Thomas Valley

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Thomas Valley is a valley at the east side of McClelland Ridge in the east part of Olympus Range, Victoria Land. Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) (1997) after Jean-Claude Thomas, an Associate Professor of Geography-Cartography, Catholic University of America from 1967 to 1976, George Mason University, 1976–85; United States Geological Survey (USGS) Cartographer from 1985, specializing in satellite image mapping at various scales, including the 1:25,000-scale color maps of McMurdo Dry Valleys, 1997.

Valley Low area between hills, often with a river running through it.

A valley is a low area between hills or mountains typically with a river running through it. In geology, a valley or dale is a depression that is longer than it is wide. The terms U-shaped and V-shaped are descriptive terms of geography to characterize the form of valleys. Most valleys belong to one of these two main types or a mixture of them, at least with respect to the cross section of the slopes or hillsides.

McClelland Ridge is a high rock ridge between Sanford Valley and Thomas Valley in the eastern part of the Olympus Range, Victoria Land, Antarctica. It was named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names in 1997 after topographic engineer Elias E. McClelland, leader of the 1971–72 United States Geological Survey (USGS) field party that established a network of horizontal and vertical control over a 6,000 square kilometer area of the McMurdo Dry Valleys to support compilation of eight topographic maps at 1:50,000 scale. These maps, bounded by 160°E and 164°E and 77°15′S and 77°45′S, were published by the USGS in 1977.

Olympus Range is a primarily ice-free mountain range of Victoria Land with peaks over 2,000 metres (6,600 ft), between Victoria and McKelvey Valleys on the north and Wright Valley on the south. Mapped by the Victoria University of Wellington Antarctic Expedition (VUWAE), 1958–59, and named for the mythological home of the Greek gods. Peaks in the range are named for figures in Greek mythology.

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Thomas Valley" (content from the Geographic Names Information System ).

United States Geological Survey scientific agency of the United States government

The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, and the natural hazards that threaten it. The organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography, geology, and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility.

Geographic Names Information System geographical database

The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its territories. It is a type of gazetteer. GNIS was developed by the United States Geological Survey in cooperation with the United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN) to promote the standardization of feature names.

Coordinates: 77°27′S162°12′E / 77.450°S 162.200°E / -77.450; 162.200

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.


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Artemis Ridge is a ridge, 1 mile (1.6 km) long, rising to 1,700 metres (5,600 ft) between Thomas Valley and the southwest part of Clark Glacier in the Olympus Range of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. In keeping with the names from Greek mythology grouped in this area, it was named by the New Zealand Geographic Board (1998) after Artemis, a goddess associated with the moon.

Baumann Valley is a valley at the west side of Nottage Ridge in the east part of the Olympus Range, Victoria Land. It was named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (1997) after Clinton L. Baumann, electronic technician, Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, who was a member of the 1971–72 United States Geological Survey field party that established a network of horizontal and vertical control in support of compilation of topographic maps, at 1:50,000 scale, of areas of McMurdo Dry Valleys.

Beacon Valley Field Camp in Beacon Valley, Victoria Land, Antarctica, United States

Beacon Valley is an ice-free valley between Pyramid Mountain and Beacon Heights, in Victoria Land. It was mapped by the British Antarctic Expedition, 1910–13, and named by the Victoria University of Wellington Antarctic Expedition (VUWAE) (1958–59) after Beacon Heights.

Nottage Ridge is a ridge to the north of Mount Peleus that separates Baumann Valley and Sanford Valley in the east part of Olympus Range, Victoria Land. Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) (1997) after George W. (Billy) Nottage, topographic engineer, a member of the 1971-72 United States Geological Survey (USGS) field party that established a network of horizontal and vertical control in support of compilation of topographic maps at the scale of 1:50,000 of areas of McMurdo Dry Valleys bounded by 160° and 164°E and 77°15' and 77°45'S.

The Couloir Cliffs are granite cliffs, 3 nautical miles (6 km) long and from 30 to 60 metres high, at the east side of Avalanche Bay in Granite Harbour, Victoria Land. They were named by the Granite Harbor Geological Party, led by Thomas Griffith Taylor, of the British Antarctic Expedition, 1910–13, because these cliffs have numerous chimneys and couloirs.

Jones Terrace is a prominent ice free terrace south of Mount Peleus, at the south end of the eastern segment of the Olympus Range, in Victoria Land. The terrace rises 800 metres (2,600 ft) from the floor of the central Wright Valley to a summit of over 1,000 metres (3,300 ft). It was named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (1997) after Lois M. Jones, a geologist with the University of Georgia, leader of a 1969–1970 research party in the McMurdo Dry Valleys.

Kukri Hills

Kukri Hills is a prominent east-west trending range, about 25 nautical miles (46 km) long and over 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) high, forming the divide between Ferrar Glacier on the south and Taylor Glacier and Taylor Valley on the north, in Victoria Land, Antarctica.

Doran Stream is a meltwater stream, 3 kilometres (2 mi) long, flowing north from Doran Glacier east of Sollas Glacier to Priscu Stream in Taylor Valley, Victoria Land. It was named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names in 1996 after Peter Doran, a paleolimnologist currently an endowed chair at Louisiana State University, who has conducted studies of the paleolimnology and climate of the McMurdo Dry Valleys since 1993.

Eurus Ridge is a ridge between Cerberus Valley and Clio Glacier in the Olympus Range of the McMurdo Dry Valleys of Antarctica. In association with other names from Greek mythology grouped in this area, it was named by the New Zealand Geographic Board (1998) after Eurus, the mythological god of the east wind.

Mount Feola is a mountain rising to 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) at the head of Denton Glacier in the Asgard Range of Victoria Land, Antarctica. The feature is 1.3 nautical miles (2.4 km) west-southwest of Mount Newall. It was named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (1997) for Samuel D. Feola, a helicopter pilot with U.S. Navy Squadron VXE-6, principally flying in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, 1976 and 1977. From 1990 to the time of naming he was Director Logistics, Antarctic Support Associates, responsible for contractor planning, management, and operations of logistic and operational support requirements for the National Science Foundation's U.S. Antarctic Program.

Gallagher Ridge is a ridge that trends northeast from Mount Newall, Asgard Range, and descends to lower Wright Valley to the east of Decker Glacier, in Victoria Land, Antarctica. It was named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (1997) after Charles Gallagher, Command Master Chief, U.S. Naval Support Force, Antarctica, who served four austral summers at McMurdo Station, 1991–92 through 1994–95. Upon Navy retirement, Gallagher joined Antarctic Support Associates as Housing Coordinator at McMurdo Station, 1995–96 and 1996–97. He became ill during the winter-over period and died at McMurdo Station, May 1, 1997.

Lizotte Creek is a meltwater stream, 2,000 metres (2,200 yd) long, flowing southeastwards from the extreme southwestern tip of Matterhorn Glacier to the northeast end of Lake Bonney in Taylor Valley, Victoria Land, Antarctica. It was named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names in 1996 after Michael P. Lizotte, a biologist at the University of Wisconsin–Oshkosh, who studied algal physiology and ecology in perennially ice-covered lakes in the McMurdo Dry Valleys area from 1985 to 2008.

McKay Creek is a meltwater stream, 250 metres (270 yd) long, heading on Suess Glacier west-southwest of the west end of Lake Chad at about 100 metres (330 ft) elevation and flowing east-northeast into Lake Chad in Taylor Valley, Victoria Land, Antarctica. It was named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names in 1996 after Christopher P. McKay, a NASA planetary scientist, who conducted limnological research on Lake Hoare from 1982 and pioneered the use of year-round environmental data collection in dry valley ecosystems.

Mount McLennan is a prominent mountain rising over 1,600 metres (5,250 ft) at the north side of Taylor Valley, surmounting the area at the heads of Canada Glacier, Commonwealth Glacier and Loftus Glacier, in Victoria Land, Antarctica. It was named by C.S. Wright of the British Antarctic Expedition (1910–13) for Professor McLennan, a physicist at Toronto University, Canada.

Hart Glacier is a small hanging glacier on the south wall of Wright Valley, Victoria Land, Antarctica, between Meserve Glacier and Goodspeed Glacier. It was named by U.S. geologist Robert Nichols for Roger Hart, a geological assistant to Nichols at nearby Marble Point in the 1959–60 field season.

Hughes Glacier is a small alpine glacier flowing toward Lake Bonney in Taylor Valley from the Kukri Hills on the south, in Victoria Land, Antarctica. It was mapped by the Western Geological Party led by Thomas Griffith Taylor of the British Antarctic Expedition, 1910–13, and named for Professor McKenny Hughes, a geologist at the University of Cambridge.

The Matterhorn is a peak on Roa Ridge in the Asgard Range of Victoria Land, Antarctica. It stands 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) high, surmounting the north wall of Taylor Valley between Lacroix Glacier and Matterhorn Glacier. It was so named by Griffith Taylor of the British Antarctic Expedition under Robert Falcon Scott, 1910–13, because of its resemblance to the Matterhorn, the famous Swiss mountain.

Sanford Valley is a valley that trends north-south between Nottage Ridge and McClelland Ridge in the east part of Olympus Range, Victoria Land. Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) (1997) after Leroy L. Sanford, topographic engineer, a member of the 1971-72 United States Geological Survey (USGS) field party that established a network of horizontal and vertical control for compilation of eight 1:50,000 scale maps of the area of McMurdo Dry Valleys bounded by 160° and 164° and 77°15' and 77°45'S.

Kellogg Valley is a high hanging valley, for the most part free of ice, between Mount Boreas and Mount Aeolus in the Olympus Range of Victoria Land, Antarctica. The valley opens north to McKelvey Valley, 500 metres (1,600 ft) below. It was named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (1997) after husband and wife glacial geologists Thomas B. Kellogg and Davida E. Kellogg, of the Department of Geological Sciences and the Institute of Quaternary Studies at the University of Maine, who in several seasons over period 1976–90, collaborated in the study of the glacial history of the McMurdo Sound region, including field work on the McMurdo Ice Shelf, Ross Ice Shelf, in the Ross Sea, and the McMurdo Dry Valleys, the location of this valley.