Thomas Thynne, 5th Marquess of Bath

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Violet Mordaunt
(m. 1890;died 1928)
The Marquess of Bath
Marquess of Bath Vanity Fair 1896-04-23.jpg
"Frome". Lord Bath as caricatured by Spy (Leslie Ward) in Vanity Fair, April 1896.
Under-Secretary of State for India
In office
20 January 1905 4 December 1905
Children5, including Henry
Parents
Alma mater Balliol College, Oxford

Thomas Henry Thynne, 5th Marquess of Bath KG CB PC JP (15 July 1862 – 9 June 1946), styled Viscount Weymouth until 1896, was a British landowner and Conservative politician. He held ministerial office as Under-Secretary of State for India in 1905 and Master of the Horse between 1922 and 1924. He was also involved in local politics and served as Chairman of Wiltshire County Council between 1906 and his death in 1946.

Contents

Background and education

Known from birth by the courtesy title of Viscount Weymouth, he was born at the Stable Yard, St James's, Westminster, the eldest son of John Thynne, 4th Marquess of Bath, by the Honourable Frances Isabella Catherine Vesey, a daughter of Thomas Vesey, 3rd Viscount de Vesci. He was educated at Eton and Balliol College, Oxford, [1] where he graduated BA in 1886, in 1888 promoted by seniority to MA. [2]

Political career

Lord Weymouth sat as Member of Parliament for Frome between 1886 and 1892 and from 1895 to 1896, when he succeeded his father in the marquessate and entered the House of Lords. [3] He served under Arthur Balfour as Under-Secretary of State for India between January and December 1905. He was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Somerset in 1904 and Chairman of Wiltshire County Council in 1906, and held both posts simultaneously until his death in 1946. [4]

Lord Bath was made a Knight Companion of the Garter in 1917. [5] He returned to the government in 1922, when Bonar Law appointed him Master of the Horse. [6] He was sworn of the Privy Council at the same time. [7] He continued in this office until the Conservative government fell in January 1924, the last year under the premiership of Stanley Baldwin. [8]

Lord Bath was also a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry and an Honorary Colonel of that regiment and of the 4th Battalion of the Somerset Light Infantry. In 1937 he was appointed Pro-Chancellor of Bristol University. [8]

Family

A house party at Witley Court in the late 1880s, the 5th Marquess of Bath seated 5th from right, next to Violet Mordaunt (daughter of Harriet Mordaunt) whom he later married Witley Court Fountain.jpg
A house party at Witley Court in the late 1880s, the 5th Marquess of Bath seated 5th from right, next to Violet Mordaunt (daughter of Harriet Mordaunt) whom he later married
Garter-encircled shield of arms of Thomas Thynne, 5th Marquess of Bath, KG, as displayed on his Order of the Garter stall plate in St. George's Chapel. Shield of Arms of Thomas Thynne, 5th Marquess of Bath, KG, CB, PC, JP.png
Garter-encircled shield of arms of Thomas Thynne, 5th Marquess of Bath, KG, as displayed on his Order of the Garter stall plate in St. George's Chapel.

On 19 April 1890, Lord Bath married Violet Caroline Mordaunt (28 February 1869–29 May 1928), daughter of Harriet, Lady Mordaunt. At the time of Violet's birth her mother had been the wife of Sir Charles Mordaunt, 10th Baronet, but she was said to be the illegitimate daughter of Viscount Cole, who was later co-respondent in a divorce action. [9] They had five children:

The Marchioness of Bath died in May 1928, aged 59. Lord Bath paid for the construction of a village hall at Horningsham, near the family seat at Longleat, as a memorial to her. [13] He remained a widower until his death in June 1946, aged 83. He was succeeded by his second and only surviving son, Henry. [8]

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References

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  5. "No. 29986". The London Gazette . 16 March 1917. p. 2627.
  6. "No. 32775". The London Gazette . 8 December 1922. p. 8702.
  7. "No. 32775". The London Gazette . 8 December 1922. p. 8689.
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  9. Daily Telegraph, 3 October 2001 & 16 January 2002.
  10. Thynne, John Alexander, cwgc.org
  11. "Royal Bridesmaid's Wedding 1927". British Pathe News.
  12. "The Queen Mother in pictures". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  13. "Horningsham Village Hall" . Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  14. Burke, Sir Bernard, (1938 ed) Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage. Shaw, London. p. 243
  15. 1 2 3 Woodfall, H. (1768). The Peerage of England; Containing a Genealogical and Historical Account of All the Peers of that Kingdom Etc. Fourth Edition, Carefully Corrected, and Continued to the Present Time, Volume 6. p. 258.
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Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Frome
18861892
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Frome
1895–1896
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Under-Secretary of State for India
January–December 1905
Succeeded by
Preceded by Master of the Horse
1922–1924
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Somerset
1904–1946
Succeeded by
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by Marquess of Bath
1896–1946
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