Thomas Sturges Jackson

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Sir Thomas Sturges Jackson
Born6 March 1842
Died9 September 1934
Allegiance Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Service/branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Rank Admiral
Commands held Devonport Dockyard
Awards Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO)

Admiral Sir Thomas Sturges Jackson, KCVO (6 March 1842 - 9 September 1934) [1] was a Royal Navy officer who was Admiral-Superintendent of Devonport Dockyard.

Royal Victorian Order series of awards in an order of chivalry of the United Kingdom

The Royal Victorian Order is a dynastic order of knighthood established in 1896 by Queen Victoria. It recognises distinguished personal service to the monarch of the Commonwealth realms, members of the monarch's family, or to any viceroy or senior representative of the monarch. The present monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, is the sovereign of the order, the order's motto is Victoria, and its official day is 20 June. The order's chapel is the Savoy Chapel in London.

Royal Navy Maritime warfare branch of the United Kingdoms military

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force. Although warships were used by the English kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime engagements were fought in the Hundred Years War against the Kingdom of France. The modern Royal Navy traces its origins to the early 16th century; the oldest of the UK's armed services, it is known as the Senior Service.

HMNB Devonport operating base in the United Kingdom for the Royal Navy

Her Majesty's Naval Base, Devonport, is the largest naval base in Western Europe and is the sole nuclear repair and refuelling facility for the Royal Navy.

Contents

Jackson entered the Royal Navy in 1856, and served in the Second Opium War in China, where he was present at the capture of Canton in 1857, and the capture of Peiho Forts in 1858, for which he received the China medal, with Canton and Taku clasps. [1] He was promoted to commander on 1 November 1873, [2] and captain on 14 October 1881. [3] He was naval officer in charge in Jamaica 1892–1895, and was promoted to flag rank as a rear admiral on 20 October 1896. [4]

Second Opium War war in China from 1857–1860

The Second Opium War, the Second Anglo-Chinese War, the Second China War, the Arrow War, or the Anglo-French expedition to China, was a war pitting the United Kingdom and the French Empire against the Qing dynasty of China, lasting from 1856 to 1860.

China Country in East Asia

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities, and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

Guangzhou Prefecture-level and Sub-provincial city in Guangdong, Peoples Republic of China

Guangzhou, also known as Canton and formerly romanized as Kwangchow or Kwong Chow, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong in southern China. On the Pearl River about 120 km (75 mi) north-northwest of Hong Kong and 145 km (90 mi) north of Macau, Guangzhou has a history of over 2,200 years and was a major terminus of the maritime Silk Road, and continues to serve as a major port and transportation hub, as well as one of China's three largest cities.

Jackson was appointed Admiral-Superintendent of HM Dockyard Devonport on 7 July 1899, and served as such until 11 July 1902. [5] He was promoted to Vice admiral on 24 January 1902, [6] and knighted as a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO) on 8 March 1902, during a visit of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra to Devonport and the dockyard. [7] [8]

Edward VII King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India 1901-1910

Edward VII was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910.

Alexandra of Denmark queen-empress consort as wife of Edward VII

Alexandra of Denmark was Queen consort of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Empress consort of India as the wife of King Edward VII.

Devonport, Plymouth district of Plymouth in the English county of Devon

Devonport, formerly named Plymouth Dock or just Dock, is a district of Plymouth in the English county of Devon, although it was, at one time, the more important settlement. It became a county borough in 1889. Devonport was originally one of the "Three Towns" ; these merged in 1914 to form what would become in 1928 the City of Plymouth. It is represented in the Parliament of the United Kingdom as part of the Plymouth Sutton and Devonport constituency. Its elected Member of Parliament (MP) is Luke Pollard, who is a member of the Labour Party. The population of the ward at the 2011 census was 14,788.

He was promoted to admiral on 5 July 1905, [9] and placed on the retired list at his own request later the same month. [10]

Admiral (Royal Navy) senior rank of the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom

Admiral is a senior rank of the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom, which equates to the NATO rank code OF-9, outranked only by the rank of admiral of the fleet. Royal Navy officers holding the ranks of rear admiral, vice admiral and admiral of the fleet are sometimes considered generically to be admirals. The rank of admiral is currently the highest rank to which a serving officer in the Royal Navy can be promoted, admiral of the fleet being in abeyance except for honorary promotions of retired officers and members of the Royal Family.

Personal life

Jackson was born in 1842 in Stepney, London, to the Rev. Thomas Jackson and Elizabeth Fiske. He married first, in 1867, Helen Gordon, daughter of C. A. Gordon, of Lahore. She died in 1884, and he remarried, in 1892, Marian Crane, daughter of Hon. W. H. Crane, of Sackville, New Brunswick. [1] Lady Jackson was godmother to HMS Encounter, launched and christened at Devonport Dockyard on 18 June 1902. [11] She died in 1920. He had a total of three sons and six daughters with his two wives, including Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Jackson, KBE (1868-1945), and Helen Douglas Jackson (1869-1949), wife of Major-General Clifford Coffin.

Stepney district of the London Borough of Tower Hamlets

Stepney is a district in East End of London in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets that grew out of a medieval village around St Dunstan's church and the 15th-century ribbon development of Mile End Road called Stepney Green. The area built up rapidly in the 19th century, mainly to accommodate immigrant workers and displaced London poor, and developed a reputation for poverty, overcrowding, violence and political dissent. It was severely damaged during the Blitz, with over a third of housing totally destroyed; and then, in the 1960s, slum clearance and development replaced most residential streets with tower blocks and modern housing estates. Some Georgian architecture and Victorian era terraced housing survive in patches: for example Arbour Square, the eastern side of Stepney Green, and the streets around Matlock Street.

Sackville, New Brunswick Town in New Brunswick, Canada

Sackville is a town in southeastern New Brunswick, Canada. It is home to Mount Allison University, a primarily undergraduate liberal arts university. Historically based on agriculture, shipbuilding, and manufacturing, the economy is now driven by the university and tourism. Initially part of the French colony of Acadia, the settlement became part of the British colony of Nova Scotia in 1755 following the Expulsion of the Acadians.

Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Jackson, KBE, CB, MVO was a senior Royal Navy officer during World War I.

Jackson died in September 1934 in Colchester, England.

Colchester town in Essex, United Kingdom

Colchester is a historic market town and the largest settlement within the borough of Colchester in the county of Essex. Colchester was the first Roman-founded city in Britain, and Colchester lays claim to be regarded as Britain's oldest recorded town. It was for a time the capital of Roman Britain, and is a member of the Most Ancient European Towns Network.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 JACKSON, Adm. Sir Thomas Sturges’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016
  2. "No. 24031". The London Gazette . 4 November 1873. p. 4816.
  3. "No. 25027". The London Gazette . 18 October 1881. p. 5141.
  4. "No. 26789". The London Gazette . 27 October 1896. p. 5833.
  5. "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36816). London. 10 July 1902. p. 10.
  6. "No. 27401". The London Gazette . 28 January 1902. p. 583.
  7. "No. 27416". The London Gazette . 14 March 1902. p. 1811.
  8. "Court Circular". The Times (36711). London. 10 March 1902. p. 9.
  9. "No. 27814". The London Gazette . 7 July 1905. p. 4700.
  10. "No. 27822". The London Gazette . 28 July 1905. p. 5222.
  11. "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36797). London. 18 June 1902. p. 14.
Military offices
Preceded by
Rear-Admiral Henry John Carr
Admiral -Superintendent of Devonport Dockyard
1899–1902
Succeeded by
Vice-Admiral William Hannam Henderson