Thomas Twisleton, 13th Baron Saye and Sele

Last updated
The Lord Saye and Sele
Born c. 1735
Died 1 July 1788
Allegiance Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Major General
Commands held 9th (East Norfolk) Regiment of Foot
Battles/wars Seven Years' War
American War of Independence

Major General Thomas Twisleton, 13th Baron Saye and Sele (c. 1735 – 1 July 1788) was a British Army officer and peer.

British Army land warfare branch of the British Armed Forces of the United Kingdom

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces. As of 2018, the British Army comprises just over 81,500 trained regular (full-time) personnel and just over 27,000 trained reserve (part-time) personnel.

Contents

Military career

Twisleton was the son of John Twistleton (died 1763) of Broughton Castle, Oxfordshire, and his wife Anne Gardner. [1] He purchased a commission in the Scots Guards in 1754, becoming a captain in 1758. [2]

Scots Guards part of the Guards Division;  Foot Guards regiment of the British Army

The Scots Guards (SG), part of the Guards Division, is one of the Foot Guards regiments of the British Army. Their origins lie in the personal bodyguard of King Charles I of England and Scotland. Its lineage can be traced back to 1642, although it was only placed on the English Establishment in 1686. The Regiment is the oldest formed Regiment in the Regular Army in service today.

Twisleton fought in the West German Campaign during the Seven Years' War, and was present at the Battle of Wilhelmsthal in 1762. He saw further active service in the American War of Independence and was promoted to colonel in 1777. In 1780, he oversaw the defence of the Bank of England during the Gordon Riots and was responsible for helping to restore order in London. [3]

Seven Years War Global conflict between 1756 and 1763

The Seven Years' War was a global conflict fought between 1756 and 1763. It involved every European great power of the time and spanned five continents, affecting Europe, the Americas, West Africa, India, and the Philippines. The conflict split Europe into two coalitions, led by the Kingdom of Great Britain on one side and the Kingdom of France, the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Spain, and the Swedish Empire on the other. Meanwhile, in India, some regional polities within the increasingly fragmented Mughal Empire, with the support of the French, tried to crush a British attempt to conquer Bengal. The war's extent has led some historians to describe it as "World War Zero", similar in scale to other world wars.

Battle of Wilhelmsthal battle

The Battle of Wilhelmsthal was fought on 24 June 1762 during the Seven Years' War between on one side the allied forces of British, Prussian, Hanover, Brunswick and Hessian troops under the command of the Duke of Brunswick against the French. Once again, the French threatened Hanover, so the Allies manoeuvered around the French, surrounded the invasion force, and forced them to retreat. It was the last major action fought by Brunswick's force before the Peace of Paris brought an end to the war.

Colonel is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks. However, in some small military forces, such as those of Monaco or the Vatican, colonel is the highest rank. It is also used in some police forces and paramilitary organizations.

In 1781 Twisleton successfully established his claim to the Saye and Sele Barony, and assumed his seat in the House of Lords on 29 June that year. [2] As Lord Saye and Sele, he became colonel of the 9th (East Norfolk) Regiment of Foot in 1782 and served in that position until his early death in 1788. He was promoted to major general in 1782.

Baron Saye and Sele

Baron Saye and Sele is a title in the Peerage of England held by the Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes family. The title dates to 1447 but it was recreated in 1603. Confusion over the details of the 15th-century title has led to conflicting order for title holders; authorities such as Burke's Peerage and Debrett's Peerage do not agree on whether or not the 1447 creation is still extant.

House of Lords upper house in the Parliament of the United Kingdom

The House of Lords, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Like the House of Commons, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Officially, the full name of the house is the Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled.

Major general is a military rank used in many countries. It is derived from the older rank of sergeant major general. The disappearance of the "sergeant" in the title explains the apparently confusing phenomenon whereby a lieutenant general outranks a major general while a major outranks a lieutenant.

Family

Twisleton married in 1767 Elizabeth Turner, eldest daughter of Sir Edward Turner, 2nd Baronet and his wife Cassandra Leigh. Their children were: [4]

Sir Edward Turner, 2nd Baronet was one of the Turner baronets of Ambrosden and a Member of Parliament.

The Hon. Thomas James Twisleton (1770–1824) was an English churchman, Archdeacon of Colombo from 1815 to 1824. His early marriage has been considered a contribution to the use by Jane Austen of amateur theatricals as a plot device in her novel Mansfield Park. He was also noted as an amateur cricketer.

Richard Graves English minister, poet, and novelist

Richard Graves was an English minister, poet, and novelist.

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The Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes family are the descendants of the 16th Baron Saye and Sele who was born Frederick Benjamin Twistleton and adopted the surname Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes in 1849 by Act of Parliament. He was the grandson of Thomas Twisleton, 13th Baron Saye and Sele and inherited the barony from his first cousin William Thomas Eardley-Twisleton-Fiennes in 1847. The surname is frequently shortened to Fiennes. Members of the family include the explorer Ranulph Fiennes and the actors Ralph Fiennes and Joseph Fiennes.

Twisleton is a surname, and may refer to:

References

  1. Burke, John Bernard (1865). A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire (27 ed.). Harrison. p. 978. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Saye and Sele, Baron (E, 1603)". Cracroft's Peerage: The Complete Guide to the British Peerage & Baronetage. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  3. Sir Ranulph Fiennes, The Ranulph Fiennes Collection (Hachette UK, 24 Jan 2013)
  4. Burke, Bernard (1903). Ashworth P. Burke, ed. A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage, the Privy Council, Knightage and Companionage (65th ed.). London: Harrison and Sons. p. 1346.
  5. Parishes: Adlestrop, in A History of the County of Gloucester: Volume 6, ed. C R Elrington (London, 1965), pp. 8-16. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/glos/vol6/pp8-16 [accessed 8 March 2018].
  6. Debrett, John (1822). Scotland and Ireland. G. Woodfall. p. 1238. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Abeyant since 1674, dormant since 1715
Baron Saye and Sele
1781–1788
Succeeded by
Gregory Eardley-Twisleton-Fiennes
Military offices
Preceded by
Edward Ligonier, 1st Earl Ligonier
Colonel of the 9th Regiment of Foot
1788–1794
Succeeded by
Alexander Leslie