Thomas Tyrwhitt-Drake

Last updated

Captain Thomas Tyrwhitt-Drake (10 March 1783 – 21 March 1852) was a British Member of Parliament (MP) for Amersham from 1805 to 1832.

The army rank of captain is a commissioned officer rank historically corresponding to the command of a company of soldiers. The rank is also used by some air forces and marine forces. Today, a captain is typically either the commander or second-in-command of a company or artillery battery. In the Chinese People's Liberation Army, a captain may also command a company, or be the second-in-command of a battalion.

Amersham, often spelt as Agmondesham, was a constituency of the House of Commons of England until 1707, then in the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and finally in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Members of Parliament (MPs), elected by the bloc-vote system.


Shardeloes, Buckinghamshire - the Drake family seat Shardloes Mansion - - 1296907.jpg
Shardeloes, Buckinghamshire - the Drake family seat

Early life and family

Tyrwhitt-Drake was born on 10 March 1783, the eldest son of Captain Thomas Drake Tyrwhitt-Drake, MP for Amersham from 1795 to 1810, and his wife Anne, daughter of the Rev. William Wickham of Garsington, Oxfordshire. [1] The elder Tyrwhitt-Drake was the son of William Drake, a long-standing MP for Amersham; the elder Thomas adopted the surname Tyrwhitt in 1776 in order to inherit the estates of his cousin Sir John de la Fountain Tyrwhitt, sixth Baronet, and then the additional surname of Drake in 1796 when his father died. [2]

Thomas Drake Tyrwhitt-Drake British politician, died 1810

Captain Thomas Drake Tyrwhitt-Drake born Thomas Drake, later Thomas Drake Tyrwhitt, was a British Member of Parliament (MP) for Amersham from 1795 to 1810.

Garsington village and civil parish in South Oxfordshire, England

Garsington is a village and civil parish about 5 miles (8 km) southeast of Oxford in Oxfordshire. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 1,689.

The younger Tyrwhitt-Drake married, on 15 October 1814, Barbara Caroline Annesley, a daughter of Arthur Annesley of Bletchington Park, Oxfordshire. [3] Together, they had four sons and eight daughters: [4]

Westminster School school in Westminster, London, England

Westminster School is an independent day and boarding school in London, England, within the precincts of Westminster Abbey. Boys are admitted at age seven and thirteen, and girls at sixteen to the Sixth Form. The school has around 750 pupils; around a quarter are boarders.

Edward Tyrwhitt Drake was an English clergyman and first-class cricketer who played for Cambridge University, the Gentlemen, All-England, the Marylebone Cricket Club and other amateur sides between 1853 and 1873. He and other members of his extended family are often recorded by the double-barrelled surname of "Tyrwhitt-Drake". He was born at Bucknell, near Bicester, Oxfordshire and died at Amersham, Buckinghamshire.

He was commissioned into the South Buckinghamshire Yeomanry as a Captain in 1803. [16]

Member of Parliament

The two-member borough of Amersham was a "Rotten Borough", effectively under the control ("in the pocket of") the Drake family. In 1796, Tyrwhitt-Drake's grandfather retired and his son Charles Drake Garrard took over his seat; the elder Tyrwhitt-Drake, being the eldest son of William Drake, was already the second Member. In 1805, Charles Drake Garrard resigned his seat in favour of the younger Tyrwhitt-Drake, who was duly returned for the borough in his place. [17]

He was considered a "doubtful" support of Pitt when he was first elected. He voted for repealing the Additional Force Act in 1806, and was considered a supporter of the Duke of Portland's Tory ministry in 1810, voting in favour of that Government's regency proposals in 1811 and other Government measures in 1812. [18] Although ministers considered him a supporter of the Earl of Liverpool's Government after the 1812 election, he rarely attended the House, and is recorded as having voted once in the 1812-1818 Parliament, and twice in the 1818-1820 Parliament. [19]

After 1820, he was still an irregular attender. He voted against Catholic Relief in the early 1820s, and the Irish Franchise Bill in 1823, though he did deliver his constituency's petition for the Abolition of Slavery in 1824. When he did vote, he generally supported the Government in this period, with one exception in 1825. [20] After his re-election in 1826, he gave his support to the Corn Laws and the protection of agriculture. He continued to oppose Catholic relief, introducing, for instance, a petition against Catholic Emancipation in 1829. After 1830, he voted against electoral reform in 1831 and consistently opposed the Reform Bill introduced later in that year; in particular, he protested about the abolishing of Amersham as a constituency. When that Bill became the Great Reform Act of 1832, Tyrwhitt-Drake thereby lost his seat. [21]

Later life

Tyrwhitt-Drake took little part in politics at even a local level after 1832, though he did raise his objections over the repealing of the Corn Laws in the following decade. [22]

He was a keen hunter, who was described in the History of Parliament as "one of the wealthiest commoners of his day". He died 21 March 1852, leaving annuities to his wife and children, and passing his estates on to his eldest son, Thomas. [23]

Related Research Articles

Arthur Annesley, 11th Viscount Valentia British politician

Arthur Annesley, 11th Viscount Valentia, was a British soldier, courtier and Conservative Party politician. He notably served as Comptroller of the Household between 1898 and 1905.

William Frederick Hicks Beach JP was the Conservative Party Member of Parliament (MP) for Tewkesbury from 1916 to 1918, having been returned, aged 74, at a by-election in succession to his nephew, Viscount Quenington, who had been killed in action during the First World War.

Sir William Drake, 1st Baronet was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1640 and 1648 and again from 1661 to 1669.

Sir Glynne Earle Welby-Gregory, 3rd Baronet, born Glynne Earle Welby, was a British Tory Member of Parliament.

Montague Garrard Drake (1692–1728), of Shardeloes, near Amersham, Buckinghamshire was a British Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1713 and 1728.

Sir William Earle Welby, 1st Baronet British Baronet

Sir William Earle Welby, 1st Baronet was a British land-owner, baronet and Member of Parliament for Grantham from 1802 to 1806. He also served as High Sheriff of Lincolnshire from 1796 to 1797.

Lieutenant Sir William Earle Welby, 2nd Baronet was a British land-owner, baronet and Member of Parliament for Grantham from 1807 to 1820. He also served as High Sheriff of Lincolnshire from 1823 to 1824.

Miles Barne was an English land-owner and a Member of Parliament for Dunwich between 1747 and 1754, and again between 1764 and 1777. Born into a family long associated with London merchant circles, Barne accumulated sufficient wealth to purchase an estate in Suffolk and became prominent amongst local freeman. Dunwich in Suffolk, his constituency, was a pocket borough, controlled by the Downing land-owning family; Barne, the local Vanneck family and the freemen of the borough slowly ousted the Downings' influence and Barne established himself as one of the town's new members, which gave his family the seat until it was abolished in the 1832 Reforms.

Lieutenant-Colonel Michael Barne was a British military officer and a Member of Parliament for Dunwich between 1812 and 1830.

Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Drake Garrard, born Charles Drake was a British land-owner and Member of Parliament for Amersham between 1796 and 1805.

Arthur Annesley was a British land-owner and a Member of Parliament for Oxford from 1790 to 1796.

Arthur Annesley, 10th Viscount Valentia was an English-born land-owner, an Irish peer and the Premier Baronet of Ireland.

Admiral Robert Honyman was a Scottish admiral in the British Royal Navy who served in the French Revolutionary Wars and in the Napoleonic Wars. A native of Orkney, he also held office for ten years as a member of parliament (MP) for Orkney and Shetland.

William Drake (1723–1796) British Member of Parliament (1723-1796)

William Drake (1723–1796), was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons for 50 years between 1746 and 1796, eventually becoming Father of the House.

William Drake was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1768 and 1795.

Sir John Tyrwhitt, 5th Baronet, of Stainfield, Lincolnshire, was a British landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1715 and 1734.

Tyrwhitt-Drake is an English surname. Notable people with the surname include:



  1. Fisher (1986) gives the father as "Thomas Tyrwhitt Drake" but the online version links to the wrong person (Thomas Drake Tyrwhitt of Tor Royal, Devon); a contemporary edition of Burke's and information given by the Amersham Museum show that he was actually the son of Thomas Tyrwhitt Drake of Shardeloes, who was also the son of William Drake (d. 1796), MP for Amersham. See, therefore, Burke (1837), p. 580, and "The Drake Family", (Amersham Museum), accessed 23 June 2014.
  2. Fisher (1986)
  3. Fisher (1986) ; Burke (1837), p. 580
  4. Fisher (1986)
  5. Burke (1837), p. 580 ; Cheltenham Chronicle, 28 July 1888, p. 2 ; J. Foster, Alumni Oxonienses: 1715-1886, vol. i, p. 386 ; Ruvigny (1907), p. 241
  6. Burke (1837), p. 580 ; Ruvigny (1907). p. 242 ; Burke (1871), p. 920
  7. Burke (1837), p. 580 ; Ruvigny (1907), p. 242
  8. Burke (1837), p. 580
  9. Burke (1837), p. 580
  10. Burke (1837), p. 580
  11. Burke (1837), p. 580 ; Ruvigny (1905), p. 177 ; Ruvigny (1907), p. 242
  12. Burke (1837), p. 580
  13. Burke (1837), p. 580 ; Ruvigny (1907), p. 242 ; Crisp (1909), p. 116
  14. Ruvigny (1907), p. 242 gives her name as "Charles Diana", but the 1965 edition of Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry (p. 213) names her as "Charlotte" and this is how she is referred to in the marriage indices (England and Wales Civil Registration Indexes, Marriage, Q3 1860, vol. 1a, p. 510.)
  15. Ruvigny (1907), p. 242
  16. Fisher (1986)
  17. Fisher (1986)
  18. Fisher (1986)
  19. Fisher (1986)
  20. Fisher (2009)
  21. Fisher (2009)
  22. Fisher (2009)
  23. Fisher (2009)


Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Thomas Drake Tyrwhitt-Drake
Charles Drake Garrard
Member of Parliament for Amersham
1805 – 1832
With: Thomas Drake Tyrwhitt-Drake (1805–1810)
William Tyrwhitt-Drake (1810–1832)
Succeeded by
Constituency abolished