Thomas Tellefsen

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Thomas Dyke Acland Tellefsen

Thomas Dyke Acland Tellefsen (November 26, 1823October 6, 1874) was a Norwegian pianist and composer. As a composer Tellefsen wrote 44 opuses: [1] solo piano works, two piano concertos, and chamber music. He dedicated many of his compositions to the Polish, Russian, and French aristocracy.

Norway Country in Northern Europe

Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country in Northwestern Europe whose territory comprises of the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula; the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard are also part of the Kingdom of Norway. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the kingdom. Norway also lays claim to a section of Antarctica known as Queen Maud Land.

Pianist musician who plays the piano

A pianist is an individual musician who plays the piano. Since most forms of Western music can make use of the piano, pianists have a wide repertoire and a wide variety of styles to choose from, among them traditional classical music, jazz, blues, and all sorts of popular music, including rock and roll. Most pianists can, to an extent, easily play other keyboard-related instruments such as the synthesizer, harpsichord, celesta, and the organ.

Composer person who creates music, either by musical notation or oral tradition

A composer is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music, instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms. A composer may create music in any music genre, including, for example, classical music, musical theatre, blues, folk music, jazz, and popular music. Composers often express their works in a written musical score using musical notation.

Contents

Life

Thomas Tellefsen, the youngest of six siblings, [1] was born in Trondheim, Norway, where he studied with his father, the organist Johan Christian Tellefsen (17741857), and with Ole Andreas Lindeman. [2] Thomas gave his first public concert in his home town in the spring of 1842. Shortly after, he went to Paris, where he became the pupil of his compatriot Charlotte Thygeson, and later attended some of Friedrich Kalkbrenner's classes. During the years 1844 to 1847, he was taught periodically by Frédéric Chopin, who also became his personal friend and had considerable influence on his musical taste, style of playing, and compositions.

Trondheim City in Norway

Trondheim, historically Kaupangen, Nidaros and Trondhjem, is a city and municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. It has a population of 193,666, and is the third most populous municipality in Norway, although the fourth largest urban area. Trondheim lies on the south shore of Trondheim Fjord at the mouth of the River Nidelva. The city is dominated by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), the Foundation for Scientific and Industrial Research (SINTEF), St. Olavs University Hospital and other technology-oriented institutions.

Organist musician who plays any type of organ

An organist is a musician who plays any type of organ. An organist may play solo organ works, play with an ensemble or orchestra, or accompany one or more singers or instrumental soloists. In addition, an organist may accompany congregational hymn-singing and play liturgical music.

Paris Capital of France

Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, diplomacy, commerce, fashion, science, and the arts. The City of Paris is the centre and seat of government of the Île-de-France, or Paris Region, which has an estimated official 2019 population of 12,213,364, or about 18 percent of the population of France. The Paris Region had a GDP of €709 billion in 2017. According to the Economist Intelligence Unit Worldwide Cost of Living Survey in 2018, Paris was the second most expensive city in the world, after Singapore, and ahead of Zürich, Hong Kong, Oslo and Geneva. Another source ranked Paris as most expensive, on a par with Singapore and Hong Kong, in 2018.

Duchess Marcelina Czartoryska took him to the Hôtel Lambert in Paris, where he made his debut as a pianist with great success on 29 April 1851. [3] Soon after that, Tellefsen became regarded as one of the outstanding pianists of his time, and was especially admired as an interpreter of Chopin's music. When Chopin died in 1849, Tellefsen took over some of his teacher's pupils, including Jane Stirling. [3] In the 1850s and 1860s, Tellefsen was regarded as a very successful pianist, and he toured several times in England, Sweden, and Norway. He died in Paris, and is buried at the Cimetière d´Auteuil.

Hôtel Lambert hôtel particulier

The Hôtel Lambert is a hôtel particulier, a grand mansion townhouse, on the Quai Anjou on the eastern tip of the Île Saint-Louis, in 4th arrondissement of Paris. In the 19th century, the name Hôtel Lambert also came to designate a political faction of Polish exiles associated with Prince Adam Jerzy Czartoryski, who had purchased the Hôtel Lambert.

Jane Stirling Scottish amateur pianist

Jean ("Jane") Wilhelmina Stirling was a Scottish amateur pianist who is best known as a student and later friend of Frédéric Chopin, two of whose nocturnes are dedicated to her. She took him on a tour of England and Scotland in 1848, and took charge of the disposal of his effects and manuscripts after his death in 1849. While there is no evidence they were lovers, she was often referred to, after Chopin's death, as "Chopin's widow".

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Compositions

Among his published works, Tellefsen wrote sixteen mazurkas, five chamber music works (two sonatas for violin and piano, a sonata for cello and piano, a sonata for two pianos, and a trio for piano, violin and cello), composed between 1854 and 1867. He also wrote two piano concertos, the first in 1848 and the second in 1853, six waltzes, four nocturnes, three études, and a number of larger works and salon pieces, which were written for the teaching of his pupils. This list is sortable by title, key, tempo markings, genre, and year of composition, but non-sortable by opus number and notes.

Works with opus number

TitleOpusNumberKeyTempo markingsGenreYearNotes
Quatre Mazurkas1No. 1A majorAllegroPiano solo1849 [n 1]
No. 2A minorAllegro
No. 3E minorModerato
No. 4A majorModerato
1re. Nocturne2F majorAndante cantabilePiano solo1849 [n 2]
Quatre Mazurkas3No. 1G minorModeratoPiano solo1849 [n 3]
No. 2G majorVivace
No. 3B-flat majorAllegro vivace
No. 4F-sharp minorMesto
Ave Maria4G majorPas trop lentVocal music1850 ca. [n 4]
Trois Valses Brillantes5No. 1A-flat majorPiano solo1853 ca. [n 5]
No. 2G majorVivace
No. 3E majorAllegro moderato
Tarentelle6E-flat majorMolto vivacePiano solo1853 [n 6]
Élégie7F minorMolto adagioPiano solo1853 [n 7]
Concerto pour Piano8First movementG minorAllegro moderatoOrchestral1848 [n 8]
Second movementE-flat majorAndante
Third movementG minorAllegro
Huldredandsen9G minorAllegro moderatoPiano solo1853 [n 9]
Adagio et Rondo10B minorAdagioPiano solo1853 [n 10]
2me. Nocturne11E majorAndante cantabilePiano solo1853 [n 11]
Thème Original et Fantaisie12First movementB-flat minorAndantePiano solo1855 ca. [n 12]
Second movementB-flat majorAdagio
Piano Sonate13First movementC minorAllegro moderatoPiano solo1853 [n 13]
Second movementA-flat majorAdagio
Third movementC majorVivace
Six Mazurkas14No. 1D minorAllegroPiano solo1853 [n 14]
No. 2G majorLeggiero
No. 3F minorLeggiero
No. 4F majorModerato
No. 5D majorAllegro vivace
No. 6C minorLento simplice
2me. Concerto pour Piano15First movementF minorAllegro moderatoOrchestral1853 [n 15]
Second movementE majorAdagio
Third movementF minorTarrentelle
3 Feuillets d'album16No. 1B-flat majorAllegro moderatoPiano solo1855 [n 16]
No. 2A-flat majorLento
No. 3C minorMarche funèbre
3me. Nocturne17B-flat majorAdagio ma non tropoPiano solo1855 [n 17]
Grande Polonaise18C-sharp minorModeratoPiano solo1858 ca. [n 18]
Sonate No. 1 pour piano et violin19First movementG majorAllegro moderatoChamber music1856 [n 19]
Second movementE-flat majorAdagio con molto espressione
Third movementB-flat majorScherzo Presto
FinaleG majorAllegro vivace
Allegretto20A majorSimplicePiano solo1856 [n 20]
Sonate for Piano et Violoncelle21First movementE-flat majorAllegroChamber music1857 [n 21]
Second movementB-flat majorAllegretto
FinaleE-flat majorAllegro
Toccata22F majorAllegroPiano solo1857 [n 22]
La petite mendiante23E minorAllegro ma non tropoPiano solo1858 [n 23]
Grande Mazurka24B-flat majorPiano solo1858 [n 24]
Grande Étude25E majorAllegroPiano solo1858 [n 25]
Bruraslaatten26D majorMaestosoPiano solo1858 [n 26]
Valse27D-flat majorModeratoPiano solo1863 [n 27]
Ballade28C minorAllegrettoPiano solo1860 [n 28]
Marche Triomphale29D majorAllegro moderatoPiano solo1861 [n 29]
5me. Grande Valse & 6me. Grande Valse30No. 1F majorModeratoPiano solo1861 [n 30]
No. 2F minor
Trio pour Piano, Violon et Violoncelle31No. 1B-flat majorAllegro maestosoChamber music1862 [n 31]
ScherzoD minor & D majorModerato
No. 3E-flat majorAdagio
FinaleB-flat majorAllegro
32BerceuseG majorAndantePiano solo1862 [n 32]
Joyeux RefrainD majorAllegro1863
Dans la ValléeA majorAndante ma non troppo1863 ca.
Mazurka (Polskdans)33A majorCantabilePiano solo1864 [n 33]
Au travers d´un Songe34A-flat majorAndantePiano solo1868 [n 34]
Air de Ballet pour Violoncelle35D minor & D majorAllegrettoChamber music1865 [n 35]
Capriccio appasionato36B minorAllegro non troppoPiano solo1865 [n 36]
Sonate No. 2 pour piano et violin37First movementG majorAllegroChamber music1872 [n 37]
InterludeE majorAndante
Theme VariéE majorAndante
Impromptu pour Piano38G minorAllegroPiano solo1872 [n 38]
4me. Nocturne39G-flat majorAndantePiano solo1872 [n 39]
Walhallafesten40G minor & G majorModeratoPiano solo1870 [n 40]
Sonate pour Deux Pianos41D majorAllegro maestosoPiano solo1872 [n 41]
Melodies écossaises42A majorAndante con mottoPiano solo1868 ca. [n 42]
Exercise en sixtes43E majorAllegroPiano solo1867 ca. [n 43]
Pavane de la Reine Elisabeth44E major & D-flat majorAndante noblementPiano solo1870 ca. [n 44]

Works without opus number

Tellefsen's works without opus number are either piano studies or liturgical pieces. His Moderato, written in 1842, is one of his first attempts in composition. Another collection of works consists of twenty-one short fughettas, versetti and cantabile pieces, suitable in length in Roman Catholic and Lutheran services during the time they were written. The versetti are organ verses played in alternation with sung verses of hymns. The preludes were played for organ or piano with pedal. They were used as preludes and postludes, while a cantabile piece might also appear after the sermon as an introduction to the next hymn. Variations on hymn tunes are a much-used form in church services as well. This list is sortable by title, key, tempo markings, genre and year of composition, and non-sortable by number and notes.

TitleNumberKeyTempo markingsGenreYearNotes
ValseA majorPiano solo
ModeratoPiano solo1842
Choral variations on the hymn "Kimer, I klokker"G majorPiano solo [n 45]
PreludeG majorAllegro moderatoPiano solo
Lento - Allegro moderato - Tempo primoPiano solo
LarghettoPiano solo
PreludeG majorPiano solo
Suite: Prelude, Versette, Prelude 2, Prelude da capoG minorPiano solo
Fughetta'r, Versettes & CantabillaFughetta IC majorPiano solo [n 46]
Fughetta IIC major
Fughetta IIIC major
Fughetta IVA minor
Fughetta VA minor
Fughetta VIA minor
Fugheta VIIA minor
VersetteG minor
Fughetta VIIIG minor
CantabilleG minor
Fughetta IXG major
Fughetta XG major
Fughetta XIG major
CantabilleC major
CantabilleD major
Fughetta XIID dorian
InterludeD dorian
Fughetta XIIID dorian
VersetteD minor
Fughetta XIVD minor
Fughetta XVE minor
Prelude to FuguePiano solo
A Minor VariationPiano solo
WaltzA minorPiano solo
AdagioD majorPiano solo
PreludeG minorPiano solo
Preludio Andantino - mixolidian d - da capo al fineE minorPiano solo
Preludio IG majorPiano solo
PreludeD majorPiano solo
Prelude (Picardian)EPiano solo [n 47]
FugaDPiano solo [n 48]
Prelude IIG majorPiano solo
AdagioD minorAlla brevePiano solo
Prelude III'G majorPiano solo
InterludeC majorPiano solo
Variations on the Hymn "Jesus styr du mine tanker"G majorPiano solo [n 49]
Prelude on the Hymn "I Jesu Navn"G minorPiano solo [n 50]

Additional information

Notes

  1. A composition dedicated to Mlle. Sophie Laporte.
  2. A composition dedicated to Mlle. Jane Wilhelmina Stirling.
  3. A composition dedicated to Princess Marcelline Czartoryska, née Princess Radziwiłł.
  4. A composition for soprano and piano accompaniment dedicated to Mlle. Christance Thiis, the day of her communion.
  5. Waltz No. 1 was dedicated to Mlle. Z. Auber, No. 2 to Mlle. Louise Jedrzejeicz, and No. 3 to Mlle. Charlotte Jane Stirling de Glenbervie.
  6. A composition dedicated to Monsieur Baron de Stockhausen, most probably Baron Nathaniel von Stockhausen, the Hanoverian ambassador to France, to whom Chopin dedicated his Ballade No. 1 in G minor, Op. 23.
  7. This élegie ends with the hymn " Wer weiß, wie nahe mir mein Ende " with a melody by Georg Neumark. It was dedicated to the memory of François Gustave Oscar, Hereditarian Prince of Sweden and Norway.
  8. This concerto for piano and orchestra, with a traditional bridal march from Sogn used as the main theme, and a rhythmic theme as a second theme taken from the Halling dance, was dedicated to Oscar I, King of Sweden and Norway.
  9. Translated as Dance of the Hulders, it may have been written for the annual carnival celebration for Norwegian artists in Paris. It was dedicated to Countess Delphine Potocka, née Komar.
  10. Also known as "Adagio, Cantabile et Rondo", this composition was dedicated to Madame Baroness Monsieur Nathaniel de Rothschild's.
  11. A composition dedicated to Lady Murray.
  12. This composition has an introductory part (Introduction) with tempo marking Largo. It was dedicated to his friend Paul Gunsberg.
  13. A composition dedicated to Madame Countess Geneviève Puslowska, née Princess Druka Lubecha.
  14. Mazurka No. 2 is entitled La Ronde. It was dedicated to Madame Princess A. Troubetzkoi, née Countess Goudowitch.
  15. A composition dedicated to Madame Princess Marcelline Czartoryska, née Princess Radziwiłł.
  16. A composition dedicated to Mlle. Princess Elisabeth Czartoryska.
  17. A composition dedicated to Madame Countess Laure Swieykowska.
  18. A composition dedicated to Her Royal Highness Wilhelmina Frederica Alexandra Anna Louise, Royal Princes of Sweden and Norway.
  19. The Violin Sonata No. 1 was dedicated to His Majesty Guillaume III des Pays-Bas.
  20. A composition dedicated to Madame Sherman.
  21. A composition dedicated to Her Majesty Catholique Isabella II, Reine d'Espagne.
  22. A composition dedicated to Madame Countess Nina Branicka.
  23. Translated as The little beggar. It was dedicated to Madame Princess Woronzow.
  24. A composition dedicated to Madame Baroness Alphonse de Rothschild.
  25. An étude in passagework and broken chords. It was dedicated to Madame Barbe Stolypine.
  26. Translated as Bridal Tune, Danse Norvégienne (Norwegian Dance), may have been written for the annual carnival celebration for Norwegian artists in Paris. It was dedicated to Princess Julie Galitzin.
  27. A composition dedicated to Baroness Nathaniel Rothschild.
  28. A composition in the form of ballad, dedicated to Gioachino Rossini.
  29. A composition dedicated to Madame Baroness Marguerite de Contades.
  30. A composition dedicated to Madame Marquess de Béthysy.
  31. Trio for Piano, Violin and Cello.
  32. This composition, divided into three sections or movements, has no title. Some sources list it as Berceuse, while others just as Op. 32. No. 1 was dedicated to Madame Countess Laure Suieykowska, No. 2 to Madame Lady Ashburton, née Stuart Mackensie, and No. 3, subtitled Idylle, and published around 1871, to Madame Amélie Lecarpentier, née Brunet.
  33. Translated as Polish Dance,this composition was dedicated to Madame Jenny Lind Goldschmidt.
  34. An étude in lyrical and melodic writing for the right hand. It was dedicated to Madame Countess Geneviève Puslowska, née Princess Drucka Lubecku.
  35. This Air de ballet was dedicated to his friend Count Stephen Swiecykowski.
  36. A composition dedicated to Mlle. C. Vannier.
  37. A composition for violin or violoncello (duo). The tempo marking for this composition also reads Largo, and 73 bars before the Interlude (Complainte), translated as Lament, with tempo marking Presto. It was dedicated to Prince Oscar of Sweden and Norway.
  38. A composition dedicated to our friend Count Sigismund Puslowski.
  39. A composition dedicated to our friend Count François Puslowski.
  40. This composition, Fête à Walhalla, 3me. Danse Norvégienne, translated as The Walhalla Feast, may have been written for the annual carnival celebration for Norwegian artists in Paris in 1869. It was dedicated to Madame Dutchess de Frias.
  41. A sonata written for two pianos.
  42. Arrangement for piano. Dedicated to Madame Hutchinson.
  43. An étude in sixths, advanced figures and passagework. Subtitled Douze Études de Virtuosité, No. 8. It seems this is just part 8 of a collection of twelve exercises in sixths for piano. Dedicated to Madame Delaborde.
  44. A composition dedicated to Madame Baroness James de Rothschild.
  45. Kimer, I klokker is a Christmas hymn written by N. F. S. Grundtvig in 1856 at the invitation of the vicar of Mern, Peter Rørdam.
  46. Fughetta No. II written for 4 voices, No. III for 3 voices, No. IV for 3 voices, No. V for 3 voices, No. Vi for 4 voices, and No. VII for 4 voices. No. VIII for 3 voices, No. IX for 3 voices, No. X for 3 voices, No. XI for 3 voices. Fughetta XII written in the Dorian mode and set for 3 voices. Interlude, Mellonspill in Norwegian and Zwischenspiel in German language, written in the Dorian mode as well. Fughetta No. XIII for 3 voices, No. XIV for 4 voices, and No. XV for 3 voices.
  47. A composition written in the phrygian mode.
  48. A composition written in the dorian mode.
  49. An 8-line-verse Norwegian hymn translated as "Jesus, Guide Thou All My Thoughts", which has survived to our day thanks to oral tradition. It comes from the end of the 17th century, being first published in 1861 by Magnus Brostrup Landstad.
  50. The well-known hymn among Norwegians "I Jesu Navn skal al vor gjerning ske", translated as "Let all our works in the Name of Jesus be", was usually sung in the closing or opening of a service.

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References

  1. 1 2 "Thomas Tellefsen (1823-1874)" (in Norwegian). Trodnheim.no. Archived from the original on 2014-04-08. Retrieved 2014-04-08.
  2. "Thomas Tellefsen". Norwegian biographical encyclopedia. Retrieved 2014-04-08.
  3. 1 2 "Thomas Dyke Acland Tellefsen". Arena. 2009. Retrieved 2014-04-08.

Bibliography

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Norwegian University of Science and Technology university in Trondheim, Norway

The Norwegian University of Science and Technology is a public research university with campuses in the cities of Trondheim, Gjøvik, and Ålesund in Norway, and has become the largest university in Norway, following the university merger in 2016. NTNU has the main national responsibility for education and research in engineering and technology, originated from Norwegian Institute of Technology (NTH). In addition to engineering and natural sciences, the university offers higher education in other academic disciplines ranging from social sciences, the arts, medical and life sciences, teacher education, architecture and fine art. NTNU is well known for its close collaboration with industry, and particularly with its R&D partner SINTEF, which provided it with the biggest industrial link among all the technical universities in the world.

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