Russian forces seized Afghan territory at Panjdeh.

Day Bosanquet

Admiral Sir Day Hort Bosanquet, was a British politician and senior officer in the Royal Navy. He served as the Governor of South Australia from 18 February 1909 until 22 March 1914.

Commander-in-Chief, The Nore Military unit

The Commander-in-Chief, The Nore, was an operational commander of the Royal Navy. His subordinate units, establishments, and staff were sometimes informally known as the Nore Station or Nore Command. The Nore is a sandbank at the mouth of the Thames Estuary and River Medway.

Henry Jackson (Royal Navy officer) Royal Navy officer (1855–1929)

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Henry Bradwardine Jackson, was a Royal Navy officer. After serving in the Anglo-Zulu War he established an early reputation as a pioneer of ship-to-ship wireless technology. Later he became the first person to achieve ship-to-ship wireless communications and demonstrated continuous communication with another vessel up to three miles away. He went on to be Third Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy, then Director of the Royal Naval War College and subsequently Chief of the Admiralty War Staff. He was advisor on overseas expeditions planning attacks on Germany's colonial possessions at the start of the First World War and was selected as the surprise successor to Admiral Lord Fisher upon the latter's spectacular resignation in May 1915 following the failure of the Gallipoli Campaign. He had a cordial working relationship with First Lord of the Admiralty Arthur Balfour, but largely concerned himself with administrative matters and his prestige suffered when German destroyers appeared in the Channel, as a result of which he was replaced in December 1916.

Compton Domvile (Royal Navy officer)

Admiral Sir Compton Edward Domvile, was a distinguished Royal Navy officer in the Edwardian era.

William Pakenham (Royal Navy officer)

Admiral Sir William Christopher Pakenham, was a senior Royal Navy officer. He served as a British observer with the Imperial Japanese Navy during the Russo-Japanese War; during the First World War he commanded the 2nd Battle Cruiser Squadron at the Battle of Jutland, and from December 1916 was Commander-in-Chief of the Battle Cruiser Fleet.

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Thomas Matthew Charles Symonds, GCB was a Royal Navy officer. He was commanding officer of HMS Arethusa which participated in the bombardment of Sevastopol during the Crimean War.

Houston Stewart

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Houston Stewart, was a Royal Navy officer and briefly a Liberal Party Member of Parliament. After serving as a junior officer in the Napoleonic Wars, Stewart became commanding officer of the third-rate HMS Benbow in the Mediterranean Fleet and took part in the bombardment of Acre during the Egyptian–Ottoman War. He went on to be Captain-Superintendent of Woolwich Dockyard and then Controller-General of the Coastguard.

Osmond Brock

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Osmond de Beauvoir Brock, was a Royal Navy officer. Brock served as assistant director of naval intelligence and then as assistant director of naval mobilisation at the Admiralty in the early years of the 20th century. During the First World War Brock commanded the battlecruiser HMS Princess Royal at the Battle of Heligoland Bight and at the Battle of Dogger Bank. He then commanded the 1st Battlecruiser Squadron with his flag in HMS Princess Royal at the Battle of Jutland.

Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth Military unit

The Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth, was a senior commander of the Royal Navy for hundreds of years. Plymouth Command was a name given to the units, establishments, and staff operating under the admiral's command. Between 1845 and 1896, this office was renamed Commander-in-Chief, Devonport. The Commanders-in-Chief were based in what is now Hamoaze House, Devonport, Plymouth, from 1809 to 1934 and then at Admiralty House, Mount Wise, Devonport, from 1934 until 1996.

Arthur Moore (Royal Navy officer)

Admiral Sir Arthur William Moore, was a Royal Navy officer who became both Commander-in-Chief, China and Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth.

Admiral Sir Thomas Jackson, KBE, CB, MVO was a senior Royal Navy officer during World War I.

William King-Hall

Admiral Sir William King-Hall, was a Royal Navy officer who served as Commander-in-Chief, The Nore from 1877 to 1879.

Admiral Sir James Edward Clifford Goodrich was the last Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Station.

Admiral Sir Edmund Percy Fenwick George Grant, was a Royal Navy officer who served as First Naval Member and Chief of the Australian Naval Staff from 1919 to 1921.

Robert More-Molyneux

Admiral Sir Robert Henry More-Molyneux, was a Royal Navy officer who became President of the Royal Naval College, Greenwich.

Arthur Limpus

Admiral Sir Arthur Henry Limpus, was a Royal Navy officer who became Admiral Superintendent of Malta Dockyard.

Vice-Admiral Sir Henry Deacon Barry, KCVO was a British Royal Navy officer who was Admiral superintendent at Portsmouth dockyard.

Admiral Sir Reginald Friend Hannam Henderson, was a British Royal Navy officer who was Captain Superintendent of Sheerness Dockyard 1899–1902, Admiral Superintendent of Portsmouth Dockyard 1902–1905, and Admiral Commanding, Coastguards and Reserves 1905–1909.

References

  1. 1 2 3 JACKSON, Adm. Sir Thomas Sturges’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016
  2. "No. 24031". The London Gazette . 4 November 1873. p. 4816.
  3. "No. 25027". The London Gazette . 18 October 1881. p. 5141.
  4. "No. 26789". The London Gazette . 27 October 1896. p. 5833.
  5. "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times. No. 36816. London. 10 July 1902. p. 10.
  6. "No. 27401". The London Gazette . 28 January 1902. p. 583.
  7. "No. 27416". The London Gazette . 14 March 1902. p. 1811.
  8. "Court Circular". The Times. No. 36711. London. 10 March 1902. p. 9.
  9. "No. 27814". The London Gazette . 7 July 1905. p. 4700.
  10. "No. 27822". The London Gazette . 28 July 1905. p. 5222.
  11. "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times. No. 36797. London. 18 June 1902. p. 14.
Military offices
Preceded by
Rear-Admiral Henry John Carr
Admiral -Superintendent of Devonport Dockyard
1899–1902
Succeeded by