Thomas Vere Hodgson

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Thomas Vere Hodgson
ATLNZ 11715.jpeg
The members of the Discovery expedition: Thomas Hodgson is on the far right
Born1864 (1864)
Died1926 (aged 6162)

Thomas Vere Hodgson (1864–1926) was a biologist aboard H.M.S. Discovery during the Discovery Expedition of 1901–1904, known by the nickname Muggins. [1] He pursued his interest in marine biology initially in his spare time, but eventually found work at the Marine Biological Association in Plymouth. He worked on the collections from the Southern Cross Expedition, [2] before joining the Discovery expedition as one of its oldest members, at 37. [3] The post of naturalist had previously been offered to William Speirs Bruce, who declined, preferring to travel on the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. [4] Hodgson's work on the Discovery provided the first descriptions of deep sea floor communities in the Antarctic. [5]

RRS <i>Discovery</i> barque museum ship

RRS Discovery is a barque-rigged auxiliary steamship built for Antarctic research, and launched in 1901. She was the last traditional wooden three-masted ship to be built in the United Kingdom. Its first mission was the British National Antarctic Expedition, carrying Robert Falcon Scott and Ernest Shackleton on their first, and highly successful, journey to the Antarctic, known as the Discovery Expedition. After service as a merchant ship before and during the First World War, Discovery was taken into the service of the British government in 1923 to carry out scientific research in the Southern Ocean, becoming the first Royal Research Ship. The ship undertook a two-year expedition – the Discovery Investigations – recording valuable information on the oceans, marine life and being the first scientific investigation into whale populations. From 1929 to 1931 Discovery served as the base for the British Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition under Douglas Mawson, a major scientific and territorial quest in what is now the Australian Antarctic Territory. On her return from the BANZARE, Discovery was moored in London as a static training ship and visitor attraction until 1979 when she was placed in the care of the Maritime Trust as a museum ship. After an extensive restoration Discovery is now the centrepiece of a visitor attraction in the city where she was built, Dundee. She is one of only two surviving expedition ships from the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration, the other being the Norwegian ship Fram.

<i>Discovery</i> Expedition research expedition

The DiscoveryExpedition of 1901–04, known officially as the British National Antarctic Expedition, was the first official British exploration of the Antarctic regions since the voyage of James Clark Ross sixty years earlier (1839-1843). Organized on a large scale under a joint committee of the Royal Society and the Royal Geographical Society (RGS), the new expedition carried out scientific research and geographical exploration in what was then largely an untouched continent. It launched the Antarctic careers of many who would become leading figures in the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration, including Robert Falcon Scott who led the expedition, Ernest Shackleton, Edward Wilson, Frank Wild, Tom Crean and William Lashly.

Marine biology The scientific study of organisms that live in the ocean

Marine biology is the scientific study of marine life, organisms in the sea. Given that in biology many phyla, families and genera have some species that live in the sea and others that live on land, marine biology classifies species based on the environment rather than on taxonomy.

Hodgson was reappointed curator of the Plymouth Museum on his return and went on to study the collections from the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition of 1902–1904. [2] He died in May 1926. [2]

Plymouth City Museum and Art Gallery Art museum and history museum in Devon, England

Plymouth City Museum and Art Gallery in the Drake Circus area of Plymouth, Devon, England is the largest museum and art gallery in the city. It was built in 1907–10 by Thornely and Rooke in Edwardian Baroque style. The Museum and Art Gallery is currently closed for major redevelopment and is set to re-open as part of The Box, Plymouth in spring 2020.

The National Marine Biological Library at the Marine Biological Association hold some of Hodgson's scientific notes in the MBA Archive Collection. [6]

Cape Hodgson, the northernmost point of Black Island in the Ross Archipelago is named after Thomas Hodgson. [3]

Cape Hodgson is the northernmost cape of Black Island, in the Ross Archipelago, Antarctica. It was named by the New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (1958–59) for Thomas V. Hodgson, a biologist with the British National Antarctic Expedition (1901–04), who with Reginald Koettlitz, Hartley T. Ferrar and Louis Bernacchi was the first to visit the island.

Black Island (Ross Archipelago) island in the Ross Archipelago

Black Island, in the Ross Archipelago, is immediately west of White Island. It was first named by the Discovery Expedition (1901–04) because of its lack of snow. The island's northernmost point is named Cape Hodgson, commemorating Thomas Vere Hodgson .

Ross Archipelago group of islands in Antarctica

Ross Archipelago is a name for that group of islands which, together with the ice shelf between them, forms the eastern and southern boundaries of McMurdo Sound in Antarctica. The most northerly is Beaufort Island, then comes Ross Island, the Dellbridge Islands, and Black Island and White Island. Frank Debenham's classic report, The Physiography of the Ross Archipelago, 1923, described "Brown Island" as a part of the group.

Hodgson was a fellow of the Anthropological Institute. [7]

Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland organization

The Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (RAI) is a long-established anthropological organisation, with a global membership. Its remit includes all the component fields of anthropology, such as biological anthropology, evolutionary anthropology, social anthropology, cultural anthropology, visual anthropology and medical anthropology, as well as sub-specialisms within these, and interests shared with neighbouring disciplines such as human genetics, archaeology and linguistics. It seeks to combine a tradition of scholarship with services to anthropologists, including students.

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References

  1. "Some Antarctic Nicknames". The Antarctic Circle. April 24, 2009.
  2. 1 2 3 "Meet the Crew of Scott's Discovery Expedition". Antarctic Heritage Trust. Archived from the original on January 6, 2009. Retrieved January 13, 2010.
  3. 1 2 "Thomas Vere Hodgson - Biographical notes". Cool Antarctica. Retrieved January 13, 2010.
  4. "Antarctic Explorer: Robert Falcon Scott". south-pole.com. Retrieved January 13, 2010.
  5. "History of Antarctic Benthic Ecology: The Lost Experiments". California State University. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved January 13, 2010.
  6. T.V. Hodgson material in the MBA Archive Collection: http://www.mba.ac.uk/NMBL/archives/archives_personal/personal_papers.htm#hodgson Archived 2012-07-13 at the Wayback Machine
  7. "List of Anthropological Institute Fellows in 1901". Englishness. Pitt Rivers Museum . Retrieved January 13, 2010.