Sir Thomas Sturges Jackson
|Born||6 March 1842|
|Died||9 September 1934|
|Commands held||Devonport Dockyard|
|Awards||Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO)|
Admiral Sir Thomas Sturges Jackson, KCVO (6 March 1842 - 9 September 1934)was a Royal Navy officer who was Admiral-Superintendent of Devonport Dockyard.
The Royal Victorian Order is a dynastic order of knighthood established in 1896 by Queen Victoria. It recognises distinguished personal service to the monarch of the Commonwealth realms, members of the monarch's family, or to any viceroy or senior representative of the monarch. The present monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, is the sovereign of the order, the order's motto is Victoria, and its official day is 20 June. The order's chapel is the Savoy Chapel in London.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force. Although warships were used by the English kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime engagements were fought in the Hundred Years War against the Kingdom of France. The modern Royal Navy traces its origins to the early 16th century; the oldest of the UK's armed services, it is known as the Senior Service.
Her Majesty's Naval Base, Devonport, is the largest naval base in Western Europe and is the sole nuclear repair and refuelling facility for the Royal Navy.
Jackson entered the Royal Navy in 1856, and served in the Second Opium War in China, where he was present at the capture of Canton in 1857, and the capture of Peiho Forts in 1858, for which he received the China medal, with Canton and Taku clasps.He was promoted to commander on 1 November 1873, and captain on 14 October 1881. He was naval officer in charge in Jamaica 1892–1895, and was promoted to flag rank as a rear admiral on 20 October 1896.
The Second Opium War, the Second Anglo-Chinese War, the Second China War, the Arrow War, or the Anglo-French expedition to China, was a war pitting the United Kingdom and the French Empire against the Qing dynasty of China, lasting from 1856 to 1860.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities, and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
Guangzhou, also known as Canton and formerly romanized as Kwangchow or Kwong Chow, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong in southern China. On the Pearl River about 120 km (75 mi) north-northwest of Hong Kong and 145 km (90 mi) north of Macau, Guangzhou has a history of over 2,200 years and was a major terminus of the maritime Silk Road, and continues to serve as a major port and transportation hub, as well as one of China's three largest cities.
Jackson was appointed Admiral-Superintendent of HM Dockyard Devonport on 7 July 1899, and served as such until 11 July 1902.He was promoted to Vice admiral on 24 January 1902, and knighted as a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO) on 8 March 1902, during a visit of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra to Devonport and the dockyard.
Edward VII was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910.
Alexandra of Denmark was Queen consort of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Empress consort of India as the wife of King Edward VII.
Devonport, formerly named Plymouth Dock or just Dock, is a district of Plymouth in the English county of Devon, although it was, at one time, the more important settlement. It became a county borough in 1889. Devonport was originally one of the "Three Towns" ; these merged in 1914 to form what would become in 1928 the City of Plymouth. It is represented in the Parliament of the United Kingdom as part of the Plymouth Sutton and Devonport constituency. Its elected Member of Parliament (MP) is Luke Pollard, who is a member of the Labour Party. The population of the ward at the 2011 census was 14,788.
He was promoted to admiral on 5 July 1905,and placed on the retired list at his own request later the same month.
Admiral is a senior rank of the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom, which equates to the NATO rank code OF-9, outranked only by the rank of admiral of the fleet. Royal Navy officers holding the ranks of rear admiral, vice admiral and admiral of the fleet are sometimes considered generically to be admirals. The rank of admiral is currently the highest rank to which a serving officer in the Royal Navy can be promoted, admiral of the fleet being in abeyance except for honorary promotions of retired officers and members of the Royal Family.
Jackson was born in 1842 in Stepney, London, to the Rev. Thomas Jackson and Elizabeth Fiske. He married first, in 1867, Helen Gordon, daughter of C. A. Gordon, of Lahore. She died in 1884, and he remarried, in 1892, Marian Crane, daughter of Hon. W. H. Crane, of Sackville, New Brunswick. Encounter, launched and christened at Devonport Dockyard on 18 June 1902. She died in 1920. He had a total of three sons and six daughters with his two wives, including Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Jackson, KBE (1868-1945), and Helen Douglas Jackson (1869-1949), wife of Major-General Clifford Coffin.Lady Jackson was godmother to HMS
Stepney is a district in East End of London in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets that grew out of a medieval village around St Dunstan's church and the 15th-century ribbon development of Mile End Road called Stepney Green. The area built up rapidly in the 19th century, mainly to accommodate immigrant workers and displaced London poor, and developed a reputation for poverty, overcrowding, violence and political dissent. It was severely damaged during the Blitz, with over a third of housing totally destroyed; and then, in the 1960s, slum clearance and development replaced most residential streets with tower blocks and modern housing estates. Some Georgian architecture and Victorian era terraced housing survive in patches: for example Arbour Square, the eastern side of Stepney Green, and the streets around Matlock Street.
Sackville is a town in southeastern New Brunswick, Canada. It is home to Mount Allison University, a primarily undergraduate liberal arts university. Historically based on agriculture, shipbuilding, and manufacturing, the economy is now driven by the university and tourism. Initially part of the French colony of Acadia, the settlement became part of the British colony of Nova Scotia in 1755 following the Expulsion of the Acadians.
Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Jackson, KBE, CB, MVO was a senior Royal Navy officer during World War I.
Jackson died in September 1934 in Colchester, England.
Colchester is a historic market town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester in the county of Essex. Colchester was the first Roman-founded city in Britain, and Colchester lays claim to be regarded as Britain's oldest recorded town. It was for a time the capital of Roman Britain, and is a member of the Most Ancient European Towns Network.
Admiral Sir Astley Cooper Key was a Royal Navy officer. As a junior officer he saw action at the Battle of Vuelta de Obligado in November 1845 during the Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata and took part at the Battle of Bomarsund in August 1854 and the Bombardment of Sveaborg in August 1855 during the Crimean War. He also went ashore with the naval brigade to take part in the Battle of Canton in December 1857 during the Second Opium War. He later commanded a specially-formed Baltic Fleet created in February 1878 to intimidate Russia from entering Constantinople during the closing stages of the Russo-Turkish War. He became First Naval Lord in August 1879 in which role he was primarily interested in administration and technology rather than strategy: he kept the cost of running the Navy within budgets, sanctioned the construction of six Admiral class battleships and ensured the Navy was properly prepared for the Panjdeh Incident in 1885 when Russian forces seized Afghan territory at Panjdeh.
Admiral Sir Day Hort Bosanquet, was the Governor of South Australia from 18 February 1909 until 22 March 1914.
The Commander-in-Chief, The Nore was an operational commander of the Royal Navy. His subordinate units, establishments, and staff were sometimes informally known as the Nore Station or Nore Command.
Admiral Sir Anthony Hiley Hoskins, was a Royal Navy officer. As a junior officer, he took part in the Cape Frontier War of 1851 and then saw action at the Battle of Canton in December 1857 and the Battle of Taku Forts in May 1858 during Second Opium War. Once promoted to flag officer rank, he acted as Second-in-Command of the Fleet at the bombardment of Alexandria in July 1882 during the Anglo-Egyptian War. He went on to be First Naval Lord in September 1891 but in that role took a relaxed view of the size of the Fleet and did not see the need for a large shipbuilding effort on the scale envisaged by some of his colleagues, such as Admiral Sir Frederick Richards and Admiral Sir John Fisher who were concerned about French and German naval expansion.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Henry Bradwardine Jackson, was a Royal Navy officer. After serving in the Anglo-Zulu War he established an early reputation as a pioneer of ship-to-ship wireless technology. Later he became the first person to achieve ship-to-ship wireless communications and demonstrated continuous communication with another vessel up to three miles away. He went on to be Third Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy, then Director of the Royal Naval War College and subsequently Chief of the Admiralty War Staff. He was advisor on overseas expeditions planning attacks on Germany's colonial possessions at the start of the First World War and was selected as the surprise successor to Admiral Lord Fisher upon the latter's spectacular resignation in May 1915 following the failure of the Gallipoli Campaign. He had a cordial working relationship with First Lord of the Admiralty Arthur Balfour, but largely concerned himself with administrative matters and his prestige suffered when German destroyers appeared in the Channel, as a result of which he was replaced in December 1916.
Admiral Sir Compton Edward Domvile, was a distinguished Royal Navy officer in the Edwardian era.
Admiral Sir William Christopher Pakenham, was a senior Royal Navy officer. He served as a British observer with the Imperial Japanese Navy during the Russo-Japanese War; during the First World War he commanded the 2nd Battle Cruiser Squadron at the Battle of Jutland, and from December 1916 was Commander-in-Chief of the Battle Cruiser Fleet.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Thomas Matthew Charles Symonds, GCB was a Royal Navy officer. He was commanding officer of HMS Arethusa which participated in the bombardment of Sevastopol during the Crimean War.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Houston Stewart, was a Royal Navy officer and briefly a Liberal Party Member of Parliament. After serving as a junior officer in the Napoleonic Wars, Stewart became commanding officer of the third-rate HMS Benbow in the Mediterranean Fleet and took part in the bombardment of Acre during the Egyptian–Ottoman War. He went on to be Captain-Superintendent of Woolwich Dockyard and then Controller-General of the Coastguard.
The Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth was a senior commander of the Royal Navy for hundreds of years. Plymouth Command was a name given to the units, establishments, and staff operating under the admiral's command. Prior to 1914 the holder of the office was often referred to as Commander-in-Chief, Devonport. The Commanders-in-Chief were based in what is now Hamoaze House, Devonport, Plymouth from 1809 to 1934 and then at Admiralty House, Mount Wise, Devonport from 1934 until 1996.
Admiral Sir Arthur William Moore, was a Royal Navy officer who went on to command the China Station and to serve as Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth.
Admiral Sir James Edward Clifford Goodrich was the last Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Station.
Admiral Sir Edmund Percy Fenwick George Grant, was a Royal Navy officer who served as First Naval Member and Chief of the Australian Naval Staff from 1919 to 1921.
Admiral Sir Arthur Henry Limpus, was a Royal Navy officer who became Admiral Superintendent of Malta Dockyard.
Admiral Sir Brian Herbert Fairbairn Barttelot, was a Royal Navy officer who became Admiral Superintendent of Malta Dockyard.
Vice-Admiral Sir Henry Deacon Barry, KCVO was a British Royal Navy officer who was Admiral superintendent at Portsmouth dockyard.
Admiral Robert William Craigie was a Royal Navy officer who served as Admiral-Superintendent of Chatham dockyard from 1902 to 1905.
Admiral Sir Reginald Friend Hannam Henderson, was a British Royal Navy officer who was Captain Superintendent of Sheerness Dockyard 1899–1902, Admiral Superintendent of Portsmouth Dockyard 1902–1905, and Admiral Commanding, Coastguards and Reserves 1905–1909.
Admiral Gerald Walter Russell was a Royal Navy officer who was Captain-Superintendent of Pembroke Dockyard throughout 1902–1904.
Rear-Admiral Henry John Carr
| Admiral -Superintendent of Devonport Dockyard |
Vice-Admiral William Hannam Henderson