Thomas Sutler Williams
|Judge of the Court of Claims|
November 1, 1929 –April 5, 1940
|Appointed by||Herbert Hoover|
|Preceded by||Nicholas J. Sinnott|
|Succeeded by||John Marvin Jones|
|Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives |
from Illinois's 24th district
March 4, 1915 –November 11, 1929
|Preceded by||H. Robert Fowler|
|Succeeded by||Claude V. Parsons|
Thomas Sutler Williams
February 14, 1872
|Died||April 5, 1940 68) (aged|
|Resting place||Cedar Hill Cemetery|
Thomas Sutler Williams (February 14, 1872 – April 5, 1940) was a United States Representative from Illinois and a Judge of the Court of Claims.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States. It has the 5th largest Gross Domestic Product by state, is the 6th-most populous U.S. state and 25th-largest state in terms of land area. Illinois is often noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in the northeast, small industrial cities and great agricultural productivity in northern and central Illinois, and natural resources such as coal, timber, and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, and is a major transportation hub. Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, contains over 65% of the state's population. The Port of Chicago connects the state to other global ports around the world from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean; as well as the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway on the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, and the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports. Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics.
In the United States, the title of federal judge means a judge appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the United States Senate pursuant to the Appointments Clause in Article II of the United States Constitution.
The Court of Claims was a federal court that heard claims against the United States government. It was established in 1855, renamed in 1948 to the United States Court of Claims, and abolished in 1982. Then, its jurisdiction was assumed by the newly created United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit and United States Claims Court, which was later renamed the Court of Federal Claims.
Born on February 14, 1872, in Louisville, Clay County, Illinois, Williams attended the Willis district school, Louisville High School and then graduated in 1896 from Austin College in Effingham, Illinois.He entered private practice in Louisville, Illinois from 1896 to 1915. He was city attorney of Louisville, Illinois from 1897 to 1899. He was a member of the Illinois House of Representatives from 1899 to 1901. He was Mayor of Louisville, Illinois from 1907 to 1909. He was a prosecutor for Clay County from 1908 to 1915. He became the owner and publisher of the Clay County Republican in Louisville, Illinois in 1920. He moved to Harrisburg, Saline County, Illinois in 1926.
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Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,815. Its county seat is Louisville.
Effingham is a city in and the county seat of Effingham County, Illinois, United States. Effingham is in Southern Illinois. Its population was 12,604 at the 2015 census estimate. The city is part of the Effingham, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area. Effingham is home to a 198 foot tall cross, The Cross at the Crossroads. The cross is the tallest cross in the United States.
Williams was elected as a Republican to the United States House of Representatives of the 64th United States Congress and to the seven succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1915, until his resignation November 11, 1929.He was Chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of Commerce for the 66th United States Congress.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber. Together they comprise the legislature of the United States.
The Sixty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1915, to March 4, 1917, during the third and fourth years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.
Williams was nominated by President Herbert Hoover on October 17, 1929, to a seat on the Court of Claims (later the United States Court of Claims) vacated by Judge Nicholas J. Sinnott.He was confirmed by the United States Senate on November 1, 1929, and received his commission the same day. His service terminated on April 5, 1940, due to his death in Washington, D.C. He was interred in Cedar Hill Cemetery.
Herbert Clark Hoover was an American engineer, businessman, and politician who served as the 31st president of the United States from 1929 to 1933. A member of the Republican Party, he held office during the onset of the Great Depression. Prior to serving as president, Hoover led the Commission for Relief in Belgium, served as the director of the U.S. Food Administration, and served as the 3rd U.S. Secretary of Commerce.
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While a judge, Williams' salary was reduced by the Legislative Appropriation Act of June 30, 1932, which was part of Congress's efforts to economize the costs of government during the Great Depression. Williams sued the federal government, claiming that his salary could not be reduced because Section 1 of Article III of the United States Constitution forbids it. The Supreme Court ruled on Williams v. United States in 1933, deciding that the Court of Claims was an Article I, or legislative, court and that therefore Congress had the authority to reduce the salaries of the judges of the Court of Claims.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations; in most countries it started in 1929 and lasted until the late-1930s. It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the Great Depression is commonly used as an example of how intensely the world's economy can decline.
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Find A Grave is a website that allows the public to search and add to an online database of cemetery records. It is owned by Ancestry.com. It receives and uploads digital photographs of headstones from burial sites, taken by unpaid volunteers at cemeteries. Find A Grave then posts the photo on its website.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
H. Robert Fowler
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from Illinois's 24th congressional district
Claude V. Parsons
Nicholas J. Sinnott
|Judge of the Court of Claims |
John Marvin Jones