Thomas Tufton, 6th Earl of Thanet

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Thomas Tufton, 6th Earl of Thanet

PC
Member of the English Parliament
for Appleby
In office
1668–1679
Servingwith John Dalston
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Personal details
Born(1644-08-30)30 August 1644
Died30 July 1729(1729-07-30) (aged 84)
Political party Tory
Children
Father John Tufton, 2nd Earl of Thanet

Thomas Tufton, 6th Earl of Thanet, 18th Baron de Clifford PC (30 August 1644 – 30 July 1729) [1] was an English nobleman and politician. [2]

Privy Council of England Body of advisers to the sovereign of the Kingdom of England

The Privy Council of England, also known as HisMajesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, was a body of advisers to the sovereign of the Kingdom of England. Its members were often senior members of the House of Lords and the House of Commons, together with leading churchmen, judges, diplomats and military leaders.

He was the fourth son of John Tufton, 2nd Earl of Thanet and his wife Margaret Sackville, Baroness Clifford and inherited the title on the death in 1684 of his elder brother Richard Tufton, 5th Earl of Thanet. [1] Through his maternal grandmother, he was heir to the Barony de Clifford and to vast estates in Cumberland and Westmorland. [1] He served as hereditary High Sheriff of Westmorland from 1684 to 1729. [1]

John Tufton, 2nd Earl of Thanet was an English nobleman and supporter of Charles I of England. He was the eldest son of Nicholas Tufton, 1st Earl of Thanet and Lady Frances Cecil granddaughter of William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley.

Richard Tufton, 5th Earl of Thanet, styled The Honourable Richard Tufton until 1680, was an English nobleman.

Baron de Clifford

Baron de Clifford is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1299 for Robert de Clifford (c.1274–1314), feudal baron of Clifford in Herefordshire, feudal baron of Skipton in Yorkshire and feudal baron of Appleby in Westmoreland. The title was created by writ, which means that it can descend through both male and female lines. The Norman family which later took the name de Clifford settled in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066 and was first seated in England at Clifford Castle in Herefordshire. The first Baron served as Earl Marshal of England but was killed at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314. His 8th generation descendant the 11th Baron, was created Earl of Cumberland in 1525, whose grandson the 3rd Earl was a noted naval commander. On the latter's death in 1605 the earldom passed to his younger brother, the 4th Earl.

He gained the rank of Captain in the service of the Troop of Horse. [3] He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Appleby between 1668 and 1679. [3] He succeeded to the title of 6th Earl of the Isle of Thanet, co. Kent [E., 1628] on 27 April 1680. [3] He gained the rank of Colonel in 1685 in the service of the Regiment of Horse (5th Horse). [3] He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Westmorland between 1685 and 1687. [3] He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Cumberland between 1685 and 1687. [3] He succeeded to the title of 18th Lord Clifford [E., 1299] on 12 December 1691, resolved by the House of Lords. [1] He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) from 1703 to 1707 and 1711 to 1714. [3] He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Cumberland between 1712 and 1714. [3]

On 14 August 1684, he married Lady Catharine Cavendish (d. 1712), daughter of Henry Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Newcastle. [3] They had eight children, five of whom reached adulthood:

Henry Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Newcastle English politician

Henry Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, KG, PC, styled Viscount Mansfield until 1676, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1676, and then inherited the dukedom.

Edward Watson, Viscount Sondes of Lees Court, Sheldwich, Kent, and Park Place, London, was a British Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1708 and 1722.

Anne Cecil, Countess of Salisbury, formerly Lady Anne Tufton, was the wife of James Cecil, 5th Earl of Salisbury.

James Cecil, 5th Earl of Salisbury English Earl

James Cecil, 5th Earl of Salisbury, known as Viscount Cranborne from 1691 to 1694, was a British nobleman, politician, and peer. Salisbury was the son of James Cecil, 4th Earl of Salisbury, and Frances Bennett, and succeeded his father in the earldom in 1694. From 1712 to 1714 he served as Lord Lieutenant of Hertfordshire.

In 1703, he was sworn a Privy Counsellor. A country gentleman and a Tory, he was noted by Swift for his "piety and charity."

Tory A conservative political philosophy

A Tory is a person who holds a political philosophy known as Toryism, based on a British version of traditionalism and conservatism, which upholds the supremacy of social order as it has evolved in the English culture throughout history. The Tory ethos has been summed up with the phrase "God, Queen, and Country". Tories generally advocate monarchism, and were historically of a high church Anglican religious heritage, opposed to the liberalism of the Whig faction.

Jonathan Swift 17th/18th-century Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, and poet

Jonathan Swift was an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer, poet and cleric who became Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin.

On his death, his title passed to his nephew Sackville Tufton, 7th Earl of Thanet, son of his younger brother Sackville. The barony of Clifford again fell into abeyance until 1734. [1]

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Baron Hothfield, of Hothfield in the County of Kent, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1881 for Sir Henry Tufton, 2nd Baronet, who was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Westmorland the same year and who also served briefly as a government whip in the Liberal administration of 1886. His eldest son, the second Baron, notably served as Mayor of Appleby, Westmorland. On the death of his son, the third Baron, in 1961, this line of the family failed. The late Baron was succeeded by his first cousin, the fourth Baron. He was the only son of the Hon. Sackville Philip Tufton, second son of the first Baron. On his death in 1986 this line of the family also failed and the titles passed to his first cousin, the fifth Baron. He was the eldest son of the Hon. Charles Henry Tufton, third son of the first Baron. As of 2017 the titles are held by his son, the sixth Baron, who succeeded in 1991.

Earl of Thanet

Earl of the Isle of Thanet, in practice shortened to Earl of Thanet, was a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1628 for Nicholas Tufton, 1st Baron Tufton. He had already succeeded as second Baronet of Hothfield in 1631 and been created Baron Tufton, of Tufton in the County of Sussex, in 1626, also in the Peerage of England. The Baronetcy, of Hothfield in the County of Kent, was created in the Baronetage of England in 1611 for his father, John Tufton. Lord Thanet was succeeded by his son, the second Earl. He married Lady Margaret Sackville, daughter of Richard Sackville, 3rd Earl of Dorset and Lady Anne Clifford. Their son, the third Earl, successfully claimed the barony of de Clifford through his maternal grandmother Lady Anne.

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John Tufton, 4th Earl of Thanet, styled The Honourable John Tufton until 1679, was an English politician and nobleman.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 G. E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume III, page 297-298.
  2. Record for Thomas Tufton, 6th Earl of Thanet on thepeerage.com'
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Charles Mosley, editor. Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1064-1065
  4. Barbara McGovern (1992). Anne Finch and Her Poetry: A Critical Biography. University of Georgia Press. pp. 111–. ISBN   978-0-8203-1410-5.
Parliament of England
Preceded by
John Lowther
John Dalston
Member of Parliament for Appleby
16681679
With: John Dalston
Succeeded by
Richard Tufton
Anthony Lowther
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Thanet
High Sheriff of Westmorland
1684–1729
Succeeded by
The Earl of Thanet
Preceded by
The Earl of Carlisle
Lord Lieutenant of Cumberland and Westmorland
1685–1687
Succeeded by
The Viscount Preston
Custos Rotulorum of Cumberland
1685–1689
Succeeded by
Sir John Lowther, Bt
Preceded by
The Lord Wharton
Custos Rotulorum of Westmorland
1702–1706
Succeeded by
The Earl of Wharton
Preceded by
The Earl of Wharton
Custos Rotulorum of Westmorland
1714
Succeeded by
The Earl of Wharton
Preceded by
The Earl of Carlisle
Custos Rotulorum of Cumberland
1714–1715
Succeeded by
The Earl of Carlisle
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Richard Tufton
Earl of Thanet
1684–1729
Succeeded by
Sackville Tufton
Baron de Clifford
1684–1729
Succeeded by
Abeyant
next held by Margaret Coke