Scarborough, North Yorkshire
|Died||Before 28 May 1365 (aged 72–73)|
|Buried||Catton Church, Catton, North Yorkshire|
|Issue||Sir Thomas Ughtred|
|Mother||Isabel de Steeton|
Thomas Ughtred, 1st Baron Ughtred (also Oughtred; Outred), KG (1292 – before 28 May 1365) was an English soldier and politician. The eldest son and heir of Robert Ughtred, lord of the manor of Scarborough, Kilnwick Percy, Monkton Moor, and other places in Yorkshire. He was born in 1292, being eighteen years of age at his father's death, before 24 May 1310. During a distinguished career he was knighted in 1324, made a Knight banneret in 1337, a Knight of the garter between 15 May 1358 and 1360, and summoned to parliament as Baron Ughtred on 30 April 1344.
He married before January 1328 – 1329, Margaret Burdon, daughter of Brian Burdon of Kexby, North Yorkshire and his wife, Isabel, daughter of Sir John de Meaux, of Gowthorpe, Yorkshire.They had a son:
On 8 June 1319 he was appointed commissioner of array for Yorkshire, an office which he frequently filled during Edward II's reign. In October 1319 he served at the siege of Berwick, in command of forty-four hobelars, or light horse.
On 6 October 1320 he was returned to parliament as knight of the shire for his county. He sided with the king against Thomas of Lancaster, and on 14 March 1322 was empowered to arrest any of the earl's adherents. In the same year he was made constable of Pickering Castle. He was taken prisoner by the Scots at the Battle of Old Bylandand in the following March went to Scotland to release his hostages. In the same month he was granted the custody of the manor of Bentele, Yorkshire, during the minority of Payn de Tibetot or Tiptoft. He attended a great council held at Westminster in June 1324, and was knighted in the same year. On 14 April 1328 he was placed on a commission of oyer and terminer , and in 1330 and 1331–2 again represented Yorkshire in parliament.
Edward III confirmed the grants made to Ughtred, and in 1331 placed him on the commissions of the peace between the River Ouse and the River Derwent, and in the North Riding of Yorkshire. In 1332 he acquired a house and garden called Le Whitehalle in Berwick, and in the same year he accompanied Edward Balliol on his invasion of Scotland. The expedition landed at Kinghorn and defeated the Earl of Fife at Dupplin Moor on 12 August. Ughtred was apparently present at Balliol's coronation at Scone on 24 September, and sat in the Scottish parliament as Baron of Innerwick. On 20 October Balliol granted him the manor of Bonkill, which was confirmed by Edward III on 19 June 1334.
In the summer of 1334 the Scots rose against Balliol, who sent Ughtred to Edward with a request for help. Balliol was, however, driven out of Scotland, and during the retreat Ughtred held the bridge at Roxburgh against the Scots and secured Balliol's retreat. In the same year he was made a knight-banneret. In 1338 Edward III required Balliol to entrust the command of Perth, threatened with a siege by Robert the Steward, to Ughtred. He took over the command on 4 August, on condition that he was given a garrison of 220 men in time of peace and eight hundred in time of war. These conditions were not kept, however, and early in 1339 Ughtred petitioned the English government to be relieved of his charge. He was urged to remain until the arrival of reinforcements, but these were not despatched in time, and on 16 August 1339 Ughtred was compelled to surrender. This led to aspersions on his courage, and he complained to parliament at Westminster. His explanations were held sufficient, and in April 1340 the grant of Bonkill, which of course by that time was in the hands of the Scots, was confirmed to him.
In the following year, Ughtred was attached to Robert of Artois's expedition against France. Siege was laid to Saint-Omer, and on 26 July 1340 the French attacked the Flemings and would have raised the siege had not Ughtred with his archers restored the fortunes of the day. He was again summoned to serve against the French on 13 May 1347; on 14 June 1352 he was appointed warden of the sea coast of Yorkshire, and on 16 April 1360 he again received protection on crossing the seas on the king's service.
Ughtred is said to have received summonses to parliament from 30 April 1344 to 4 December 1364,and is accordingly regarded as a peer. However, in 1357 he was referred to as "Thomas Ughtred, knight, the elder" and in 1360 he was styled simply "chivaler"; none of his descendants were summoned to parliament, and it has been suggested that he represented Yorkshire in the House of Commons in 1344 and 1352.
Sir Thomas Ughtred died before 28 May in 1365and was buried in Catton church. He was succeeded by his son, Thomas, who by then had been knighted.
Sir Thomas Ughtred owned vast estates in Yorkshire. He was constable of Lochmaben Castle in 1376–7 and served against the French in 1377 and 1379. In 1383 his name appears in the retinue of the Earl of Northumberland, then Governor of Berwick-upon-Tweed.He died 18 November 1401, having outlived his son and heir, William.
William Ughtred married Catherine, daughter of Peter, Lord Mauley and his first wife, Margaret Clifford, and by her had a son, Thomas, who subsequently became his grandfather's heir.Neither he nor any of his descendants were ever summoned to parliament.
Anthony Ughtred (d. 1534), a later member of the family, took a prominent part in the French and Scots wars of Henry VIII. During 1513–14 he was marshal of Tournai after its capture from the French, and from February 1515 to August 1532 he was captain of Berwick.He was subsequently appointed governor of Jersey, and held that office till his death in 1534. His widow, Elizabeth Seymour, daughter of Sir John Seymour and sister of Jane Seymour, third wife of Henry VIII married Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell, eldest son of Thomas Cromwell.
The Wars of Scottish Independence were a series of military campaigns fought between the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England in the late 13th and early 14th centuries.
John Balliol or John de Balliol, known derisively as Toom Tabard, was King of Scots from 1292 to 1296. Little is known of his early life. After the death of Margaret, Maid of Norway, Scotland entered an interregnum during which several competitors for the Crown of Scotland put forward claims. Balliol was chosen from among them as the new King of Scotland by a group of selected noblemen headed by King Edward I of England.
Thomas Holland, 2nd Baron Holand, and jure uxoris1st Earl of Kent, KG was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War. By the time of the Crécy campaign, he had apparently lost one of his eyes.
Sir Roger de Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March, 4th Baron Mortimer of Wigmore, KG was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War.
Malise V, Earl of Strathearn and Caithness, Jarl of Orkney was the last of the native Gaelic earls of Strathearn.
Henry de Beaumont, jure uxoris 4th Earl of Buchan and suo jure 1st Baron Beaumont, was a key figure in the Anglo-Scots wars of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, known as the Wars of Scottish Independence.
Sir William Douglas "le Hardi", Lord of Douglas was a Scottish nobleman and soldier.
Sir David II Strathbogie was Earl of Atholl, Constable of Scotland, and Chief Warden of Northumberland.
Bryan FitzAlan, Baron FitzAlan Knt. was Lord of the Manor of Bedale in Richmondshire, Askham Bryan in the Ainsty, Bainton, Heworth &c., in Yorkshire, Bicker and Graby in Lincolnshire, a J.P. &c. He was appointed a Guardian of Scotland on 13 June 1291, and was brother-in-law to King John Balliol of Scotland.
Robert Ufford, 1st Earl of Suffolk, KG was an English peer. He was created Earl of Suffolk in 1337.
Sir Marmaduke Thweng, later 1st Baron Thweng, was an English knight from Yorkshire who fought in the Wars of Scottish Independence.
Ralph Lumley, 1st Baron Lumley was an English nobleman, soldier and administrator under King Richard II, who was stripped of his lands, goods and title and executed for rebelling against King Henry IV.
Edward Balliol or Edward de Balliol was a claimant to the Scottish throne during the Second War of Scottish Independence. With English help, he ruled parts of the kingdom from 1332 to 1356.
Roger de Clifford, 5th Baron de Clifford, ninth Lord Clifford, fifth Baron of Westmoreland, was the son of Robert de Clifford, 3rd Baron de Clifford, second son of Robert de Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford (1273–1314), the founder of the northern branch of the family. His mother was Isabella, daughter of Maurice, 2nd Lord Berkeley. He succeeded his elder brother, Robert de Clifford, 4th Baron de Clifford in 1350, on which day he made proof of his age.
The Battle of Kinghorn was fought on 6 August 1332 at Wester Kinghorn, Fife, Scotland. An invading seaborne force of 1,500 men was commanded by Edward Balliol and Henry Beaumont, Earl of Buchan. A Scottish army, possibly 4,000 strong, commanded by Duncan, Earl of Fife, and Robert Bruce, Lord of Liddesdale was defeated with heavy loss. Balliol was the son of King John Balliol and was attempting to make good his claim to be the rightful king of Scotland. He hoped that many of the Scots would desert to him.
Sir Anthony Ughtred or Oughtred, Knight banneret was an English soldier and military administrator during the reigns of Henry VII and Henry VIII. Ughtred fought in Ireland, the Anglo Scottish border and both on land and at sea in France. He served with distinction as captain of Berwick, marshal of Tournai and governor of Jersey. In 1530, he married Elizabeth Seymour, sister to Jane, future third wife to Henry VIII.
Sir William Devereux of Bodenham was a prominent knight in Herefordshire during the reign of Edward III, and an important member of the retinue of the Earls of Hereford. He is the ancestor of the Devereux Earls of Essex and Viscounts of Hereford.
William Montagu, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, 4th Baron Montagu, King of Mann, KG was an English nobleman and commander in the English army during King Edward III's French campaigns in the Hundred Years War. He was one of the Founder Knights of the Order of the Garter.
Sir John Marmion, Baron Marmion of Winteringham was an Anglo-Norman baron who represented Lincolnshire in Parliament and fought in the Wars of Scottish Independence.
Ralph Basset, 3rd Baron Basset of Drayton KG was a medieval English soldier knight, one of the earliest-appointed Knights of the Garter.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Lee, Sidney, ed. (1899). "Ughtred, Thomas". Dictionary of National Biography . Vol. 58. London: Smith, Elder & Co.