Thomas Tait Pitman

Last updated
Thomas Tait Pitman
Born(1868-12-22)22 December 1868
Died8 March 1941(1941-03-08) (aged 72)
Allegiance Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Service/branchFlag of the British Army.svg  British Army
Rank Major-General
Commands held 4th Cavalry Brigade
2nd Cavalry Division
Battles/wars Second Boer War
First World War
Awards Companion of The Most Honourable Order of the Bath
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George

Major-General Thomas Tait Pitman, CB , CMG , JP (22 December 1868 – 8 March 1941) was a British cavalry officer, who was a general officer during the First World War. [1] [2]

Cavalry soldiers or warriors fighting from horseback

Cavalry or horsemen are soldiers or warriors who fight mounted on horseback. Cavalry were historically the most mobile of the combat arms. An individual soldier in the cavalry is known by a number of designations such as cavalryman, horseman, dragoon, or trooper. The designation of cavalry was not usually given to any military forces that used other animals, such as camels, mules or elephants. Infantry who moved on horseback, but dismounted to fight on foot, were known in the 17th and early 18th centuries as dragoons, a class of mounted infantry which later evolved into cavalry proper while retaining their historic title.

Contents

Personal life

Thomas Tait Pitman was born on 22 December 1868, the son of Frederick Pitman, Writer to the Signet, Edinburgh. He was one of eight brothers, including Frederick Islay Pitman and Charles Murray Pitman. In 1920 he married Violet Mary, only daughter of Sir Michael Lakin, 1st Baronet. He died on 8 March 1941. [3]

Frederick (Freddie) Islay Pitman was a British rower who rowed in the Boat Race three times and won the Diamond Challenge Sculls and the Wingfield Sculls in 1886.

Charles Murray Pitman KC JP was a British judge and rower described in his Times obituary as having been known "in the rowing world ... one of the most distinguished oarsmen of his time".

Military career

Pitman entered the army in 1889 and served with the 11th (Prince Albert's Own) Hussars for 26 years. He was commissioned a second lieutenant on 9 October 1889, was promoted to lieutenant on 6 April 1891, and to captain on 16 April 1895. [4] Seeing service in the North West Frontier campaign 1897-98, he then served in South Africa during the Second Boer War, where he was second-in-command of the 5th battalion of the Imperial Yeomanry. [5] For his service he was mentioned in despatches (dated 1 June 1902, where he is commended for good service at Brakspruit on 11 April 1902 [6] ). After the end of the war in June 1902, he left Cape Town in the SS Plassy in August, returning to Southampton the following month. [7] On his return he resigned from the Imperial Yeomanry and returned to his regiment. [5]

Second lieutenant is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces, comparable to NATO OF-1a rank.

Lieutenant is a junior officer rank in the British Army and Royal Marines. It ranks above second lieutenant and below captain and has a NATO ranking code of OF-1 and it is the senior subaltern rank. Unlike some armed forces which use first lieutenant, the British rank is simply lieutenant, with no ordinal attached. The rank is equivalent to that of a flying officer in the Royal Air Force (RAF). Although formerly considered senior to a Royal Navy (RN) sub-lieutenant, the British Army and Royal Navy ranks of lieutenant and sub-lieutenant are now considered to be of equivalent status. The Army rank of lieutenant has always been junior to the Navy's rank of lieutenant.

The First Mohmand Campaign was a British military campaign against the Mohmands from 1897 to 1898.

By the outbreak of the First World War, he was a lieutenant-colonel commanding the 11th Hussars and took them to the Western Front in August 1914. He was wounded at the Battle of Messines (1914). [8] Later, he commanded the 4th Cavalry Brigade (1915–16) [9] and the 2nd Cavalry Division (1918–19). [10]

Lieutenant colonel, is a rank in the British Army and Royal Marines which is also used in many Commonwealth countries. The rank is superior to major, and subordinate to colonel. The comparable Royal Navy rank is commander, and the comparable rank in the Royal Air Force and many Commonwealth air forces is wing commander.

Western Front (World War I) main theatre of war during the First World War

The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War. Following the outbreak of war in August 1914, the German Army opened the Western Front by invading Luxembourg and Belgium, then gaining military control of important industrial regions in France. The tide of the advance was dramatically turned with the Battle of the Marne. Following the Race to the Sea, both sides dug in along a meandering line of fortified trenches, stretching from the North Sea to the Swiss frontier with France, which changed little except during early 1917 and in 1918.

Battle of Messines (1914) 1914 battle

The Battle of Messines was fought in October 1914 between the armies of the German and British empires, as part of the Race to the Sea, between the river Douve and the Comines–Ypres canal.

He was appointed Companion of The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (CB) in 1915 and Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG)[ clarification needed ] in 1918 and mentioned in despatches six times. [3] He was Hon. Colonel of the 11th Hussars from 17 February 1926 to 9 October 1939. [11]

Related Research Articles

11th Hussars British military unit

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Essex Yeomanry

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References

  1. "PITMAN, Maj.-Gen. Thomas Tait" . Who Was Who. A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2015. April 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2015 via Oxford University Press.
  2. "Obituaries" . Times. London, England. 13 March 1941. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
  3. 1 2 "Person Page - 49356". The Peerage. 1 September 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  4. Hart´s army list, 1903
  5. 1 2 "No. 27481". The London Gazette . 10 October 1902. p. 6410.
  6. "No. 27455". The London Gazette . 18 July 1902. p. 4596.
  7. "The Army in South Africa - Troops returning home". The Times (36856). London. 26 August 1902. p. 4.
  8. "Lieutenant-Colonel T T Pitman 1914". The British Empire. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  9. Becke 1935 , p. 10
  10. Becke 1935 , p. 9
  11. "11th (Prince Albert's Own) Hussars 1840 - 1969". The British Empire. Retrieved 14 July 2015.

Bibliography

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Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Arthur Lyttelton-Annesley
Colonel of the 11th Hussars
1926–1939
Succeeded by
Sir Archibald Fraser Home