Thomas Taylour Bective
Thomas Taylour, 1st earl of Bective (Gilbert Stuart and studio)
|Born||20 October 1724|
|Died||14 February 1795 70)(aged|
Thomas Taylour, 1st Earl of Bective KP, PC (Ire) (20 October 1724 – 14 February 1795)was an Irish peer and politician.
The Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick is a dormant British order of chivalry associated with Ireland. The Order was created in 1783 by George III at the request of the then Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, The 3rd Earl Temple. The regular creation of knights of Saint Patrick lasted until 1922, when most of Ireland gained independence as the Irish Free State, a dominion within what was then known as the British Commonwealth of Nations. While the Order technically still exists, no knight of St Patrick has been created since 1936, and the last surviving knight, Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, died in 1974. The Queen, however, remains the Sovereign of the Order, and one officer, the Ulster King of Arms, also survives. St Patrick is patron of the order; its motto is Quis separabit?, Latin for "Who will separate [us]?": an allusion to the Vulgate translation of Romans 8:35, "Who shall separate us from the love of Christ?"
The Privy Council of Ireland was an institution of the Kingdom of Ireland until 31 December 1800 and of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1922. It performed a similar role in the Dublin Castle administration in Ireland to that of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom in the government of the United Kingdom.
Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
He was the oldest son of Sir Thomas Taylor, 2nd Baronet and his wife Sarah Graham, daughter of John Graham.In 1757, Bective succeeded his father as baronet. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin.
Bective entered the Irish House of Commons in 1747 and sat as Member of Parliament (MP) for Kells until 1760,when he was elevated to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Headfort, of Headfort, in the County of Meath. He was further honoured in 1762, he was made Viscount Headfort, of Headfort, in the County of Meath in 1762, and on 24 October 1766, he was finally advanced to the dignity of Earl of Bective, of Bective Castle, in the County of Meath. In 1783, Bective became a founding member of the Most Illustrious Order of St Patrick and in 1785 he was sworn of the Privy Council of Ireland.
The Irish House of Commons was the lower house of the Parliament of Ireland that existed from 1297 until 1800. The upper house was the House of Lords. The membership of the House of Commons was directly elected, but on a highly restrictive franchise, similar to the Unreformed House of Commons in contemporary England and Great Britain. In counties, forty-shilling freeholders were enfranchised whilst in most boroughs it was either only the members of self-electing corporations or a highly-restricted body of freemen that were able to vote for the borough's representatives. Most notably, Catholics were disqualified from sitting in the Irish parliament from 1691, even though they comprised the vast majority of the Irish population. From 1728 until 1793 they were also disfranchised. Most of the population of all religions had no vote. The vast majority of parliamentary boroughs were pocket boroughs, the private property of an aristocratic patron. When these boroughs were disfranchised under the Act of Union, the patron was awarded £15,000 compensation for each.
Kells was a constituency represented in the Irish House of Commons until 1800.
The Peerage of Ireland consists of those titles of nobility created by the English monarchs in their capacity as lord or king of Ireland, or later by monarchs of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. The creation of such titles came to an end in the 19th century. The ranks of the Irish peerage are duke, marquess, earl, viscount and baron. As of 2016, there were 135 titles in the Peerage of Ireland extant: two dukedoms, ten marquessates, 43 earldoms, 28 viscountcies, and 52 baronies. The Crown of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland continues to exercise jurisdiction over the Peerage of Ireland, including those peers whose titles derive from places located in what is now the Republic of Ireland. Article 40.2 of the Irish Constitution forbids the state conferring titles of nobility and a citizen may not accept titles of nobility or honour except with the prior approval of the Government. As stated above, this issue does not arise in respect of the Peerage of Ireland, as no creations of titles in it have been made since the Constitution came into force.
On 4 July 1754, he married Jane Rowley, daughter of Hercules Langford Rowley and his wife Elizabeth Rowley, 1st Viscountess Langford.They had four daughters and six sons. Bective died aged 70 and was succeeded in his titles by his oldest son Thomas. His second son Hercules and his third son Robert represented both the same constituency as their father. The fourth son Clotworthy was ennobled in his own right as Baron Langford. His grandson General Sir Richard Taylor enjoyed a distinguished career in the army.
Thomas Taylour, 1st Marquess of Headfort, styled Viscount Headford from 1766 to 1795, and known as The Earl of Bective from 1795 to 1800, was an Irish peer and politician.
Major Hercules Langford Taylour styled The Honourable from 1760, was an Irish soldier and politician.
Robert Taylour was an Anglican priest in Ireland in the first half of the eighteenth century.
Marquess of Headfort is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1800 for Thomas Taylour, 2nd Earl of Bective.
Baron Langford, of Summerhill in the County of Meath, is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created on 1 July 1800 for Clotworthy Rowley, who had earlier represented Trim and County Meath in the Irish House of Commons. Born Clotworthy Taylor, he was the fourth son of Thomas Taylor, 1st Earl of Bective and Jane Rowley, daughter of Hercules Langford Rowley and his wife Elizabeth Rowley, 1st Viscountess Langford. The viscountcy of Langford became extinct in 1796 on the death of Hercules Rowley, 2nd Viscount Langford. Clotworthy Taylor succeeded to the Rowley estates and assumed by Royal licence the surname of Rowley in lieu of Taylor. Four years later the Langford title was revived when he was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Langford.
Viscount Langford, of Longford Lodge, was a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created on 19 February 1766 for Elizabeth Rowley. She was made Baroness of Summerhill at the same time, also in the Peerage of Ireland. She was the wife of Hercules Langford Rowley, a member of the Irish Privy Council, grandson of Sir John Rowley and Mary, daughter of Sir Hercules Langford, 1st Baronet. She was succeeded by her son, the second Viscount. He represented County Antrim and Downpatrick in the Irish Parliament. The title became extinct in 1796 on the death of the second Viscount. The Rowley estates were inherited by Clotworthy Taylor, fourth son of Thomas Taylor, 1st Earl of Bective by his wife Jane, daughter of Hercules Langford Rowley and the Viscountess Langford. He assumed by Royal licence the surname of Rowley in 1796 and in 1800 the Langford title was revived when he was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Langford. This title is still extant.
Geoffrey Thomas Taylour, 4th Marquess of Headfort DL, JP, FZS, styled Lord Geoffrey Taylour until 1893 and Earl of Bective between 1893 and 1894, was a British politician and Army officer.
General Robert Taylor or Taylour styled The Honourable from birth, was an Irish soldier and politician.
Clotworthy Rowley, 1st Baron Langford, known as Hon. Clotworthy Taylor until 1796 and as Hon. Clotworthy Rowley from 1796 to 1800, was an Irish peer.
Thomas Taylour, 2nd Marquess of Headfort KP PC, styled Viscount Headfort from 1795 to 1800 and Earl of Bective from 1800 to 1829, was an Anglo-Irish Whig politician. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Meath from 1812 to 1830.
Lord Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, known as Henry Cavendish-Bentinck until 1880, was a British Conservative politician.
Thomas Taylour, Earl of Bective, styled Lord Kenlis until 1870, was an Anglo-Irish Conservative politician.
Thomas Taylour, 3rd Marquess of Headfort KP PC (I) was an Irish peer, styled Lord Kenlis until 1829 and Earl of Bective from 1829 to 1870.
Richard Hamilton, 4th Viscount Boyne was an Irish peer and politician.
Thomas Southwell, 2nd Baron Southwell PC (Ire), FRS, styled The Honourable from 1717 until 1720, was an Irish peer, politician and freemason.
Thomas George Southwell, 1st Viscount Southwell, styled The Honourable from birth until 1766, was an Irish politician and freemason.
The Langford Baronetcy, of Kilmackedrett in the County of Antrim, was a title in the Baronetage of Ireland. It was created on 19 August 1667 for Hercules Langford. The title became extinct on the death of the third Baronet in 1725. Mary, daughter of the first Baronet, married Sir John Rowley. Their grandson Hercules Langford Rowley married Elizabeth Upton, who was created Viscountess Langford in 1766. Their daughter the Hon. Jane Rowley married Thomas Taylour, 1st Earl of Bective. Lord and Lady Bective's fourth son Clotworthy Rowley was created Baron Langford in 1800.
The High Sheriff of Meath was the British Crown's judicial representative in County Meath, Ireland from the conquest until 1922, when the office was abolished in the new Free State and replaced by the office of Meath County Sheriff.
General Sir Richard Chambré Hayes Taylor was a senior British Army officer who served in the Second Anglo-Burmese War, the Crimean War and the Indian Mutiny. Joining the General Staff in 1860, he was the British Army's Inspector General of Recruiting, then Deputy Adjutant-General to the Forces, briefly Adjutant-General, and finally for three years Governor of the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. He was also Colonel of the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders and the East Surrey Regiment.
Thomas Michael Ronald Christopher Taylour, 7th Marquess of Headfort, styled Lord Kenlis until 1960 and Earl of Bective between 1960 and 2005, is an Irish peer and estate agent.
|Parliament of Ireland|
Sir Thomas Taylor, 2nd Bt
| Member of Parliament for Kells |
With: Sir Thomas Taylor, 2nd Bt 1747–1757
Richard Moore 1757–1760
|Peerage of Ireland|
|New creation|| Earl of Bective |
| Viscount Headfort |
| Baron Headfort |
|Baronetage of Ireland|
| Baronet |