Thomas Vautor

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Thomas Vautor (fl.1592–1619) was an English musician, known as a composer of madrigals.

A madrigal is a secular vocal music composition of the Renaissance and early Baroque eras. Traditionally, polyphonic madrigals are unaccompanied; the number of voices varies from two to eight, and most frequently from three to six. It is quite distinct from the Italian Trecento madrigal of the late 13th and 14th centuries, with which it shares only the name.



Vautor was a household musician in the family of Mary Beaumont, of Glenfield, Leicestershire; and held the same position to Sir George Villiers after his marriage with her in 1592. The couple were the parents of the future George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham. [1]

Mary Villiers, Countess of Buckingham daughter of Anthony Beaumont of Glenfield, Leicestershire

Mary Villiers, Countess of Buckingham is perhaps best known as the mother of the royal favourite Sir George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham. She was the daughter of Anthony Beaumont of Glenfield, Leicestershire, a direct descendant of Henry de Beaumont, and his wife Anne Armstrong, daughter of Thomas Armstrong of Corby.

Glenfield, Leicestershire village in Leicestershire, England

Glenfield is a village in the civil parish of Glenfields in the Blaby district of Leicestershire, England. At the 2011 Census, it had a population of 9,643. Its location at the northwestern fringe of the city of Leicester effectively makes it a suburb, although it is politically and administratively separate. The parish was formed from the merger of the ancient Glenfield parish with Glenfield Frith in 1935.

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham English politician

George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, KG(; 28 August 1592 – 23 August 1628), was an English courtier, statesman, and patron of the arts. He was a favourite and possibly also a lover of King James I of England. Despite a patchy political and military record, Buckingham remained at the height of royal favour for the first three years of the reign of King Charles I, until a disgruntled army officer assassinated him.

On 11 May 1616 Vautor supplicated for the degree of Mus. Bac. at the University of Oxford, which was granted on condition of his composing a choral hymn for six voices; he was admitted on 4 July. At this time the younger George Villiers, son of Vautor's patrons, was rising in the favour of king James I, and in 1619 was created Marquess of Buckingham, Vautor dedicated to the Marquess a collection of 22 madrigals, entitled The First Set; being Songs of diverse Ayres and Natures for Five and Sixe parts; Apt for Vyols and Voices. Nothing further is known of Vautor. [1]

University of Oxford university in Oxford, United Kingdom

The University of Oxford is a collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's second-oldest university in continuous operation after the University of Bologna. It grew rapidly from 1167 when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris. After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled north-east to Cambridge where they established what became the University of Cambridge. The two 'ancient universities' are frequently jointly called 'Oxbridge'. The history and influence of the University of Oxford has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world.


A list of the 22 pieces was in Edward Francis Rimbault's Bibliotheca Madrigaliana. [1] They are diverse, and were composed over an extended period of time; they also run a gamut of styles from the Elizabethan period to the contemporary. Some commemorate Elizabeth I, Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, and Thomas Beaumont. One madrigal is based on a sonnet by Sir Philip Sidney. [2]

Edward Francis Rimbault was an English organist, musicologist, book collector and author.

Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales Prince of Wales

Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales was the elder son of James VI and I, King of England and Scotland, and his wife, Anne of Denmark. His name derives from his grandfathers: Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, and Frederick II of Denmark. Prince Henry was widely seen as a bright and promising heir to his father's thrones. However, at the age of 18, he predeceased his father when he died of typhoid fever. His younger brother Charles succeeded him as heir apparent to the English, Irish and Scottish thrones.

Sir Thomas Beaumont of Stourton Grange, Leicestershire was an English Member of Parliament for Leicester.


  1. 1 2 3 Lee, Sidney, ed. (1899). "Vautor, Thomas"  . Dictionary of National Biography . 58. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  2. Brown, David. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/28157.Missing or empty |title= (help)(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain :  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1899). "Vautor, Thomas". Dictionary of National Biography . 58. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

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Sidney Lee 19th/20th-century English biographer and critic

Sir Sidney Lee was an English biographer, writer and critic.

<i>Dictionary of National Biography</i> Multi-volume reference work

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