Thomas T. Fauntleroy
|Member of the VirginiaHouseofDelegates |
from the Fauquier County district
December 1, 1823 –November 28, 1824
Servingwith John Marshall, Jr.
|Preceded by||Eppa Hunton|
|Succeeded by||John Robert Wallace|
|Born||October 6, 1796|
Richmond County, Virginia, U.S.
|Died||September 12, 1883 86) (aged|
|Branch/service|| United States Army |
Provisional Army of Virginia
|Years of service||1812–1814, 1836–1861|
Brigadier General (Virginia)
|Commands|| 1st U.S. Dragoons |
Department of New Mexico
|Battles/wars|| War of 1812 |
Second Seminole War
American Civil War
Thomas Turner Fauntleroy (October 6, 1796 – September 12, 1883) was a Virginia lawyer, state legislator from Fauquier, Regular Army officer, and briefly a Virginia military officer at the beginning of the American Civil War who refused a commission as brigadier general in the Confederate States Army.
Fauquier is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 65,203. The county seat is Warrenton.
The Regular Army of the United States succeeded the Continental Army as the country's permanent, professional land-based military force. Even in modern times the professional core of the United States Army continues to be called the Regular Army. From the time of the American Revolution until after the Spanish–American War, state militias and volunteer regiments organized by the states supported the smaller Regular Army of the United States. These volunteer regiments came to be called United States Volunteers (USV) in contrast to the Regular United States Army (USA). During the American Civil War, about 97 percent of the Union Army was United States Volunteers.
The American Civil War was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The Civil War is the most studied and written about episode in U.S. history. Primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people, war broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.
Fauntleroy was born in Clarke County, Virginia to Joseph Fauntleroy (1754–1815, of Richmond County, Virginia) and his wife Elizabeth ("Betsy") Fouchee Fauntleroy (1772–1824 of Richmond, Virginia).His elder brother Samuel Griffin Fauntlerosy (1790–1797) died in childhood, as would John Bushrod Fauntleroy (b./d. 1803) but his younger brothers Leroy Daingerfield FAuntleroy (1799–1853), Lawrence Butler Fauntleroy (1801–1874), Robert Henry Fauntleroy (1807–1849) and John Fouchee Fantleroy (1809–1884) would survive to adulthood
Clarke County is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,034. Its county seat is Berryville. Clarke County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Although only 17 years old, he was commissioned a lieutenant in the U.S. Army during the War of 1812.
The War of 1812 was a conflict fought between the United States, the United Kingdom, and their respective allies from June 1812 to February 1815. Historians in Britain often see it as a minor theater of the Napoleonic Wars; in the United States and Canada, it is seen as a war in its own right.
After the war, Fauntleroy studied law in Winchester, Virginia, then practiced law in Warrenton, Virginia.In 1862, he married Ann Magdelin Magill (1799–1862), daughter of Col. Magill of Wincheser. They had two daughters and two sons who would survive the American Civil War: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy, Jr. (1823–1906), Mary Thurston Fauntleroy Barnes (1824–1912), Katherine Knox Fauntlerosy Whittlesey (1834–1906), and Archibald Magil Fauntleroy (1836–1886). His first born son, C.N. Fauntleroy, joined the Confederate Navy.
Winchester is an independent city located in the northwestern portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,203. As of 2015, its population is an estimated 27,284. It is the county seat of Frederick County, although the two are separate jurisdictions. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Winchester with surrounding Frederick County for statistical purposes.
Warrenton is a town in Fauquier County, Virginia, United States. The population was 9,611 at the 2010 census, up from 6,670 at the 2000 census. The estimated population in 2015 was 9,897. Warrenton is the county seat of Fauquier County. It is at the junction of U.S. Route 15, U.S. Route 17, U.S. Route 29, and U.S. Route 211. The town is in the Piedmont region of Virginia, east of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The well-known Airlie Conference Center is 3 miles (5 km) north of Warrenton, and the historic Vint Hill Farms military facility is 9 miles (14 km) east. Fauquier Hospital is located in the town. Surrounded by Virginia wine and horse country, Warrenton is a popular destination outside Washington, D.C.
Thomas Turner Fauntleroy was a Virginia attorney, politician, and judge of the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals.
He was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates from Fauquier County, Virginia in 1823 for a single term, serving alongside John Marshall, Jr., who had likewise ousted an incumbent delegate but who would continue to serve in the next session.
The Virginia House of Delegates is one of two parts in the Virginia General Assembly, the other being the Senate of Virginia. It has 100 members elected for terms of two years; unlike most states, these elections take place during odd-numbered years. The House is presided over by the Speaker of the House, who is elected from among the House membership by the Delegates. The Speaker is usually a member of the majority party and, as Speaker, becomes the most powerful member of the House. The House shares legislative power with the Senate of Virginia, the upper house of the Virginia General Assembly. The House of Delegates is the modern-day successor to the Virginia House of Burgesses, which first met at Jamestown in 1619. The House is divided into Democratic and Republican caucuses. In addition to the Speaker, there is a majority leader, majority caucus chair, minority leader, minority caucus chair, and the chairs of the several committees of the House.
Commissioned a major of dragoons on June 8, 1836, Fautleroy served in the Second Seminole War.Detached from Major General Zachary Taylor's main force in 1835, he held native Americans in check on the Texas frontier. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel, Second Regiment of Dragoons, on June 30, 1846, and ordered to join General Taylor's force during the Mexican–American War at the Rio Grande. Later, he commanded the cavalry of Major General Winfield Scott's army in the campaign to capture Mexico City.
The Second Seminole War, also known as the Florida War, was a conflict from 1835 to 1842 in Florida between various groups of Native Americans collectively known as Seminoles and the United States, part of a series of conflicts called the Seminole Wars. The Second Seminole War, often referred to as the Seminole War, is regarded as "the longest and most costly of the Indian conflicts of the United States."
Zachary Taylor was the 12th president of the United States, serving from March 1849 until his death in July 1850. Taylor previously was a career officer in the United States Army, rose to the rank of major general and became a national hero as a result of his victories in the Mexican–American War. As a result, he won election to the White House despite his vague political beliefs. His top priority as president was preserving the Union, but he died sixteen months into his term, before making any progress on the status of slavery, which had been inflaming tensions in Congress.
The Mexican–American War, also known in the United States as the Mexican War and in Mexico as the American intervention in Mexico, was an armed conflict between the United States of America and the United Mexican States (Mexico) from 1846 to 1848. It followed in the wake of the 1845 American annexation of the independent Republic of Texas. The unstable Mexican caudillo leadership of President/General Antonio López de Santa Anna still considered Texas to be its northeastern province and never recognized the Republic of Texas, which had seceded a decade earlier. In 1845, newly elected U.S. President James K. Polk sent troops to the disputed area and a diplomatic mission to Mexico. After Mexican forces attacked American forces, Polk cited this in his request that Congress declare war.
In 1849 he assumed command of the First Regiment of Dragoons, commanding troops on frontier duty in Texas. His next assignment commanded the Post at Mission San Diego de Alcalá at San Diego, which led to his promotion to colonel on July 25, 1850. He then commanded Fort Vancouver in Oregon Territory. During this time, three of his brothers died: Robert Henry Fauntleroy in Galveston Texas in 1849, Leroy D. Fauntleroy in Pensacola, Florida in 1853 and William M. Fauntleroy in Adams County, Mississippi in 1854.
During the winter of 1854–1855, Col. Fauntleroy campaigned against the hostile Utes in the Rocky Mountains and in 1858 made another mid-winter campaign against the Apache in New Mexico.He also led several expeditions against the Apaches, accompanied by scout Kit Carson. From 1859–1861 Col. Fauntleroy commanded the Department of New Mexico.
While Col. Fauntleroy fought in the West, his son and namesake had become a lawyer and followed his father's example by winning election to the Virginia House of Delegates, albeit for Frederick County. After the Battle of Fort Sumter that began the American Civil War and Virginia's secession in April 1861, Fauntleroy resigned his U.S. Army commission in May 1861 and returned to his native Commonwealth. Governor of Virginia John Letcher appointed Fauntleroy as brigadier general of the Provisional Army of Virginia. However, by the following month the Confederate States Army had been organized and the Provisional Army of Virginia was merged into it. Fauntleroy refused to accept a CSA commission, despite General Samuel Cooper offering such on July 9, 1861.He was relieved of that rank on his request on August 25, 1861, having never held Confederate rank.
After the war, the retired Fauntleroy lived in Opequon Virginia near Winchester with his son Thomas' family.
Fauntleroy's eldest son, C. M. Fauntleroy was a U.S. Navy officer that joined the Confederate Navy and commanded the CSS Rappahannock. His second son, also named Thomas T. Fauntleroy, was a Virginia politician and judge of the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals. Another son Archibald Magill Fauntleroy was a surgeon in the Confederate army and later a physician. A daughter, Mary Thurston Fauntleroy, married Surgeon General of the United States Army Joseph Barnes.
Although Fauntleroy lived in Winchester with his son Thomas' family in 1880,he died in Leesburg, Virginia on September 12, 1883, and was buried at Mount Hebron Cemetery in Winchester.
Thomas Taylor Munford was an American farmer, iron, steel and mining company executive and Confederate colonel and acting brigadier general during the American Civil War.
Arthur Pendleton Bagby Jr. was an American lawyer, editor, and Confederate States Army colonel during the American Civil War. Confederate General E. Kirby Smith, commander of the Trans-Mississippi Department assigned Bagby to duty as a brigadier general on April 13, 1864 to date from March 17, 1864 and as a major general on May 16, 1865. These extra-legal appointments were not made official by appointments of Bagby to general officer grade by Confederate President Jefferson Davis or by confirmation by the Confederate Senate.
William Terry was a nineteenth-century politician, lawyer, teacher, and soldier from Virginia and the last commander of the famed Stonewall Brigade during the American Civil War.
Pinckney Downie Bowles was a lawyer, county prosecutor, probate judge, and a Confederate military officer during the American Civil War.
George Burgwyn Anderson was a career military officer, serving first in the antebellum U.S. Army and then dying from wounds inflicted during the American Civil War while a general officer in the Confederate Army. He was among six generals killed or mortally wounded at the Battle of Antietam in September 1862.
Alexander Early Steen was a career American soldier from Missouri who served in the United States Army in the Mexican–American War. He rejoined the army in 1852 and served until he resigned to join the Confederate forces on May 10, 1861. He served as a general in the secessionist Missouri State Guard forces and as a colonel and acting brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He was killed in the Battle of Prairie Grove.
Kenton Harper was an American newspaper editor, soldier, Indian agent, plantation owner, banker and politician. An officer of the Virginia militia then U.S. Army during the Mexican–American War, Harper later became a Confederate general officer during the American Civil War, and reportedly helped nickname Stonewall Jackson.
Archibald Magill Fauntleroy was a physician. He graduated in medicine at the University of Pennsylvania in 1856, and in 1857 entered the United States Army as assistant surgeon; but, upon the start of the Civil War, he and his brother, a lieutenant in the navy, resigned at the same time with their father, Thomas T. Fauntleroy. He became a surgeon in the Confederate army, and was president of the board for the admission of surgeons, and chief officer on the medical staff of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, and served with him until the battle of Seven Pines. He was then ordered to build and organize the hospitals at Danville, Virginia, and afterward had charge of the military hospital at Staunton, Virginia, until the war ended. He remained and practised at Staunton after the war, and was for several years superintendent of the lunatic asylum at that place. His contributions to medical literature include papers on potassium bromide, chloral hydrate, the use of chloroform in obstetrical practice, and a “Report upon Advance in Therapeutics,” which was printed in the Transactions of the Virginia Medical Society.
Thomas Hart Taylor was a Confederate States Army colonel, brigade commander, provost marshal and last Confederate post commander at Mobile, Alabama during the American Civil War. His appointment as a brigadier general was refused by the Confederate Senate after Confederate President Jefferson Davis failed to nominate Taylor, apparently following Davis's appointment of Taylor to the rank. Nonetheless, Taylor's name is frequently found on lists and in sketches of Confederate generals. He was often referred to as a general both during the Civil War and the years following it. Before the Civil War, Taylor served as a first lieutenant in the 3rd Kentucky Volunteer Infantry Regiment during the Mexican–American War. After that war, he was a cattle driver, farmer and lawyer. After the Civil War, he was engaged in business in Mobile, Alabama for five years, and after returning to Kentucky, was a Deputy U.S. Marshal for five years and was chief of police at Louisville, Kentucky for eleven years.
William Hugh Young was a Confederate States Army brigadier general during the American Civil War. He was a university student and received a military education before the Civil War. He was a lawyer and real estate operator in San Antonio, Texas after the Civil War. Young spent nine months at the end of the war as a prisoner of war.
Horace Randal was a Confederate States Army colonel during the American Civil War. Randal was mortally wounded while commanding a brigade at the Battle of Jenkins' Ferry, Arkansas on April 30, 1864, dying two days later. Confederate President Jefferson Davis did not act upon a request made by General E. Kirby Smith on November 8, 1863 to promote Randal to brigadier general. After Randal's performance at the Battle of Mansfield, General Smith, as the Confederate commander of the Trans-Mississippi Department, assigned Randal to duty as a brigadier general on April 13, 1864. Randal was not officially promoted. Jefferson Davis subsequently revoked Smith's appointment of Randal as a brigadier general.
James Hagan was a United States Army captain during the Mexican–American War and a Confederate States Army colonel during the American Civil War. He was a prosperous businessman and planter at Mobile, Alabama between the wars.
James Boggs was a brigadier general in the Virginia militia, who served along with the Confederate States Army in northwestern Virginia at various times during 1861 and early 1862 in the American Civil War. Boggs's men participated in Stonewall Jackson's attacks on the towns of Romney and Bath, later Berkeley Springs, now in West Virginia in early January 1862. Debilitated from his responsibilities and the harsh winter weather at his advanced age, Boggs's health failed and he died on January 28, 1862.
James Harvey Carson was a brigadier general in the Virginia militia, who served along with the Confederate States Army in northwestern Virginia at various times during 1861 and early 1862 in the American Civil War. Carson's men were part of Stonewall Jackson's force that moved to take the town of Bath, later Berkeley Springs, now in West Virginia, on January 3, 1862.
Gilbert Simrall Meem was a brigadier general in the Virginia militia, who served along with the Confederate States Army in northwestern Virginia at various times during 1861 and early 1862 in the American Civil War. Meem's men participated in Stonewall Jackson's attacks on the towns of Romney and Bath, later Berkeley Springs, now in West Virginia in early January 1862. After the brigade went into winter quarters in Martinsburg, now West Virginia, Meem resigned his commission on February 1, 1862, apparently under pressure. He served in the government in Shenandoah County, Virginia during the war.
William Henry Harman was a brigadier general in the Virginia militia and colonel in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. Prior to the war, Harman had served as a second lieutenant in the 1st Virginia Infantry Regiment during the Mexican–American War, after which he had become a lawyer. He was commonwealth's attorney for Augusta County, Virginia from 1851 until the beginning of the Civil War, when he was appointed a brigadier general in the state militia.
George Paul Harrison Sr. was a brigadier general in the Georgia militia from 1856–1861, commander of the 1st Brigade in the Georgia State Troops and a colonel in Georgia's First Military District in 1864–1865 during the American Civil War. He was a prisoner of war for several months near the end of the war.
Augustus Forsberg (1832-1910) was a Swedish military engineer who emigrated to the United States in 1855. First settling in Charleston, South Carolina, he had strong sympathies for the Southern cause. When the Civil War began, he joined the Confederacy and was commissioned lieutenant in the regular Confederate army 1861. Attached to the 51st Virginia Volunteer Infantry, he was elected its lieutenant colonel when the regiment was reorganized in the spring of 1862. Subsequently, promoted to its colonel, he commanded a brigade at the end of the war. Wounded at Winchester 1864, he became a prisoner-of-war at Waynesboro 1865. Released, he ventured to Lynchburg, Virginia, to marry the woman he had met as a convalescent. They settled and made a family in the town, and Forsberg served as its city engineer for over twenty years.