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Thomas Villiers, 2nd Earl of Clarendon (25 December 1753 – 7 March 1824), known as Lord Hyde from 1776 to 1786, was a British peer and Tory Member of Parliament from the Villiers family.
Clarendon was the eldest son of Thomas Villiers, 1st Earl of Clarendon and his wife Lady Charlotte Capell, and was educated at Eton and St John's College, Cambridge.
He was elected to the House of Commons for Christchurch in 1774, a seat he held until 1780. He later represented Helston between 1781 and 1786, when he succeeded his father in the earldom and entered the House of Lords.
He served as a Cornet in the Western Troop, Hertfordshire Yeomanry, under the command of his younger brother George, and when George resigned he was promoted to Captain to command in his place.
Lord Clarendon died in March 1824, aged 70. He never married and was succeeded in his titles by his younger brother John Charles Villiers.
He lived at The Grove, a country house near Watford, Hertfordshire.
Earl of Essex is a title in the Peerage of England which was first created in the 12th century by King Stephen of England. The title has been recreated eight times from its original inception, beginning with a new first Earl upon each new creation. Possibly the most well-known Earls of Essex were Thomas Cromwell, chief minister to King Henry VIII, and Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex (1565–1601), a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I who led the Earl of Essex Rebellion in 1601.
Earl of Clarendon is a title that has been created twice in British history, in 1661 and 1776.
George Herbert Hyde Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon,, styled Lord Hyde from 1877 to 1914, was a British Conservative politician from the Villiers family. He served as Governor-General of the Union of South Africa from 1931 to 1937.
Earl of Rochester is a title that was created twice in the Peerage of England. The first creation came in 1652 in favour of the Royalist soldier Henry Wilmot, 2nd Viscount Wilmot. He had already been created Baron Wilmot, of Adderbury in the County of Oxford, in 1643, also in the Peerage of England. He was the son of Charles Wilmot, who had been elevated to the Peerage of Ireland as Viscount Wilmot, of Athlone, in 1622. Lord Rochester died in 1658 and was succeeded by his son John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester. He was a poet, a friend of King Charles II, and the writer of satirical and bawdy poetry. He married the heiress Elizabeth Malet. He was succeeded on his death in 1680 by his only son, the third Earl. He died at a young age the following year, when the titles became extinct.
Algernon Capell, 2nd Earl of Essex PC of Cassiobury House, Watford, Hertfordshire, was an English nobleman, a soldier and courtier.
Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon,, styled Lord Hyde between 1846 and 1870, was a British Liberal Unionist politician from the Villiers family. He served as Lord Chamberlain of the Household between 1900 and 1905.
William Capell, 3rd Earl of Essex, was an English courtier and diplomat.
Thomas Villiers, 1st Earl of Clarendon, PC was a British politician and diplomat from the Villiers family.
John Charles Villiers, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, PC was a British peer and Member of Parliament from the Villiers family.
James Walter Grimston, 2nd Earl of Verulam, known as Viscount Grimston from 1815 to 1845, was a British peer and Conservative politician. He was the eldest son of James Walter Grimston, 1st Earl of Verulam, and Lady Charlotte Jenkinson. He succeeded his father as 2nd Earl of Verulam in November 1845.
The Hon. George Villiers was a British courtier and politician from the Villiers family. The youngest son of the diplomat Lord Hyde, he was an intimate of Princess Amelia and personal supporter of her father, George III. His favour within the Royal Family and his father's influence brought him a number of sinecures to support him. However, Villiers was more interested in the operation of the royal farms at Windsor Castle than in politics or the duties of his offices. When his bookkeeping as Paymaster of the Marines was carefully examined in 1810, Villiers' carelessness and the speculation of his clerk had left him in debt to the Crown by more than £250,000. This exposure touched off a public scandal; Villiers promptly surrendered all his property to the Crown and threw himself on the king's mercy. The misconduct of Joseph Hunt as Treasurer of the Ordnance to some extent obscured Villiers' own misconduct, and he was able to retain other sinecures and a stable, if reduced, income from them until his death in 1827.
George Augustus Frederick Cowper, 6th Earl Cowper, styled Viscount Fordwich until 1837, was a British Whig politician. He served briefly as Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs under his uncle Lord Melbourne in 1834.
The Hertfordshire Yeomanry was a Yeomanry Cavalry regiment of the British Army that could trace its formation to the late 18th century. First seeing mounted service in the Second Boer War and World War I, it subsequently converted to artillery. Three regiments saw service in World War II, one of which was captured at the fall of Singapore. It continued through various postwar amalgamations and its lineage was maintained by 201 Battery, 100th (Yeomanry) Regiment Royal Artillery until that unit was placed in suspended animation in 2014.
Thomas Villiers may refer to:
The Grove is a large hotel in Hertfordshire, England, with a 300–acre (1.2 km2) private park next to the River Gade and the Grand Union Canal. It touches on its north-west corner the M25 motorway and remains a small part in Watford. The estate is situated within three different settlements; most of the land and all of the mansion itself are in the civil parish of Sarratt, and also in the ecclesiastical parish of Langleybury, while the estate lies within the post town of Rickmansworth.
Rowland Hill, 2nd Viscount Hill, known as Sir Rowland Hill, Bt, between 1824 and 1842, was a British peer and Tory politician.
Sir Abraham Hume, 2nd Baronet was a British floriculturist and Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1774 and 1818.
William Anne Holles Capell, 4th Earl of Essex, was a British landowner and peer, a member of the House of Lords.
(Maria) Theresa Lewis was a British writer and biographer.
Charlotte Villiers, Countess of Clarendon, formerly Lady Charlotte Capell, was the wife of Thomas Villiers, the son of William Villiers, 2nd Earl of Jersey. Thomas would later be raised to the peerage as Baron Hyde and subsequently as Earl of Clarendon, both titles that originated from his wife's family.