Thomas Tillotson

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Thomas Tillotson
Thomas Tillotson.jpg
Secretary of State of New York
In office
Governor George Clinton
Preceded by Daniel Hale
Succeeded by Elisha Jenkins
In office
Governor George Clinton
Preceded byElisha Jenkins
Succeeded byElisha Jenkins
Member of the United States House of Representatives from New York's 5th District
In office
March 4, 1801 August 10, 1801
Preceded by Theodorus Bailey
Succeeded byTheodorus Bailey
Member of the New York State Senate from the Middle District
In office
January 5, 1791 January 27, 1800
Servingwithnumerous (multi-member, at-large district)
Preceded by John Hathorn, Anthony Hoffman, Jacobus Swartwout, James Clinton, John Cantine, James Carpenter
Succeeded by Isaac Bloom, John Hathorn, John Suffern (New members elected in 1800 from 12 seat Middle District)
Member of the New York State Assembly from Dutchess County
In office
January 9, 1788 December 10, 1788
Servingwith Egbert Benson, Isaac Bloom, Peter Cantine Jr., John DeWitt Jr., Morris Graham, Matthew Patterson
Preceded byDirck Brinckerhoff, John DeWitt Jr., Lewis DuBois, Jacob Griffin, Henry Ludington, Brinton Paine, Matthew Patterson
Succeeded byJonathan Akins, Samuel A. Barker, Isaac Bloom, John DeWitt Jr., Jacob Griffin, Gilbert Livingston, Matthew Patterson
Personal details
Province of Maryland, British America
DiedMay 5, 1832 (aged 81-82)
Rhinebeck, New York
Political party Federalist
Spouse(s)Margaret Livingston (1749–1823), m. 1779
RelationsSee Livingston family
Children3 (including Robert L. Tillotson)

Thomas Tillotson (1750 May 5, 1832) was an American physician and politician.



Born in Maryland circa 1750, Tillotson received a thorough education, studied medicine, and practiced. [1] He was the great great nephew of the Archbishop of Canterbury John Tillotson. In 1776, he was commissioned as a First lieutenant in the Maryland Militia, and served during the American Revolutionary War. [1] He was appointed by Congress as a physician and surgeon general of the Northern Department of the Continental Army in 1780, and served until the close of the war. [1] Afterward, he settled in Rhinebeck, New York and engaged in the practice of medicine. [1]

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In 1779, he married Margaret Livingston (1749–1823, sister of Chancellor Robert R. Livingston). [1] Their children included Robert, John, and Janette. [2] Janette was the wife of Judge James Lynch. [3]

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A Federalist, he represented Dutchess County in the New York State Assembly in 1788. [1] In 1790, State Senator Anthony Hoffman died, and Tillotson was elected to fill the vacancy. He was a member of the State Senate from 1791 to 1799, [1] and served as a member of the Council of Appointment in 1791. [4]

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He was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the 7th United States Congress in 1800, but resigned on August 10, 1801, before Congress met, to become Secretary of State of New York. [5] He remained in this office until March 15, 1806, and again from February 16, 1807 to February 1, 1808. [1]

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He died in Rhinebeck on May 5, 1832 was buried in the Livingston family vault in the cemetery at the Dutch Reformed Church in Rhinebeck. [6]


Tillotson's estate in Rhinebeck was known as "Linwood". It was originally part of the Artsen-Kip Patent. Tillotson purchased from Isaac Van Etten the southerly lot forming part of the lands which had been granted in 1688 by Governor Dongan to Gerrit Aertsen and others. It was bounded on the south and west by the Hudson River and on the east by the stream known as Landsmans Kill, which also formed the westerly boundary of the Beekman patent. On this property Dr. Tillotson in the years 1788-1790 laid out a country place and called it "Linwood." His house commanded a magnificent view of the river. [7]

He then acquired 150 acres of the Beekman land lying between Landsmans Kill and Fallsburgh Creek. This plateau, between the two streams, with extensive views of the Catskill mountains and Hudson river, became known as Linwood Hill. At the mouth of Landsmans Kill he built a dock and mill, where grain was ground. Dr. Tillotson also obtained at this time another part of the Beekman lands, twenty-nine acres of woodland lying east of Fallsburgh Creek, where two beautiful waterfalls bring it to the river level. This portion of the property became known as "Glenburn". [7]

In 1830, Tillotson gave "Glenburn" to his granddaughter, Julia Lynch, who later married Rev. Stephen Olin, President of Wesleyan University. After Tillotson's death, "Lindon Hill" was sold to Federal Vanderburgh. [7]

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See also

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Theodorus Bailey
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 5th congressional district

Succeeded by
Theodorus Bailey
Political offices
Preceded by
Daniel Hale
Secretary of State of New York
Succeeded by
Elisha Jenkins
Preceded by
Elisha Jenkins
Secretary of State of New York
Succeeded by
Elisha Jenkins