Thomas Henry Thrower (28 June 1870 – 21 June 1917) was an Australian politician. He was an Australian Labor Party member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1904 to 1907 and 1910 to 1917, representing the electorate of Macquarie.
Thrower was born in Surry Hills in Sydney and was raised in the Shoalhaven district on the South Coast before returning to Sydney to attend high school. He intended to study law, but due to his family's financial situation instead apprenticed as a furniture and cabinet maker. He joined the Furniture Trades Union, and served as its president for several years. In 1888, while still an apprentice, he was elected as a delegate to the Trades and Labour Council of Sydney and served on its executive and parliamentary committees through the 1890 maritime strike and the 1892 Broken Hill strike. In 1900, when the council reformed as the Sydney Labour Council, he was elected as its president and served until 1902, when the council decided to establish a paid secretary role and appointed Thrower to the position; in this capacity, he represented 77 unions and over 45,000 workers. As a unionist, he was an outspoken opponent of Chinese labour and business, especially in the cabinetmaking and grocery businesses. In 1902, he represented the New South Wales unions at the first Commonwealth Trade Union Congress. He was also a member of the Citizen's Relief (Lord Mayor's) Fund Committee, the union representative on the Commonwealth Celebrations Committee and a long-standing secretary of the Eight Hour Day committee. He was an unsuccessful Labor candidate at the 1903 Tamworth state by-election and the 1903 federal election in East Sydney.
He was elected to the Legislative Assembly at the 1904 state election for Macquarie, at which time he resigned as Labour Council secretary.However, he was defeated by 65 votes at the 1907 election by Liberal candidate Charles Barton. He then served as secretary of the Dubbo and Gilgandra-based Western Timber Getters Association and its successor the Western Timber Cutters and Carters Association from 1907 to 1910.
Thrower won his old seat back at the 1910 state election at which Barton retired, and was narrowly re-elected in the marginal seat in 1913 and 1917. He was chairman of committees from March 1914 to February 1917 and was well-regarded in the role, as of result of which he had been touted as a potential future Speaker. As the local MP, he was largely responsible for the substantial extension of the Dubbo Hospital, improvements to the Dubbo Public School and the establishment of the Dubbo High School and was a strong advocate for the construction of the Molong–Dubbo railway line. He became ill in September 1916 with what was described as Bright's disease, spending long periods in hospital and physically struggling during the 1917 election campaign. He died at Redfern in June 1917 aged only 47, only three months after his re-election. He was buried in the Roman Catholic section of the Waverley Cemetery.
He married Catherine Newman around 1900, and they had five children.
John Joseph Cahill, also known as Joe Cahill or J. J. Cahill, was a long-serving New South Wales politician, railway worker, trade unionist and Labor Party Premier of New South Wales from 1952 to his death in 1959. Born the son of Irish migrants in Redfern, New South Wales, Cahill worked for the New South Wales Government Railways from the age of 16 before joining the Australian Labor Party. Being a prominent unionist organiser, including being dismissed for his role in the 1917 general strike, Cahill was eventually elected to the Parliament of New South Wales for St George in 1925.
Ernest "Ernie" Shoebridge Carr was an Australian politician. He was a member of the Australian House of Representatives from 1906 until 1917 for the electorate of Macquarie, representing the Australian Labor Party until the 1916 Labor split and thereafter joining the new Nationalist Party. He was later a Nationalist member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1920 to 1922, representing the electorate of Cumberland.
James Sinclair Taylor McGowen was an Australian politician and the first Labor Premier of New South Wales from 21 October 1910 to 30 June 1913.
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Macquarie, until 1910 The Macquarie was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales, created in 1894 and named after the Macquarie River. It was re-created in 1904, retaining nothing but the name, then abolished in 1920.
Sir George Stephenson Beeby KBE was an Australian politician, judge and author. He was one of the founders of the Labor Party in New South Wales, and represented the party in state parliament from 1907 to 1912. He fell out with the party and later served as an independent, a Nationalist, and a Progressive. He left parliament in 1920 to join the state arbitration court, and in 1926 was appointed to the Commonwealth Court of Conciliation and Arbitration. He was Chief Judge from 1939 until his retirement in 1941.
David Oliver Watkins was an Australian politician. He was an Australian Labor Party member of the Australian House of Representatives from 1935 until 1958, representing the electorate of Newcastle.
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The 1904 New South Wales state election involved 90 electoral districts returning one member each. The election was conducted on the basis of a simple majority or first-past-the-post voting system. There were two significant changes from the 1901 election, the first was that women were given the right to vote, which saw an increase in the number of enrolled voters from 345,500 in 1901, to 689,490 in 1904. The second was that as a result of the 1903 New South Wales referendum, the number of members of the Legislative Assembly was reduced from 125 to 90. The combined effect of the changes meant that the average number of enrolled voters per electorate went from 2,764, to 7,661, an increase of 277%. Leichhardt was the only district that was not substantially changed, while The Macquarie and The Murray districts retained nothing but the name.
The 1917 Macquarie state by-election was held for the New South Wales state electoral district of Macquarie on 28 July 1917. The by-election was triggered by the death of Australian Labor Party MP Thomas Thrower, who had died only three months after being re-elected at the 1917 state election.
A by-election was held for the New South Wales Legislative Assembly electorate of The Bogan on 31 May 1892 because of the death of George Cass (Protectionist).
Macquarie, until 1910 The Macquarie, an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales, was created in 1894, re-created in 1904, retaining nothing but the name, then abolished in 1920.
A by-election was held for the New South Wales Legislative Assembly electorate of Wellington on 29 May 1891 because of the death of David Ferguson (Protectionist).