Thomas Sutler Williams

Last updated
Thomas Sutler Williams
Thomas S. Williams (Illinois Congressman).jpg
Judge of the Court of Claims
In office
November 1, 1929 April 5, 1940
Appointed by Herbert Hoover
Preceded by Nicholas J. Sinnott
Succeeded by John Marvin Jones
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from Illinois's 24th district
In office
March 4, 1915 November 11, 1929
Preceded by H. Robert Fowler
Succeeded by Claude V. Parsons
Personal details
Born
Thomas Sutler Williams

(1872-02-14)February 14, 1872
Louisville, Illinois
DiedApril 5, 1940(1940-04-05) (aged 68)
Washington, D.C.
Resting placeCedar Hill Cemetery
Political party Republican
EducationAustin College

Thomas Sutler Williams (February 14, 1872 – April 5, 1940) was a United States Representative from Illinois and a Judge of the Court of Claims.

Illinois State of the United States of America

Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States. It has the 5th largest Gross Domestic Product by state, is the 6th-most populous U.S. state and 25th-largest state in terms of land area. Illinois is often noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in the northeast, small industrial cities and great agricultural productivity in northern and central Illinois, and natural resources such as coal, timber, and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, and is a major transportation hub. Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, contains over 65% of the state's population. The Port of Chicago connects the state to other global ports around the world from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean; as well as the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway on the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, and the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports. Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics.

United States federal judge position in the USA

In the United States, the title of federal judge means a judge appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the United States Senate pursuant to the Appointments Clause in Article II of the United States Constitution.

The Court of Claims was a federal court that heard claims against the United States government. It was established in 1855, renamed in 1948 to the United States Court of Claims, and abolished in 1982. Then, its jurisdiction was assumed by the newly created United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit and United States Claims Court, which was later renamed the Court of Federal Claims.

Contents

Education and career

Born on February 14, 1872, in Louisville, Clay County, Illinois, Williams attended the Willis district school, Louisville High School and then graduated in 1896 from Austin College in Effingham, Illinois. [1] He entered private practice in Louisville, Illinois from 1896 to 1915. [2] He was city attorney of Louisville, Illinois from 1897 to 1899. [2] He was a member of the Illinois House of Representatives from 1899 to 1901. [2] He was Mayor of Louisville, Illinois from 1907 to 1909. [2] He was a prosecutor for Clay County from 1908 to 1915. [2] He became the owner and publisher of the Clay County Republican in Louisville, Illinois in 1920. [1] He moved to Harrisburg, Saline County, Illinois in 1926. [1]

Louisville, Illinois Village in Illinois, United States

Louisville is a village in Clay County, Illinois, United States, along the Little Wabash River. The population was 1,139 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Clay County.

Clay County, Illinois County in the United States

Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,815. Its county seat is Louisville.

Effingham, Illinois City in Illinois, United States

Effingham is a city in and the county seat of Effingham County, Illinois, United States. Effingham is in Southern Illinois. Its population was 12,604 at the 2015 census estimate. The city is part of the Effingham, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area. Effingham is home to a 198 foot tall cross, The Cross at the Crossroads. The cross is the tallest cross in the United States.

Congressional service

Williams was elected as a Republican to the United States House of Representatives of the 64th United States Congress and to the seven succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1915, until his resignation November 11, 1929. [1] He was Chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of Commerce for the 66th United States Congress. [1]

Republican Party (United States) political party in the United States

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

United States House of Representatives lower house of the United States Congress

The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber. Together they comprise the legislature of the United States.

64th United States Congress

The Sixty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1915, to March 4, 1917, during the third and fourth years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Federal judicial service

Williams was nominated by President Herbert Hoover on October 17, 1929, to a seat on the Court of Claims (later the United States Court of Claims) vacated by Judge Nicholas J. Sinnott. [2] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on November 1, 1929, and received his commission the same day. [2] His service terminated on April 5, 1940, due to his death in Washington, D.C. [2] He was interred in Cedar Hill Cemetery. [1]

Herbert Hoover 31st president of the United States

Herbert Clark Hoover was an American engineer, businessman, and politician who served as the 31st president of the United States from 1929 to 1933. A member of the Republican Party, he held office during the onset of the Great Depression. Prior to serving as president, Hoover led the Commission for Relief in Belgium, served as the director of the U.S. Food Administration, and served as the 3rd U.S. Secretary of Commerce.

Nicholas J. Sinnott American politician

Nicholas John Sinnott was a United States Representative from Oregon and later was a Judge of the Court of Claims.

United States Senate Upper house of the United States Congress

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislature of the United States. The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol, in Washington, D.C.

Williams v. United States

While a judge, Williams' salary was reduced by the Legislative Appropriation Act of June 30, 1932, which was part of Congress's efforts to economize the costs of government during the Great Depression. Williams sued the federal government, claiming that his salary could not be reduced because Section 1 of Article III of the United States Constitution forbids it. The Supreme Court ruled on Williams v. United States in 1933, deciding that the Court of Claims was an Article I, or legislative, court and that therefore Congress had the authority to reduce the salaries of the judges of the Court of Claims. [3]

Great Depression 20th-century worldwide economic depression

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations; in most countries it started in 1929 and lasted until the late-1930s. It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the Great Depression is commonly used as an example of how intensely the world's economy can decline.

Related Research Articles

United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida

The United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida is a federal court in the Eleventh Circuit.

John W. Murphy American politician

John William Murphy was a United States Representative from Pennsylvania and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania.

John Marvin Jones American politician

John Marvin Jones was a United States Representative from Texas and a Judge of the United States Court of Claims.

Asher G. Caruth American politician

Asher Graham Caruth was a U.S. Representative from Kentucky.

J. McKenzie Moss American politician

John McKenzie Moss was a United States Representative from Kentucky and a Judge of the Court of Claims.

John N. Tillman American politician

John Newton Tillman was a U.S. Representative from Arkansas.

William C. Adamson American politician

William Charles Adamson was a U.S. Representative from Georgia and a Judge for the United States Customs Court.

William R. Green American politician

William Raymond Green was a United States Representative from Iowa, Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee and later was a Judge of the Court of Claims.

George Evan Howell American politician

George Evan Howell was a United States Representative from Illinois and Judge of the United States Court of Claims.

Noble J. Johnson American politician

Noble Jacob Johnson was a United States Representative from Indiana and an Associate Judge and Chief Judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals.

Oscar E. Bland American politician

Oscar Edward Bland was a U.S. Representative from Indiana, and a long-serving judge of the United States Court of Customs Appeals.

William J. Graham American politician

William Johnson Graham was a United States Representative from Illinois and Presiding Judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals.

Ross Rizley American politician

Ross Rizley(born Roscoe Rizley) was a United States Representative from Oklahoma and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Oklahoma.

John A. Peters (1864–1953) American politician, lawyer and judge

John Andrew Peters was a United States Representative from Maine and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Maine.

Richard S. Whaley American politician

Richard Smith Whaley was a United States Representative from South Carolina and Chief Justice of the Court of Claims.

Francis Eugene Worley was a United States Representative from Texas and later an Associate Judge and Chief Judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals.

Louis FitzHenry United States federal judge

Louis FitzHenry was a United States Representative from Illinois, a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Illinois.

William Thomas Hart is a Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois.

James Thomas Turner is a Senior Judge of the United States Claims Court.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 United States Congress. "Thomas Sutler Williams (id: W000542)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress .
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Williams, Thomas Sutler - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
  3. Williams v. United States, 289 U.S. 553 (1933)

Sources

The Biographical Directory of the United States Congress is a biographical dictionary of all present and former members of the United States Congress and its predecessor, the Continental Congress. Also included are Delegates from territories and the District of Columbia and Resident Commissioners from the Philippines and Puerto Rico.

Find A Grave is a website that allows the public to search and add to an online database of cemetery records. It is owned by Ancestry.com. It receives and uploads digital photographs of headstones from burial sites, taken by unpaid volunteers at cemeteries. Find A Grave then posts the photo on its website.

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov .

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
H. Robert Fowler
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 24th congressional district

1915–1929
Succeeded by
Claude V. Parsons
Legal offices
Preceded by
Nicholas J. Sinnott
Judge of the Court of Claims
1929–1940
Succeeded by
John Marvin Jones