Thomas Tesdale

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Thomas Tesdale
Photograph of a Thomas Tesdale portrait in the Amey Theatre at Abingdon School.jpg
Photograph of a Thomas Tesdale portrait, in the Amey Theatre at Abingdon School
Stanford Dingley, Berkshire
Died13 June 1610
Glympton, Oxfordshire
Occupation Maltster, woad grower and dyer
Known forBenefactor of Abingdon School and Pembroke College, Oxford
Spouse(s)Maud Stone

Thomas Tesdale (1547–1610) was an English maltster, benefactor of the town of Abingdon in the English county of Berkshire (now Oxfordshire) and the primary founding benefactor of Pembroke College, Oxford.

Malt germinated cereal grains that have been dried

Malt is germinated cereal grain that have been dried in a process known as "malting". The grains are made to germinate by soaking in water and are then halted from germinating further by drying with hot air. Malting grains develop the enzymes required for modifying the grain's starches into various types of sugar, including monosaccharide glucose, disaccharide maltose, trisaccharide maltotriose, and higher sugars called maltodextrines. It also develops other enzymes, such as proteases, which break down the proteins in the grain into forms that can be used by yeast. Depending on when the malting process is stopped, one gets a preferred starch to enzyme ratio and partly converted starch into fermentable sugars. Malt also contains small amounts of other sugars, such as sucrose and fructose, which are not products of starch modification but were already in the grain. Further conversion to fermentable sugars is achieved during the mashing process.

Berkshire County of England

Berkshire is one of the home counties in England. It was recognised by the Queen as the Royal County of Berkshire in 1957 because of the presence of Windsor Castle, and letters patent were issued in 1974. Berkshire is a county of historic origin, a ceremonial county and a non-metropolitan county without a county council. The county town is Reading.

Oxfordshire County of England

Oxfordshire is a county in South East England. The ceremonial county borders Warwickshire to the north-west, Northamptonshire to the north-east, Buckinghamshire to the east, Berkshire to the south, Wiltshire to the south-west and Gloucestershire to the west.


Life and career

Alabaster likeness of Thomas Tesdale in the Tesdale monument in Glympton parish church Glympton StMary ThomasTesdale alabaster.JPG
Alabaster likeness of Thomas Tesdale in the Tesdale monument in Glympton parish church

Thomas was born in Stanford Dingley in Berkshire and attended John Roysse's Free School in Abingdon (now Abingdon School). He became a rich maltster in the town, where he served as mayor, and purchased the manor of Ludwell in Oxfordshire. [1]

Stanford Dingley farm village in the United Kingdom

Stanford Dingley is a village and civil parish in West Berkshire, England, between Newbury and Theale.

John Roysse English merchant

John Roysse (1500/01–1571) was an English Mercer and benefactor of Abingdon School in Abingdon, Oxfordshire.

Free school (England) non-profit, independent, state-funded school in England, which is free to attend

A free school in England is a type of academy established since 2010 under the Government's free school policy initiative. From May 2015, usage of the term was formally extended to include new academies set up via a local authority competition. Like other academies, free schools are non-profit-making, state-funded schools which are free to attend but which are mostly independent of the local authority. Free school is not a generic term for any school that does not charge fees.

Tesdale grew wealthy as maltster in Abingdon, [2] and served as Master of Christ's Hospital of Abingdon. In 1581 he was elected mayor, but he did not serve his term as he had left the borough when he bought the manor of Ludwell[ clarification needed ] in Oxfordshire. Soon after 1586 he moved to Glympton near Woodstock, Oxfordshire, where he rented the manor, raised livestock and grew and milled woad for dyeing. [2]

Christs Hospital of Abingdon

Christ's Hospital of Abingdon is a charity with a long history, based in Abingdon, Oxfordshire,, England.

Manorialism economic and judicial Institution

Manorialism was an essential element of feudal society. It was the organizing principle of rural economy that originated in the Roman villa system of the Late Roman Empire, and was widely practiced in medieval western and parts of central Europe as well as China. It was slowly replaced by the advent of a money-based market economy and new forms of agrarian contract.

Death and legacy

Alabaster likeness of Maud Tesdale in the Tesdale monument in Glympton parish church Glympton StMary MaudTesdale alabaster.JPG
Alabaster likeness of Maud Tesdale in the Tesdale monument in Glympton parish church

He left no children of his marriage to Maud Stone when he died, but gave £5,000 for the education of Abingdon Scholars (seven fellows and six scholars) at Balliol College, Oxford. In 1623, this money was augmented by the Reverend Richard Wightwick of East Ilsley and used instead for the transformation of Broadgates Hall into Pembroke College, named after the Chancellor of Oxford University, William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke. [1]

The pound is a unit of currency in some nations. The term originated in the Frankish Empire as a result of Charlemagne's currency reform and was subsequently taken to Great Britain as the value of a pound (weight) of silver.

Balliol College, Oxford constituent college of the University of Oxford

Balliol College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England. One of Oxford's oldest colleges, it was founded around 1263 by John I de Balliol, a rich landowner from Barnard Castle in County Durham, who provided the foundation and endowment for the college. When de Balliol died in 1269 his widow, Dervorguilla, a woman whose wealth far exceeded that of her husband, continued his work in setting up the college, providing a further endowment, and writing the statutes. She is considered a co‑founder of the college.

East Ilsley village in the United Kingdom

East Ilsley is a village and civil parish in the Berkshire or Lambourn Downs northern part of West Berkshire, north of Newbury centred immediately east of the A34 road dual carriageway which passes through the length of the village from north to south. It is in the ceremonial and historic county of Berkshire and has the vast majority of its buildings in a traditional clustered centre.

He also bequeathed an annual sum of money that allowed Roysses School to employ an Usher (a second master), from 1610-1870. [3] They became known as the Tesdale Ushers. [4]

See also

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  1. 1 2 John Platt, ‘Tesdale, Thomas (bap. 1547, d. 1610)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004, accessed 30 January 2013]
  2. 1 2 Crossley, 1983, pages 120–131
  3. Hinde/St John Parker, Thomas/Michael (1977). The Martlet and the Griffen. James and James Publishers Ltd. ISBN   0-907-383-777.
  4. "Object 5: The Tesdale Panel". Abingdon School.

Printed sources

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Victoria County History

The Victoria History of the Counties of England, commonly known as the Victoria County History or the VCH, is an English history project which began in 1899 and was dedicated to Queen Victoria with the aim of creating an encyclopaedic history of each of the historic counties of England. In 2012 the project was rededicated to Queen Elizabeth II in celebration of her Diamond Jubilee year. Since 1933 the project has been coordinated by the Institute of Historical Research in the University of London.