Thomas Taylour, 1st Earl of Bective

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Thomas Taylour Bective
Thomas Taylour, 1st earl of Bective, by Gilbert Stuart and studio.jpg
Thomas Taylour, 1st earl of Bective (Gilbert Stuart and studio)
Born20 October 1724 (1724-10-20)
Died14 February 1795 (1795-02-15) (aged 70)
OccupationIrish politician

Thomas Taylour, 1st Earl of Bective KP, PC (Ire) (20 October 1724 – 14 February 1795) [1] was an Irish peer and politician.

Order of St Patrick Dormant British order of chivalry associated with Ireland

The Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick is a dormant British order of chivalry associated with Ireland. The Order was created in 1783 by George III at the request of the then Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, The 3rd Earl Temple. The regular creation of knights of Saint Patrick lasted until 1922, when most of Ireland gained independence as the Irish Free State, a dominion within what was then known as the British Commonwealth of Nations. While the Order technically still exists, no knight of St Patrick has been created since 1936, and the last surviving knight, Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, died in 1974. The Queen, however, remains the Sovereign of the Order, and one officer, the Ulster King of Arms, also survives. St Patrick is patron of the order; its motto is Quis separabit?, Latin for "Who will separate [us]?": an allusion to the Vulgate translation of Romans 8:35, "Who shall separate us from the love of Christ?"

The Privy Council of Ireland was an institution of the Kingdom of Ireland until 31 December 1800 and of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1922. It performed a similar role in the Dublin Castle administration in Ireland to that of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom in the government of the United Kingdom.

Ireland Island in north-west Europe, 20th largest in world, politically divided into the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (a part of the UK)

Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.

Contents

Background

He was the oldest son of Sir Thomas Taylor, 2nd Baronet and his wife Sarah Graham, daughter of John Graham. [2] In 1757, Bective succeeded his father as baronet. [2] He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin. [3]

Career

Bective entered the Irish House of Commons in 1747 and sat as Member of Parliament (MP) for Kells until 1760, [4] when he was elevated to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Headfort, of Headfort, in the County of Meath. [5] He was further honoured in 1762, he was made Viscount Headfort, of Headfort, in the County of Meath in 1762, [6] and on 24 October 1766, he was finally advanced to the dignity of Earl of Bective, of Bective Castle, in the County of Meath. [7] In 1783, Bective became a founding member of the Most Illustrious Order of St Patrick [8] and in 1785 he was sworn of the Privy Council of Ireland. [9]

Irish House of Commons lower house of the irish parliament (until 1800)

The Irish House of Commons was the lower house of the Parliament of Ireland that existed from 1297 until 1800. The upper house was the House of Lords. The membership of the House of Commons was directly elected, but on a highly restrictive franchise, similar to the Unreformed House of Commons in contemporary England and Great Britain. In counties, forty-shilling freeholders were enfranchised whilst in most boroughs it was either only the members of self-electing corporations or a highly-restricted body of freemen that were able to vote for the borough's representatives. Most notably, Catholics were disqualified from sitting in the Irish parliament from 1691, even though they comprised the vast majority of the Irish population. From 1728 until 1793 they were also disfranchised. Most of the population of all religions had no vote. The vast majority of parliamentary boroughs were pocket boroughs, the private property of an aristocratic patron. When these boroughs were disfranchised under the Act of Union, the patron was awarded £15,000 compensation for each.

Kells was a constituency represented in the Irish House of Commons until 1800.

The Peerage of Ireland consists of those titles of nobility created by the English monarchs in their capacity as Lord or King of Ireland, or later by monarchs of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. The creation of such titles came to an end in the 19th century. The ranks of the Irish peerage are Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount and Baron. As of 2016, there were 135 titles in the Peerage of Ireland extant: two dukedoms, ten marquessates, 43 earldoms, 28 viscountcies, and 52 baronies. The Crown of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland continues to exercise jurisdiction over the Peerage of Ireland, including those peers whose titles derive from places located in what is now the Republic of Ireland. Article 40.2 of the Irish Constitution forbids the state conferring titles of nobility and a citizen may not accept titles of nobility or honour except with the prior approval of the Government. As stated above, this issue does not arise in respect of the Peerage of Ireland, as no creations of titles in it have been made since the Constitution came into force.

Family

On 4 July 1754, he married Jane Rowley, daughter of Hercules Langford Rowley and his wife Elizabeth Rowley, 1st Viscountess Langford. [10] They had four daughters and six sons. [11] Bective died aged 70 and was succeeded in his titles by his oldest son Thomas. [2] His second son Hercules and his third son Robert represented both the same constituency as their father. [4] The fourth son Clotworthy was ennobled in his own right as Baron Langford. [12] His grandson General Sir Richard Taylor enjoyed a distinguished career in the army.

Thomas Taylour, 1st Marquess of Headfort Irish politician

Thomas Taylour, 1st Marquess of Headfort, styled Viscount Headford from 1766 to 1795, and known as The Earl of Bective from 1795 to 1800, was an Irish peer and politician.

Major Hercules Langford Taylour styled The Honourable from 1760, was an Irish soldier and politician.

Robert Taylour was an Anglican priest in Ireland in the first half of the eighteenth century.

Related Research Articles

Marquess of Headfort noble title in the Peerage of Ireland

Marquess of Headfort is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1800 for Thomas Taylour, 2nd Earl of Bective.

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The Langford Baronetcy, of Kilmackedrett in the County of Antrim, was a title in the Baronetage of Ireland. It was created on 19 August 1667 for Hercules Langford. The title became extinct on the death of the third Baronet in 1725. Mary, daughter of the first Baronet, married Sir John Rowley. Their grandson Hercules Langford Rowley married Elizabeth Upton, who was created Viscountess Langford in 1766. Their daughter the Hon. Jane Rowley married Thomas Taylour, 1st Earl of Bective. Lord and Lady Bective's fourth son Clotworthy Rowley was created Baron Langford in 1800.

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References

  1. "Leigh Rayment - Peerage" . Retrieved 5 May 2009.
  2. 1 2 3 Lodge, Edmund (1838). The Genealogy of the Existing British Peerage (6th ed.). London: Saunder and Otley. p. 243.
  3. "ThePeerage - Thomas Taylour, 1st Earl of Bective" . Retrieved 21 February 2007.
  4. 1 2 "Leigh Rayment - Irish House of Commons 1692-1800".
  5. "No. 10029". The London Gazette . 23 August 1760. p. 1.
  6. "No. 10194". The London Gazette . 23 March 1762. p. 2.
  7. "No. 10671". The London Gazette . 25 October 1766. p. 2.
  8. "Leigh Rayment - Knights of St Patrick" . Retrieved 5 May 2009.
  9. "Leigh Rayment - Privy Council of Ireland" . Retrieved 5 May 2009.
  10. Debrett, John (1828). Debrett's Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. vol. II (17th ed.). London: G. Woodfall. p. 629.
  11. Lodge, John (1789). Mervyn Archdall, ed. The Peerage of Ireland or A Genealogical History of the Present Nobility of that Kingdom. vol. III. Dublin: James Moore. p. 176.
  12. Burke, John (1832). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. vol. I (4th ed.). London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. p. 597.
Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Taylor, 2nd Bt
James Taylor
Member of Parliament for Kells
1747–1760
With: Sir Thomas Taylor, 2nd Bt 1747–1757
Richard Moore 1757–1760
Succeeded by
Richard Moore
Thomas Pepper
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Earl of Bective
1766–1795
Succeeded by
Thomas Taylour
Viscount Headfort
1762–1795
Baron Headfort
1760–1795
Baronetage of Ireland
Preceded by
Thomas Taylor
Baronet
(of Kells)
1757–1795
Succeeded by
Thomas Taylour