Thomas Tupper Carter-Campbell of Possil

Last updated

Colonel Thomas Tupper Carter-Campbell of Possil R.E., J. P. COS
Colonel thomas tupper carter-campbell of possil.JPG
Allegiance Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service1853 - 1887
Rank Colonel
Justice of the Peace
Chief of Staff
Commands held Bengal Engineer Group
Great Trigonometric Survey
Honourable East India Company
Battles/wars Sikkim Expedition
Umbeyla Campaign
1868 Expedition to Abyssinia
Relations Thomas Carter MP (1690–1763),
Admiral John Carter,
General George Carter-Campbell
Colonel Duncan Carter-Campbell of Possil

Colonel Thomas Tupper Carter-Campbell of Possil (15 September 1838 – 14 January 1900) was a British soldier.



Thomas Tupper Carter was born on 15 September 1838, the third son of Admiral John Carter RN of Castlemartin and his wife, Julia Adery Georges. [1] He was a grandson of Thomas Carter MP of Castlemartin.


He first attended Cheltenham College. [2] In 1853, he entered the Royal School of Military Engineering as an Ensign and was given the provisionary rank of lieutenant on 13 August 1853. [3] He subsequently attended Addiscombe Military Seminary, where officers were trained for service with the army of the East India Company. [4] He was examined and qualified as an engineer office on 11 December 1857, with the rank of second lieutenant. [5]

In late 1857 Carter joined the Company's Royal Bengal Engineers and was promoted to first lieutenant on 27 August 1858. [6]

After the Indian Mutiny of 1857–1858, the army of the East India Company was abolished, most of it becoming the Indian Army. However, the Royal Bengal Engineers were amalgamated with the Royal Engineers of the British Army.

Military career

In 1861, Carter served in the Sikkim Expedition. In 1863, he commanded the engineer forces in the Umbeyla Campaign. On 21 April 1864, Carter was appointed a 3rd Grade surveyor in Great Trigonometric Survey of India. [7] Later that year, on 15 September, he was married to Emily Georgina Campbell of Possil, the daughter of General George Campbell of Inverniell and he adopted the new name of Carter-Campbell of Possil.

Carter served in the 1868 Expedition to Abyssinia where, upon the death of H. W. Garnault, he was promoted to captain on 13 September 1870. [8]

On 1 October 1877 Carter was promoted to major in the Royal Engineers, [9] and made lieutenant colonel on 11 December 1886. [10] He retired in 1887 upon receiving the honorary rank of colonel.

In retirement

Carter lived for a time at Siam House, Weymouth, Dorset. [11] In 1893 he was granted renewed arms by the Lord Lyon King of Arms, and formally changed his name to Carter-Campbell of Possil. [11] [12]

He subsequently lived with his wife and children at the family residence of Fascadale, in the parish of South Knapdale in Strathclyde (now Ardrishaig, Lochgilphead, Argyllshire). [13] He held office for the Lord Lieutenant of Argyllshire and was made Justice of the Peace.[ citation needed ]

On 14 January 1900 Carter died at Fascadale, aged 61. [14] [15] He had six children. His son George Carter-Campbell served in World War I and became a major general.

See also

Related Research Articles

Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde British Army officer

Field Marshal Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde,, was a British Army officer. After serving in the Peninsular War and the War of 1812, he commanded the 98th Regiment of Foot during the First Opium War and then commanded a brigade during the Second Anglo-Sikh War. He went on to command the Highland Brigade at the Battle of Alma and with his "thin red line of Highlanders" he repulsed the Russian attack on Balaclava during the Crimean War. At an early stage of the Indian Mutiny, he became Commander-in-Chief, India and, in that role, he relieved and then evacuated Lucknow and, after attacking and decisively defeating Tatya Tope at the Second Battle of Cawnpore, captured Lucknow again. Whilst still commander-in-chief he dealt with the 'White Mutiny' among East India Company troops, and organised the army sent east in the Second Opium War.

Robert Napier, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala British Indian Army officer

Robert Cornelis Napier, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala was a British Indian Army officer. He fought in the First Anglo-Sikh War and the Second Anglo-Sikh War before seeing action as chief engineer during the second relief of Lucknow in March 1858 during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. He also served in the Second Opium War as commander of the 2nd division of the expeditionary force which took part in the Battle of Taku Forts, the surrender of Peking's Anting Gate and the entry to Peking in 1860. He subsequently led the punitive expedition to Abyssinia July 1867, defeating the Emperor Tewodros II of Ethiopia with minimal loss of life among his own forces and rescuing the hostages of Tewodros.

Herbert Plumer, 1st Viscount Plumer senior British Army officer of the First World War

Field Marshal Herbert Charles Onslow Plumer, 1st Viscount Plumer, was a senior British Army officer of the First World War. After commanding V Corps at the Second Battle of Ypres in April 1915, he took command of the Second Army in May 1915 and in June 1917 won an overwhelming victory over the German Army at the Battle of Messines, which started with the simultaneous explosion of a series of mines placed by the Royal Engineers' tunnelling companies beneath German lines, which created 19 large craters and was described as the loudest explosion in human history. He later served as Commander-in-Chief of the British Army of the Rhine and then as Governor of Malta before becoming High Commissioner of the British Mandate for Palestine in 1925 and retiring in 1928.

Arthur Lee, 1st Viscount Lee of Fareham British politician and patron of the arts

Arthur Hamilton Lee, 1st Viscount Lee of Fareham,, was an English soldier, diplomat, politician, philanthropist and patron of the arts. After military postings and an assignment to the British Embassy in Washington, he retired from the military in 1900. He entered politics, was first elected in 1900, and later served as Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries and First Lord of the Admiralty following the First World War. He donated his country house, Chequers, to the nation as a retreat for the Prime Minister, and co-founded the Courtauld Institute of Art.

George Fiott Day Recipient of the Victoria Cross

Captain George Fiott Day was one of the earliest English recipients of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He was also a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour.

Hugh Rose, 1st Baron Strathnairn British field marshal

Field Marshal Hugh Henry Rose, 1st Baron Strathnairn, was a senior British Army officer. He served as a military adviser to the Ottoman Army who were seeking to secure the expulsion of the forces of Mehemet Ali from Syria during the Egyptian–Ottoman War. He then fought with the French Army at the Battle of Alma, the Battle of Inkerman and at the Battle of Mamelon during the Crimean War. During the Indian Rebellion of 1857 Rose was given command of the Central Indian Field Force and defeated the armies at Jhansi in April 1858, at Lahore in May 1858 and at Gwalior in June 1858. He went on to be Commander of the Bombay Army, Commander-in-Chief, India and then Commander-in-Chief, Ireland.

Henry Wylie Norman British Field Marshal

Field Marshal Sir Henry Wylie Norman, was a senior Indian Army officer and colonial administrator. He served in the Second Anglo-Sikh War, the campaign against the Kohat Pass Afridis, the suppression of the Santhal rebellion, and the suppression of the Indian Mutiny. He became military member of the Viceroy's Council in 1870, in which role he maintained the policy of ensuring that the Indian Army were less well armed than British troops there to deter another mutiny. As a result, he became a member of the Council of India; and in his later years he became Governor of Jamaica and then Governor of Queensland.

Sir Donald Stewart, 1st Baronet British field marshal

Field Marshal Sir Donald Martin Stewart, 1st Baronet, was a senior Indian Army officer. He fought on the Aka Khel Expedition to the North-West Frontier in 1854, took part in the response to the Indian Rebellion in 1857 and, after serving as commandant of the penal settlement of the Andaman Islands, fought in the Second Anglo-Afghan War as Commander of the Quetta Army. In that role, he advanced through the Bolan Pass to Quetta, and then on to Kandahar in January 1879. In March 1880, he made a difficult march from Kandahar to Kabul, fighting on the way the Battle of Ahmed Khel and Battle of Arzu, and then holding supreme military and civil command in northern Afghanistan. He became Commander-in-Chief, India in April 1881 and a member of the Council of the Secretary of State for India in 1893.

William Mansfield, 1st Baron Sandhurst British Army general

General William Rose Mansfield, 1st Baron Sandhurst was a British military commander who served as Commander-in-Chief of India from 1865 to 1870.

The 93rd Regiment of Foot was a Line Infantry Regiment of the British Army, raised in 1799. Under the Childers Reforms, it amalgamated with the 91st Regiment of Foot to form the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders.

Lintorn Simmons British Field Marshal

Field Marshal Sir John Lintorn Arabin Simmons was a British Army officer. Early in his career he served as Inspector of Railways, Secretary of the Railways Commission and then Secretary of the Railway Department under the Board of Trade. He went on to be British Commissioner with the Turkish Army providing advice to General Omar Pasha during the Crimean War. He assisted the Turks at the defence of Silistra and then led them at the Battle of Giurgevo before landing with them at the Battle of Eupatoria and remaining with them for the Siege of Sevastopol. After that he became British Consul in Warsaw, Commander, Royal Engineers at Aldershot and then Director of the Royal Engineer Establishment in Chatham. He went on to be Lieutenant-Governor of the Royal Military Academy and subsequently Governor of the Academy. His last appointments were as Colonel Commandant of the Royal Engineers, as Inspector General of Fortifications and then as Governor of Malta.

George Carter-Campbell British Army general

Major General George Tupper Campbell Carter-Campbell, (1869–1921) was a senior British Army officer who served in the Second Boer War and the First World War.

Alexander Campbell of Possil British Army general

Colonel Alexander Campbell of Possil (1754–1849) entered the army as an ensign in the 42nd Regiment in April 1769, and obtained a lieutenancy in the 2nd Battalion Royals the following year in Menorca. He moved to the 62nd regiment later that year in Ireland and went with the regiment to Canada, where, as a captain of light infantry under General Carleton, he fought in the campaigns of 1776 and 1777 with General Burgoyne in the American War of Independence.

Charles Waddington CB was a major-general in the Bombay Engineers of the British East India Company.

Carter-Campbell of Possil

Carter-Campbell of Possil is a branch of Clan Campbell, a Scottish clan. Historically, they are part of Clan Campbell, which was regarded as one of the largest Scottish clans. The branch of the Campbell clan was historically centred in Lawers. Some of the clan, which originated with the original Campbells, had links to the lands of Argyll.

Richard Hieram Sankey British Army general

Lieutenant-General Sir Richard Hieram Sankey was an officer in the Royal (Madras) Engineers in the East India Company's army in British India, later transferring to the British Army after the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and the assumption of Crown rule in India. Sankey Tank which he constructed to meet the water demands of Bangalore is named after him. The high court building in Bangalore, Attara Kacheri, was designed by him and built by Arcot Narrainswamy Mudaliar.

Captain Willoughby Harcourt Carter (1822–1900) J.P. was the first appointed Chief Constable of Buckinghamshire, from 1857 to 1867.

Duncan Carter-Campbell of Possil British Army officer

Lieutenant Colonel Duncan Maclachlan Carter-Campbell of Possil OBE, son of Major-General George Tupper Campbell Carter-Campbell C.B., D.S.O, was a British Army Colonel during the 1950s.

George Campbell of Inverneill British general

General George Campbell of Inverneill, C.B., K.A (1803–1882) was Commandant of the Royal Artillery and served in the East India Company.

Richard Stanley Hawks Moody British Army Colonel and Military Knight of Windsor

Colonel Richard Stanley Hawks Moody, was a distinguished officer, and historian, of the British Army, during the period of the height of the British Empire. He subsequently became a Military Knight of Windsor.


  1. Lundy, Darryl (11 October 2009). "The Peerage".
  2. Hunter, Andrew Alexander (1890). Cheltenham College Register, 1841–1889. G. Bell and Sons. p.  367.
  3. "The London Gazette" (PDF). page 3789. The London Gazette. 13 August 1858.
  4. "Naval and Military". The Belfast Newsletter (12946). Belfast, Ireland. 16 December 1857.
  5. "Hart's annual army list, militia list, and imperial yeomanry list". page 201. J. Murray. 1863.
  6. "The London Gazette" (PDF). The London Gazette. 29 April 1862. p. 2239.
  7. Hart, Col. H. G. (1868). The New Army List; and Militia List. The London Gazette. p. 101a.
  8. "The London Gazette" (PDF). The London Gazette. 13 December 1870. p. 5748.
  9. "The London Gazette - The Morning Post" (32898). London, England. 5 December 1877. p. 6.
  10. "Military News - The Star" (87). Saint Peter Port, England. 16 December 1886.
  11. 1 2 "Change of Name". Morning Post (37674). London. 11 March 1893. p. 1.(subscription required)
  12. Anderson, J.; Anderson, F. (22 October 1895). "[Notice]" (PDF). Edinburgh Gazette. pp. 1373–4.
  13. Anderson, J.; Anderson, F. (22 July 1898). "[Notice]" (PDF). Edinburgh Gazette. p. 728.
  14. "Obituary". The Times (36040). London. 16 January 1900. p. 7.(subscription required)
  15. "Naval and Military News". Birmingham Daily Post (12979). Birmingham. 17 January 1900.(subscription required)