Thomas Surman

Last updated
Thomas Surman
Thomas Surman - Bradford FC.jpeg
Personal information
Full nameJohn Thomas Surman
Bornsecond ¼ 1883
Bradford district, England
Diedfirst ¼ 1948 (aged 64)
Bradford district, England
Playing information
Club
YearsTeamPldTGFGP
≤1904–≥06 Bradford FC
Representative
YearsTeamPldTGFGP
≤1907–≥07 Yorkshire ≥1
1906 England 10000
Source: [1] [2]

John Thomas "Tom" Surman (birth registered second ¼ 1883 [3] – death registered first ¼ 1948 [4] ) was an English professional rugby league footballer who played in the 1900s. He played at representative level for England and Yorkshire, and at club level for Bradford FC. [1] Prior to Tuesday 27 August 1895, Bradford FC was a rugby union club, it then became a rugby league club, and since 1907 it has been the association football (soccer) club Bradford Park Avenue.

Rugby league Full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field

Rugby league is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field measuring 68m wide and 112-122m long. One of the two codes of rugby, it originated in Northern England in 1895 as a split from the Rugby Football Union over the issue of payments to players. Its rules progressively changed with the aim of producing a faster, more entertaining game for spectators.

England national rugby league team sportsteam that represents England

The England national rugby league team represents England in international rugby league.

Rugby League War of the Roses Series of rugby league matches

The Origin Series, previously War of the Roses, was the inter-county rugby league matches between representative teams from Yorkshire and Lancashire, the areas where rugby league has traditionally been most popular in England.

Contents

Background

Thomas Surman's birth was registered in Bradford district, West Riding of Yorkshire, and his death aged 64 was registered in Bradford district, West Riding of Yorkshire, England.

Bradford City and metropolitan borough in England

Bradford is a city in West Yorkshire, England, in the foothills of the Pennines, 8.6 miles (14 km) west of Leeds, and 16 miles (26 km) north-west of Wakefield. Bradford became a municipal borough in 1847, and received its charter as a city in 1897. Following local government reform in 1974, city status was bestowed upon the City of Bradford metropolitan borough.

West Riding of Yorkshire one of the historic subdivisions of Yorkshire, England

The West Riding of Yorkshire is one of the three historic subdivisions of Yorkshire, England. From 1889 to 1974 the administrative county, County of York, West Riding, was based closely on the historic boundaries. The lieutenancy at that time included the City of York and as such was named West Riding of the County of York and the County of the City of York.

Playing career

Baines Cigarette card featuring Thomas Surman Thomas Surman - circa-1900 - Baines.jpg
Baines Cigarette card featuring Thomas Surman

International honours

Tom Surman won a cap for England while at Bradford FC in 1906 against Other Nationalities. [2]

Cap (sport) Term for a players appearance in a game at international level

In sport, a cap is a metaphorical term for a player's appearance in a game at international level. The term dates from the practice in the United Kingdom of awarding a cap to every player in an international match of association football. In the early days of football, the concept of each team wearing a set of matching shirts had not been universally adopted, so each side would distinguish itself from the other by wearing a specific sort of cap.

The Other Nationalities rugby league team regularly played international, and also county, rugby league football teams in Europe from 1904 to 1975. The team, created in 1904 to play England in the first ever rugby league international match, was at first made up of Welsh and Scottish players. However, as rugby league in England grew, and more players from other countries were brought over to England to play in the domestic competitions, Other Nationalities were later represented by players from Australia, Fiji, Ireland, New Zealand, and South Africa. The Other Nationalities team wore green shirts.

County honours

Tom Surman won cap(s) for Yorkshire while at Bradford FC, including against New Zealand at Belle Vue, Wakefield on Wednesday 18 December 1907.

The New Zealand national rugby league team has represented New Zealand in rugby league since 1907. Administered by the New Zealand Rugby League, they are commonly known as the Kiwis, after the native bird of that name. The team's colours are black and white, with the dominant colour being black, and the players perform a haka before every match they play as a challenge to their opponents. The New Zealand Kiwis are currently third in the RLIF World Rankings. Since the 1980s, most New Zealand representatives have been based overseas, in the professional National Rugby League and Super League competitions. Before that, players were selected entirely from clubs in domestic New Zealand leagues.

Belle Vue (Wakefield) stadium in Wakefield, United Kingdom

Belle Vue in Wakefield, England, is the home of Wakefield Trinity rugby league team. It is beside the A638 Doncaster Road, approximately one mile south of Wakefield city centre.

Wakefield city in West Yorkshire, England

Wakefield is a cathedral city in West Yorkshire, England, on the River Calder and the eastern edge of the Pennines, which had a population of 99,251 at the 2011 census.

Championship Final appearances

Tom Surman played in Bradford FC's 5-0 victory over Salford in the Championship tiebreaker during the 1903–04 season. [5]

Salford Red Devils English rugby league club

The Salford Red Devils are a professional rugby league club in Salford, Greater Manchester, England, who play in the Super League. Formed in 1873, they have won six Championships and one Challenge Cup. Their home ground since 2012 has been the AJ Bell Stadium in Barton-upon-Irwell, before which they played at the Willows in Weaste. Before 1995, the club was known simply as Salford, from 1995–98 Salford Reds and from 1999–2013 Salford City Reds.

In games and sports, a tiebreaker or tiebreak is used to determine a winner from among players or teams that are tied at the end of a contest, or a set of contests.

The 1903–04 Northern Rugby Football Union season was the ninth season of rugby league football.

Challenge Cup Final appearances

Tom Surman was a reserve to travel in Bradford FC's 5-0 victory over Salford in the 1906 Challenge Cup Final during the 1905-06 season at Headingley Rugby Stadium, Leeds, in front of a crowd of 15,834. [6]

In team sports, substitution is replacing one player with another during a match. Substitute players that are not in the starting lineup reside on the bench and are available to substitute for a starter. Later in the match, that substitute may be substituted for by another substitute or by a starter who is currently on the bench.

The 1905–06 Challenge Cup was the 10th staging of rugby league's oldest knockout competition, the Challenge Cup.

The Challenge Cup is a knockout rugby league cup competition organised by the Rugby Football League, held annually since 1896, with the exception of 1915–1919 and 1939–1940. It involves amateur, semi-professional and professional clubs.

Genealogical information

Tom Surman's marriage to Gertrude (née Tetley) was registered during second ¼ 1919 in Bradford district [7]

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References

  1. 1 2 "Statistics at rugbyleagueproject.org". rugbyleagueproject.org. 31 December 2017. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  2. 1 2 "England Statistics at englandrl.co.uk". englandrl.co.uk. 31 December 2017. Archived from the original on 1 June 2018. Retrieved 1 January 2018.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  3. "Birth details at freebmd.org.uk". freebmd.org.uk. 31 December 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
  4. "Death details at freebmd.org.uk". freebmd.org.uk. 31 December 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
  5. "1903/04 Northern Union Champions". rlhp.co.uk. 31 December 2017. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  6. "1906 Challenge Cup winning team". rlhp.co.uk. 31 December 2017. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  7. "Marriage details at freebmd.org.uk". freebmd.org.uk. 31 December 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2012.