Thomas Tattersall

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Thomas Tattersall
Born
Thomas George Tattersall [1]

12 July 1874 [2] [3]
Wakefield, Yorkshire, England
Died15 August 1905 (aged 21)
Leeds, Yorkshire, England
Occupation Plasterer
Spouse(s)Rebecca Tattersall
ChildrenLaura
Conviction(s) Murder
Criminal penalty Hanging

Thomas George Tattersall (12 July 1874 15 August 1905) [4] was an English plasterer who was convicted of murdering his wife.

Plasterer profession

A plasterer is a tradesman who works with plaster, such as forming a layer of plaster on an interior wall or plaster decorative moldings on ceilings or walls. The process of creating plasterwork, called plastering, has been used in building construction for centuries.

Murder Unlawful killing of a human with malice aforethought

Murder is the unlawful killing of another human without justification or valid excuse, especially the unlawful killing of another human being with malice aforethought. This state of mind may, depending upon the jurisdiction, distinguish murder from other forms of unlawful homicide, such as manslaughter. Manslaughter is a killing committed in the absence of malice, brought about by reasonable provocation, or diminished capacity. Involuntary manslaughter, where it is recognized, is a killing that lacks all but the most attenuated guilty intent, recklessness.

Tattersall, from Wakefield, was a notorious drunk. He would often threaten his wife, Rebecca, and the police had once put their house under surveillance because of this. On 3 July 1905, Tattersall cut Rebecca's throat with a razor and fractured her skull with an axe. He was discovered by the couple's daughter, Laura, who subsequently told their neighbours about what had happened. [5]

Wakefield city in West Yorkshire, England

Wakefield is a city in West Yorkshire, England, on the River Calder and the eastern edge of the Pennines, which had a population of 99,251 at the 2011 census.

Alcohol intoxication psychological state induced by the ingestion of ethanol (alcohol)

Alcohol intoxication, also known as drunkenness or alcohol poisoning, is the negative behavior and physical effects due to the recent drinking of ethanol (alcohol). Symptoms at lower doses may include mild sedation and poor coordination. At higher doses, there may be slurred speech, trouble walking, and vomiting. Extreme doses may result in a decreased effort to breathe, coma, or death. Complications may include seizures, aspiration pneumonia, injuries including suicide, and low blood sugar.

The following day, Tattersall was arrested at a railway station. He pleaded insanity, but to no avail, and was hanged at Armley Prison in Leeds, on 15 August 1905. [5]

The insanity defense, also known as the mental disorder defense, is an affirmative defense by excuse in a criminal case, arguing that the defendant is not responsible for his or her actions due to an episodic or persistent psychiatric disease at the time of the criminal act. This is contrasted with an excuse of provocation, in which defendant is responsible, but the responsibility is lessened due to a temporary mental state. It is also contrasted with a finding that a defendant cannot stand trial in a criminal case because a mental disease prevents them from effectively assisting counsel, from a civil finding in trusts and estates where a will is nullified because it was made when a mental disorder prevented a testator from recognizing the natural objects of their bounty, and from involuntary civil commitment to a mental institution, when anyone is found to be gravely disabled or to be a danger to themselves or to others.

Hanging suspension of a person by a ligature

Hanging is the suspension of a person by a noose or ligature around the neck. The Oxford English Dictionary states that hanging in this sense is "specifically to put to death by suspension by the neck", though it formerly also referred to crucifixion and death by impalement in which the body would remain "hanging". Hanging has been a common method of capital punishment since medieval times, and is the primary execution method in numerous countries and regions. The first known account of execution by hanging was in Homer's Odyssey. In this specialised meaning of the common word hang, the past and past participle is hanged instead of hung.

Leeds City in England

Leeds is a city in West Yorkshire, England.

His executioner, John Billington, died two months later due to a fall he had sustained while preparing for Tattersall's hanging. [6]

Executioner person who carries out a death sentence

A judicial executioner, also known as a "public executioner", is a person who officially inflicts capital punishment ordered by the state or other legal authority, which was known in feudal terminology as high justice.

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References

  1. 1901 England Census
  2. West Yorkshire, Non-Conformist Records, 1646-1985
  3. England & Wales, Civil Registration Birth Index, 1837-1915
  4. "English & Welsh executions 1900 - 1931". capitalpunishmentuk.org. Retrieved 2010-11-15.
  5. 1 2 "'My Daddy's Killing My Mammy!'". truecrimelibrary.com. Retrieved 2010-11-15.
  6. Fielding, Steve. The Executioner's Bible: The Story of Every British Hangman of the Twentieth Century . (John Blake, 2008), pp. 55-56.