Thomas Tongue

Last updated
Thomas H. Tongue III
75th Associate Justice of the Oregon Supreme Court
In office
1969–1982
Appointed by Tom McCall
Preceded by Alfred T. Goodwin
Succeeded by Betty Roberts
Personal details
BornFebruary 12, 1912
Hillsboro, Oregon
DiedMay 31, 1994(1994-05-31) (aged 82)
Hillsboro, Oregon
Resting place Hillsboro Pioneer Cemetery
45°31′12″N123°00′14″W / 45.52012°N 123.00390°W / 45.52012; -123.00390 Coordinates: 45°31′12″N123°00′14″W / 45.52012°N 123.00390°W / 45.52012; -123.00390
Spouse(s)Bernice Healy Tongue
This article is about the Oregon jurist. For the Oregon Congressman (1897-1903) see Thomas H. Tongue.

Thomas H. Tongue III (February 12, 1912 May 31, 1994) was an American jurist in the state of Oregon. A native of the state, he served as the 75th associate justice of the Oregon Supreme Court, serving 13 years on the state's highest court. Tongue was the grandson of U.S. Representative Thomas H. Tongue, who was an emigrant from England in the early days of the state of Oregon. [1]

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Most of the country is located contiguously in North America between Canada and Mexico.

Oregon state of the United States of America

Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary with Washington, while the Snake River delineates much of its eastern boundary with Idaho. The parallel 42° north delineates the southern boundary with California and Nevada.

Oregon Supreme Court the highest court in the U.S. state of Oregon

The Oregon Supreme Court (OSC) is the highest state court in the U.S. state of Oregon. The only court that may reverse or modify a decision of the Oregon Supreme Court is the Supreme Court of the United States. The OSC holds court at the Oregon Supreme Court Building in Salem, Oregon, near the capitol building on State Street. The building was finished in 1914 and also houses the state's law library, while the courtroom is also used by the Oregon Court of Appeals.

Contents

Early life

Justice Tongue was born in Hillsboro, Oregon, on February 12, 1912, to the Tongue legal family. [2] He began college in 1930 and graduated with his undergraduate degree from the University of Oregon in 1934. He then attended the School of Law at the University of Oregon, graduating with a J.D. in 1937. [1] While at Oregon he served as class president as an undergrad, and finished first in his class in law school. [2] Also as an undergraduate he was a member of the Chi Psi fraternity. [3] After the University of Oregon he went on to earn an advanced degree from Yale Law School. [2] At Yale he earned a Doctor of the Science of Law while on the Yale Sterling Fellowship that he had obtained with the assistance of Dean Wayne Morse of Oregon’s law school. [1]

Hillsboro, Oregon City in Oregon, United States

Hillsboro is the fifth-largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon and is the county seat of Washington County. Lying in the Tualatin Valley on the west side of the Portland metropolitan area, the city hosts many high-technology companies, such as Intel, that comprise what has become known as the Silicon Forest. At the 2010 Census, the city's population was 91,611.

University of Oregon Public research university in Eugene, Oregon

The University of Oregon is a public flagship research university in Eugene, Oregon. Founded in 1876, the institution's 295-acre campus is along the Willamette River. Since July 2014, UO has been governed by the Board of Trustees of the University of Oregon. The university has a Carnegie Classification of "highest research activity" and has 19 research centers and institutes. UO was admitted to the Association of American Universities in 1969.

University of Oregon School of Law

The University of Oregon School of Law is a public law school in the U.S. state of Oregon. Housed in the Knight Law Center, it is Oregon's only state funded law school. The school, founded in 1884, is located on the University of Oregon campus in Eugene, on the corner of 15th and Agate streets, overlooking Hayward Field.

Tongue began his career working in the New Deal government for the Labor Department, including arguing cases in front of the U.S. Supreme Court. [1] Later he worked for the National War Labor Board and the University of Oregon before entering private practice in 1943 in Portland, Oregon. [2] During his time in private practice, Tongue taught at the Northwestern College of Law. Additionally, he served on the Oregon State Bar’s board of governors, Oregon Labor Management Relations Board, and was chairperson of the Oregon Judicial Fitness Commission. [2] In 1961, he received the State Bar's Award of Merit. [4]

New Deal Economic programs of U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt

The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms, and regulations enacted by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the United States between 1933 and 1936. It responded to needs for relief, reform, and recovery from the Great Depression. Major federal programs included the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), the Civil Works Administration (CWA), the Farm Security Administration (FSA), the National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933 (NIRA) and the Social Security Administration (SSA). They provided support for farmers, the unemployed, youth and the elderly. The New Deal included new constraints and safeguards on the banking industry and efforts to re-inflate the economy after prices had fallen sharply. New Deal programs included both laws passed by Congress as well as presidential executive orders during the first term of the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Portland, Oregon city in Oregon, USA

Portland is the largest and most populous city in the U.S. state of Oregon and the seat of Multnomah County. It is a major port in the Willamette Valley region of the Pacific Northwest, at the confluence of the Willamette and Columbia rivers. As of 2018, Portland had an estimated population of 653,115, making it the 25th most populated city in the United States, and the second-most populous in the Pacific Northwest. Approximately 2.4 million people live in the Portland metropolitan statistical area (MSA), making it the 25th most populous in the United States. Its combined statistical area (CSA) ranks 19th-largest with a population of around 3.2 million. Approximately 60% of Oregon's population resides within the Portland metropolitan area.

Lewis & Clark Law School

The Northwestern School of Law of Lewis and Clark College, is an American Bar Association-approved private law school in Portland, Oregon.

Tongue was appointed to the Oregon Supreme Court by Governor Tom McCall in 1969 to replace Alfred Goodwin who had resigned. [5] Tongue was then elected to a full six-year term in 1970 and re-elected in 1976. [5] Justice Tongue then resigned from the bench February 7, 1982. [5] After retiring from the Oregon Supreme Court, Tongue continued to work as a senior judge for the state and as an arbitrator. [2] In 1992, the Oregon State Bar Association granted him their President's Award. [4]

A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state. In federations, governor may be the title of a politician who governs a constituent state and may be either appointed or elected. The power of the individual governor can vary dramatically between political systems, with some governors having only nominal or largely ceremonial power, while others having a complete control over the entire government.

Tom McCall American politician

Thomas Lawson "Tom" McCall was an American politician and journalist in the state of Oregon. A Republican, he was the state's thirtieth governor from 1967 to 1975. A native of Massachusetts, McCall grew up there and in central Oregon and attended the University of Oregon in Eugene. After college, he worked as a journalist, including time at The Oregonian in Portland during World War II.

Alfred Theodore Goodwin is a Senior United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit and previously was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Oregon. He was in the United States Army Captain from 1943 to 1946. He was in the United States Army Reserve Lieutenant Colonel, JAG Corps from 1960 to 1969. He was in private practice of law in Eugene, Oregon from 1951 to 1955. He was a judge on the Circuit Court of the State of Oregon from 1955 to 1960. He was a judge on the Supreme Court of the State of Oregon from 1960 to 1969.

Decisions authored

Contract agreement having a lawful object entered into voluntarily by multiple parties (may be explicitly written or oral)

A contract is a legally binding agreement which recognises and governs the rights and duties of the parties to the agreement. A contract is legally enforceable because it meets the requirements and approval of the law. An agreement typically involves the exchange of goods, services, money, or promises of any of those. In the event of breach of contract, the law awards the injured party access to legal remedies such as damages and cancellation.

Later life and family

Tongue's grave marker ThomasHTongue1912to1994.JPG
Tongue's grave marker

Justice Tongue was married to Bernice Healy. [2] They had three sons: John Richard, James Cadwell, and Thomas Healy. [2] Thomas H. Tongue III died May 31, 1994, in Hillsboro, Oregon and is buried at Hillsboro’s Pioneer Cemetery. [2]

Hillsboro Pioneer Cemetery

The Hillsboro Pioneer Cemetery is a pioneer cemetery in Hillsboro, Oregon, United States. It is located at the west end of the city along the Tualatin Valley Highway and adjacent to Dairy Creek. The 8.42-acre (3.41 ha) cemetery comprises three formerly private cemeteries. In 1973, the city of Hillsboro gained title to what is the oldest cemetery in Washington County.

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Thomas H. Tongue was an American politician and attorney in the state of Oregon. Born in England, his family immigrated to Washington County, Oregon, in 1859. In Oregon, he would serve in the State Senate from 1889 to 1893 and was the seventh mayor of Hillsboro. A Republican, he was chairman of the state party, and national convention delegate in 1892. Tongue served as Congressman from 1897 to 1903 representing Oregon's 1st congressional district.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Class Notes" (PDF). Oregon Lawyer. University of Oregon School of Law. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-04-21. Retrieved 2007-01-06.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "T.H. Tongue, ex-state high court Justice, dies". The Oregonian . June 1, 1994. p. B04.
  3. Prominent Chi Psi Brothers. Archived 2006-08-28 at the Wayback Machine Alpha Upsilon Delta of Chi Psi. Retrieved January 10, 2008.
  4. 1 2 Award of Merit and President’s Awards. Oregon State Bar Association. Retrieved January 10, 2008
  5. 1 2 3 "Oregon Supreme Court Justices". Oregon Blue Book. Oregon Secretary of State. Retrieved 2006-12-21.