Thomas Thayer

Last updated

Thomas Baldwin Thayer (Boston, Massachusetts, September 10, 1812 – Roxbury, Massachusetts, February 12, 1886) [1] was the leading Universalist theologian in the late nineteenth century. [2] [3]

Contents

Biography

Thayer entered Harvard at an early age, but left after the first year and began to teach, at the same time studying divinity. He was ordained in 1832, and from 1833 to 1845 was pastor of the 1st Universalist Society in Lowell, Massachusetts, where his ministry was important in the history of Universalism in New England. During the crusade against Universalism from 1840 to 1842, he established and edited in its defense the Star of Bethlehem, and with his co-worker, Abel C. Thomas, wrote the Lowell Tracts in the same interest. [4]

Lowell, Massachusetts City in Massachusetts, United States

Lowell is a city in the U.S. Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Located in Middlesex County, Lowell was a county seat until Massachusetts disbanded county government in 1999. With an estimated population of 109,945 in 2014, it is the fourth-largest city in Massachusetts, and the second-largest in the Boston metropolitan statistical area. The city is also part of a smaller Massachusetts statistical area called Greater Lowell, as well as New England's Merrimack Valley region.

Thayer was called to a pastorate in Brooklyn, New York, in 1845, where he edited the Golden Rule in the interest of the fraternity of Oddfellows. After six years he returned to his old parish in Lowell. In 1859 he became pastor of the Shawmut Avenue Church, Boston, which charge he resigned in 1867. In 1862 Thayer assumed the editorship of the Universalist Quarterly, which contains some of his most important literary work. He continued these labors, with an interval of travel in Europe and the East, until his last illness. [4]

He received the degree of D.D. from Tufts college in 1865, and he was for many years on the board of overseers of Harvard. Thayer was a biblical scholar of rare breadth, and a pioneer in Universalist literature. [4]

Harvard University private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States

Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, with about 6,700 undergraduate students and about 15,250 post graduate students. Established in 1636 and named for its first benefactor, clergyman John Harvard, Harvard is the United States' oldest institution of higher learning, and its history, influence, and wealth have made it one of the world's most prestigious universities.

Works

He wrote much verse that has never been collected. He published:

Related Research Articles

Hosea Ballou American Universalist minister (1771–1852)

Hosea Ballou was an American Universalist clergyman and theological writer.

Charles Francis Adams Sr. American historical editor, politician and diplomat

Charles Francis Adams Sr. was an American historical editor, writer, politician, and diplomat. He was a son of President John Quincy Adams and grandson of President John Adams, of whom he wrote a major biography.

Boston Brahmin

The Boston Brahmin or Boston elite are members of Boston's traditional upper class. They form an integral part of the historic core of the East Coast establishment, along with other wealthy families of Philadelphia and New York City. They are often associated with the distinctive Boston Brahmin accent, Harvard University, Anglicanism and traditional Anglo-American customs and clothing. Descendants of the earliest English colonists, such as those who came to America on the Mayflower or the Arbella, are often considered to be the most representative of the Boston Brahmins.

Cornelius Conway Felton President of Harvard University

Cornelius Conway Felton was an American educator. He was regent of the Smithsonian Institution, as well as professor of Greek literature and president of Harvard University.

Jared Sparks American historian, educator, and Unitarian minister

Jared Sparks was an American historian, educator, and Unitarian minister. He served as President of Harvard College from 1849 to 1853.

Francis Bowen United States philosopher, writer, and educationalist.

Francis Bowen was an American philosopher, writer, and educationalist.

Nathan Appleton American merchant and politician

Nathan Appleton was an American merchant and politician and a member of "The Boston Associates".

Charles Kittredge True was a United States Methodist Episcopal clergyman, educator, and author.

Charles Russell Lowell Sr. was a Unitarian minister and a son of judge John Lowell.

Nathaniel Thayer was a congregational Unitarian minister.

Hosea Ballou II was an American Universalist minister and the first president of Tufts University from 1853 to 1861. Ballou was named after his uncle and went by the name "Hosea Ballou 2d. " Publishers, friends, editors, Tufts University staff, and others generally followed this example. The title of this Wikipedia article reflects the more recent generational suffix usage of the Roman numeral II for those named for an uncle. Note also that Ballou used the ordinal number suffix "2d" rather than "2nd."

William Appleton (politician) American politician

William Appleton was an American businessman and politician from Massachusetts. He was a trader, shipowner, and banker, and served as a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts from 1851 to 1855, and again from 1861 to 1862.

Fletcher Webster Union Army officer

Daniel Fletcher Webster, commonly known as Fletcher Webster was the son of renowned politician Daniel Webster and Grace Fletcher Webster. He was educated at Harvard College. During his father's first term as Secretary of State, Fletcher served as Chief Clerk of the United States State Department which, at the time, was the second most powerful office in the State Department. As Chief Clerk, he delivered the news of President William Henry Harrison's death to the new President, John Tyler.

Theron Metcalf American judge

Theron Metcalf was an American attorney and politician from Massachusetts. He was a New England jurist and served as an Associate Justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court.

Samuel Kneeland was a naturalist of the United States.

John Wesley Hanson D.D. (1823–1901) was an American Universalist minister and a notable Universalist historian advancing the claim that Universalism was the belief of early Christianity. He was born at Boston.

Thomas Whittemore (Universalist) American politician and writer

Thomas Whittemore was a Christian Universalist author, speaker and influential member of the Universalist Church of America. He founded and was the editor of The Trumpet and Universalist magazine, which succeeded the Universalist magazine of Hosea Ballou in 1828.

George Edward Ellis American Unitarian clergyman and historian

George Edward Ellis was a Unitarian clergyman and historian.

Nathaniel Thayer Jr. American businessman

Nathaniel Thayer was a United States financier, philanthropist, and the father of John Eliot Thayer, an amateur ornithologist.

Brig. Gen. James Appleton was an American abolitionist, early supporter of temperance, and politician from Maine.

References

  1. Emerson, George H. (July 1886). Richard Eddy, ed. "Article XXIII. Thomas Baldwin Thayer". The Universalist Quarterly and General Review. Boston: Universalist Publishing House. XXIII: 341–356.
  2. Harvard Square biography
  3. Howe, Charles A. The Larger Faith: A Short History of American Universalism 1993
  4. 1 2 3 Wikisource-logo.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1889). "Thayer, Thomas Baldwin". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography . New York: D. Appleton.