The Hon. Thomas James Twisleton (also Twistleton) (1770–1824) was an English churchman, Archdeacon of Colombo from 1815 to 1824.His early marriage has been considered a contribution to the use by Jane Austen of amateur theatricals as a plot device in her novel Mansfield Park . He was also noted as an amateur cricketer.
Jane Austen was an English novelist known primarily for her six major novels, which interpret, critique and comment upon the British landed gentry at the end of the 18th century. Austen's plots often explore the dependence of women on marriage in the pursuit of favourable social standing and economic security. Her works critique the novels of sensibility of the second half of the 18th century and are part of the transition to 19th-century literary realism. Her use of biting irony, along with her realism, humour, and social commentary, have long earned her acclaim among critics, scholars, and popular audiences alike.
Mansfield Park is the third published novel by Jane Austen, first published in 1814 by Thomas Egerton. A second edition was published in 1816 by John Murray, still within Austen's lifetime. The novel did not receive any public reviews until 1821.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a field at the centre of which is a 20-metre (22-yard) pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two bails balanced on three stumps. The batting side scores runs by striking the ball bowled at the wicket with the bat, while the bowling and fielding side tries to prevent this and dismiss each player. Means of dismissal include being bowled, when the ball hits the stumps and dislodges the bails, and by the fielding side catching the ball after it is hit by the bat, but before it hits the ground. When ten players have been dismissed, the innings ends and the teams swap roles. The game is adjudicated by two umpires, aided by a third umpire and match referee in international matches. They communicate with two off-field scorers who record the match's statistical information.
He was born on 28 September 1770 at Broughton, Oxfordshire, the youngest son of Thomas Twisleton, later Thomas Twisleton, 13th Baron Saye and Sele. He was educated at Westminster School, where he was a scholar, played cricket and other sports, and participated in The Trifler, a periodical, with John Hensleigh Allen and others.He matriculated at St Mary Hall, Oxford on 2 February 1789, aged 18, graduating B.A. in 1794, and M.A. 1796.
Broughton is a village and civil parish in northern Oxfordshire, England, about 2 1⁄2 miles (4 km) southwest of Banbury.
Major General Thomas Twisleton, 13th Baron Saye and Sele was a British Army officer and peer.
Westminster School is a public school in London, England, located within the precincts of Westminster Abbey. Westminster's origins can be traced to a charity school established by the Benedictine monks of Westminster Abbey. Its continuous existence is certain from the early fourteenth century. Boys are admitted to the Under School at the age of seven and to the senior school at the age of thirteen; girls are admitted at the age of sixteen into the Sixth Form. The school has around 750 pupils; around a quarter are boarders, most of whom go home at weekends, after Saturday morning school. The school motto, Dat Deus Incrementum, is taken from the New Testament, specifically 1 Corinthians 3:6.
Twisleton was ordained in 1795, and became a curate at Charwelton.He was short of money, but was offered livings, appointed in 1796 to Blakesley by Susannah Wight of Blakesley Hall, which he had for the rest of his life; and later to Broadwell with Adlestrop, in the gift of Chandos Leigh, his nephew.
Charwelton is a village and civil parish about 5 miles (8 km) south of Daventry in Northamptonshire, England. Its toponym is derived from the River Cherwell beside which the village stands. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 220.
Blakesley is a village in the South Northamptonshire district of Northamptonshire, England. It is about 5 miles (8 km) west of Towcester. It is about 400 feet (120 m) above sea level according to Ordnance Survey. North-west of Blakesley, and now contiguous with it, is the hamlet of Quinbury End.
Blakesley Hall was a 13th-century manor house situated near the village of Blakesley in Northamptonshire, England.
In 1802 Twisleton became secretary and chaplain to the British administration in Ceylon. He was appointed Archdeacon of Colombo in 1815, receiving the Oxford degree of D.D. in 1816. He died in Colombo, on 15 October 1824.
Colombo is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka by population. According to the Brookings Institution, Colombo metropolitan area has a population of 5.6 million, and 752,993 in the city proper. It is the financial centre of the island and a popular tourist destination. It is located on the west coast of the island and adjacent to the Greater Colombo area which includes Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, the legislative capital of Sri Lanka and Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia. Colombo is often referred to as the capital since Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is within the urban area of, and a suburb of, Colombo. It is also the administrative capital of the Western Province and the district capital of Colombo District. Colombo is a busy and vibrant place with a mixture of modern life and colonial buildings and ruins.
Twisleton was mainly associated with Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC).He made appearances in four known first-class cricket matches, from 1789 to 1796.
Marylebone Cricket Club is a cricket club founded in 1787 and based since 1814 at Lord's Cricket Ground, which it owns, in St John's Wood, London, England. The club was formerly the governing body of cricket in England and Wales and, as the sport's legislator, held considerable global influence.
First-class cricket is an official classification of the highest-standard international or domestic matches in the sport of cricket. A first-class match is of three or more days' scheduled duration between two sides of eleven players each and is officially adjudged to be worthy of the status by virtue of the standard of the competing teams. Matches must allow for the teams to play two innings each although, in practice, a team might play only one innings or none at all.
Twisleton's first marriage was at age 18 or 19, the result of an elopement with the heiress Charlotte Anne Frances Wattrell. In May 1788, they had played together in an amateur performance, of Julia by Robert Jephson, at Freemasons' Hall, London, as Mentevole and Julia; and in September of that year ran away and were married in Scotland.Twisleton already had acting experience, in theatricals at Adlestrop House, and the couple performed together, there and elsewhere, for a year or so, attracting public attention. A son was born to Charlotte on 5 June 1790. Surviving issue of the marriage was the daughter Julia Eliza (1789–1832), who married Captain James Brown in 1808.
Robert Jephson was an Irish dramatist and politician.
Freemasons' Hall in London is the headquarters of the United Grand Lodge of England and the Supreme Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Masons of England, as well as being a meeting place for many Masonic Lodges in the London area. It is located in Great Queen Street between Holborn and Covent Garden and has been a Masonic meeting place since 1775. There have been three Masonic buildings on the site, with the current incarnation being opened in 1933..
A change of heart by Twisleton about acting with his wife, in early 1794, precipitated a change of direction in his life, involving taking an Oxford degree, and preparing for the Church. He experienced money problems, they separated, and were divorced in 1798.
Twisleton's second wife, whom he married in 1798, was Anne Ashe (died 1847), daughter of Benjamin Ashe of the East India Company.Their children included:
Baron Saye and Sele is a title in the Peerage of England held by the Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes family. The title dates to 1447 but it was recreated in 1603. Confusion over the details of the 15th-century title has led to conflicting order for title holders; authorities such as Burke's Peerage and Debrett's Peerage do not agree on whether or not the 1447 creation is still extant.
William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele was an English nobleman and politician, known also for his involvement in several companies for setting up overseas colonies.
Adlestrop is a village and civil parish in Gloucestershire, England. It is recorded as Tedestrop in the Domesday Book. The name means "village of a person called Adel", with the Old English suffix thorp, which here has become "trop". In the 2011 census, it had a population of 120.
Thomas Robert Hay-Drummond, 11th Earl of Kinnoull, styled Viscount Dupplin between 1787 and 1804, was a Scottish peer. His titles were Earl of Kinnoull, Viscount Dupplin and Lord Hay of Kinfauns in the Peerage of Scotland; and Baron Hay of Pedwardine in the Peerage of Great Britain.
Sir Maurice Alberic Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes was an English industrialist.
The Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes Baronetcy, of Banbury in the County of Oxford, is a title in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. It was created in the 1916 Birthday Honours for the Liberal politician and decorated military officer, the Hon. Eustace Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes.
Viscount Saye and Sele was a title in the Peerage of England. It was created on 7 July 1624 for William Fiennes, 8th Baron Saye and Sele and became extinct on the death of Richard Fiennes 6th Viscount on 29 July 1781.
Chandos Leigh, 1st Baron Leigh was a British landowner and minor poet.
Nathaniel Thomas Allen Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes, 21st Baron Saye and Sele, DL is an English peer and businessman.
Geoffrey Cecil Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes, 18th Baron Saye and Sele was an English soldier and Liberal politician from the Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes family. He served as Comptroller of the Household between 1912 and 1915.
The Very Reverend and Honourable Oliver William Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes was Dean of Lincoln in the latter part of the 20th century.
James Fiennes, 2nd Viscount Saye and Sele was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1625 and 1660.
Sir John Fiennes Twisleton Crampton, 2nd Baronet, KCB, was a British diplomat, minister to the United States from 1852 to 1856 and Minister to Russia from 1858 to 1860.
John Twisleton, of Horsmans Place, Dartford, Kent was created a baronet by the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell. He was Sheriff of Kent.
The Venerable Frederick Fiennes, 16th Baron Saye and Sele, MA (1799–1887) was Archdeacon of Hereford from 1863 to 1887.
The Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes family are the descendants of the 16th Baron Saye and Sele who was born Frederick Benjamin Twistleton and adopted the surname Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes in 1849 by Act of Parliament. He was the grandson of Thomas Twisleton, 13th Baron Saye and Sele and inherited the barony from his first cousin William Thomas Eardley-Twisleton-Fiennes in 1847. The surname is frequently shortened to Fiennes. Members of the family include the explorer Ranulph Fiennes and the actors Ralph Fiennes, Joseph Fiennes and Hero Fiennes-Tiffin.
Sir John Saye Wingfield Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes, KCB, QC, commonly known as Sir John Fiennes, was a British lawyer and parliamentary draftsman.
Cecil Brownlow Twisleton Wykeham Fiennes was an English first-class cricketer and clergyman.
Wingfield Stratford Twisleton Wykeham Fiennes was an English first-class cricketer and clergyman.