Thomas Thompson (1754–1828)

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Thomas Thompson
Born1754
Died1828
Paris
NationalityBritish
Spouse(s)Philothea Perronet
Children3 sons, 2 daughters [1] [2]

Thomas Thompson (17541828), was a Kingston upon Hull banker and Wesleyan preacher. The father of Thomas Perronet Thompson, he had the gothic mansion, Cottingham Castle, built in Cottingham, East Riding of Yorkshire.

Kingston upon Hull City and unitary authority in England

Kingston upon Hull, usually abbreviated to Hull, is a port city and unitary authority in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It lies upon the River Hull at its confluence with the Humber Estuary, 25 miles (40 km) inland from the North Sea, 50 miles east of Leeds, 34 miles southeast of York and 54 miles northeast of Sheffield. With a population of 260,700 (mid-2017 est.), Hull is the fourth-largest city in Yorkshire and the Humber.

Thomas Perronet Thompson British parliamentarian, Governor of Sierra Leone and radical reformer

Thomas Perronet Thompson (1783–1869) was a British Parliamentarian, a governor of Sierra Leone and a radical reformer. He became prominent in 1830s and 1840s as a leading activist in the Anti-Corn Law League. He specialized in the grass-roots mobilisation of opinion through pamphlets, newspaper articles, correspondence, speeches, and endless local planning meetings.

Cottingham, East Riding of Yorkshire village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England

Cottingham is a large village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England with average affluence. It lies just north-west of the city of Kingston upon Hull, and 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from the city centre, and is part of the Hull urban area. Cottingham lies on the eastern fringe of the hills of the Yorkshire Wolds with a parish population of over 17,000 in 2011. Cottingham is one of the villages claiming to be the largest village in England.

Contents

Biography

Grave in Pere-Lachaise (40th division) Thompson pere lachaise.JPG
Grave in Père-Lachaise (40th division)

Thomas Thompson was born 5 April 1754, in relatively humble beginnings, his father was a yeoman in Owborough Grange, Swine, East Riding of Yorkshire. He was educated by the Rev. William Stead of Swine. [3]

Yeoman Small farmer

A yeoman was a member of a social class in England and the United States. It is also a military term.

Swine, East Riding of Yorkshire village in the United Kingdom

Swine is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 5 miles (8 km) north-east of Hull city centre and 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Skirlaugh to the west of the A165 road.

He married Philothea Perronet on 29 August 1781; [3] she was a granddaughter of Vincent Perronet. [4]

Vincent Perronet English priest

Vincent Perronet (1693–1785) was an Anglo-Swiss clergyman of the Church of England, vicar of Shoreham and early Methodist.

After having worked for fourteen years as a clerk to the merchants Wilberforce and Smith of Hull. Abel Smith, a partner of the firm made him manager of the Hull branch of his bank in 1784, and in 1788 he became a partner in the bank and merchant business. [3]

Abel Smith was a British Member of Parliament and one of the leading bankers of his time.

Thompson acquired shareholdings in Sykes, Son & Co., Hull metal merchants, and in the Hull Dock Company; he became chairman of the Dock Company in 1812. [3]

In 1807 Thompson became MP to the borough of Midhurst in 1807, a constituency controlled by Abel Smith's son Lord Carrington (Robert Smith, 1st Baron Carrington), in the role of MP he followed the line of his promoters. He claimed to have been ill-suited for the role, affirming that Carrington had "... spoiled a very good banker and made a very bad MP". [3] He resigned as an MP in 1818. [2] He objected to slavery, and was an associate of William Wilberforce, and part of the Anti-Slavery Association, [1] [3] and a member of the Clapham Sect. [2]

Midhurst was a parliamentary borough in Sussex, which elected two Members of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons from 1311 until 1832, and then one member from 1832 until 1885, when the constituency was abolished. Before the Great Reform Act of 1832, it was one of the most notorious of England's rotten boroughs.

Robert Smith, 1st Baron Carrington, was a British banker and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1779 to 1797 when he was raised to the peerage.

William Wilberforce English politician

William Wilberforce was a British politician, philanthropist, and a leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade. A native of Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, he began his political career in 1780, eventually becoming a Member of Parliament for Yorkshire (1784–1812). He was independent of party. In 1785, he became an evangelical Christian, which resulted in major changes to his lifestyle and a lifelong concern for social reform and progress. He was educated at St. John's College, Cambridge.

By the beginning of the 19th century Thompson had become very wealthy, a large house known as Cottingham Castle was built for his family by 1816. [1] Thompson was a Methodist lay preacher, and donated money towards the establishment of chapels. [2] His concern for the state of the poor who entered workhouses led to establishment of a "Pauper Village" in Cottingham, providing land to poor families, renamed New Village (1829). [1] He also published A History of the Church and Priory of Swine, in Holderness. [5]

Thomas Thompson died in Paris on 14 September 1828, shortly after his retirement. [3] He was buried in Pere la Chaise cemetery. [1]

His son Thomas Perronet Thompson (1783–1869) was a Parliamentarian, a Governor of Sierra Leone and a radical reformer. His grand-daughter married Nevil Sidgwick.

Related Research Articles

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Robb Robinson, The Thompsons: Business, Banking, Radicalism, Sierra Leone and British Political Reform (PDF), Maritime Historical Studies Centre, University of Hull
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Thomas Thompson (1754 - 1828)", www.hullcc.gov.uk, Hull City Council : Hull Museums Collections
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 R. Thorne, ed. (1986), "THOMPSON, Thomas II (1754-1828), of Cottingham Castle, Yorks.", The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790-1820, The History of Parliament Trust 1964-2012
  4. "Perronet, Vincent"  . Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  5. Henry Schroder (1852), "Thomas Thompson", The annals of Yorkshire from the earliest period to the present time, 2, George Crosby (Leeds), pp. 353–4

Literature

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Samuel Smith
James Abercromby
Member of Parliament for Midhurst
1807–1818
With: James Abercromby
George Smith
Viscount Mahon
Sir Oswald Mosley, Bt
Succeeded by
Samuel Smith
John Smith