Thomas Turner Thompson (11 July 1867 - 10 July 1947) was an Australian politician. He was a member of the South Australian House of Assembly from 1927 to 1930, one of the two members for the Port Adelaide seat. He was variously described as a Protestant Labor Party or Independent Labor MLC.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.
The House of Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of South Australia. The other is the Legislative Council. It sits in Parliament House in the state capital, Adelaide.
Port Adelaide is a single-member electoral district for the South Australian House of Assembly. Named after Port Adelaide, which it surrounds, it is a 118.8 km² suburban and industrial electorate on Adelaide's Lefevre Peninsula, and stretches east toward Adelaide's northern suburbs. It contains a mix of seaside residential areas, wasteland and industrial regions. In addition to its namesake suburb of Port Adelaide, the district includes the suburbs of Birkenhead, Bolivar, Cavan, Dry Creek, Ethelton, Exeter, Garden Island, Gepps Cross, Gillman, Glanville, Globe Derby Park, Largs Bay, Largs North, New Port, North Haven, Osborne, Ottoway, Outer Harbor, Peterhead, Semaphore, Semaphore South, St Kilda, Taperoo, Torrens Island, Wingfield, as well as part of Rosewater.
Thompson was born at Hindmarsh, the son of George and Jane Thompson, and was educated at the Grote Street Model School. He worked in the Broken Hill mines for a period, then became a butcher at Alberton, during which time he was vice-president and secretary of the Journeymen Butchers' Union of South Australia. He later became a wharf labourer at Port Adelaide, serving as the first president of the Port Adelaide Shoremen's Union, and years later as chairman of the local Waterside Workers' Federation branch from 1923 until his ouster by Oscar Oates in 1927. He was a prominent and popular figure in Port Adelaide union circles, although never a member of the Labor Party. Thompson also served as chairman of the Cheltenham Congregational Church and as chairman of the British Football Association.
Hindmarsh is an inner suburb of Adelaide, South Australia. It is located in the City of Charles Sturt.
Alberton is a metropolitan suburb in Adelaide, South Australia, about 20 minutes drive from the city. Part of the City of Port Adelaide Enfield, it is bordered by the suburbs of Rosewater, Queenstown, Cheltenham and Port Adelaide.
Edgar Alfred "Oscar" Oates was an Australian politician. He was a Labor member of the South Australian Legislative Council from 1933 until his death.
In February 1927, he announced that he would contest the 1927 state election as a Protestant Labor candidate in the seat of Port Adelaide, opposing the two incumbent Labor MHAs.The WWF insisted that he withdraw his nomination, but Thompson refused; the union then publicly opposed his candidacy. Thompson's campaign denounced "Political Romanism", alleging that it was "disloyal to the Empire", supported scripture reading in state schools, favoured a referendum on alcohol, stated his personal support for Labor Premier Lionel Hill, advocated construction of the Birkenhead Bridge as the most important local issue, and called for the Harbours Board to replaced with a Harbour Trust, opposed immigration, and suggested limiting public employment to "native-born or nationalised British subjects".
Lionel Laughton Hill was the thirtieth Premier of South Australia, representing the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party.
He won the election in an upset result, defeating Frank Condon. He attributed a large part of his victory to the support of the Protestant Federation.He immediately announced upon the declaration of the poll that "the Labor Party could rely on him". Following his victory, he was formally expelled by the WWF in May.
Francis Joseph "Frank" Condon was a trade unionist and Labor politician in South Australia.
In early May 1927, Condon initiated both court proceedings against Thompson's campaign manager and a petition against the election result, alleging that the campaign had circulated a defamatory pamphlet during the campaign. The pamphlet had targeted Condon's holding of both a union secretary and an MP role as well as his past holding of various honorary positions, "one man one job" being a disputed union issue at that time. Condon claimed that it portrayed him as "mercenary" and "avaricious" and as having gained as many honorary positions as he could to obtain paid work and then discarding them.Condon won both cases; the campaign secretary was fined £10 on 23 May, and Thompson's election victory was voided by the Court of Disputed Returns on 30 May.
The decision resulted in a by-election to be held on 2 July 1927, with Condon and Thompson the only candidates.Thompson complained of "persecution" following his general election candidacy, stating that he had been prevented from working on the docks, had been ejected from the union, and had his name chiselled off a plaque at the union hall. Walter Skelton, the only Protestant Labor MP in the Parliament of New South Wales, travelled to South Australia to assist in the by-election campaign. Thompson was comfortably re-elected at the by-election after a bitter campaign, increasing his margin from 187 to 5,059 votes.
Walter Peden Joyce Skelton MBE was an Australian politician, elected as a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly.
The Parliament of New South Wales is a bicameral legislature in the Australian state of New South Wales (NSW), consisting of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, and the New South Wales Legislative Council. Each house is directly elected by the people of New South Wales at elections held approximately every four years. The Parliament derives its authority from the Queen of Australia, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, represented by the Governor of New South Wales, who chairs the Executive Council of New South Wales. The parliament shares law making powers with the Australian Federal Parliament. The New South Wales Parliament follows the Westminster parliamentary traditions of dress, Green–Red chamber colours and protocol.
Thompson voted against a Labor no-confidence motion in the new Liberal Federation government over the dismissal of 2,000 public employees, and told striking timber workers they should return to work after a disagreeable award outcome.He strongly opposed any "dole" scheme for unemployed workers, suggesting potential public works projects to create jobs instead and advocating the "one man one job" principle to free up positions. Thompson called for an overhaul of Labor Bureau policies, especially with regard to Depression ration relief, and was successful in decentralising the system and allowing local businesses to meet demand through a coupon system. He attacked perceived Communist influence on the Port Adelaide docks, claiming that "money supplied from Russian Bolshevist sources" was being used for propaganda. Thompson supported Labor leader Hill in his opposition to supporters of NSW Premier Jack Lang. He advocated for Port Adelaide locals to be given preference for jobs over those who had migrated to the district from elsewhere. He enthusiastically supported a proposal to cut parliamentary salaries by 10%. He strongly opposed a proposal to replace Port Adelaide trains with a tram line.
In November 1929, it was reported that Thompson would not recontest his House of Assembly seat at the 1930 election and would instead run for the Central No. 1 District of the Legislative Council against Condon, who had won a by-election for the upper house. He cited his rationale for his Legislative Council bid as being his opposition to the "personnel" of Labor Prime Minister of Australia James Scullin.He was defeated in his Legislative Council bid, and Protestant Labor colleagues who contested his old seat were also unsuccessful. In 1931, he unsuccessfully contested a Legislative Council by-election caused by the death of Tom Gluyas, contesting on a platform including free education, support for private enterprise and abolishing the Arbitration Courts and replacing them with round-table conferences.
After his political career, Thompson continued to serve as a justice of the peace in Port Adelaide, returned to involvement in soccer organisations, and was president of the Grote Street Model School Old Scholars' Association.
Thompson had several children, two of whom fought in World War I. One son, G. T. Thompson, was killed at Villers-Bretonneux, while another, E. F. Thompson, returned, but died of an illness in 1926 at only 31.
Crawford Vaughan was an Australian politician, and the Premier of South Australia from 1915 to 1917. He was a member of the South Australian House of Assembly from 1905 to 1918, representing Torrens (1905–1915) and Sturt (1915–1918). Elected for the United Labor Party, he served as Treasurer in the Verran government, succeeded Verran as Labor leader in 1913, and was elected Premier after the Labor victory at the 1915 state election.
George Edwin Yates, often referred to as Gunner Yates, was an Australian politician. He was an Australian Labor Party member of the Australian House of Representatives from 1914 to 1919 and from 1922 to 1931, representing the electorate of Adelaide.
John Stanley (Stan) Verran was an Australian politician.
Even Ernest George was an Australian politician. He was the Labor member for Burra Burra in the South Australian House of Assembly from 1930 to 1933.
Henry Chesson was an Australian politician. He was a member of the South Australian House of Assembly from 1905 to 1918, representing Port Adelaide until 1915 and West Torrens thereafter. He represented the United Labor Party until being expelled in the 1917 Labor split, and thereafter represented the splinter National Party until his defeat at the 1918 election.
This is a list of members of the South Australian House of Assembly from 1927 to 1930, as elected at the 1927 state election:
William Harold Oliver was an Australian rules footballer. Harold Oliver was a key player to some of South Australian football's most successful teams. He starred in South Australia's victorious 1911 Australian football championship along with Port Adelaide's 1914 "Invincible's" team. After being close to retiring from the game after World War I he returned to captain both Port Adelaide to the 1921 SAFL premiership and South Australia in a game against Western Australia. His reputation as an early exponent of the spectacular mark along with his general skill at playing the game saw him regarded as one of the best players South Australia has produced. This is despite never having won the Magarey Medal, somewhat a result of his career being interrupted by World War I.
The Lang Labor Party was a political party active in South Australia from 1931 to 1934, aligned with Lang Labor and the policies of Premier of New South Wales Jack Lang.
John McInnes was an Australian politician. He was a member of the South Australian House of Assembly from 1918 to 1950, representing the electorates of West Torrens (1918–1938) and Hindmarsh (1938–1950). He was a member of the Labor Party throughout his career, apart from 1931–34, when he represented the splinter Parliamentary Labor Party. He served as Speaker of the South Australian House of Assembly from 1924 to 1926.
George Walker Illingworth was an Australian politician who represented the South Australian House of Assembly seat of Goodwood from 1938 to 1941 as an independent.
Frank Clement Staniford was an Australian politician. He represented the South Australian House of Assembly multi-member seat of Murray from 1924 to 1927 and 1930 to 1933 for the Labor Party. He was Chairman of Committees under Lionel Hill in his second term, and was Minister for Education, Minister for Immigration, Minister for Labour and Employment and Minister for Local Government in the short-lived Richards Ministry of 1933, following the 1932 Labor split.
William David Ponder was an Australian politician who represented the South Australian House of Assembly multi-member seats of Adelaide from 1905 to 1915 and North Adelaide from 1915 to 1921. He represented the United Labor Party until the 1917 Labor split, when he joined the National Party.
Thompson Green was an Australian politician who represented the South Australian House of Assembly multi-member seats of Port Adelaide from 1910 to 1915 and West Torrens from 1915 to 1918. He was a member of the United Labor Party until 1917, when he left to join the National Party in the 1917 Labor split.
William Harvey was an Australian politician. He who represented the South Australian House of Assembly multi-member seat of Newcastle from 1918 to 1933. He was a Labor member until the 1932 Labor split, when he was among the MPs to sit as part of the Parliamentary Labor Party, but lost his seat at the 1933 election.
John O'Connor was an Australian politician who represented the South Australian House of Assembly multi-member seat of Flinders from 1924 to 1927 for the Labor Party.
John Frederick Drummond (Jack) Jonas was an Australian politician. He represented the South Australian House of Assembly multi-member seat of Port Adelaide from 1927 to 1933 for the Labor Party.
This is a list of candidates of the 1924 South Australian state election.
This is a list of candidates of the 1930 South Australian state election. The conservative Liberal Federation and Country Party, which had run a combined ticket known as the "Pact" in 1927, ran separately in 1930.