|The Lord Saye and Sele|
|Died||1 July 1788|
|Commands held||9th (East Norfolk) Regiment of Foot|
|Battles/wars|| Seven Years' War |
American War of Independence
Major General Thomas Twisleton, 13th Baron Saye and Sele (c. 1735 – 1 July 1788) was a British Army officer and peer.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces. As of 2018, the British Army comprises just over 81,500 trained regular (full-time) personnel and just over 27,000 trained reserve (part-time) personnel.
Twisleton was the son of John Twistleton (died 1763) of Broughton Castle, Oxfordshire, and his wife Anne Gardner.He purchased a commission in the Scots Guards in 1754, becoming a captain in 1758.
The Scots Guards (SG), part of the Guards Division, is one of the Foot Guards regiments of the British Army. Their origins lie in the personal bodyguard of King Charles I of England and Scotland. Its lineage can be traced back to 1642, although it was only placed on the English Establishment in 1686. The Regiment is the oldest formed Regiment in the Regular Army in service today.
Twisleton fought in the West German Campaign during the Seven Years' War, and was present at the Battle of Wilhelmsthal in 1762. He saw further active service in the American War of Independence and was promoted to colonel in 1777. In 1780, he oversaw the defence of the Bank of England during the Gordon Riots and was responsible for helping to restore order in London.
The Seven Years' War was a global conflict fought between 1756 and 1763. It involved every European great power of the time and spanned five continents, affecting Europe, the Americas, West Africa, India, and the Philippines. The conflict split Europe into two coalitions, led by the Kingdom of Great Britain on one side and the Kingdom of France, the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Spain, and the Swedish Empire on the other. Meanwhile, in India, some regional polities within the increasingly fragmented Mughal Empire, with the support of the French, tried to crush a British attempt to conquer Bengal. The war's extent has led some historians to describe it as "World War Zero", similar in scale to other world wars.
The Battle of Wilhelmsthal was fought on 24 June 1762 during the Seven Years' War between on one side the allied forces of British, Prussian, Hanover, Brunswick and Hessian troops under the command of the Duke of Brunswick against the French. Once again, the French threatened Hanover, so the Allies manoeuvered around the French, surrounded the invasion force, and forced them to retreat. It was the last major action fought by Brunswick's force before the Peace of Paris brought an end to the war.
Colonel is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks. However, in some small military forces, such as those of Monaco or the Vatican, colonel is the highest rank. It is also used in some police forces and paramilitary organizations.
In 1781 Twisleton successfully established his claim to the Saye and Sele Barony, and assumed his seat in the House of Lords on 29 June that year.As Lord Saye and Sele, he became colonel of the 9th (East Norfolk) Regiment of Foot in 1782 and served in that position until his early death in 1788. He was promoted to major general in 1782.
Baron Saye and Sele is a title in the Peerage of England held by the Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes family. The title dates to 1447 but it was recreated in 1603. Confusion over the details of the 15th-century title has led to conflicting order for title holders; authorities such as Burke's Peerage and Debrett's Peerage do not agree on whether or not the 1447 creation is still extant.
The House of Lords, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Like the House of Commons, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Officially, the full name of the house is the Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled.
Major general is a military rank used in many countries. It is derived from the older rank of sergeant major general. The disappearance of the "sergeant" in the title explains the apparently confusing phenomenon whereby a lieutenant general outranks a major general while a major outranks a lieutenant.
Twisleton married in 1767 Elizabeth Turner, eldest daughter of Sir Edward Turner, 2nd Baronet and his wife Cassandra Leigh. Their children were:
Sir Edward Turner, 2nd Baronet was one of the Turner baronets of Ambrosden and a Member of Parliament.
The Hon. Thomas James Twisleton (1770–1824) was an English churchman, Archdeacon of Colombo from 1815 to 1824. His early marriage has been considered a contribution to the use by Jane Austen of amateur theatricals as a plot device in her novel Mansfield Park. He was also noted as an amateur cricketer.
Richard Graves was an English minister, poet, and novelist.
William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele was an English nobleman and politician, known also for his involvement in several companies for setting up overseas colonies.
Fiennes or ffiennes may refer to:
Sir Maurice Alberic Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes was an English industrialist.
The Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes Baronetcy, of Banbury in the County of Oxford, is a title in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. It was created in the 1916 Birthday Honours for the Liberal politician and decorated military officer, the Hon. Eustace Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes.
Viscount Saye and Sele was a title in the Peerage of England. It was created on 7 July 1624 for William Fiennes, 8th Baron Saye and Sele and became extinct on the death of Richard Fiennes 6th Viscount on 29 July 1781.
Sir Eustace Edward Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes, 1st Baronet, known as Sir Eustace Fiennes, was a British soldier, Liberal politician and colonial administrator.
Chandos Leigh, 1st Baron Leigh was a British landowner and minor poet.
Richard Fiennes, jure uxoris 7th Baron Dacre was an English knight and hereditary keeper of Herstmonceux Castle, Sussex.
Nathaniel Thomas Allen Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes, 21st Baron Saye and Sele, DL is an English peer and businessman.
Geoffrey Cecil Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes, 18th Baron Saye and Sele was an English soldier and Liberal politician from the Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes family. He served as Comptroller of the Household between 1912 and 1915.
Sir John Parnell, 1st Baronet, was an Irish politician and a baronet.
Edmund Butler, 2nd Viscount Mountgarret, was the son of Richard Butler, 1st Viscount Mountgarret and Eleanor Butler.
James Fiennes, 2nd Viscount Saye and Sele was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1625 and 1660.
John Twisleton, of Horsmans Place, Dartford, Kent was created a baronet by the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell. He was Sheriff of Kent.
The Venerable Frederick Fiennes, 16th Baron Saye and Sele, MA (1799–1887) was Archdeacon of Hereford from 1863 to 1887.
Richard Fiennes, 7th and 1st Baron Saye and Sele was an English peer and diplomat.
The Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes family are the descendants of the 16th Baron Saye and Sele who was born Frederick Benjamin Twistleton and adopted the surname Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes in 1849 by Act of Parliament. He was the grandson of Thomas Twisleton, 13th Baron Saye and Sele and inherited the barony from his first cousin William Thomas Eardley-Twisleton-Fiennes in 1847. The surname is frequently shortened to Fiennes. Members of the family include the explorer Ranulph Fiennes and the actors Ralph Fiennes and Joseph Fiennes.
Twisleton is a surname, and may refer to:
|Peerage of England|
Abeyant since 1674, dormant since 1715
| Baron Saye and Sele |
| Succeeded by|
Edward Ligonier, 1st Earl Ligonier
| Colonel of the 9th Regiment of Foot |
| Succeeded by|