Trenchard pictured in The Official National Collegiate Athletic Association football guide, 1893
|Born||May 3, 1874|
Queen Anne's County, Maryland
|Died||October 16, 1943 69) (aged|
Baldwin, New York
|1895||Latrobe Athletic Association|
|1896||Allegheny Athletic Association|
|1897–1898||Latrobe Athletic Association|
|1898||Western Pa. All-Star Team|
|Coaching career (HC unless noted)|
|1897||Western U. of Pennsylvania|
|1899||Washington and Lee|
|1901||Washington and Lee|
|Head coaching record|
|Accomplishments and honors|
Thomas Gawthrop "Doggie" Trenchard (May 3, 1874 – October 16, 1943)was an All-American football player at Princeton University in 1893 and a college football head coach at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, the University of Pittsburgh, and West Virginia University. Trenchard earned the nickname "Doggie" because of his shaggy haired appearance.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense, the team with possession of the oval-shaped football, attempts to advance down the field by running with the ball or passing it, while the defense, the team without possession of the ball, aims to stop the offense's advance and to take control of the ball for themselves. The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs or plays; if they fail, they turn over the football to the defense, but if they succeed, they are given a new set of four downs to continue the drive. Points are scored primarily by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal. The team with the most points at the end of a game wins.
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey. Founded in 1746 in Elizabeth as the College of New Jersey, Princeton is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution. The institution moved to Newark in 1747, then to the current site nine years later, and renamed itself Princeton University in 1896.
College football is gridiron football consisting of American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by American universities, colleges, and military academies, or Canadian football played by teams of student athletes fielded by Canadian universities. It was through college football play that American football rules first gained popularity in the United States.
Trenchard was born in Queen Anne's County, Maryland.Prior to his coaching career, Trenchard was a professional football player from 1895 until 1898 for the Latrobe Athletic Association and the Allegheny Athletic Association. He also played for the 1898 Western Pennsylvania All-Star football team, formed by Latrobe manager Dave Berry.
Queen Anne's County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 47,798. Its county seat and most populous municipality is Centreville. The census-designated place of Stevensville is the county's most populous place. The county is named for Queen Anne of Great Britain who reigned when the county was established in 1706.
The Latrobe Athletic Association was a professional football team located in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, from 1895 until 1909. A member of the unofficial Western Pennsylvania Professional Football Circuit, the team is best known for being the first football club to play a full season while composed entirely of professional players. In 1895, team's quarterback, John Brallier, also became the first football player to openly turn professional, by accepting $10 and expenses to play for Latrobe against the Jeannette Athletic Club.
The Allegheny Athletic Association was an athletic club that fielded the first ever professional American football player and later the first fully professional football team. The organization was founded in 1890 as a regional athletic club in Allegheny, Pennsylvania, which is today the North Shore of Pittsburgh.
In 1895, and from 1913 to 1915, he coached at North Carolina, where he compiled a 26–9–2 record. His best season there came in 1914, when North Carolina went 10–1. In 1897, he coached at Pittsburgh, and compiled a 1–3 record. In 1896, he coached at West Virginia and compiled a 3–7–2 record.
|North Carolina Tar Heels (Independent)(1895)|
|West Virginia Mountaineers (Independent)(1896)|
|Western University of Pennsylvania (Independent)(1897)|
|1897||Western University of Pennsylvania||1–3|
|Western University of Pennsylvania:||1–3|
|Washington and Lee Generals (Independent)(1899)|
|1899||Washington and Lee||1–5–2|
|Washington and Lee Generals (Independent)(1901)|
|1901||Washington and Lee||3–4|
|Washington and Lee:||4–9–2|
|North Carolina Tar Heels (South Atlantic Intercollegiate Athletic Association)(1913–1915)|
Walter Raleigh Okeson was the coach of and played for the first all-professional football team, the 1897 Latrobe Athletic Association club. A few years later he became the eighth head football coach for the Lehigh Mountain Hawks in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, a position he held for the 1900 season. His overall coaching record at Lehigh was 5 wins, 6 losses, and 0 ties. This ranks him 17th at Lehigh in total wins and 15th at Lehigh in winning percentage.
John Kinport "Sal" Brallier was one of the first professional American football players. He was nationally acknowledged as the first openly paid professional football player when he was given $10 to play for the Latrobe Athletic Association for a game against the Jeanette Athletic Association in 1895.
Charles Lloyd Barney was an early professional football player and strongman. In 1897 he played college football at Ohio Wesleyan University. There he was a classmate, teammate and roommate of Fielding Yost. He appeared at expositions and shows lifting horses, breaking chains, and performing other feats of strength. From 1898 through 1900, Barney played professional football for the Latrobe Athletic Association. He was best remembered, by his teammates, for lifting a piano and holding it while a man played it. In 1902, he played in the first National Football League for the Pittsburgh Stars.
Harry J. "Cap" Ryan was an early professional football player for the Latrobe Athletic Association from 1895 until 1906. He was also selected to be the first captain in that team's history. He played alongside John Brallier who is considered the first openly professional football player. In 1897 he was named to the "All Western Pennsylvania Team" by The Pittsburg Times.
Albert Russell Aukerman was an early professional football player-coach for the Latrobe Athletic Association. Prior to that, he was a halfback at Gettysburg College. He entered the College in 1893 at the age of 20. Because of his maturity, he was elected captain of the football team. He emerged as one of the premier rushers of his day. Over a three-year period, he produced the winning points in wins over Dickinson, Washington & Jefferson, Franklin College and Marshall University. He was also an accomplished track athlete for Gettysburg, running the 100 and 200 meter relays and also the long jump. He left school to become a physical instructor at the Latrobe A. A. He was then picked to be the team's first head coach in 1895. He formed what became one of the first professional football teams and is credited with scoring the first professional touchdown, with John Brallier in a game against the Jeannette Athletic Club. Aukerman also played pro football for the Duquesne Country and Athletic Club for two games in 1895 at Exposition Park
Benjamin Shenstone "Sport" Donnelly was an American football player and coach. He was the second-ever known professional football player, behind William Heffelfinger. He was paid $250 for one game on November 19, 1892 by the Allegheny Athletic Association, for a game against the Washington & Jefferson Presidents football team. The November 19 date was exactly seven days after the team paid Heffelfinger $500 for a game. In 1893, Donnelly was hired by the Allegheny Athletic Association as player-coach, making him the first man to ever coach a known pro team. Heffelfinger once said that Donnelly was the only man that he had played against who "could slug you and at the same time keep his eyes on the ball". Donnelly also served as the second head football coach at the University of Iowa for a single season in 1893, compiling a record of 3–4.
John "Jack" Gass was an early professional football player. He played mostly with the Latrobe Athletic Association from 1895 until 1899. In 1898 he was a member of the Western Pennsylvania All-Stars, which was a team put together by Latrobe manager Dave Berry for the purpose of challenging the star-filled Duquesne Country and Athletic Club to the first pro football all-star game held at Exposition Park in Pittsburgh. The All-Stars lost to Duquesne, 16-0. In 1897, Gass was a member of the very first all-professional football team, in Latrobe, to play a complete season together. In 1900, he played for Latrobe's rival, the Greensburg Athletic Association.
The 1896 Latrobe Athletic Association season was their first season in existence. The team finished 7-4-0. This season John Brallier became the first openly professional football player.
The 1897 Latrobe Athletic Association season was their third season in existence. The team finished 10–2–1. This season, Latrobe became the first team to be made entirely of professional players and play an entire season together.
The 1900 Latrobe Athletic Association season was their seventh season in existence. It was a low profile season for Latrobe. The team played in only 3 games this season and finished 2-1.
The 1902 Latrobe Athletic Association season was their eighth season in existence. It was a low profile season for Latrobe. The team played in only 4 games this season and finished 2-0-2.
The 1904 Latrobe Athletic Association season was their tenth season in existence. The team finished 9-0 and were unscored upon. Latrobe laid claim to Pennsylvania's pro football title at the season's end.
The 1895 Greensburg Athletic Association season was their sixth season in existence. The team finished 8-2-1.
The 1896 Greensburg Athletic Association season was their seventh season in existence. The team finished 6-1-1.
The 1897 Greensburg Athletic Association season was their eighth season in existence. The team finished 10-1.
The 1898 Greensburg Athletic Association season was their ninth season in existence. The team finished 6-2-1.
The 1900 Greensburg Athletic Association season was their tenth season and last season in existence. The American football team finished with a record of 3 wins, 6 losses and 1 tie.
The 1896 Pittsburgh Athletic Club football season was their sixth season in existence. The team finished with a record of 2-5-3.
Arthur Lamont "Tiger" McFarland was an early professional American football player who played with the Greensburg Athletic Association as well as the Latrobe Athletic Association. He later played for the Philadelphia Athletics in the 1902 version of the National Football League and for the 1903 US Football Champions, the Franklin Athletic Club. Sweet also won, with Franklin, the 1903 World Series of Football, held that December at Madison Square Garden.
The Western Pennsylvania Professional Football Circuit was a loose association of American football clubs that operated from 1890 to approximately 1940. Originally amateur, professionalism was introduced to the circuit in 1892; cost pressures pushed the circuit to semi-professional status from about 1920 through the rest of its existence. Existing in some form for 48 years, it was one of the longest-lived paying football loops to operate outside the auspices of the National Football League.