Thomas Villiers, 2nd Earl of Clarendon

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Thomas Villiers, 2nd Earl of Clarendon (25 December 1753 – 7 March 1824), known as Lord Hyde from 1776 to 1786, was a British peer and Tory Member of Parliament from the Villiers family.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom, officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland but more commonly known as the UK or Britain, is a sovereign country lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

Tory A conservative political philosophy

A Tory is a person who holds a political philosophy known as Toryism, based on a British version of traditionalism and conservatism, which upholds the supremacy of social order as it has evolved throughout history. The Tory ethos has been summed up with the phrase "God, King, and Country". Tories generally advocate monarchism, and were historically of a high church Anglican religious heritage, opposed to the liberalism of the Whig faction.

Villiers family English aristocratic family

The Villiers family is one of England's preeminent aristocratic families. Over time, various members of the Villiers family were made knights, baronets and peers. Peerages held by the Villiers family include the dukedoms of Buckingham (1623-1687) and Cleveland (1670-1709), as well as the earldoms of Anglesey (1623-1661), Jersey and Clarendon. Perhaps the most prominent members of the family were those who received the two dukedoms: George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham (1592–1628) rose to fame and influence as favourite of King James I of England, while Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland (1640–1709) became a mistress of King Charles II of England, by whom she had five children.

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Thomas Villiers, 2nd Earl of Clarendon by William Bond, after Robert Trewick Bone. Thomas Villiers, 2nd Earl of Clarendon by William Bond, published by and after Robert Trewick Bone.jpg
Thomas Villiers, 2nd Earl of Clarendon by William Bond, after Robert Trewick Bone.
The Grove, Watford. Now an hotel The Grove and golf course, Watford - geograph.org.uk - 131616.jpg
The Grove, Watford. Now an hotel

Life

Clarendon was the eldest son of Thomas Villiers, 1st Earl of Clarendon and his wife Lady Charlotte Capell, and was educated at Eton and St John's College, Cambridge. [1]

Thomas Villiers, 1st Earl of Clarendon British diplomat

Thomas Villiers, 1st Earl of Clarendon PC was a British politician and diplomat from the Villiers family.

Charlotte Villiers, Countess of Clarendon, formerly Lady Charlotte Capell, was the wife of Thomas Villiers, the son of William Villiers, 2nd Earl of Jersey. Thomas would later be raised to the peerage as Baron Hyde and subsequently as Earl of Clarendon, both titles that originated from his wife's family.

Eton College British independent boarding school located in Eton

Eton College is an English 13–18 independent boarding school and sixth form for boys in the parish of Eton, near Windsor in Berkshire. It was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI as The King's College of Our Lady of Eton besides Wyndsor, as a sister institution to King's College, Cambridge, making it the 18th-oldest Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference school.

He was elected to the House of Commons for Christchurch in 1774, a seat he held until 1780. He later represented Helston between 1781 and 1786, when he succeeded his father in the earldom and entered the House of Lords. [2]

Christchurch (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom

Christchurch is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Sir Christopher Chope of the Conservative Party.

Helston, sometimes known as Helleston, was a parliamentary borough centred on the small town of Helston in Cornwall.

House of Lords upper house in the Parliament of the United Kingdom

The House of Lords, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Like the House of Commons, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Officially, the full name of the house is the Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled.

Lord Clarendon died in March 1824, aged 70. He never married and was succeeded in his titles by his younger brother John Charles Villiers.

Styles of address

He lived at The Grove, a country house near Watford, Hertfordshire.

The Grove, Watford

The Grove is a large hotel in Hertfordshire, England, with a 300–acre (1.2 km²) private park next to the River Gade and the Grand Union Canal. It touches on its north-west corner the M25 motorway and remains a small part in Watford.

Notes

  1. "Hyde (Thomas Villiers), Lord (HD771)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. "VILLIERS, Hon. Thomas (1753-1824), of The Grove, Watford, Herts". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 25 February 2018.

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References

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
James Harris
James Harris
Member of Parliament for Christchurch
1774–1780
With: James Harris
Succeeded by
James Harris
James Harris
Preceded by
Philip Yorke
Richard Barwell
Member of Parliament for Helston
1781–1786
With: Richard Barwell 1781–1784
John Rogers 1784–1786
Succeeded by
Roger Wilbraham
James Burges
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Villiers
Earl of Clarendon
2nd creation
1786–1824
Succeeded by
John Charles Villiers
Baron Hyde
2nd creation
1786–1824