The Earl of Clarendon
|Envoy Extraordinary to the Court of Augustus III|
|Envoy Extraordinary to the Court of Maria Theresa|
|Envoy Extraordinary to the Court of Frederick II of Prussia|
|Member of Parliament|
|Prime Minister|| Henry Pelham |
The Duke of Newcastle
|Preceded by||Lord John Sackville|
|Succeeded by||William de Grey|
|Prime Minister||George Grenville|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Egmont|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Bessborough|
1786 –his death
|Prime Minister||William Pitt the Younger|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Tankerville|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Walsingham|
|Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster|
|Prime Minister||The Lord North|
|Preceded by||The Lord Strange|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Ashburton|
|Prime Minister||William Pitt the Younger|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Derby|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Hawkesbury|
|Died|| (aged 76/77)|
|Spouse||Lady Charlotte Capell|
|Alma mater||Queens' College,Cambridge|
|Occupation||Politician and diplomat|
Thomas Villiers,1st Earl of Clarendon,PC (1709 –11 December 1786) was a British politician and diplomat from the Villiers family.
Clarendon was the second son of William Villiers,2nd Earl of Jersey,and his wife Judith Herne,daughter of Frederick Herne.
Villiers received his education at Eton College and then Queens' College,Cambridge.Following his graduation,he became a diplomat.
Villiers became the British envoy to both the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Electorate of Saxony from 1740 to 1747. At the time both realms were in personal union under Augustus III of Poland. He was also sent to Vienna,capital of the Archduchy of Austria,as an envoy to the court of Maria Theresa of Austria from 1742 to 1743. He was last sent to Berlin,capital of the Kingdom of Prussia,as an envoy to the court of Frederick II of Prussia from 1746 to 1748.
Villiers was also involved in domestic politics as a member of the British Whig Party,which at the time dominated the Parliament of Great Britain. He was elected to Parliament in the 1747 British general election. He sat as a Member of Parliament for Tamworth from 1747 to 1756. He retired from all diplomatic offices at this time.
He was a Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty,one of seven members of the Board of Admiralty exercising command over the Royal Navy from 26 February 1748 to 17 November 1756. He served under First Lords of the Admiralty John Montagu,4th Earl of Sandwich,and George Anson,1st Baron Anson throughout his term.
On 3 June 1756,the barony of Hyde held by his wife's ancestors the Earls of Clarendon was revived. Villiers was raised to the peerage as Baron Hyde of Hindon in the County of Wiltshire.
Hyde served as Postmaster General from 1763 to 1765. On 9 September 1763,he was admitted to the Privy Council. He also served as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster from 1771 to 1782 and again from 1783 to 1786.
On 14 June 1776 the earldom of Clarendon,which had become extinct with the death of Henry Hyde,4th Earl of Clarendon in 1753,was revived and Hyde was made Earl of Clarendon. In 1782 he was also made a Baron of the Kingdom of Prussia,an honour which he received Royal licence to use in Kingdom of Great Britain.
Clarendon returned to the office of Postmaster-General in commission with Henry Carteret,1st Baron Carteret,in September 1786. This was to be his final political assignment.
Lord Clarendon died in December 1786,aged 77. He was succeeded in the earldom by his eldest son Thomas.
On 30 March 1752 he married Charlotte Capell,daughter of William Capell,3rd Earl of Essex,and his wife Jane Hyde,daughter of Henry Hyde,4th Earl of Clarendon (of the 1661 creation) and Jane Leveson-Gower. They had four children:
He bought and remodelled The Grove,a country house near Watford,Hertfordshire.
Earl of Clarendon is a title that has been created twice in British history,in 1661 and 1776.
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Baron Walpole of Walpole in the County of Norfolk,is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain.
Algernon Capell,2nd Earl of Essex PC of Cassiobury House,Watford,Hertfordshire,was an English nobleman,a soldier and courtier.
Henry Hyde,4th Earl of Clarendon and 2nd Earl of Rochester,PC,styled Lord Hyde from 1682 to 1711,was an English Army officer and Tory politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons from 1692 until 1711 when he succeeded to the peerage as Earl of Rochester.
William Villers,2nd Earl of Jersey,known as Viscount Villiers from 1697 to 1711,was an English peer and politician from the Villiers family.
Thomas Villiers,2nd Earl of Clarendon,known as Lord Hyde from 1776 to 1786,was a British peer and Tory Member of Parliament from the Villiers family.
John Charles Villiers,3rd Earl of Clarendon,PC was a British peer and Member of Parliament from the Villiers family.
The Hon. George Villiers was a British courtier and politician from the Villiers family. The youngest son of the diplomat Lord Hyde,he was an intimate of Princess Amelia and personal supporter of her father,George III. His favour within the Royal Family and his father's influence brought him a number of sinecures to support him. However,Villiers was more interested in the operation of the royal farms at Windsor Castle than in politics or the duties of his offices. When his bookkeeping as Paymaster of the Marines was carefully examined in 1810,Villiers' carelessness and the speculation of his clerk had left him in debt to the Crown by more than £250,000. This exposure touched off a public scandal;Villiers promptly surrendered all his property to the Crown and threw himself on the king's mercy. The misconduct of Joseph Hunt as Treasurer of the Ordnance to some extent obscured Villiers' own misconduct,and he was able to retain other sinecures and a stable,if reduced,income from them until his death in 1827.
Admiral of the Fleet John Forbes,styled The Honourable from 1734,was a Royal Navy officer. After taking part in an expedition to Lisbon to support the Portuguese in the face of a Spanish threat,he saw action as captain of the third-rate HMS Norfolk at the Battle of Toulon during the War of the Austrian Succession. He was one of the few captains who really bore down on the enemy.
Thomas Villiers may refer to:
Thomas Thynne,2nd Viscount Weymouth of Longleat House in Wiltshire was an English peer,descended from Sir John Thynne (c.1515-1580) builder of Longleat.
William Anne Holles Capell,4th Earl of Essex,was a British landowner and peer,a member of the House of Lords.
Villiers is an aristocratic family in the United Kingdom. Over time,various members of the Villiers family were made knights,baronets,and peers. Peerages held by the Villiers family include the dukedoms of Buckingham (1623–1687) and Cleveland (1670–1709),as well as the earldoms of Anglesey (1623–1661),Jersey,and Clarendon. Perhaps the most prominent members of the family were those who received the two dukedoms:George Villiers,1st Duke of Buckingham (1592–1628) rose to fame and influence as favourite of King James I of England,while Barbara Villiers,Duchess of Cleveland (1640–1709) became a mistress of King Charles II of England,by whom she had five children.
(Maria) Theresa Lewis was a British writer and biographer.
Jane Capell,Countess of Essex,previously Lady Jane Hyde,was a British court official,the first wife of William Capell,3rd Earl of Essex. She was the daughter of Henry Hyde,4th Earl of Clarendon,and his wife,the former Jane Leveson-Gower.
Charlotte Villiers,Countess of Clarendon,formerly Lady Charlotte Capell,was the wife of Thomas Villiers,the son of William Villiers,2nd Earl of Jersey. Thomas would later be raised to the peerage as Baron Hyde and subsequently as Earl of Clarendon,both titles that originated from his wife's family.
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