Thomas Tulloch (bishop of Ross)

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Thomas Tulloch
Bishop of Ross
Church Roman Catholic Church
See Diocese of Ross
In office 14401460 × 1461
Predecessor John Bullock
Successor Henry Cockburn
Consecration Before 14 October 1440
Personal details
Born unknown
Died 1460 × 1461
Previous post Archdeacon of Caithness (14281437)
Dean of Ross (1436/71440)

Thomas Tulloch [de Tulloch] (d. 1460 × 1461) was a prelate active in the Kingdom of Scotland in the 15th century. A letter of Pope Martin V in 1429 claimed that he was "of a great noble race by both parents". [1] Robert Keith believed that he had the surname "Urquhart", but that is not supported by the contemporary evidence and is probably spurious. [2]

Prelate high-ranking member of the clergy

A prelate is a high-ranking member of the clergy who is an ordinary or who ranks in precedence with ordinaries. The word derives from the Latin prælatus, the past participle of præferre, which means "carry before", "be set above or over" or "prefer"; hence, a prelate is one set over others.

Kingdom of Scotland historic sovereign kingdom on the British Isles from the 9th century and up to 1707

The Kingdom of Scotland was a sovereign state in northwest Europe traditionally said to have been founded in 843. Its territories expanded and shrank, but it came to occupy the northern third of the island of Great Britain, sharing a land border to the south with the Kingdom of England. It suffered many invasions by the English, but under Robert I it fought a successful war of independence and remained an independent state throughout the late Middle Ages. In 1603, James VI of Scotland became King of England, joining Scotland with England in a personal union. In 1707, the two kingdoms were united to form the Kingdom of Great Britain under the terms of the Acts of Union. Following the annexation of the Northern Isles from the Kingdom of Norway in 1472 and final capture of the Royal Burgh of Berwick by the Kingdom of England in 1482, the territory of the Kingdom of Scotland corresponded to that of modern-day Scotland, bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the southwest.

Pope Martin V pope

Pope Martin V, born OttoColonna, was Pope from 11 November 1417 to his death in 1431. His election effectively ended the Western Schism (1378–1417).


Pre-episcopal career

In November 1429, he was given the parish church of Longforgan, in Gowrie, in the diocese of St Andrews, to be held in "perpetual vicarage"; he was to hold this along with the Caithness archdeaconry and the prebend of Croy in the diocese of Moray. [1] He had exchanged with Thomas de Greenlaw to become Archdeacon of Caithness a year before, and received papal provision on 12 March 1428, though it is not clear that he ever took possession; he resigned the position in exchange for parochial benefices on 15 July 1437, namely the parish of Tannadice, diocese of St Andrews. [3]

Parish church church which acts as the religious centre of a parish

A parish church in Christianity is the church which acts as the religious centre of a parish. In many parts of the world, especially in rural areas, the parish church may play a significant role in community activities, often allowing its premises to be used for non-religious community events. The church building reflects this status, and there is considerable variety in the size and style of parish churches. Many villages in Europe have churches that date back to the Middle Ages, but all periods of architecture are represented.

Longforgan is a village and parish in the Carse of Gowrie, in Perth and Kinross, Scotland. It lies 5 miles (8.0 km) west of Dundee on the main A90 road.

Caithness Historic county in Scotland

Caithness is a historic county, registration county and lieutenancy area of Scotland.

In the same year (1437), Tulloch won his litigation against John de Innes for the position of Dean of Ross; after the death of William Fayrhar, probably in earlier in 1436, Tulloch received provision while Innes was collated to the position locally. [4] However, Laurence Piot had also received provision for the position, and Tulloch likewise was involved against Piot in litigation; Tulloch retained possession of the deanery until resigning his right to James de Innes on 23 September 1440, three days before he was provided to the bishopric of Ross. [5] On that same day, i.e. on 23 September, he was provided as Subdean of Dunkeld, but resigned later in the day. [6]

Diocese of Ross (Scotland)

The Diocese of Ross was an ecclesiastical territory or diocese in the Highland region of Scotland during the Middle Ages and Early Modern period. The Diocese was led by the Bishop of Ross, and the cathedral was, latterly, at Fortrose. The bishops of the Early Church were located at Rosemarkie. The diocese had only one Archdeacon, the Archdeacon of Ross, first attested in 1223 with the appearance of Archdeacon Robert, who was consecrated bishop of Ross on 21 June 1249 x 20 June 1250. There is only one known Dean of Christianty (sic.), one Donald Reid called the dean of christianty of Dingwall on 12 June 1530.

Bishop of Ross (Scotland) Wikimedia list article

The Bishop of Ross was the ecclesiastical head of the Diocese of Ross, one of Scotland's 13 medieval bishoprics. The first recorded bishop appears in the late 7th century as a witness to Adomnán of Iona's Cáin Adomnáin. The bishopric was based at the settlement of Rosemarkie until the mid-13th century, afterwards being moved to nearby Fortrose and Fortrose Cathedral. As far as the evidence goes, this bishopric was the oldest of all bishoprics north of the Forth, and was perhaps the only Pictish bishopric until the 9th century. Indeed, the Cáin Adomnáin indicates that in the reign of Bruide mac Der Ilei, king of the Picts, the bishop of Rosemarkie was the only significant figure in Pictland other than the king. The bishopric is located conveniently close to the heartland of Fortriu, being just across the water from Moray.

Diocese of Dunkeld

The Diocese of Dunkeld was one of the 13 historical dioceses of Scotland preceding the abolition of Episcopacy in 1689.

Bishop of Ross

Tulloch received provision to the Ross bishopric on 26 September from Pope Eugenius IV at the papal court, and on 14 October, he paid the papacy 600 gold florins; by the time of this payment, he had already received consecration. [7] On 10 February 1441 a safe-conduct was issued to Thomas Tulloch, at that time in Flanders, on his way back to Scotland from the papal court. [7] The postulation to the bishopric of Andrew Munro, Archdeacon of Ross, by the cathedral chapter of Fortrose was rejected by Pope Eugenius IV. [7]

Flanders Community and region of Belgium

Flanders is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium and one of the communities, regions and language areas of Belgium. However, there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history, and sometimes involving neighbouring countries. The demonym associated with Flanders is Fleming, while the corresponding adjective is Flemish. The official capital of Flanders is Brussels, although the Brussels Capital Region has an independent regional government, and the government of Flanders only oversees the community aspects of Flanders life in Brussels such as (Flemish) culture and education.

Scotland country in Northwest Europe, part of the United Kingdom

Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Sharing a border with England to the southeast, Scotland is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, by the North Sea to the northeast and by the Irish Sea to the south. In addition to the mainland, situated on the northern third of the island of Great Britain, Scotland has over 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.

Andrew Munro (bishop) Scottish bishop

Andrew Munro [de Munro, de Munroy], or Aindréas Mac an Rothaich as his Gaelic kindred name, was a Scottish churchman active in the 15th century, undoubtedly given his surname a native of Ross of Clan Munro.

He was in Scotland in May 1443. [8] He was witness to a royal charter on 24 January 1450. [1] He attended the Edinburgh parliament of 24 September 1451. [1] On 17 June 1455, Bishop Thomas, along with the other bishops of Scotland, sealed the forfeiture of James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas. [1] In the 18th century, Bishop Tulloch's name was apparently on an inscription, dated to 1460. [9] He seems to have died before 23 March 1461, when his successor Henry Cockburn received papal provision to the (now) vacant bishopric, though one early modern antiquarian claimed his death occurred "in 1463 before Oct[ober]". [10]

Edinburgh City and council area in Scotland

Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas. Historically part of the county of Midlothian, it is located in Lothian on the Firth of Forth's southern shore.

James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas Scottish noble

James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas, 3rd Earl of Avondale KG (1426–1488) was a Scottish nobleman, last of the 'Black' earls of Douglas.

Henry Cockburn was a 15th-century Scottish prelate. Between 1461 and 1476, he was the Bishop of Ross.

See also


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Dowden, Bishops, p. 219.
  2. Dowden, Bishops, p. 219; Keith, Historical Catalogue, p. 189.
  3. Dowden, Bishops, p. 219; Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 71.
  4. Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 272.
  5. Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, pp. 268, 272.
  6. Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 116.
  7. 1 2 3 Dowden, Bishops, p. 218; Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 268.
  8. Dowden, Bishops, p. 218.
  9. Keith, Historical Catalogue, p. 569.
  10. Dowden, Bishops, p. 219; Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, pp. 268-9; the antiquarian is Major-general Stewart Allan, who did not cite his source.

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Religious titles
Preceded by
Thomas de Greenlaw
Archdeacon of Caithness
Succeeded by
James Bruce
Preceded by
William Fayrhar
Dean of Ross
Succeeded by
James de Innes
Preceded by
John Bullock
Bishop of Ross
14401460 × 1461
Succeeded by
Henry Cockburn