Thomas Tweedie

Last updated

Thomas Mitchell March Tweedie (March 4, 1871 – October 4, 1944) was a politician, lawyer and Chief Justice in Canada.

Canada Country in North America

Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Its southern border with the United States, stretching some 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world's longest bi-national land border. Canada's capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.


Early life

Tweedie was born in River John, Nova Scotia in 1871. He graduated from Mount Allison University with a Bachelor of Arts in 1902 and subsequently entered Harvard University, where he earned a law degree in 1905. He joined the bar and started practicing law in 1907.

River John, Nova Scotia Unincorporated village and surrounding rural areas in Nova Scotia, Canada

River John is an unincorporated community in Pictou County, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Nova Scotia Province of Canada

Nova Scotia is one of Canada's three Maritime Provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada. Its provincial capital is Halifax. Nova Scotia is the second-smallest of Canada's ten provinces, with an area of 55,284 square kilometres (21,300 sq mi), including Cape Breton and another 3,800 coastal islands. As of 2016, the population was 923,598. Nova Scotia is Canada's second-most-densely populated province, after Prince Edward Island, with 17.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (45/sq mi).

Mount Allison University university

Mount Allison University is a primarily undergraduate Canadian liberal arts and science university located in Sackville, New Brunswick. It has been ranked the top undergraduate university in the country 20 times in the past 28 years by Maclean's magazine, a record unmatched by any other university. With a 17:1 student-to-faculty ratio, the average first-year class size is 60 and upper-year classes average 14 students.

Provincial career

Tweedie was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta in a 1911 by-election and served the Calgary seat that had been previously vacated by Richard Bennett. In this elected he ran under the Conservative banner. Tweedie defeated popular municipal alderman Thomas Skinner who ran as a Liberal candidate.

Legislative Assembly of Alberta Single house of Legislature of Alberta

The Legislative Assembly of Alberta is the deliberative assembly of the Alberta Legislature in Alberta, Canada. The Alberta legislature meets in the Alberta Legislature Building in the provincial capital, Edmonton. The Legislative Assembly consists of 87 members, elected first past the post from single-member electoral districts. Bills passed by the legislature are given royal assent by Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, represented by the Lieutenant-Governor of Alberta.

Calgary (provincial electoral district) provincial electoral district of Alberta, Canada

Calgary was a provincial electoral district in Alberta, Canada that existed from 1905 to 1913 and was recreated from 1921 to 1959. The district returned from one to six members to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta. The district largely encompassed the boundaries of the City of Calgary, and was revised accordingly as the city grew.

The Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta was a provincial centre-right party in the Canadian province of Alberta. The party formed the provincial government, without interruption, from 1971 until the party's defeat in the 2015 provincial election under Premiers Peter Lougheed, Don Getty, Ralph Klein, Ed Stelmach, Alison Redford, Dave Hancock and Jim Prentice. At 44 years, this was the longest unbroken run in government at the provincial or federal level in Canadian history.

Tweedie was re-elected to his second term in the 1913 Alberta general election. The Calgary riding was broken up into 3 different ridings under the redistribution bill passed by the Sifton government. Thomas ran in the new riding of Centre Calgary. He won his second term in the legislature with a large margin defeating Liberal candidate John McDougall. [1]

1913 Alberta general election

The Alberta general election of 1913 was the third general election for the Province of Alberta, Canada. The writ was dropped on 25 March 1913 and election day was held 17 April 1913 to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta. Elections in two northern districts took place on 30 July 1913 to compensate for the remote location of the riding. The method to elect members was under the First Past the Post voting system with the exception of the Edmonton district which returned two members under a plurality block vote. The writ period for the general election was very short being 23 days.

Centre Calgary was a provincial electoral district from Alberta, Canada. The district returned a single member to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta from 1913 to 1921.

John Chantler McDougall (1842–1917) was a missionary, civil servant and published author in Alberta, Canada.

In the 1917 Alberta general election he ran for re-election in Calgary Centre, this time being defeated by Alex Ross who ran as a Labor candidate. Thomas would quickly make the jump to federal politics running in the federal election later that year.

1917 Alberta general election

The Alberta general election of 1917 was the fourth general election for the Province of Alberta, Canada, held on 7 June 1917 to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta.

Alex Ross (politician) Canadian politician

Alexander Ross was a stonemason, politician and cabinet minister from Alberta, Canada. He was born in Premnoy, Scotland.

Federal career

After Thomas lost his seat in the 1917 provincial election, he attempted a run at federal politics. Thomas ran as a Unionist member in the new Calgary West federal riding during the 1917 federal election. He won a comfortable victory and served as the first Member of Parliament for the riding in the coalition government.

Calgary West

Calgary West was a federal electoral district in Alberta, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1917 to 1953, and from 1979 to 2015. It was located in the western part of the City of Calgary.

1917 Canadian federal election

The 1917 Canadian federal election was held on December 17, 1917, to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 13th Parliament of Canada. Described by historian Michael Bliss as the "most bitter election in Canadian history", it was fought mainly over the issue of conscription. The election resulted in Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden's Unionist government elected with a strong majority and the largest percentage of the popular vote for any party in Canadian history.

Thomas served most of his first in term parliament, until he vacated his seat on October 14, 1921 after he was appointed as a Justice to the Bench.

Judicial career

Thomas was appointed as a judge in 1921, giving up his seat in the House of Commons. He served as a justice for 23 years before being appointed as a chief justice on August 16, 1944. He would die a short time later on October 4, 1944 at the age of 73.

Related Research Articles

There have been various groups in Canada that have nominated candidates under the label Labour Party or Independent Labour Party or other variations from the 1870s until the 1960s. These were usually local or provincial groups using the Labour Party or Independent Labour Party name, backed by local labour councils or individual trade unions. There was an attempt to create a national Canadian Labour Party in the late 1910s and in the 1920s, but these were partly successful. The Communist Party of Canada, formed in 1921/22, fulfilled some of labour's political yearnings from coast to coast, and then the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation - Worker Farmer Socialist" was formed in 1932. With organic ties to the organized labour movement, this was a labour party by definition.

Liberal-Progressive was a label used by a number of candidates in Canadian elections between 1925 and 1953. In federal and Ontario politics, there was no Liberal-Progressive party: it was an alliance between two parties. In Manitoba, a party existed with this name.

The Alberta Liberal Party is a provincial political party in Alberta, Canada. Founded in 1905, it is the oldest active political party in Alberta and was the dominant political party until the 1921 election, with the first three provincial Premiers being Liberals. Since 1921, it has formed the official opposition in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta several times, most recently from 1993 until 2012. Fourteen Liberals have served as Leader of the Opposition of Alberta.

Alberta New Democratic Party centre-left political party in Alberta

The Alberta New Democratic Party, commonly shortened to Alberta's NDP, is a social-democratic political party in Alberta, Canada. It is the provincial Alberta affiliate of the federal New Democratic Party of Canada, and the successor to the Alberta section of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation and the even earlier Alberta wing of the Canadian Labour Party and the United Farmers of Alberta. From the mid-1980s to 2004, the party abbreviated its name as the "New Democrats" (ND).

Alexander Grant MacKay Canadian politician

Alexander Grant MacKay was a Canadian teacher, lawyer and provincial level politician. He served prominent posts in two provincial legislatures as Leader of the Opposition in Ontario and as a Cabinet Minister in Alberta.


Calgary-West is a provincial electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, Canada.

This is page shows results of Canadian federal elections in the city of Calgary.

Jean Léon Côté was a prominent Canadian politician. He served as a member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta from 1909 until 1923 sitting with the provincial Liberal party in both government and opposition. He vacated his provincial seat when he was appointed to the Senate of Canada in 1923. He served until his death in 1924 sitting with the federal Liberal caucus.

William Thomas Henry Canadian politician

William Thomas Henry was a politician, real estate agent and businessman in Alberta, Canada. He served numerous years on Edmonton City Council as an Alderman from 1900 to 1902 and later as mayor from 1914 to 1917. He also served as a member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta from 1924 to 1926 sitting with the Liberal caucus.

George Douglas Stanley Canadian politician

George Douglas Stanley was a politician and physician from Alberta, Canada. He began as a pioneer doctor in Alberta in 1901. He served in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta from 1913 to 1921 as a member of the Conservative Party, and he served in the Canadian House of Commons from 1930 to 1935 sitting with the federal Conservatives.

Michael Clark was a Canadian physician and politician from Alberta, Canada.

Duncan Marshall Canadian politician

Duncan McLean Marshall was a Canadian journalist, publisher, rancher provincial level politician and Minister of Agriculture in 2 provinces and later served in the Senate of Canada representing the province of Ontario.

Thomas Blow Canadian politician

Thomas Henry Blow was a provincial level politician from Alberta, Canada.

Albert Ewing Canadian politician

Albert Freeman Ewing was a provincial politician and judge from Alberta, Canada. He served as a member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta from 1913 to 1921 sitting with the Conservative caucus in opposition. After his political career he was appointed as a judge to the Supreme Court of Alberta.

James Gray Turgeon Canadian politician

James Gray Turgeon was a broker, soldier, and provincial and federal level politician from Canada. He served as a member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta from 1913 to 1921 sitting with the Alberta Liberal caucus in government. During that time he also served in World War I.

Robert Gardiner (politician) Canadian politician

Robert Gardiner was a farmer and federal Member of Parliament from Canada. He was born in Aberdeenshire, Scotland.

Herbert Bealey Adshead was a farmer, author and a municipal and federal level politician from Canada.

Olds was a provincial electoral district in Alberta, Canada. The district was mandated to return a single member to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta from 1909 to 1963. The district was combined with the Didsbury electoral district to form Olds-Didsbury. The district was named after the town of Olds, Alberta.

Alexander McGillivray (politician) Canadian politician

Alexander Andrew McGillivray was a lawyer and provincial level politician from Alberta, Canada. He served as a member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta representing the electoral district of Calgary from 1926 to 1930. He served as leader of the Alberta Conservative party from 1925 to 1929.


  1. "Centre Calgary results 1913 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved 2009-05-08.
Legislative Assembly of Alberta
Preceded by
Richard Bennett
MLA Calgary
Succeeded by
Alex Ross
Robert Edwards
Fred J. White
Robert Marshall
Robert Pearson
Preceded by
New District
MLA Centre Calgary
Succeeded by
Alex Ross
Parliament of Canada
Preceded by
New District
Member of Parliament Calgary West
Succeeded by
Joseph Tweed Shaw