Thomas Thomaschke

Last updated
Thomas Thomaschke
Born (1943-08-02) 2 August 1943 (age 75)
Pirna, Germany
Education Hochschule für Musik Carl Maria von Weber, Dresden
Occupation
  • Classical bass singer
  • Academic teacher
Awards International Vocal Competition ´s-Hertogenbosch

Thomas Thomaschke (born 2 August 1943) is a German bass singer in opera and concert. He has appeared in parts such as Hunding in Wagner's Die Walküre and Sarastro in Mozart's Die Zauberflöte in major opera houses in Europe and international festivals. He has also performed and recorded oratorios and cantatas.

A bass ( BAYSS) is a type of classical male singing voice and has the lowest vocal range of all voice types. According to The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, a bass is typically classified as having a vocal range extending from around the second E below middle C to the E above middle C (i.e., E2–E4). Its tessitura, or comfortable range, is normally defined by the outermost lines of the bass clef. Categories of bass voices vary according to national style and classification system. Italians favour subdividing basses into the basso cantante (singing bass), basso buffo ("funny" bass), or the dramatic basso profondo (low bass). The American system identifies the bass-baritone, comic bass, lyric bass, and dramatic bass. The German fach system offers further distinctions: Spielbass (Bassbuffo), Schwerer Spielbass (Schwerer Bassbuffo), Charakterbass (Bassbariton), and Seriöser Bass. These classification systems can overlap. Rare is the performer who embodies a single fach without also touching repertoire from another category.

Opera artform combining sung text and musical score in a theatrical setting

Opera is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers, but is distinct from musical theater. Such a "work" is typically a collaboration between a composer and a librettist and incorporates a number of the performing arts, such as acting, scenery, costume, and sometimes dance or ballet. The performance is typically given in an opera house, accompanied by an orchestra or smaller musical ensemble, which since the early 19th century has been led by a conductor.

<i>Die Walküre</i> opera by Richard Wagner

Die Walküre, WWV 86B is the second of the four music dramas that constitute Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen,. It was performed, as a single opera, at the National Theatre Munich on 26 June 1870, and received its first performance as part of the Ring cycle at the Bayreuth Festspielhaus on 14 August 1876.

Contents

Career

Born in Pirna, he first studied the horn, then voice with Harry Schwickardi at the Hochschule für Musik Carl Maria von Weber in Dresden. [1] He made his debut in 1965 at the Stadttheater Freiberg  [ de ] as the sacristan in Puccini's Tosca . From 1970, he was a member of the Leipzig Opera, singing also at the Semperoper and the Komische Oper Berlin. [2]

Pirna Place in Saxony, Germany

Pirna is a town in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, capital of the administrative district Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge. The town's population is over 37,000. Pirna is located near Dresden and is an important district town as well as a Große Kreisstadt. It is also known for the gassing of about 15,000 disabled people in Sonnenstein Castle between June 1940 and August 1941, killings which ceased after pressure was exerted on the authorities by the local population. Today, a small plaque at the base of Sonnenstein Castle and the Sonnenstein Memorial remembers the dead.

Horn (instrument) instrument

A horn is any of a family of musical instruments made of a tube, usually made of metal and often curved in various ways, with one narrow end into which the musician blows, and a wide end from which sound emerges. In horns, unlike some other brass instruments such as the trumpet, the bore gradually increases in width through most of its length—that is to say, it is conical rather than cylindrical. In jazz and popular-music contexts, the word may be used loosely to refer to any wind instrument, and a section of brass or woodwind instruments, or a mixture of the two, is called a horn section in these contexts.

Hochschule für Musik Carl Maria von Weber education organization in Dresden, Germany

The "Carl Maria von Weber" College of Music is a college of music in Dresden, Germany.

He took part in premieres, including in 1969 performing in the Dresden premiere of the opera Maître Pathelin oder Die Hammelkomödie by Rainer Kunad, and in 1976 Josef Tal's Die Versuchung at the Bavarian State Opera. From 1977 he was a member of the Cologne Opera. [1]

Rainer Kunad German composer

Rainer Kunad was a German conductor and composer, especially of opera.

Josef Tal Israeli composer

Josef Tal was an Israeli composer. He wrote three Hebrew operas; four German operas, dramatic scenes; six symphonies; thirteen concerti; chamber music, including three string quartets; instrumental works; and electronic compositions. He is considered one of the founding fathers of Israeli art music.

Bavarian State Opera opera company in Munich, Germany

The Bavarian State Opera is an opera company based in Munich, Germany. Its orchestra is the Bavarian State Orchestra. The company's home base is the National Theatre Munich.

He appeared at major European opera houses as a guest, including the National Theatre in Prague, the National Theatre Brno, at La Scala in Milan, where he made his debut in 1974 as Hunding in Wagner's Die Walküre , at the Teatro La Fenice in Venice and at the festival Internationale Maifestspiele Wiesbaden. In both 1978 and 1980, he appeared at the Glyndebourne Festival as Sarastro in Mozart's Die Zauberflöte . [1] [3]

National Theatre (Prague) Czech theatre institution in Prague

The National Theatre in Prague is known as the alma mater of Czech opera, and as the national monument of Czech history and art.

National Theatre Brno theatre in Brno, Czech Republic

The National Theatre Brno is the major theatre house in Brno. It was established in 1884 and modeled on the National Theatre in Prague.

La Scala Opera house in Milan, Italy

La Scala is an opera house in Milan, Italy. The theatre was inaugurated on 3 August 1778 and was originally known as the Nuovo Regio Ducale Teatro alla Scala. The premiere performance was Antonio Salieri's Europa riconosciuta.

In concert, Thomaschke sang in 1975 at the Vienna Festival the bass part in Beethoven's Missa solemnis. He performed Ein Deutsches Requiem by Brahms and Haydn's Die Schöpfung . In 1975 he recorded Bach's Mass in B minor with the Dresdner Kreuzchor, conducted by Martin Flämig. [4] He recorded Bach cantatas with Nikolaus Harnoncourt in 1982, including Mit Fried und Freud ich fahr dahin, BWV 125. [1]

Vienna Festival

The Wiener Festwochen is a cultural festival in Vienna that takes place every year for five or six weeks in May and June. The Wiener Festwochen was established in 1951, when Vienna was still occupied by the four Allies.

<i>Missa solemnis</i> (Beethoven) Composition by Ludwig van Beethoven

The Missa solemnis in D major, Op. 123, is a solemn mass composed by Ludwig van Beethoven from 1819 to 1823. It was first performed on 7 April 1824 in Saint Petersburg, Russia, under the auspices of Beethoven's patron Prince Nikolai Galitzin; an incomplete performance was given in Vienna on 7 May 1824, when the Kyrie, Credo, and Agnus Dei were conducted by the composer. It is generally considered one of the composer's supreme achievements and, along with Bach's Mass in B minor, one of the most significant Mass settings of the common practice period.

Mass in B minor Mass composed by J S Bach in 1749

The Mass in B minor by Johann Sebastian Bach is a musical setting of the complete Ordinary of the Latin Mass. The work was one of Bach's last compositions, not completed until 1749, the year before his death. Much of the Mass gave new form to vocal music that Bach had composed throughout his career, dating back to 1714, but extensively revised. To complete the work, in the late 1740s Bach composed new sections of the Credo such as Et incarnatus est.

He taught voice at the Musikhochschule Lübeck and in master classes. [1]

Awards

In 1971 Thomaschke was awarded a prize at the International Vocal Competition ´s-Hertogenbosch; he also won honors at another international singing competition in Moscow. [3]

Selected recordings

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Thomas Thomaschke (Bass)". Bach-Cantatas. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
  2. "Thomas Thomaschke". Bayerisches Musiker Lexikon Online (in German). Retrieved 12 January 2017.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Thomas Thomaschke" (in German). Operissimo. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
  4. "Martin Flämig & Dresdner Kreuzchor & Dresdner Philharmonie / Bach Cantatas & Other Vocal Works". Bach-Cantatas. Retrieved 12 January 2017.