Thomas Tillotson

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Thomas Tillotson
Thomas Tillotson.jpg
Secretary of State of New York
In office
1801–1806
Governor George Clinton
Preceded by Daniel Hale
Succeeded by Elisha Jenkins
In office
1807–1808
Governor George Clinton
Preceded byElisha Jenkins
Succeeded byElisha Jenkins
Member of the United States House of Representatives from New York's 5th District
In office
March 4, 1801 August 10, 1801
Preceded by Theodorus Bailey
Succeeded byTheodorus Bailey
Member of the New York State Senate from the Middle District
In office
January 5, 1791 January 27, 1800
Servingwithnumerous (multi-member, at-large district)
Preceded by John Hathorn, Anthony Hoffman, Jacobus Swartwout, James Clinton, John Cantine, James Carpenter
Succeeded by Isaac Bloom, John Hathorn, John Suffern (New members elected in 1800 from 12 seat Middle District)
Member of the New York State Assembly from Dutchess County
In office
January 9, 1788 December 10, 1788
Servingwith Egbert Benson, Isaac Bloom, Peter Cantine Jr., John DeWitt Jr., Morris Graham, Matthew Patterson
Preceded byDirck Brinckerhoff, John DeWitt Jr., Lewis DuBois, Jacob Griffin, Henry Ludington, Brinton Paine, Matthew Patterson
Succeeded byJonathan Akins, Samuel A. Barker, Isaac Bloom, John DeWitt Jr., Jacob Griffin, Gilbert Livingston, Matthew Patterson
Personal details
Bornc.1750
Province of Maryland, British America
DiedMay 5, 1832 (aged 81-82)
Rhinebeck, New York
Political party Federalist
Spouse(s)Margaret Livingston (1749–1823), m. 1779
RelationsSee Livingston family
Children3 (including Robert L. Tillotson)
ProfessionPhysician

Thomas Tillotson (1750 May 5, 1832) was an American physician and politician.

Contents

Life

Born in Maryland circa 1750, Tillotson received a thorough education, studied medicine, and practiced. [1] He was the great great nephew of the Archbishop of Canterbury John Tillotson. In 1776, he was commissioned as a First lieutenant in the Maryland Militia, and served during the American Revolutionary War. [1] He was appointed by Congress as a physician and surgeon general of the Northern Department of the Continental Army in 1780, and served until the close of the war. [1] Afterward, he settled in Rhinebeck, New York and engaged in the practice of medicine. [1]

John Tillotson 17th-century Archbishop of Canterbury

John Tillotson was the Anglican Archbishop of Canterbury from 1691 to 1694.

First lieutenant is a commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces and, in some forces, an appointment.

American Revolutionary War War between Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies, which won independence as the United States of America

The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was an 18th-century war between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence in 1776 as the United States of America, and then formed a military alliance with France in 1778.

In 1779, he married Margaret Livingston (1749–1823, sister of Chancellor Robert R. Livingston). [1] Their children included Robert, John, and Janette. [2] Janette was the wife of Judge James Lynch. [3]

The New York Court of Chancery was the highest court in the State of New York from 1701 to 1847.

Robert R. Livingston (chancellor) American judge

Robert Robert Livingston was an American lawyer, politician, diplomat from New York, and a Founding Father of the United States. He was known as "The Chancellor", after the high New York state legal office he held for 25 years. He was a member of the Committee of Five that drafted the Declaration of Independence, along with Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Roger Sherman. Livingston administered the Oath of Office to George Washington when he assumed the presidency in 1789.

Robert Livingston Tillotson was an American lawyer and politician.

A Federalist, he represented Dutchess County in the New York State Assembly in 1788. [1] In 1790, State Senator Anthony Hoffman died, and Tillotson was elected to fill the vacancy. He was a member of the State Senate from 1791 to 1799, [1] and served as a member of the Council of Appointment in 1791. [4]

Federalist Party First political party in the United States

The Federalist Party, referred to as the Pro-Administration party until the 3rd United States Congress as opposed to their opponents in the Anti-Administration party, was the first American political party. It existed from the early 1790s to the 1820s, with their last presidential candidate being fielded in 1816. They appealed to business and to conservatives who favored banks, national over state government, manufacturing, and preferred Britain and opposed the French Revolution.

Dutchess County, New York County in New York

Dutchess County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 297,488. The county seat is the city of Poughkeepsie. The county was created in 1683, one of New York's first twelve counties, and later organized in 1713. It is located in the Mid-Hudson Region of the Hudson Valley, north of New York City.

New York State Assembly lower house of the New York State Legislature

The New York State Assembly is the lower house of the New York State Legislature, the New York State Senate being the upper house. There are 150 seats in the Assembly. Assemblymembers serve two-year terms without term limits.

He was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the 7th United States Congress in 1800, but resigned on August 10, 1801, before Congress met, to become Secretary of State of New York. [5] He remained in this office until March 15, 1806, and again from February 16, 1807 to February 1, 1808. [1]

Democratic-Republican Party Historical American political party

The Democratic-Republican Party was an American political party founded by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in the early 1790s. The party championed republicanism, political equality, and expansionism. The Democratic-Republicans became increasingly dominant after the 1800 elections and splintered during and after the 1824 presidential election; one faction of the Democratic-Republicans eventually coalesced into the Democratic Party.

7th United States Congress 1803–1805 U.S. Congress

The Seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1801, to March 4, 1803, during the first two years of Thomas Jefferson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the First Census of the United States in 1790. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority, except during the Special session of the Senate, when there was a Federalist majority in the Senate.

The Secretary of State of New York is a cabinet officer in the government of the U.S. state of New York who leads the Department of State (NYSDOS).

He died in Rhinebeck on May 5, 1832 was buried in the Livingston family vault in the cemetery at the Dutch Reformed Church in Rhinebeck. [6]

Linwood

Tillotson's estate in Rhinebeck was known as "Linwood". It was originally part of the Artsen-Kip Patent. Tillotson purchased from Isaac Van Etten the southerly lot forming part of the lands which had been granted in 1688 by Governor Dongan to Gerrit Aertsen and others. It was bounded on the south and west by the Hudson River and on the east by the stream known as Landsmans Kill, which also formed the westerly boundary of the Beekman patent. On this property Dr. Tillotson in the years 1788-1790 laid out a country place and called it "Linwood." His house commanded a magnificent view of the river. [7]

He then acquired 150 acres of the Beekman land lying between Landsmans Kill and Fallsburgh Creek. This plateau, between the two streams, with extensive views of the Catskill mountains and Hudson river, became known as Linwood Hill. At the mouth of Landsmans Kill he built a dock and mill, where grain was ground. Dr. Tillotson also obtained at this time another part of the Beekman lands, twenty-nine acres of woodland lying east of Fallsburgh Creek, where two beautiful waterfalls bring it to the river level. This portion of the property became known as "Glenburn". [7]

In 1830, Tillotson gave "Glenburn" to his granddaughter, Julia Lynch, who later married Rev. Stephen Olin, President of Wesleyan University. After Tillotson's death, "Lindon Hill" was sold to Federal Vanderburgh. [7]


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References

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Internet

See also

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Theodorus Bailey
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 5th congressional district

1801
Succeeded by
Theodorus Bailey
Political offices
Preceded by
Daniel Hale
Secretary of State of New York
18011806
Succeeded by
Elisha Jenkins
Preceded by
Elisha Jenkins
Secretary of State of New York
18071808
Succeeded by
Elisha Jenkins