Thomas T. Fauntleroy (soldier)

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Thomas T. Fauntleroy
Thomas Turner Fauntleroy, 1795-1883, head portrait, facing left LCCN2006679094.jpg
Member of the VirginiaHouseofDelegates
from the Fauquier County district
In office
December 1, 1823 November 28, 1824
Servingwith John Marshall, Jr.
Preceded by Eppa Hunton
Succeeded by John Robert Wallace
Personal details
Born(1796-10-06)October 6, 1796
Richmond County, Virginia, U.S.
DiedSeptember 12, 1883(1883-09-12) (aged 86)
Leesburg, Virginia
Military service
AllegianceFlag of the United States (1863-1865).svg  United States of America
Flag of Virginia (1861).svg  Virginia
Branch/service United States Army
Provisional Army of Virginia
Years of service1812–1814, 1836–1861
1861
Rank Union Army colonel rank insignia.png Colonel (USA)
Brigadier General (Virginia)
Commands 1st U.S. Dragoons
Department of New Mexico
Battles/wars War of 1812
Second Seminole War
Mexican–American War
Indian Wars
American Civil War

Thomas Turner Fauntleroy (October 6, 1796 – September 12, 1883) was a Virginia lawyer, state legislator from Fauquier, Regular Army officer, and briefly a Virginia military officer at the beginning of the American Civil War who refused a commission as brigadier general in the Confederate States Army.

Fauquier County, Virginia County in the United States

Fauquier is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 65,203. The county seat is Warrenton.

The Regular Army of the United States succeeded the Continental Army as the country's permanent, professional land-based military force. Even in modern times the professional core of the United States Army continues to be called the Regular Army. From the time of the American Revolution until after the Spanish–American War, state militias and volunteer regiments organized by the states supported the smaller Regular Army of the United States. These volunteer regiments came to be called United States Volunteers (USV) in contrast to the Regular United States Army (USA). During the American Civil War, about 97 percent of the Union Army was United States Volunteers.

American Civil War Civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865

The American Civil War was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The Civil War is the most studied and written about episode in U.S. history. Primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people, war broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.

Contents

Early life and career

Fauntleroy was born in Clarke County, Virginia to Joseph Fauntleroy (1754–1815, of Richmond County, Virginia) and his wife Elizabeth ("Betsy") Fouchee Fauntleroy (1772–1824 of Richmond, Virginia). [1] His elder brother Samuel Griffin Fauntlerosy (1790–1797) died in childhood, as would John Bushrod Fauntleroy (b./d. 1803) but his younger brothers Leroy Daingerfield FAuntleroy (1799–1853), Lawrence Butler Fauntleroy (1801–1874), Robert Henry Fauntleroy (1807–1849) and John Fouchee Fantleroy (1809–1884) would survive to adulthood

Clarke County, Virginia County in the United States

Clarke County is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,034. Its county seat is Berryville. Clarke County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Although only 17 years old, he was commissioned a lieutenant in the U.S. Army during the War of 1812. [2]

War of 1812 32-month military conflict between the United States and the British Empire

The War of 1812 was a conflict fought between the United States, the United Kingdom, and their respective allies from June 1812 to February 1815. Historians in Britain often see it as a minor theater of the Napoleonic Wars; in the United States and Canada, it is seen as a war in its own right.

After the war, Fauntleroy studied law in Winchester, Virginia, then practiced law in Warrenton, Virginia. [1] In 1862, he married Ann Magdelin Magill (1799–1862), daughter of Col. Magill of Wincheser. They had two daughters and two sons who would survive the American Civil War: Thomas Turner Fauntleroy, Jr. (1823–1906), Mary Thurston Fauntleroy Barnes (1824–1912), Katherine Knox Fauntlerosy Whittlesey (1834–1906), and Archibald Magil Fauntleroy (1836–1886). [3] His first born son, C.N. Fauntleroy, joined the Confederate Navy.

Winchester, Virginia Independent city in Virginia, United States

Winchester is an independent city located in the northwestern portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,203. As of 2015, its population is an estimated 27,284. It is the county seat of Frederick County, although the two are separate jurisdictions. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Winchester with surrounding Frederick County for statistical purposes.

Warrenton, Virginia Town in Virginia, United States

Warrenton is a town in Fauquier County, Virginia, United States. The population was 9,611 at the 2010 census, up from 6,670 at the 2000 census. The estimated population in 2015 was 9,897. Warrenton is the county seat of Fauquier County. It is at the junction of U.S. Route 15, U.S. Route 17, U.S. Route 29, and U.S. Route 211. The town is in the Piedmont region of Virginia, east of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The well-known Airlie Conference Center is 3 miles (5 km) north of Warrenton, and the historic Vint Hill Farms military facility is 9 miles (14 km) east. Fauquier Hospital is located in the town. Surrounded by Virginia wine and horse country, Warrenton is a popular destination outside Washington, D.C.

Thomas Turner Fauntleroy was a Virginia attorney, politician, and judge of the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals.

He was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates from Fauquier County, Virginia in 1823 for a single term, serving alongside John Marshall, Jr., who had likewise ousted an incumbent delegate but who would continue to serve in the next session. [4] [5]

Virginia House of Delegates lower house of U.S. state legislature

The Virginia House of Delegates is one of two parts in the Virginia General Assembly, the other being the Senate of Virginia. It has 100 members elected for terms of two years; unlike most states, these elections take place during odd-numbered years. The House is presided over by the Speaker of the House, who is elected from among the House membership by the Delegates. The Speaker is usually a member of the majority party and, as Speaker, becomes the most powerful member of the House. The House shares legislative power with the Senate of Virginia, the upper house of the Virginia General Assembly. The House of Delegates is the modern-day successor to the Virginia House of Burgesses, which first met at Jamestown in 1619. The House is divided into Democratic and Republican caucuses. In addition to the Speaker, there is a majority leader, majority caucus chair, minority leader, minority caucus chair, and the chairs of the several committees of the House.

Regular U.S. Army service

Commissioned a major of dragoons on June 8, 1836, Fautleroy served in the Second Seminole War. [1] Detached from Major General Zachary Taylor's main force in 1835, he held native Americans in check on the Texas frontier. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel, Second Regiment of Dragoons, on June 30, 1846, and ordered to join General Taylor's force during the Mexican–American War at the Rio Grande. Later, he commanded the cavalry of Major General Winfield Scott's army in the campaign to capture Mexico City. [1]

Second Seminole War

The Second Seminole War, also known as the Florida War, was a conflict from 1835 to 1842 in Florida between various groups of Native Americans collectively known as Seminoles and the United States, part of a series of conflicts called the Seminole Wars. The Second Seminole War, often referred to as the Seminole War, is regarded as "the longest and most costly of the Indian conflicts of the United States."

Zachary Taylor 12th president of the United States

Zachary Taylor was the 12th president of the United States, serving from March 1849 until his death in July 1850. Taylor previously was a career officer in the United States Army, rose to the rank of major general and became a national hero as a result of his victories in the Mexican–American War. As a result, he won election to the White House despite his vague political beliefs. His top priority as president was preserving the Union, but he died sixteen months into his term, before making any progress on the status of slavery, which had been inflaming tensions in Congress.

Mexican–American War armed conflict between the United States of America and Mexico from 1846 to 1848

The Mexican–American War, also known in the United States as the Mexican War and in Mexico as the American intervention in Mexico, was an armed conflict between the United States of America and the United Mexican States (Mexico) from 1846 to 1848. It followed in the wake of the 1845 American annexation of the independent Republic of Texas. The unstable Mexican caudillo leadership of President/General Antonio López de Santa Anna still considered Texas to be its northeastern province and never recognized the Republic of Texas, which had seceded a decade earlier. In 1845, newly elected U.S. President James K. Polk sent troops to the disputed area and a diplomatic mission to Mexico. After Mexican forces attacked American forces, Polk cited this in his request that Congress declare war.

In 1849 he assumed command of the First Regiment of Dragoons, commanding troops on frontier duty in Texas. His next assignment commanded the Post at Mission San Diego de Alcalá at San Diego, which led to his promotion to colonel on July 25, 1850. He then commanded Fort Vancouver in Oregon Territory. During this time, three of his brothers died: Robert Henry Fauntleroy in Galveston Texas in 1849, Leroy D. Fauntleroy in Pensacola, Florida in 1853 and William M. Fauntleroy in Adams County, Mississippi in 1854.

During the winter of 1854–1855, Col. Fauntleroy campaigned against the hostile Utes in the Rocky Mountains and in 1858 made another mid-winter campaign against the Apache in New Mexico. [6] He also led several expeditions against the Apaches, accompanied by scout Kit Carson. From 1859–1861 Col. Fauntleroy commanded the Department of New Mexico. [7] [8]

American Civil War

While Col. Fauntleroy fought in the West, his son and namesake had become a lawyer and followed his father's example by winning election to the Virginia House of Delegates, albeit for Frederick County. After the Battle of Fort Sumter that began the American Civil War and Virginia's secession in April 1861, Fauntleroy resigned his U.S. Army commission in May 1861 and returned to his native Commonwealth. Governor of Virginia John Letcher appointed Fauntleroy as brigadier general of the Provisional Army of Virginia. However, by the following month the Confederate States Army had been organized and the Provisional Army of Virginia was merged into it. Fauntleroy refused to accept a CSA commission, despite General Samuel Cooper offering such on July 9, 1861. [9] He was relieved of that rank on his request on August 25, 1861, having never held Confederate rank. [9]

Postwar

After the war, the retired Fauntleroy lived in Opequon Virginia near Winchester with his son Thomas' family. [10]

Fauntleroy's eldest son, C. M. Fauntleroy was a U.S. Navy officer that joined the Confederate Navy and commanded the CSS Rappahannock. His second son, also named Thomas T. Fauntleroy, was a Virginia politician and judge of the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals. Another son Archibald Magill Fauntleroy was a surgeon in the Confederate army and later a physician. A daughter, Mary Thurston Fauntleroy, married Surgeon General of the United States Army Joseph Barnes. [11]

Although Fauntleroy lived in Winchester with his son Thomas' family in 1880, [12] he died in Leesburg, Virginia on September 12, 1883, and was buried at Mount Hebron Cemetery in Winchester. [13]

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 Allardice, Bruce S. More Generals in Gray. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1995. ISBN   978-0-8071-3148-0. p. 84.
  2. Dictionary of Virginia Biography (1915)
  3. findagraveno.46877735
  4. Cynthia Miller Leonard, The Virginia General Assembly 1619-1978(Richmond:Virginia State Library 1978) p. 318
  5. Allardice erroneously refers to this legislative body as the House of Burgesses, its name during the colonial period.
  6. Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography 1915)
  7. Utley, Robert M. Frontiersmen in Blue: The United States Army and the Indian, 1848–1865. New York: Macmillan, 1981. ISBN   978-0-8032-9550-6. First published: Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1967. (Pages 210-349 are on the Civil War period.)
  8. the 1860 U.S. Federal Census for Santa Fe, New Mexico Territory, indicates Fauntleroy (who lived alone in dwelling 227 as family 338) owned $25,000 in real estate and $25,000 in personal property, which could include enslaved persons. He was the wealthiest person in each category on that census page.
  9. 1 2 Allardice, 1995, p. 85.
  10. 1879 U.S. Federal Census for Opequon, Frederick County, Virginia dwelling 46 family 50
  11. Wikisource-logo.svg  Wilson, J. G.; Fiske, J., eds. (1900). "Fauntleroy, Thomas Turner"  . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography . New York: D. Appleton. which also reports that it was the CSA that refused to confirm his commission in the Confederate army rather than he refusing to accept it. On the other hand, in his 1995 book, More Generals in Gray, at page 85, historian Bruce S. Allardice agrees with other sources that state that Fauntleroy refused to accept the commission.
  12. 1880 U.S. Federal Census for dist. 46, Winchester, Frederick County Virginia
  13. WO1 Mark J. Denger, "Post at Mission San Diego de Alcalá", California Center for Military History. Note 6

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