The Hon. Thomas Thain (baptised January 7, 1778– January 26, 1832). He was a Scottish-born merchant and political figure in Lower Canada. He was a partner in the North West Company and a member of the Beaver Club. He represented Montreal East in the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada from 1820 to 1824.
Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Sharing a border with England to the southeast, Scotland is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, by the North Sea to the northeast and by the Irish Sea to the south. In addition to the mainland, situated on the northern third of the island of Great Britain, Scotland has over 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.
The Province of Lower Canada was a British colony on the lower Saint Lawrence River and the shores of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence (1791–1841). It covered the southern portion of the current-day Province of Quebec, Canada, and the Labrador region of the modern-day Province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
The North West Company was a fur trading business headquartered in Montreal from 1779 to 1821. It competed with increasing success against the Hudson's Bay Company in what is present-day Western Canada. With great wealth at stake, tensions between the companies increased to the point where several minor armed skirmishes broke out, and the two companies were forced by the British government to merge.
Born at Newmill, Pitfancy, Forgue, Aberdeenshire. He was the eldest son of John Thain (1739-1816), of Drumblair, and his wife Anna Richardson (1758-1824), sister of The Hon. John Richardson.he served as a clerk with the XY Company and became a partner in McTavish, McGillivray and Company in 1814. In 1811, he was named a lieutenant in the Montreal militia and served during the War of 1812. Thain was an early shareholder and director of the Bank of Montreal and served as vice-president from 1822 to 1825. He was a member of the Beaver Club at Montreal. Thain was also a commissioner for the construction of the Lachine Canal. He travelled to Scotland for a visit in 1825, planning to seek medical care and visit his family. He suffered an attack of "brain fever" there and was confined to an asylum in Aberdeen in 1826, where he died six years later. He was unmarried and is buried with his family at Forgue Kirkyard, Aberdeenshire.
Aberdeenshire is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland.
The Hon. John Richardson,, M.P., J.P., was a Scots-Quebecer and arguably Montreal's leading businessman in his time. In trade, he was in partnership with his first cousin, John Forsyth. A member of the Beaver Club, he established the XY Company and co-founded the Bank of Montreal. A staunch Conservative and Royalist, he represented Montreal East in the 1st Parliament of Lower Canada; assuming the role of the voice of the merchants and appointed an honorary member of the Executive Council of Lower Canada. An intellectual, he was President of the Natural History Society of Montreal and well read in modern and ancient history, law, economics, and British poetry. He was a generous patron to both the Presbyterian and the Anglican Churches, and the first President of the Montreal General Hospital, where the west wing was named for him.
Simon McTavish, of Montreal was a Scottish-born fur trader and the chief founding partner of the North West Company. He was a member of the Beaver Club and was known as the Marquis for his pre-eminent position in the fur trade and his refined style of living. Both McTavish Street and the McTavish Reservoir in Montreal are named for him. His home and monument in the Golden Square Mile were longstanding landmarks in Montreal. Renowned for his generosity, when the Chief of the Clan MacTavish had fallen on hard times and was forced to sell their seat, Dunardry, McTavish bought it back for the clan and gave his eldest son employment in Montreal.
James Leslie was a Canadian businessman and political figure. He was named to the Senate of Canada for Alma division in 1867 and died in office.
Jean-Moïse Raymond was a businessman and political figure in Lower Canada and Canada East.
Antoine Chartier de Lotbinière Harwood was a Quebec lawyer and political figure. He represented Vaudreuil in the Legislative Assembly of Quebec from 1867 to 1871.
Pierre de Rastel de Rocheblave was a fur trader, businessman and political figure in Lower Canada.
The Hon. Joseph Frobisher M.P., J.P., was one of Montreal's most important fur traders. He was elected to the 1st Parliament of Lower Canada and was a seigneur with estates totalling 57,000 acres. He was a founding member of the North West Company and the Beaver Club, of which he was chairman. From 1792, his country seat, Beaver Hall, became a centre of Montreal society.
George McBeath was a fur trader, businessman and political figure in Lower Canada.
Nicholas Montour was a fur trader, seigneur and political figure in Lower Canada.
Lt.-Colonel The Hon. Alexander Auldjo was a businessman and political figure in Lower Canada.
Thomas McCord was an Irish-born businessman and political figure in Lower Canada.
Angus Shaw was a fur trader and political figure in Lower Canada.
Lt.-Colonel The Hon. William McGillivray, of Chateau St. Antoine, Montreal, was a Scottish-born fur trader who succeeded his uncle as the last chief partner of the North West Company. He was elected a member of the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada and afterwards was appointed to the Legislative Council of Lower Canada. In 1795, he was inducted as a member into the Beaver Club. During the War of 1812 he was given the rank of lieutenant colonel in the Corps of Canadian Voyageurs. He owned substantial estates in Scotland, Lower and Upper Canada. His home in Montreal was one of the early estates of the Golden Square Mile.
Joseph-Rémi Vallières de Saint-Réal was a lawyer, judge and political figure in Lower Canada.
Lt.-Colonel The Hon. Jean-Georges-Barthélemy-Guillaume-Louis Gugy represented Saint-Maurice in the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada and the Legislative Council of Lower Canada. In his early years at Trois-Rivières he was Justice of the Peace, Colonel of the militia and Sheriff. On entering politics he came to Montreal where he was appointed Sheriff and was elected the first president of the Montreal Mechanics' Institution. He inherited five seigneuries from his uncle, Conrad Gugy.
George Garden was a Scottish-born businessman and political figure in Lower Canada. He represented Montreal West in the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada from 1820 to 1824.
Joseph Masson was a Canadian businessman, who is considered the first French Canadian millionaire.
Major The Hon. Archibald Norman McLeod J.P., was a partner of the North West Company and a political figure in Lower Canada. In 1805, he built Fort Dunvegan. He was a member of the Beaver Club and represented Montreal West in the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada from 1810 to 1814. He fought in the War of 1812 as a Major with the Corps of Canadian Voyageurs and the Canadian Voltigeurs. McLeod Lake, British Columbia is named for him.
William Walker was a merchant in Lower Canada who served on the Legislative Council of the Province of Canada.
John Forsyth was a partner in the influential commercial house of Forsyth, Richardson & Co. He was a politician, co-founder and vice-president of the Bank of Montreal, and Colonel of the Royal Montreal Cavalry. He founded the Montreal Hunt in 1826 and was a member of the Beaver Club. He is the ancestor of the Forsyth-Grants of Ecclesgreig Castle.
Lt.-Colonel The Hon. Roderick Mackenzie of Terrebonne was a prominent Canadian fur trader, landowner and politician. He was a partner in the North West Company and a member of the Beaver Club at Montreal. He was a lifelong friend and the private confidante of his first cousin, Sir Alexander Mackenzie. He was an intellectual who established a library at Fort Chipewyan and both wrote and published works on the fur trade. In 1801 he made his home at Terrebonne, Quebec, purchasing the Seigneury in 1814, although he was forced by a court action to relinquish his title to the property in 1824. He continued to live there until his death. He held many public appointments, most notably as a member of the Legislative Council of Lower Canada.
The National Assembly of Quebec is the legislative body of the province of Quebec in Canada. Legislators are called MNAs. The Queen in Right of Quebec, represented by the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec and the National Assembly compose the Legislature of Quebec, which operates in a fashion similar to those of other Westminster-style parliamentary systems.
The Dictionary of Canadian Biography is a dictionary of biographical entries for individuals who have contributed to the history of Canada. The DCB, which was initiated in 1959, is a collaboration between the University of Toronto and Laval University. Fifteen volumes have so far been published with more than 8,400 biographies of individuals who died or whose last known activity fell between the years 1000 and 1930. The entire print edition is online, along with some additional biographies to the year 2000.