This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page . (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)
Thomas B. Van Horne, (June 1, 1782 – September 21, 1841) served as a federal land register and Ohio State Senator. He is noted for his leadership during the War of 1812.
Born in New Jersey June 1, 1782, his ancestors were emigrants from the Netherlands. He was the son of Rev. William Van Horne, a Baptist clergyman, who served as chaplain in the Revolutionary War. The Reverend Van Horn died in 1807, at Pittsburgh, on his journey to Ohio. Thomas continued westward and settled in Warren County, Ohio, one mile east of Lebanon, in December of that same year. he engaged in the arduous labors of opening a farm in the forests of that location, and it remained his home for the rest of his life.
An early volunteer in the Ohio State Militia, during the War of 1812, he first served as state adjutant.
He was elected a major and placed in command of a battalion of Colonel James Findley’s Second Ohio Regiment of Volunteer Militia, with the rank of major. Findley was a career politician, who had been a member of the Ohio Territorial legislature and twice mayor of Cincinnati.He was in command of American forces at the Battle of Brownstown in the Territory of Michigan on August 5, 1812, where his troops retreated after scoring a tactical victory and was part of the forces at the Battle of Maguaga Creek on August 9, 1812, where American troops were unsuccessful in re-opening their supply lines to Detroit. He was surrendered by General William Hull and was surrendered with General Hull’s army at Detroit. He was soon exchanged, and received a commission as lieutenant colonel in the regular army, in which capacity he continued until the close of the war, being for a long time in command of Fort Erie.
The Battle of Brownstown was an early skirmish in the War of 1812. Although United States forces outnumbered the British forces 8 to 1, they lost the battle and suffered substantial losses while the enemy was almost untouched.
The Battle of Maguaga was a small battle between British troops, Canadian militia and Tecumseh's natives and a larger force of American troops near the Wyandot village of Maguaga in what is now the city of Riverview, Michigan.
William Hull was an American soldier and politician. He fought in the American Revolutionary War and was appointed as Governor of Michigan Territory (1805–13), gaining large land cessions from several American Indian tribes under the Treaty of Detroit (1807). He is most widely remembered, however, as the general in the War of 1812 who surrendered Fort Detroit to the British on August 16, 1812 following the Siege of Detroit. After the battle, he was court-martialed, convicted, and sentenced to death, but he received a pardon from President James Madison and his reputation somewhat recovered.
At the close of the war, he returned to agricultural pursuits. He was elected a senator in the Legislature of Ohio in 1812, 1816 and 1817, and was afterward appointed, by President James Monroe, a register of the Land Office in the northwestern part of Ohio, which position he held until 1837. On returning from this position, he again established himself on his farm near Lebanon, where he remained until his death, with a reputation as a quiet, sober, industrious and useful citizen. He died September 21, 1841, in the fifty-ninth year of his age, and was buried at Lebanon, Ohio.
James Monroe was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the fifth president of the United States from 1817 to 1825. A member of the Democratic-Republican Party, Monroe was the last president of the Virginia dynasty, and his presidency coincided with the Era of Good Feelings. He is perhaps best known for issuing the Monroe Doctrine, a policy of opposing European colonialism in the Americas. He also served as the governor of Virginia, a member of the United States Senate, the U.S. ambassador to France and Britain, the seventh Secretary of State, and the eighth Secretary of War.
Major-General Sir Isaac Brock KB was a British Army officer and colonial administrator from Guernsey. Brock was assigned to Lower Canada in 1802. Despite facing desertions and near-mutinies, he commanded his regiment in Upper Canada successfully for many years. He was promoted to major general, and became responsible for defending Upper Canada against the United States. While many in Canada and Britain believed war could be averted, Brock began to ready the army and militia for what was to come. When the War of 1812 broke out, the populace was prepared, and quick victories at Fort Mackinac and Detroit defeated American invasion efforts.
The Battle of Queenston Heights was the first major battle in the War of 1812. Resulting in a British victory, it took place on 13 October 1812, near Queenston, Upper Canada. It was fought between United States regulars and New York militia forces led by Major General Stephen Van Rensselaer, and British regulars, York and Lincoln militia and Mohawk warriors led by Major General Isaac Brock, and Major General Roger Hale Sheaffe, who took command when Brock was killed.
Edward Burleson was the third Vice President of the Republic of Texas. After Texas was annexed to the United States, he served in the State Senate. Prior to his government service in Texas, he was a commander of Texian Army forces during the Texas Revolution. Before moving to Texas, he served in militias in Alabama, Missouri, and Tennessee, and fought in the War of 1812. Burleson was the soldier that was given Santa Anna's sword when he surrendered.
Duncan McArthur was a military officer and a Federalist and National Republican politician from Ohio. He served as the 11th Governor of Ohio.
The Siege of Detroit, also known as the Surrender of Detroit or the Battle of Fort Detroit, was an early engagement in the British-U.S. War of 1812. A British force under Major General Isaac Brock with American Indian allies under Shawnee leader Tecumseh used bluff and deception to intimidate U.S. Brigadier General William Hull into surrendering the fort and town of Detroit, Michigan and his dispirited army, which actually outnumbered the victorious British and Indians.
Joseph Whitehill, Jr. was a nineteenth-century Ohio farmer who was elected to a series of local offices in Warren County, Ohio, before his election as Ohio State Treasurer.
Jesse Durbin Ward was an Ohio lawyer, politician, newspaper publisher, and American Civil War officer.
Alexander Macomb was the Commanding General of the United States Army from May 29, 1828 until his death on June 25, 1841. Macomb was the field commander at the Battle of Plattsburgh during the War of 1812 and, after the stunning victory, was lauded with praise and styled "The Hero of Plattsburgh" by some of the American press. He was promoted to Major General for his conduct, receiving both the Thanks of Congress and a Congressional Gold Medal.
Charles Scott was an 18th-century American soldier who was elected the fourth Governor of Kentucky in 1808. Orphaned in his teens, Scott enlisted in the Virginia Regiment in October 1755 and served as a scout and escort during the French and Indian War. He quickly rose through the ranks to become a captain. After the war, he married and engaged in agricultural pursuits on land left to him by his father, but he returned to active military service in 1775 as the American Revolution began to grow in intensity. In August 1776, he was promoted to colonel and given command of the 5th Virginia Regiment. The 5th Virginia joined George Washington in New Jersey later that year, serving with him for the duration of the Philadelphia campaign. Scott commanded Washington's light infantry, and by late 1778 was also serving as his chief of intelligence. Furloughed at the end of the Philadelphia campaign, Scott returned to active service in March 1779 and was ordered to South Carolina to assist General Benjamin Lincoln in the southern theater. He arrived in Charleston, South Carolina, just as Henry Clinton had begun his siege of the city. Scott was taken as a prisoner of war when Charleston surrendered. Paroled in March 1781 and exchanged for Lord Rawdon in July 1782, Scott managed to complete a few recruiting assignments before the war ended.
Henry Brush was a lawyer, soldier, legislator and farmer.
James Findlay was a soldier, political official, and merchant who for decades was one of the leading citizens of Cincinnati, Ohio.
Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Pearson, KCB, KCH (1782–1847) was a British Army officer, who took part in the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars, and in the War of 1812 against the United States of America.
General Charles Larned was an American lawyer, military officer, and politician. He fought in the War of 1812 and was Attorney General of Michigan Territory.
Robert Lucas was the 12th Governor of the U.S. state of Ohio, serving from 1832 to 1836. He served as the first Governor of Iowa Territory from 1838 to 1841.
Fort Shelby was a military fort in Detroit, Michigan that played a significant role in the War of 1812. It was built by the British in 1779 as Fort Lernoult, and was ceded to the United States by the Jay Treaty in 1796. It was renamed Fort Detroit by Secretary of War Henry Dearborn in 1805. The fort was surrendered to the British by William Hull in 1812, and reclaimed by the Americans in 1813. The Americans renamed it Fort Shelby in 1813, but references to "Fort Detroit" relating to the War of 1812 are to this fort, not to the earlier Fort Detroit, which had been abandoned by the British in 1779 in favor of Fort Lernoult. It was given to the city of Detroit in 1826 and dismantled in 1827.
The Canadian Volunteers was a unit composed of pro-United States citizens or inhabitants of Upper Canada which fought for the United States of America during the Anglo-American War of 1812.
Nathaniel Gray Smith Hart, often Nathaniel G. S. Hart, was a Lexington, Kentucky lawyer and businessman, who served with the state's volunteer militia during the War of 1812. As Captain of the Lexington Light Infantry from Kentucky, Hart and many of his men were killed in the River Raisin Massacre of January 23, 1813, after being taken prisoner the day before following the Battle of Frenchtown in Michigan Territory.
|This article about a member of the Ohio State Senate is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|