Thomas Twisleton

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Gravestone of Hon. Rev Dr Archdeacon Thomas James Twisleton.jpg

The Hon. Thomas James Twisleton (also Twistleton) (1770–1824) was an English churchman, Archdeacon of Colombo from 1815 to 1824. [1] His early marriage has been considered a contribution to the use by Jane Austen of amateur theatricals as a plot device in her novel Mansfield Park . [2] He was also noted as an amateur cricketer.

Jane Austen English novelist

Jane Austen was an English novelist known primarily for her six major novels, which interpret, critique and comment upon the British landed gentry at the end of the 18th century. Austen's plots often explore the dependence of women on marriage in the pursuit of favourable social standing and economic security. Her works critique the novels of sensibility of the second half of the 18th century and are part of the transition to 19th-century literary realism. Her use of biting irony, along with her realism, humour, and social commentary, have long earned her acclaim among critics, scholars, and popular audiences alike.

<i>Mansfield Park</i> novel by Jane Austen

Mansfield Park is the third published novel by Jane Austen, first published in 1814 by Thomas Egerton. A second edition was published in 1816 by John Murray, still within Austen's lifetime. The novel did not receive any public reviews until 1821.

Cricket Team sport played with bats and balls

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a field at the centre of which is a 20-metre (22-yard) pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two bails balanced on three stumps. The batting side scores runs by striking the ball bowled at the wicket with the bat, while the bowling and fielding side tries to prevent this and dismiss each player. Means of dismissal include being bowled, when the ball hits the stumps and dislodges the bails, and by the fielding side catching the ball after it is hit by the bat, but before it hits the ground. When ten players have been dismissed, the innings ends and the teams swap roles. The game is adjudicated by two umpires, aided by a third umpire and match referee in international matches. They communicate with two off-field scorers who record the match's statistical information.

Contents

Life

He was born on 28 September 1770 at Broughton, Oxfordshire, the youngest son of Thomas Twisleton, later Thomas Twisleton, 13th Baron Saye and Sele. He was educated at Westminster School, where he was a scholar, played cricket and other sports, and participated in The Trifler, a periodical, with John Hensleigh Allen and others. [1] [3] He matriculated at St Mary Hall, Oxford on 2 February 1789, aged 18, graduating B.A. in 1794, and M.A. 1796. [1]

Broughton, Oxfordshire village and civil parish in Cherwell district, Oxfordshire, England

Broughton is a village and civil parish in northern Oxfordshire, England, about 2 12 miles (4 km) southwest of Banbury.

Major General Thomas Twisleton, 13th Baron Saye and Sele was a British Army officer and peer.

Westminster School School in Westminster, United Kingdom

Westminster School is a public school in London, England, located within the precincts of Westminster Abbey. Westminster's origins can be traced to a charity school established by the Benedictine monks of Westminster Abbey. Its continuous existence is certain from the early fourteenth century. Boys are admitted to the Under School at the age of seven and to the senior school at the age of thirteen; girls are admitted at the age of sixteen into the Sixth Form. The school has around 750 pupils; around a quarter are boarders, most of whom go home at weekends, after Saturday morning school. The school motto, Dat Deus Incrementum, is taken from the New Testament, specifically 1 Corinthians 3:6.

Twisleton was ordained in 1795, and became a curate at Charwelton. [4] He was short of money, but was offered livings, appointed in 1796 to Blakesley by Susannah Wight of Blakesley Hall, which he had for the rest of his life; and later to Broadwell with Adlestrop, in the gift of Chandos Leigh, his nephew. [3]

Charwelton village and civil parish in Northamptonshire, England

Charwelton is a village and civil parish about 5 miles (8 km) south of Daventry in Northamptonshire, England. Its toponym is derived from the River Cherwell beside which the village stands. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 220.

Blakesley village in United Kingdom

Blakesley is a village in the South Northamptonshire district of Northamptonshire, England. It is about 5 miles (8 km) west of Towcester. It is about 400 feet (120 m) above sea level according to Ordnance Survey. North-west of Blakesley, and now contiguous with it, is the hamlet of Quinbury End.

Blakesley Hall (Northamptonshire) Northamptonshire manor hourse

Blakesley Hall was a 13th-century manor house situated near the village of Blakesley in Northamptonshire, England.

In 1802 Twisleton became secretary and chaplain to the British administration in Ceylon. He was appointed Archdeacon of Colombo in 1815, receiving the Oxford degree of D.D. in 1816. He died in Colombo, on 15 October 1824. [1]

Colombo Commercial Capital in Western Province, Sri Lanka

Colombo is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka by population. According to the Brookings Institution, Colombo metropolitan area has a population of 5.6 million, and 752,993 in the city proper. It is the financial centre of the island and a popular tourist destination. It is located on the west coast of the island and adjacent to the Greater Colombo area which includes Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, the legislative capital of Sri Lanka and Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia. Colombo is often referred to as the capital since Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is within the urban area of, and a suburb of, Colombo. It is also the administrative capital of the Western Province and the district capital of Colombo District. Colombo is a busy and vibrant place with a mixture of modern life and colonial buildings and ruins.

Cricket career

Twisleton was mainly associated with Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC). [5] He made appearances in four known first-class cricket matches, from 1789 to 1796. [6]

Marylebone Cricket Club English Cricket Club

Marylebone Cricket Club is a cricket club founded in 1787 and based since 1814 at Lord's Cricket Ground, which it owns, in St John's Wood, London, England. The club was formerly the governing body of cricket in England and Wales and, as the sport's legislator, held considerable global influence.

First-class cricket is an official classification of the highest-standard international or domestic matches in the sport of cricket. A first-class match is of three or more days' scheduled duration between two sides of eleven players each and is officially adjudged to be worthy of the status by virtue of the standard of the competing teams. Matches must allow for the teams to play two innings each although, in practice, a team might play only one innings or none at all.

Family

Charlotte Twisleton Mrs Twisleton Ridley.jpg
Charlotte Twisleton

Twisleton's first marriage was at age 18 or 19, the result of an elopement with the heiress Charlotte Anne Frances Wattrell. In May 1788, they had played together in an amateur performance, of Julia by Robert Jephson, at Freemasons' Hall, London, as Mentevole and Julia; and in September of that year ran away and were married in Scotland. [3] [7] [8] Twisleton already had acting experience, in theatricals at Adlestrop House, and the couple performed together, there and elsewhere, for a year or so, attracting public attention. A son was born to Charlotte on 5 June 1790. [8] Surviving issue of the marriage was the daughter Julia Eliza (1789–1832), who married Captain James Brown in 1808. [9]

Robert Jephson 18th-century Irish politician and playwright

Robert Jephson was an Irish dramatist and politician.

Freemasons Hall, London building in Camden and headquarters of the United Grand Lodge of England

Freemasons' Hall in London is the headquarters of the United Grand Lodge of England and the Supreme Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Masons of England, as well as being a meeting place for many Masonic Lodges in the London area. It is located in Great Queen Street between Holborn and Covent Garden and has been a Masonic meeting place since 1775. There have been three Masonic buildings on the site, with the current incarnation being opened in 1933..

A change of heart by Twisleton about acting with his wife, in early 1794, precipitated a change of direction in his life, involving taking an Oxford degree, and preparing for the Church. He experienced money problems, they separated, and were divorced in 1798. [8]

Twisleton's second wife, whom he married in 1798, was Anne Ashe (died 1847), daughter of Benjamin Ashe of the East India Company. [10] [11] Their children included:

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 s:Alumni Oxonienses: the Members of the University of Oxford, 1715-1886/Twisleton, Hon. Thomas James
  2. Rosenfeld, Sybil Marion; Research, Society for Theatre (1978). Temples of Thespis: Some Private Theatres and Theatricals in England and Wales, 1700-1820. Society for Theatre Research. p. 128. ISBN   9780854300266.
  3. 1 2 3 The Gentleman's Magazine. 1825. pp. 275–. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  4. Persons: Twisleton, Thomas James (1795–1828) in "CCEd, the Clergy of the Church of England database " (Accessed online , 18 February 2018)
  5. Arthur Haygarth, Scores & Biographies, Volume 1 (1744-1826), Lillywhite, 1862
  6. "Thomas Twistleton, Cricket Players and Officials, ESPNcricinfo". ESPNcricinfo . Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  7. Harris, Jocelyn (3 August 2017). Satire, Celebrity, and Politics in Jane Austen. Bucknell University Press. p. 104. ISBN   9781611488432 . Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  8. 1 2 3 Highfill, Philip H.; Burnim, Kalman A.; Langhans, Edward A. (1993). A Biographical Dictionary of Actors, Actresses, Musicians, Dancers, Managers & Other Stage Personnel in London, 1660-1800: Tibbett to M. West. SIU Press. pp. 65–6. ISBN   9780809318025 . Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  9. Lodge, Edmund (1840). The Peerage of the British Empire as at present existing. Saunders. p. 448. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  10. The Gentleman's Magazine (London, England). F. Jefferies. 1847. p. 442.
  11. Faye, Deirdre Le (2006). A Chronology of Jane Austen and Her Family: 1700-2000. Cambridge University Press. p. 211. ISBN   9780521810647 . Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  12. The Gentleman's Magazine (London, England). F. Jefferies. 1847. p. 84.
  13. Howard, Joseph Jackson (1906). Frederick Arthur Crisp (ed.). "Visitation of England and Wales". Internet Archive . p. 194. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  14. Curthoys, M. C. "Twisleton, Edward Turner Boyd". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27915.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  15. Burke, Bernard; Ashworth Peter Burke (1895). "A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Colonial Gentry". Internet Archive . London: Harrison. p. 449. Retrieved 8 March 2018.