Thomas Thayer

Last updated

Thomas Baldwin Thayer (September 10, 1812 in Boston, Massachusetts – February 12, 1886 in Roxbury, Massachusetts) [1] was the leading Universalist theologian in the late nineteenth century. [2] [3]

Contents

Biography

Thayer entered Harvard at an early age, but left after the first year and began to teach, at the same time studying divinity. He was ordained in 1832, and from 1833 to 1845 was pastor of the 1st Universalist Society in Lowell, Massachusetts, where his ministry was important in the history of Universalism in New England. During the crusade against Universalism from 1840 to 1842, he established and edited in its defense the Star of Bethlehem, and with his co-worker, Abel C. Thomas, wrote the Lowell Tracts in the same interest. [4]

Thayer was called to a pastorate in Brooklyn, New York, in 1845, where he edited the Golden Rule in the interest of the fraternity of Oddfellows. After six years he returned to his old parish in Lowell. In 1859 he became pastor of the Shawmut Avenue Church, Boston, which charge he resigned in 1867. In 1862 Thayer assumed the editorship of the Universalist Quarterly, which contains some of his most important literary work. He continued these labors, with an interval of travel in Europe and the East, until his last illness. [4]

He received the degree of D.D. from Tufts college in 1865, and he was for many years on the board of overseers of Harvard. Thayer was a biblical scholar of rare breadth, and a pioneer in Universalist literature. [4]

Works

He wrote much verse that has never been collected. He published:

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hosea Ballou</span>

Hosea Ballou D.D. was an American Universalist clergyman and theological writer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George Stillman Hillard</span> American politician

George Stillman Hillard was an American lawyer and author. Besides developing his Boston legal practice, he served in the Massachusetts legislature, edited several Boston journals, and wrote on literature, politics and travel.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boston Brahmin</span> Upper class Bostonians

The Boston Brahmins or Boston elite are members of Boston's traditional upper class. They are often associated with Harvard University, Anglicanism, and traditional Anglo-American customs and clothing. Descendants of the earliest English colonists are typically considered to be the most representative of the Boston Brahmins. They are considered White Anglo-Saxon Protestants (WASPs).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cornelius Conway Felton</span> American educator (1807–1862)

Cornelius Conway Felton was an American educator. He was regent of the Smithsonian Institution, as well as professor of Greek literature and president of Harvard University.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jared Sparks</span> American historian, educator, and Unitarian minister (1789–1866)

Jared Sparks was an American historian, educator, and Unitarian minister. He served as President of Harvard College from 1849 to 1853.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Francis Bowen</span>

Francis Bowen was an American philosopher, writer, and educationalist.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sylvester Judd</span> American novelist

Sylvester Judd was a Unitarian minister and an American novelist.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nathan Appleton</span> American merchant and politician (1779–1861)

Nathan Appleton was an American merchant and politician and a member of "The Boston Associates".

Richard Eddy, D.D. was an American Universalist clergyman, born at Providence, R. I. He was a chaplain of the Sixtieth New York Volunteers during the American Civil War. From 1877 to 1906 he was president of the Universalist Historical Society and from 1886 to 1891 he was editor of the Universalist Register.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Charles Lowell (minister)</span>

Charles Lowell was a Unitarian minister and a son of judge John Lowell, as well as the father of James Russell Lowell and Robert Traill Spence Lowell.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nathaniel Thayer</span>

Rev. Nathaniel Thayer I was a congregational Unitarian minister.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Appleton (politician)</span> American businessman and politician

William Appleton was an American businessman and politician from Massachusetts. He was a trader, shipowner, and banker, and served as a U.S. representative from Massachusetts from 1851 to 1855, and again from 1861 to 1862.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Charles Hudson (American politician)</span> American politician

Charles Hudson was an American minister, writer, historian and politician. Hudson served in both houses of the Massachusetts General Court, on the Massachusetts Governor's Council, and as United States Representative from Massachusetts.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ephraim Peabody</span>

Ephraim Peabody was an American Unitarian clergyman, preacher, and philanthropist who was one of the founders of the Provident Institution for Savings in Boston. Peabody also founded a school for adults whose education had been neglected and was otherwise largely interested in devising measures for the relief of the poor.

John Wesley Hanson D.D. (1823–1901) was an American Universalist minister and a notable Universalist historian advancing the claim that Universalism was the belief of early Christianity. He was born at Boston.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Whittemore (Universalist)</span> American politician and writer

Thomas Whittemore was a Christian Universalist author, speaker and influential member of the Universalist Church of America. He founded and was the editor of The Trumpet and Universalist magazine, which succeeded the Universalist magazine of Hosea Ballou in 1828.

Noah Worcester was a Unitarian clergyman and a seminal figure in the history of American pacifism.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">George Edward Ellis</span> American historian

George Edward Ellis was a Unitarian clergyman and historian.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James Appleton</span> American abolitionist and politician (1785–1862)

Brigadier General James Appleton was an American abolitionist, early supporter of temperance, and politician from Maine.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Luella J. B. Case</span> American author, hymn writer (1807-1857)

Luella J. B. Case was a 19th-century American author. She wrote several popular books and was a contributor to various periodicals, including The Rose of Sharon, The Ladies' Repository, and The Universalist Review among others. Affiliated with the Universalist church, she also wrote hymns.

References

  1. Emerson, George H. (July 1886). Richard Eddy (ed.). "Article XXIII. Thomas Baldwin Thayer". The Universalist Quarterly and General Review. Boston: Universalist Publishing House. XXIII: 341–356.
  2. Harvard Square biography
  3. Howe, Charles A. The Larger Faith: A Short History of American Universalism 1993
  4. 1 2 3 One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain :  Wilson, J. G.; Fiske, J., eds. (1889). "Thayer, Thomas Baldwin"  . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography . New York: D. Appleton.