Thomas Tyrwhitt-Drake

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Captain Thomas Tyrwhitt-Drake (10 March 1783 – 21 March 1852) was a British Member of Parliament (MP) for Amersham from 1805 to 1832.

The army rank of captain is a commissioned officer rank historically corresponding to the command of a company of soldiers. The rank is also used by some air forces and marine forces. Today, a captain is typically either the commander or second-in-command of a company or artillery battery. In the Chinese People's Liberation Army, a captain may also command a company, or be the second-in-command of a battalion.

Amersham, often spelt as Agmondesham, was a constituency of the House of Commons of England until 1707, then in the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and finally in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Members of Parliament (MPs), elected by the bloc-vote system.

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Shardeloes, Buckinghamshire - the Drake family seat Shardloes Mansion - geograph.org.uk - 1296907.jpg
Shardeloes, Buckinghamshire - the Drake family seat

Early life and family

Tyrwhitt-Drake was born on 10 March 1783, the eldest son of Captain Thomas Drake Tyrwhitt-Drake, MP for Amersham from 1795 to 1810, and his wife Anne, daughter of the Rev. William Wickham of Garsington, Oxfordshire. [1] The elder Tyrwhitt-Drake was the son of William Drake, a long-standing MP for Amersham; the elder Thomas adopted the surname Tyrwhitt in 1776 in order to inherit the estates of his cousin Sir John de la Fountain Tyrwhitt, sixth Baronet, and then the additional surname of Drake in 1796 when his father died. [2]

Thomas Drake Tyrwhitt-Drake British politician, died 1810

Captain Thomas Drake Tyrwhitt-Drake born Thomas Drake, later Thomas Drake Tyrwhitt, was a British Member of Parliament (MP) for Amersham from 1795 to 1810.

Garsington village and civil parish in South Oxfordshire, England

Garsington is a village and civil parish about 5 miles (8 km) southeast of Oxford in Oxfordshire. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 1,689.

The younger Tyrwhitt-Drake married, on 15 October 1814, Barbara Caroline Annesley, a daughter of Arthur Annesley of Bletchington Park, Oxfordshire. [3] Together, they had four sons and eight daughters: [4]

Westminster School school in Westminster, London, England

Westminster School is an independent day and boarding school in London, England, within the precincts of Westminster Abbey. Boys are admitted at age seven and thirteen, and girls at sixteen to the Sixth Form. The school has around 750 pupils; around a quarter are boarders.

Edward Tyrwhitt Drake was an English clergyman and first-class cricketer who played for Cambridge University, the Gentlemen, All-England, the Marylebone Cricket Club and other amateur sides between 1853 and 1873. He and other members of his extended family are often recorded by the double-barrelled surname of "Tyrwhitt-Drake". He was born at Bucknell, near Bicester, Oxfordshire and died at Amersham, Buckinghamshire.

He was commissioned into the South Buckinghamshire Yeomanry as a Captain in 1803. [16]

Member of Parliament

The two-member borough of Amersham was a "Rotten Borough", effectively under the control ("in the pocket of") the Drake family. In 1796, Tyrwhitt-Drake's grandfather retired and his son Charles Drake Garrard took over his seat; the elder Tyrwhitt-Drake, being the eldest son of William Drake, was already the second Member. In 1805, Charles Drake Garrard resigned his seat in favour of the younger Tyrwhitt-Drake, who was duly returned for the borough in his place. [17]

He was considered a "doubtful" support of Pitt when he was first elected. He voted for repealing the Additional Force Act in 1806, and was considered a supporter of the Duke of Portland's Tory ministry in 1810, voting in favour of that Government's regency proposals in 1811 and other Government measures in 1812. [18] Although ministers considered him a supporter of the Earl of Liverpool's Government after the 1812 election, he rarely attended the House, and is recorded as having voted once in the 1812-1818 Parliament, and twice in the 1818-1820 Parliament. [19]

After 1820, he was still an irregular attender. He voted against Catholic Relief in the early 1820s, and the Irish Franchise Bill in 1823, though he did deliver his constituency's petition for the Abolition of Slavery in 1824. When he did vote, he generally supported the Government in this period, with one exception in 1825. [20] After his re-election in 1826, he gave his support to the Corn Laws and the protection of agriculture. He continued to oppose Catholic relief, introducing, for instance, a petition against Catholic Emancipation in 1829. After 1830, he voted against electoral reform in 1831 and consistently opposed the Reform Bill introduced later in that year; in particular, he protested about the abolishing of Amersham as a constituency. When that Bill became the Great Reform Act of 1832, Tyrwhitt-Drake thereby lost his seat. [21]

Later life

Tyrwhitt-Drake took little part in politics at even a local level after 1832, though he did raise his objections over the repealing of the Corn Laws in the following decade. [22]

He was a keen hunter, who was described in the History of Parliament as "one of the wealthiest commoners of his day". He died 21 March 1852, leaving annuities to his wife and children, and passing his estates on to his eldest son, Thomas. [23]

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References

Citations

  1. Fisher (1986) gives the father as "Thomas Tyrwhitt Drake" but the online version links to the wrong person (Thomas Drake Tyrwhitt of Tor Royal, Devon); a contemporary edition of Burke's and information given by the Amersham Museum show that he was actually the son of Thomas Tyrwhitt Drake of Shardeloes, who was also the son of William Drake (d. 1796), MP for Amersham. See, therefore, Burke (1837), p. 580, and "The Drake Family", http://amershamhistory.info/ (Amersham Museum), accessed 23 June 2014.
  2. Fisher (1986)
  3. Fisher (1986) ; Burke (1837), p. 580
  4. Fisher (1986)
  5. Burke (1837), p. 580 ; Cheltenham Chronicle, 28 July 1888, p. 2 ; J. Foster, Alumni Oxonienses: 1715-1886, vol. i, p. 386 ; Ruvigny (1907), p. 241
  6. Burke (1837), p. 580 ; Ruvigny (1907). p. 242 ; Burke (1871), p. 920
  7. Burke (1837), p. 580 ; Ruvigny (1907), p. 242
  8. Burke (1837), p. 580
  9. Burke (1837), p. 580
  10. Burke (1837), p. 580
  11. Burke (1837), p. 580 ; Ruvigny (1905), p. 177 ; Ruvigny (1907), p. 242
  12. Burke (1837), p. 580
  13. Burke (1837), p. 580 ; Ruvigny (1907), p. 242 ; Crisp (1909), p. 116
  14. Ruvigny (1907), p. 242 gives her name as "Charles Diana", but the 1965 edition of Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry (p. 213) names her as "Charlotte" and this is how she is referred to in the marriage indices (England and Wales Civil Registration Indexes, Marriage, Q3 1860, vol. 1a, p. 510.)
  15. Ruvigny (1907), p. 242
  16. Fisher (1986)
  17. Fisher (1986)
  18. Fisher (1986)
  19. Fisher (1986)
  20. Fisher (2009)
  21. Fisher (2009)
  22. Fisher (2009)
  23. Fisher (2009)

Bibliography

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Thomas Drake Tyrwhitt-Drake
Charles Drake Garrard
Member of Parliament for Amersham
1805 – 1832
With: Thomas Drake Tyrwhitt-Drake (1805–1810)
William Tyrwhitt-Drake (1810–1832)
Succeeded by
Constituency abolished