Thomas Sutherland (academic)

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Thomas Sutherland
Born(1931-05-03)May 3, 1931
DiedJuly 22, 2016(2016-07-22) (aged 85)
Alma mater

Dr Thomas Sutherland (May 3, 1931 – July 22, 2016), [1] Dean of Agriculture at the American University of Beirut in Lebanon, was kidnapped by Islamic Jihad members near his Beirut home on June 9, 1985. [2] He was released on November 18, 1991 at the same time as Terry Waite, having been held hostage for 2,353 days. [3]

American University of Beirut private university in Lebanon

The American University of Beirut (AUB) is a private, non sectarian, and independent university in Beirut, Lebanon. It is one of the most prestigious universities in the Middle East, securing the top spot in the Arab region in the 2018 QS World University Rankings.

Lebanon Arabic country in Western Asia

Lebanon, officially known as the Lebanese Republic, is a country in Western Asia that is part of the Arab League. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south, while Cyprus is west across the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland facilitated its rich history and shaped a cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity. At just 10,452 km2, it is the smallest recognized sovereign state on the mainland Asian continent.

The Islamic Jihad Organization – IJO or Organisation du Jihad Islamique (OJI) in French, but best known as "Islamic Jihad" for short, was a Shia militia known for its activities in the 1980s during the Lebanese Civil War. They demanded the departure of all Americans from Lebanon and took responsibility for a number of kidnappings, assassinations, and bombings of embassies and peacekeeping troops which killed several hundred people. Their deadliest attacks were in 1983, when they carried out the bombing of the barracks of French and U.S. MNF peacekeeping troops, and that of the United States embassy in Beirut.

Born in Falkirk, Scotland on May 3, 1931, [2] Sutherland was signed as a 17-year-old by Rangers F.C. [ citation needed ] Sutherland obtained a BSc in Agriculture from the University of Glasgow, [4] and moved to the United States in the 1950s. [5] He was received a master's degree and PhD in animal breeding from Iowa State University, [6] then taught animal science at Colorado State University for 26 years. [5] He moved to Beirut in 1983 for a three-year term as dean of the faculty of agriculture and food science in the American University in Beirut. [7] Despite the assassination of University President Malcolm H. Kerr and the kidnapping of Professor Frank Reiger in 1984, and despite being warned repeatedly by the State Department to leave, Sutherland remained at the University.[ citation needed ] Two weeks after David P. Jacobsen was abducted, Sutherland was also kidnapped while using the limousine of University President Calvin Plimpton. Upon his release, Sutherland claimed that the kidnappers mistook him for Plimpton. [8]

Falkirk town in Falkirk, Scotland, UK

Falkirk is a large town in the Central Lowlands of Scotland, historically within the county of Stirlingshire. It lies in the Forth Valley, 23.3 miles (37.5 km) north-west of Edinburgh and 20.5 miles (33.0 km) north-east of Glasgow.

Rangers F.C. association football club in Glasgow, Scotland

Rangers Football Club is a Scottish professional football club based in the Govan district of Glasgow. It has played in the Scottish Premiership, the first tier of the Scottish Professional Football League, since winning the 2015–16 Scottish Championship. Their home ground, Ibrox Stadium, in the southwest of the city, is the third largest football stadium in the country. Although not part of the official name, the club is occasionally referred to as Glasgow Rangers. Rangers have played in blue shirts since the inception of the club.

He was the second-longest held captive after Terry Anderson. [9] His memories of the experience were published in a book co-authored by his wife Jean, At Your Own Risk ( ISBN   1555912559). He claims to have attempted suicide a number of times and to have spent a substantial amount of time in solitary confinement.[ citation needed ]

Terry A. Anderson American journalist

Terry A. Anderson is an American journalist. He reported for the Associated Press. In 1985, he was taken hostage by Shiite Hezbollah militants or the Islamic Jihad Organization and held until 1991. In 2004, he ran unsuccessfully for the Ohio State Senate.

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.

In June 2001, the Sutherland family won a $323 million verdict in a lawsuit against the frozen assets of the government of Iran, because of evidence that Iran had directed terrorists to kidnap Americans in Lebanon. [9] [10] In accordance with Section 2002 of the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000, Pub.L.   106–386, Sutherland and his family received $35,041,877.36 (including interest) and the lien for the rest of the original settlement is now held by the US Government.

Iran A country in Western Asia

Iran, also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With 82 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Its territory spans 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), making it the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. Its central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the political and economic center of Iran, and the largest and most populous city in Western Asia with more than 8.8 million residents in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area.

Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000

The Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) is a federal statute passed into law in 2000 by the U.S. Congress and signed by President Clinton. The law was later reauthorized by presidents Bush, Obama, and Trump. In addition to its applicability to US citizens, it has the ability to authorize protections for undocumented immigrants who are victims of severe forms of trafficking and violence.

An Act of Congress is a statute enacted by the United States Congress. It can either be a Public Law, relating to the general public, or a Private Law, relating to specific institutions or individuals.

Sutherland died on July 22, 2016 in Fort Collins, Colorado, aged 85. [1]

Fort Collins, Colorado Home Rule Municipality in Colorado, United States

Fort Collins is a municipality in northern Colorado, which serves as the seat of Larimer County. Situated on the Cache La Poudre River along the Colorado Front Range, Fort Collins is located 56 mi (90 km) north of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. With a 2016 estimated population of 161,000, it is the fourth most populous city in Colorado after Denver, Colorado Springs, and Aurora. Fort Collins is a midsize college city, home to Colorado State University.

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  1. 1 2 Mcphate, Mike (2016-07-24). "Thomas Sutherland, Lebanon Hostage Who Was Freed After 6 Years, Dies at 85". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved 2016-07-26.
  2. 1 2 "Those who remain in captivity; John McCarthy release", The Times, 9 August 1991
  3. "1991: Church envoy Waite freed in Beirut". BBC News. 1991-11-18. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  4. Biography at EAAP awards Archived 2006-12-22 at the Wayback Machine , 2000
  5. 1 2 "Joy and sadness in family as American hostage is freed; Release of Tom Sutherland", The Times 19 November 1991"
  6. "Thomas Sutherland 2003". Iowa State University Alumni Association. 2008-11-20. Archived from the original on 2008-11-20. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  7. "Beirut's sad roll call; Lebanese hostages", The Times 11 April 1990
  8. "Envoy 'trapped by tale of illness'", The Guardian, 21 November 1991
  9. 1 2 "Beirut hostage wins damages of $323 million", The Times, 27 June 2001
  10. Sutherland v. Islamic Republic of Iran, 151 F.Supp.2d 27 (D.D.C. 2001))