Thomas Tupper Carter-Campbell of Possil

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Colonel Thomas Tupper Carter-Campbell of Possil R.E., J. P. COS
Colonel thomas tupper carter-campbell of possil.JPG
Born 1838
Died 1900
Allegiance Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1853 - 1887
Rank Colonel
Justice of the Peace
Chief of Staff
Commands held Bengal Engineer Group
Great Trigonometric Survey
Honourable East India Company
Battles/wars Sikkim Expedition
Umbeyla Campaign
1868 Expedition to Abyssinia
Relations Thomas Carter MP (1690–1763),
Admiral John Carter,
General George Carter-Campbell
Colonel Duncan Carter-Campbell of Possil

Colonel Thomas Tupper Carter-Campbell of Possil (15 September 1838 – 14 January 1900) was a British soldier.

Colonel (Col) is a rank of the British Army and Royal Marines, ranking below brigadier, and above lieutenant colonel. British colonels are not usually field commanders; typically they serve as staff officers between field commands at battalion and brigade level. The insignia is two diamond-shaped pips below a crown. The crown has varied in the past with different monarchs; the current Queen's reign has used St Edward's Crown. The rank is equivalent to captain in the Royal Navy and group captain in the Royal Air Force.

Contents

Biography

Thomas Tupper Carter was born on 15 September 1838, the third son of Admiral John Carter RN of Castlemartin and his wife, Julia Adery Georges. [1] He was a grandson of Thomas Carter MP of Castlemartin.

John Carter (Royal Navy officer) officer of the Royal Navy, born 1785

John Carter son of Thomas Carter and Catherine Butler of Castlemartin Co Kildare and grandson of Henry Boyle Carter, was an officer of the Royal Navy, who saw service during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.

Castlemartin House and Estate

53.1358°N 6.751667°W

Thomas Carter (1690–1763) Master of the Rolls in Ireland

Thomas Carter PC was a politician, a member of parliament, Master of the Rolls in Ireland, Privy Councillor and Secretary of State for Ireland. He was "an able and intriguing man" – Horace Walpole, 4th Earl of Orford.

Education

He first attended Cheltenham College. [2] In 1853, he entered the Royal School of Military Engineering as an Ensign and was given the provisionary rank of lieutenant on 13 August 1853. [3] He subsequently attended Addiscombe Military Seminary, where officers were trained for service with the army of the East India Company. [4] He was examined and qualified as an engineer office on 11 December 1857, with the rank of second lieutenant. [5]

Cheltenham College independent school in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England

Cheltenham College is a co-educational independent school, located in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England. One of the public schools of the Victorian period, it was opened in July 1841. A Church of England foundation, it is well known for its classical, military and sporting traditions, and currently has approximately 640 pupils.

Royal School of Military Engineering British military training institution

The Royal School of Military Engineering (RSME) Group provides a wide range of training not only in all the engineering disciplines that are fundamental to the Royal Engineers, but also Military Working Animals; their handlers and maintainers, Explosive Ordnance Disposal and Military Musicians. The scope of training delivered by the RSME Group ranges from combat engineers to Army musicians, chartered engineers to veterinary technicians and bomb disposal operators to heavy plant operators.

A lieutenant is a junior most commissioned officer in the armed forces, fire services, police and other organizations of many nations.

In late 1857 Carter joined the Company's Royal Bengal Engineers and was promoted to first lieutenant on 27 August 1858. [6]

Bengal Engineer Group

The Bengal Engineer Group (BEG) or the Bengal Sappers or Bengal Engineers as they are informally known, are remnants of British Indian Army's Bengal Army of the Bengal Presidency in British India; now a regiment of the Corps of Engineers in the Indian Army. The Bengal Sappers have their regimental centre at Roorkee Cantonment in Roorkee city, Uttarakhand. The Bengal Sappers are one of the few remaining regiments of the erstwhile Bengal Presidency Army and survived the Rebellion of 1857 due to their sterling work in the recapture of Delhi and other operations in 1857–58. The troops of the Bengal Sappers have been a familiar sight for over 200 years in the battlefields of British India with their never-say-die attitude of Chak De and brandishing their favourite tool the hamber.

First lieutenant is a commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces and, in some forces, an appointment.

After the Indian Mutiny of 1857-1858, the army of the East India Company was abolished, most of it becoming the Indian Army. However, the Royal Bengal Engineers were amalgamated with the Royal Engineers of the British Army.

Indian Rebellion of 1857 War for Indian independence by people and states of India against East India Company and the British Crown

The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 miles northeast of Delhi. It then erupted into other mutinies and civilian rebellions chiefly in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, though incidents of revolt also occurred farther north and east. The rebellion posed a considerable threat to British power in that region, and was contained only with the rebels' defeat in Gwalior on 20 June 1858. On 1 November 1858, the British granted amnesty to all rebels not involved in murder, though they did not declare the hostilities formally to have ended until 8 July 1859. The rebellion is known by many names, including the Sepoy Mutiny, the Indian Mutiny, the Great Rebellion, the Revolt of 1857, the Indian Insurrection, and the First War of Independence.

British Indian Army 1858-1947 land warfare branch of British Indias military, distinct from the British Army in India

The Indian Army (IA), often known since 1947 as the British Indian Army to distinguish it from the current Indian Army, was the principal military of the British Indian Empire before its decommissioning in 1947. It was responsible for the defence of both the British Indian Empire and the princely states, which could also have their own armies. The Indian Army was an important part of the British Empire's forces, both in India and abroad, particularly during the First World War and the Second World War.

Royal Engineers corps of the British Army

The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.

Military career

In 1861, Carter served in the Sikkim Expedition. In 1863, he commanded the engineer forces in the Umbeyla Campaign. On 21 April 1864, Carter was appointed a 3rd Grade surveyor in Great Trigonometric Survey of India. [7] Later that year, on 15 September, he was married to Emily Georgina Campbell of Possil, the daughter of General George Campbell of Inverniell and he adopted the new name of Carter-Campbell of Possil.

Carter-Campbell of Possil

Carter-Campbell of Possil is a branch of Clan Campbell, a Scottish clan. Historically, they are part of Clan Campbell, which was regarded as one of the largest Scottish clans. The branch of the Campbell clan was historically centred in Lawers. Some of the clan, which originated with the original Campbells, had links to the lands of Argyll.

Carter served in the 1868 Expedition to Abyssinia where, upon the death of H. W. Garnault, he was promoted to captain on 13 September 1870. [8]

On 1 October 1877 Carter was promoted to major in the Royal Engineers, [9] and made lieutenant colonel on 11 December 1886. [10] He retired in 1887 upon receiving the honorary rank of colonel.

In retirement

Carter lived for a time at Siam House, Weymouth, Dorset. [11] In 1893 he was granted renewed arms by the Lord Lyon King of Arms, and formally changed his name to Carter-Campbell of Possil. [11] [12]

He subsequently lived with his wife and children at the family residence of Fascadale, in the parish of South Knapdale in Strathclyde (now Ardrishaig, Lochgilphead, Argyllshire). [13] He held office for the Lord Lieutenant of Argyllshire and was made Justice of the Peace.[ citation needed ]

On 14 January 1900 Carter died at Fascadale, aged 61. [14] [15] He had six children. His son George Carter-Campbell served in World War I and became a major general.

See also

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References

  1. Lundy, Darryl (11 Oct 2009). "The Peerage".
  2. Hunter, Andrew Alexander (1890). Cheltenham College Register, 1841-1889. G. Bell and Sons.
  3. "The London Gazette" (PDF). page 3789. The London Gazette. 13 August 1858.
  4. "Naval and Military". The Belfast Newsletter (12946). Belfast, Ireland. 16 December 1857.
  5. "Hart's annual army list, militia list, and imperial yeomanry list". page 201. J. Murray. 1863.
  6. "The London Gazette" (PDF). The London Gazette. 29 April 1862. p. 2239.
  7. Hart, Col. H. G. (1868). The New Army List; and Militia List. The London Gazette. p. 101a.
  8. "The London Gazette" (PDF). The London Gazette. 13 December 1870. p. 5748.
  9. "The London Gazette - The Morning Post" (32898). London, England. 5 December 1877. p. 6.
  10. "Military News - The Star" (87). Saint Peter Port, England. 16 December 1886.
  11. 1 2 "Change of Name". Morning Post (37674). London. 11 March 1893. p. 1.(subscription required)
  12. Anderson, J.; Anderson, F. (22 October 1895). "[Notice]" (PDF). Edinburgh Gazette. pp. 1373–4.
  13. Anderson, J.; Anderson, F. (22 July 1898). "[Notice]" (PDF). Edinburgh Gazette. p. 728.
  14. "Obituary". The Times (36040). London. 16 January 1900. p. 7.(subscription required)
  15. "Naval and Military News". Birmingham Daily Post (12979). Birmingham. 17 January 1900.(subscription required)