Thomas Twisden Hodges

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Grave of Thomas Twisden Hodges in Brookwood Cemetery Thomas Twisden Hodges Grave.jpg
Grave of Thomas Twisden Hodges in Brookwood Cemetery

Thomas Twisden Hodges (29 August 1809 – 12 March 1865) was an English Liberal Party politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1835 and 1852. [1]

Liberal Party (UK) political party of the United Kingdom, 1859–1988

The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom with the opposing Conservative Party in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The party arose from an alliance of Whigs and free trade Peelites and Radicals favourable to the ideals of the American and French Revolutions in the 1850s. By the end of the 19th century, it had formed four governments under William Gladstone. Despite being divided over the issue of Irish Home Rule, the party returned to government in 1905 and then won a landslide victory in the following year's general election.

House of Commons of the United Kingdom Lower house in the Parliament of the United Kingdom

The House of Commons, officially the Honourable the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Like the upper house, the House of Lords, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Owing to shortage of space, its office accommodation extends into Portcullis House.

Hodges was the son of Thomas Law Hodges of Hemsted Park, MP for West Kent, and his wife Rebecca Twisden, daughter of Sir Roger Twisden. [2]

Thomas Law Hodges British politician

Thomas Law Hodges was an English Liberal Party politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1830 and 1852.

Hemsted Park

Hemsted Park, historically sometimes known as Hempsted Park, is a 100 hectares former country estate and manor house north-west of the village of Benenden in the English county of Kent. It is the site of Benenden School, an independent boarding school for girls.

There have been two baronetcies created, both in the Baronetage of England, for members of the Twysden family of Kent.

Hodges was elected at the 1835 general election as a Member of Parliament (MP) for the borough of Rochester, but did not stand again in 1837. [3] He unsuccessfully contested a by-election in 1842 for the borough of Canterbury, winning only 17 votes out of 1417. [4] He was returned for Rochester at the 1847 general election, and held the seat until he stood down in 1852. [3]

1835 United Kingdom general election

The 1835 United Kingdom general election was called when Parliament was dissolved on 29 December 1834. Polling took place between 6 January and 6 February 1835, and the results saw Robert Peel's Conservatives make large gains from their low of the 1832 election, but the Whigs maintained a large majority.

Rochester was a parliamentary constituency in Kent. It returned two members of parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of England from 1295 to 1707, then to the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1708 to 1800, and finally to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 until the 1885 general election, when its representation was reduced to one seat.

1837 United Kingdom general election

The 1837 United Kingdom general election was triggered by the death of King William IV and produced the first Parliament of the reign of his successor, Victoria. It saw Robert Peel's Conservatives close further on the position of the Whigs, who won their fourth election of the decade.

Hodges was a major in the West Kent Militia. [5]

In 1856 Hodges was living at St Hilda's when he was declared insolvent. [6]

Hodges married firstly, Mary Ann Floretta Chandless. [2] He married secondly, in 1854, Rosa, Lady Nott, widow of General Sir William Nott, and daughter of Major P. L. Dore, 3rd Foot. After her second husband´s death she resumed the name Lady Nott. She died in August 1901. [7] Thomas Twisden Hodges is buried in Brookwood Cemetery.

Brookwood Cemetery burial ground in Brookwood, Surrey, England

Brookwood Cemetery, also known as the London Necropolis, is a burial ground in Brookwood, Surrey, England. It is the largest cemetery in the United Kingdom and one of the largest in Europe. The cemetery is listed a Grade I site in the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.

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References

  1. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 2)
  2. 1 2 Monumental Inscriptions of Benenden Church and Churchyard, from a book, published in 1889 by Rev Francis Haslewood, Rector of St Matthew's Church, Ipswich
  3. 1 2 Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 258. ISBN   0-900178-26-4.
  4. Craig, page78
  5. London Gazette 1846
  6. The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848-1954) Wednesday 13 February 1856
  7. "Obituary - Lady Nott". The Times (36544). London. 27 August 1901. p. 4.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Mills
Ralph Bernal
Member of Parliament for Rochester
18351837
With: Ralph Bernal
Succeeded by
Thomas Hobhouse
Ralph Bernal
Preceded by
James Douglas
William Bodkin
Member of Parliament for Rochester
18471852
With: Ralph Bernal
Succeeded by
Hon. Francis Child Villiers
Sir Thomas Maddock