Thomas Tomlinson Cussons

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Thomas Tomlinson Cussons
Born24 November 1838
Hull, England
Died18 March 1927 (aged 88)
Matlock, Derbyshire, England
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Ashton (m. 1867)
ChildrenJohn W. Cussons (1867–1922)
Alex T. Cussons (1875–1951)
Parent(s)George Cussons (1804–1858)
Jane Cussons (1804–1882)

Thomas Tomlinson Cussons (24 November 1838 – 18 March 1927). Born in Kingston upon Hull, England to George Cussons (1804-1858) and his wife Jane Cussons (née Moss 1804-1882). Thomas was the head of the British soap manufacturing business Cussons & Son. Thomas established the 'Cussons' brand which has become one of the largest personal care brands in Britain.

Kingston upon Hull City and unitary authority in England

Kingston upon Hull, usually abbreviated to Hull, is a port city and unitary authority in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It lies upon the River Hull at its confluence with the Humber Estuary, 25 miles (40 km) inland from the North Sea, 50 miles (80 km) east of Leeds, 34 miles (55 km) southeast of York and 54 miles (87 km) northeast of Sheffield. With a population of 260,645 (mid-2018 est.), Hull is the fourth-largest city in Yorkshire and the Humber.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea separates Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.



Thomas qualified as a member of the Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain in 1869. [1] After qualifying Thomas opened a chemist in Holbeck, Leeds. In 1879 he sold the Holbeck branch and acquired an existing chemist in Louth. [2] In the early 1880s Thomas opened a chemist in the town of Ossett. In Ossett he also operated as a wine merchant. [3] He enjoyed an exclusive right to distribute W & A Gilbey Wines in Ossett. [4] In 1891 he opened a further chemist in Swinton, Salford. [5]

Louth, Lincolnshire town and civil parish in Lincolnshire, England

Louth is a market town and civil parish in the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. Louth is the principal town and centre for a large rural area of eastern Lincolnshire. Visitor attractions include St. James' Church, Hubbard's Hills, the market, many independent retailers, and Lincolnshire's last remaining cattle market.

Ossett town in the City of Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England

Ossett is a market town within the metropolitan district of the City of Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, it is halfway between Dewsbury, to the west, and Wakefield, to the east. At the 2011 Census, the population was 21,231.

Swinton, Greater Manchester town within the City of Salford, in Greater Manchester, England

Swinton is a town in Greater Manchester, England, southwest of the River Irwell, 3.4 miles (5.5 km) northwest of Salford and 4.2 miles (6.8 km) northwest of Manchester, adjoining the towns of Pendlebury and Clifton. In 2014, it had a population of 22,931.

Initially the Cussons brand was attached principally to medicine. In 1893 the Cussons range included the following: [6]

In 1897 Thomas acquired a glass blowing factory in Harpurhey, which marked the beginning of a great increase in business. Thomas' commercial activities laid the foundations for his son Alexander Tom Cussons who would make Cussons into a multinational brand and manufacture the famous Cussons Imperial Leather soap. [7]

Harpurhey inner-city area of Manchester, England

Harpurhey is an inner-city area of Manchester in North West England, three miles north east of the city centre. Historically in Lancashire, the population at the 2011 census was 17,652.

Alexander Tom Cussons. Born in Holbeck, Leeds, England to Thomas Tomlinson Cussons (1838–1927) and his wife Elizabeth Cussons. Alexander was the Chairman of Cussons Sons & Co, the largest independent soap manufacturer in Britain and maker of the brand Cussons Imperial Leather and other personal care products.

Imperial Leather is a brand of soaps, toiletries and healthcare products manufactured by PZ Cussons. The brand originates in Britain and is now available in a number of other countries including Australia, Denmark, Uganda, Germany, India, Indonesia, Iran, Kenya, Pakistan, South Africa, New Zealand and the United Arab Emirates. The brand is not widely available in the United States but can be obtained via online sales and in some speciality shops.

Published Letters of Recommendation

In 1892 Thomas published extracts from letters of people recommending the Cussons brand. [8]

Below is an extract from a clergyman to Mr. Cussons dated 28 March 1888:

"DEAR SIR,—I have much pleasure in stating that I consider your MIXTURE a most efficacious remedy for Neuralgia or Tic. I have suffered very much and very frequently from this disorder, and have found MORE relief from your Medicine than any other. I can with confidence recommend it to any persons who are troubled with this pain."

Below is an extract from a Mr S. Smith dated 19 March 1888:

"Mr. Cussons—Dear Sir,—It affords me great pleasure to testify to the quality of your Tic Mixture. My wife suffered most excruciating agony in her face, forehead and eyes through Tic or Rheumatism, which gave her no rest. After trying all kinds of remedies which failed, she was induced by a friend, who had had one of your bottles and which had cured two members of her family, to purchase one of your bottles as a trial, which she did, and after taking four doses she felt herself completely cured of pain. I am perfectly satisfied that the Medicine deserves universal praise, and I shall recommend it to all who may be so affected."

Below is an extract from a woman in service, dated 17 March 1888:

"I now hasten to drop you a few lines in reference to the Medicine you sent the other week; well it completely cured me and I have some of it left yet. I suffered awfully you may be sure and could not attend to my household duties. Mistress had to get our charwomen to come and assist her while I was so bad. Please tell Mr. Cussons that through the merits of his Medicine I am quite a new made woman, and I shall always speak well of his Tic Medicine wherever I may be situated."

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  1. "A New Showroom in Manchester". The Chemist and Druggist. April 14, 1956. p. 256.
  2. "Personalities". The Chemist and Druggist. December 15, 1879. p. 549.
  3. Ossett-Cum-Gawthorpe Trade Directory 1888
  4. West Riding Yorkshire Trade Directory 1892
  5. Linday, D.T.A. (1976). Soapmaking past and present. p. 20.
  6. Cockburn’s Almanack and Year Book 1893. p. 20.
  7. University of Salford, Campus Report Autumn 2002
  8. Cockburn’s Almanack and Year Book 1892. p. 24.
Preceded by
Head of Cussons & Son Partnership
Succeeded by
Alexander Tom Cussons