Thomas Temple (Canadian politician)

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Thomas Temple
Source: Library and Archives Canada ThomasTemple23.jpg
Thomas Temple
Source: Library and Archives Canada

Thomas Temple (November 4, 1818 August 25, 1899) was a farmer, lumberman, businessman and political figure in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada.

Fredericton City in New Brunswick, Canada

Fredericton is the capital of the Canadian province of New Brunswick. The city is situated in the west-central portion of the province along the Saint John River, which flows west to east as it bisects the city. The river is the dominant natural feature of the area. One of the main urban centres in New Brunswick, the city had a population of 56,224 in the 2011 census. It is the third-largest city in the province after Moncton and Saint John.

New Brunswick province in Canada

New Brunswick is one of four Atlantic provinces on the east coast of Canada. According to the Constitution of Canada, New Brunswick is the only bilingual province. About two thirds of the population declare themselves anglophones and a third francophones. One third of the overall population describe themselves as bilingual. Atypically for Canada, only about half of the population lives in urban areas, mostly in Greater Moncton, Greater Saint John and the capital Fredericton.

Canada Country in North America

Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border. Its capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra. Consequently, its population is highly urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies widely across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons.

He was born in Bampton, Oxfordshire, England, the son of Charles Temple and his wife Hannah Spiers, and was educated in England. Temple came to New Brunswick in 1832 and served with the York Light Dragoons in the Aroostook War of 1838. He married Susannah Howe of Southampton, New Brunswick in 1842. Temple served as high sheriff for York County from 1864 to 1883. In 1868 he became president of the Fredericton Railway Company, which had been incorporated in 1866 in order to extend the line from Fredericton to the Western Extension of the European and North American Railway. [1] He retained that position until at least 1897. He was also managing director of the Fredericton and St. Mary's Railway Bridge Company, which was incorporated in 1885, and a director of the People's Bank of Fredericton and the Saint John Safety Fund Insurance Company.

Bampton, Oxfordshire village and civil parish in West Oxfordshire, England

Bampton, also called Bampton-in-the-Bush, is a settlement and civil parish in the Thames Valley about 4 12 miles (7 km) southwest of Witney in Oxfordshire. The parish includes the hamlet of Weald. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 2,564.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north-northwest. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Aroostook War 1830s UK-US war

The Aroostook War was a military and civilian-involved confrontation in 1838–1839 between the United States and the United Kingdom over the international boundary between the British colony of New Brunswick and the U.S. state of Maine. Several British were captured; no one was killed, but two Canadian militia were injured by black bears prior to the diplomatic compromise. Top-level diplomats from the US and Britain met in Washington and forged a peaceful compromise, the Webster–Ashburton Treaty in 1842. It fixed the permanent border. The term "war" was rhetorical; local militia units were called out but never engaged in significant combat. The event is best described as an international incident.

Temple was elected to the Canadian House of Commons in an 1884 by-election held after the death of John Pickard. He was re-elected in the 1887 and 1891 general elections, and represented York in the House of Commons from 1884 to 1896 as a Conservative member. Temple went on to represent York division in the Senate of Canada from 1896 to 1899. [2]

By-elections, also spelled bye-elections, are used to fill elected offices that have become vacant between general elections.

John Pickard (politician) Canadian politician

John Pickard was a New Brunswick businessman and political figure. He represented York in the House of Commons of Canada as an Independent Liberal from 1868 to 1883.

York was a federal electoral district in New Brunswick, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1867 to 1917.

He died in office at the age of 80, having served over 15 years in the House of Commons and Senate. [3] Shortly before his death he presented the city of Fredericton with a granite drinking fountain which became known as the Thomas Temple Fountain. His last public act as a Senator was to turn on the water at the fountain's unveiling ceremony in August 1899. [4]

Thomas Temple Fountain

The Thomas Temple Fountain was a cast-iron and granite drinking fountain for "man and beast" in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada. It no longer functions as a fountain but remains in place as a work of public art. It is located at the north end of Queen Street, just west of the Beaverbrook Art Gallery. The Temple Fountain was added to Fredericton's Local Historic Places Register in June 2011.

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References

  1. Squires, W. Austin (1980). Chapman, J.K., ed. History of Fredericton: The first 200 years. Fredericton, NB: City of Fredericton.
  2. Gemmill, J.A., ed. (1897). The Canadian Parliamentary Companion, 1897. Ottawa: J. Durie & Son. p. 92.
  3. "Temple, The Hon. Thomas". PARLINFO. Parliament of Canada. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  4. City of Fredericton. "Five Properties Added to Local Historic Places Register" . Retrieved 26 December 2013.