Thomas Tennison

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Thomas Tennison (1707 – 27 March 1779) was an Irish politician and judge. He served as Prime Serjeant and as a judge of the Court of Common Pleas. He also sat in the Irish House of Commons as member for Dunleer. [1]

This is a list (presently incomplete) of lawyers who held the rank of serjeant-at-law at the Irish Bar.

Court of Common Pleas (Ireland)

The Court of Common Pleas was one of the principal courts of common law in Ireland. It was a mirror image of the equivalent court in England. It was one of the four courts of justice that gave the Four Courts in Dublin its name.

Irish House of Commons lower house of the irish parliament (until 1800)

The Irish House of Commons was the lower house of the Parliament of Ireland that existed from 1297 until 1800. The upper house was the House of Lords. The membership of the House of Commons was directly elected, but on a highly restrictive franchise, similar to the Unreformed House of Commons in contemporary England and Great Britain. In counties, forty-shilling freeholders were enfranchised whilst in most boroughs it was either only the members of self-electing corporations or a highly-restricted body of freemen that were able to vote for the borough's representatives. Most notably, Catholics were disqualified from sitting in the Irish parliament from 1691, even though they comprised the vast majority of the Irish population. From 1728 until 1793 they were also disfranchised. Most of the population of all religions had no vote. The vast majority of parliamentary boroughs were pocket boroughs, the private property of an aristocratic patron. When these boroughs were disfranchised under the Act of Union, the patron was awarded £15,000 compensation for each.

He was born in Dillonstown, County Louth, son of Henry Tennison, Member of Parliament for Louth and grandson of Richard Tennison (1642-1705), Bishop of Meath; his mother was Anne Moore of County Fermanagh, a cousin of the Earl of Drogheda. His father was a wealthy landowner of scholarly tastes, who was part of the Dublin intellectual circle which revolved around Esther Johnson, the beloved Stella of Jonathan Swift; Henry and Swift had been friends at Trinity College, Dublin. [2] Henry died when his son was only two years old, and Anne had died the previous year. Thomas and his sister Mary were raised by relatives, most likely by their uncle Richard Tennison junior, MP for Dunleer, who founded the County Monaghan branch of the family. [3]

County Louth County in the Republic of Ireland

County Louth is a county in the Republic of Ireland. It is in the province of Leinster and is part of the Mid-East Region. It is named after the village of Louth. Louth County Council is the local authority for the county. According to the 2016 census, the population of the county was 128,884.

Louth was a constituency represented in the Irish House of Commons to 1801.

Richard Tenison was an Irish bishop of Killala, Clogher and Meath.

He married the heiress Dorothy Upton, daughter of Thomas Upton, Member of Parliament for Antrim, and cousin of the first Baron Templetown, by his wife Sarah Rowley of Derry. They had one son, Richard, who predeceased his father by 20 years, leaving at least one daughter but no son, [1] so that Thomas's estate passed at his death to his nephew Dixie Coddington, the son of his sister Mary, who married Nicholas Coddington.

Derry city in Northern Ireland

Derry, officially Londonderry, is the second-largest city in Northern Ireland and the fourth-largest city on the island of Ireland. The name Derry is an anglicisation of the Old Irish name Daire meaning "oak grove". In 1613, the city was granted a Royal Charter by King James I and gained the "London" prefix to reflect the funding of its construction by the London guilds. While the city is more usually known colloquially as Derry, Londonderry is also commonly used and remains the legal name.

He went to school in Dublin and matriculated from the University of Dublin in 1725. He entered Middle Temple in 1726 and was called to the Irish Bar in 1728. He acted as a Commissioner for Revenue appeals and became Prime Serjeant in 1759. Two years later he was appointed justice of the Court of Common Pleas. He died in Dundalk in 1779, while on assize. [1]

Dublin capital and largest city in Ireland

Dublin is the capital of, and largest city in, Ireland. It is on the east coast of Ireland, in the province of Leinster, at the mouth of the River Liffey, and is bordered on the south by the Wicklow mountains. It has an urban area population of 1,173,179, while the population of the Dublin Region, as of 2016, was 1,347,359, and the population of the Greater Dublin area was 1,904,806.

University of Dublin university located in Dublin, Ireland

The University of Dublin, corporately designated the Chancellor, Doctors and Masters of the University of Dublin, is a university located in Dublin, Ireland. It is the degree awarding body for Trinity College Dublin. It was founded in 1592 when Queen Elizabeth I issued a charter for Trinity College as "the mother of a university", thereby making it Ireland's oldest operating university. It was modelled after the collegiate universities of Oxford and of Cambridge, but unlike these other ancient universities, only one college was established; as such, the designations "Trinity College" and "University of Dublin" are usually synonymous for practical purposes.

Middle Temple one of the four Inns of Court in London, England

The Honourable Society of the Middle Temple, commonly known simply as Middle Temple, is one of the four Inns of Court exclusively entitled to call their members to the English Bar as barristers, the others being the Inner Temple, Gray's Inn and Lincoln's Inn. It is located in the wider Temple area of London, near the Royal Courts of Justice, and within the City of London.

He represented Dunleer in the Parliament of Ireland from 1728 to 1760 and from April to December 1761. [4] As a politician he was noted for a style of oratory which was "warm, if not always clear"; in private life he was noted as a connoisseur of wine. [2]

Parliament of Ireland

The Parliament of Ireland was the legislature of the Lordship of Ireland, and later the Kingdom of Ireland, from 1297 until 1800. It was modelled on the Parliament of England and from 1537 comprised two chambers: the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The Lords were members of the Irish peerage and bishops. The Commons was directly elected, albeit on a very restricted franchise. Parliaments met at various places in Leinster and Munster, but latterly always in Dublin: in Christchurch Cathedral, Dublin Castle, Chichester House (1661–1727), the Blue Coat School (1729–31), and finally a purpose-built Parliament House on College Green.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Ball, F. Elrington, The Judges in Ireland 1221-1921, John Murray, London, 1926, vol. 2, p. 212.
  2. 1 2 Ball, p. 161.
  3. Johnson-Liik, Edith Mary MPs in Dublin- Companion to the History of the Irish Parliament 1692-1800 Ulster Historical Foundation 2006 p.237
  4. "Biographies of Members of the Irish Parliament 1692-1800". Ulster Historical Foundation. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Francis North
William Tenison
Member of Parliament for Dunleer
1728–1761
With: Francis North (1728–1738)
Anthony Foster (1738–1761)
John Foster (1761)
Succeeded by
John Foster
Dixie Coddington