Thomas W. Evans

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Thomas W. Evans
Thomas Wiltberger Evans.jpg
Born(1823-12-23)December 23, 1823
Died November 14, 1897(1897-11-14) (aged 73)
Resting place Woodlands Cemetery, Philadelphia
Nationality American
Occupation Dentist
Awards Grand Croix of the Légion d'honneur.

Thomas Wiltberger Evans (December 23, 1823 – November 14, 1897) was a dentist. He performed dental procedures on many heads of state, including Napoleon III, [1] and received numerous medals for his dentistry, [2] including the Grand Croix of the Légion d'honneur. [3] He is noted for popularizing a number of techniques that have since become standard, including the use of amalgam fillings and of nitrous oxide. [4]

Napoleon III French emperor, president, and member of the House of Bonaparte

Napoleon III was the first elected President of France from 1848 to 1852. When he could not constitutionally be re-elected, he seized power in 1851 and became the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870. He founded the Second French Empire and was its only emperor until the defeat of the French army and his capture by Prussia and its allies in the Franco-Prussian War in 1870. He worked to modernize the French economy, rebuilt the center of Paris, expanded the overseas empire, and engaged in the Crimean War and the war for Italian unification. After his defeat and downfall he went into exile and died in England in 1873.

Nitrous oxide chemical compound

Nitrous oxide, commonly known as laughing gas or nitrous, is a chemical compound, an oxide of nitrogen with the formula N
. At room temperature, it is a colourless non-flammable gas, with a slight metallic scent and taste. At elevated temperatures, nitrous oxide is a powerful oxidiser similar to molecular oxygen. It is soluble in water.

In 1868, Evans helped found the American Register , the first American newspaper published in Paris. [5] In 1884 he published the first English translation of the memoirs of Heinrich Heine, to which he also wrote the introduction. [3]

Heinrich Heine German poet, journalist, essayist, and literary critic

Christian Johann Heinrich Heine was a German-Jewish poet, journalist, essayist, and literary critic. He is best known outside of Germany for his early lyric poetry, which was set to music in the form of Lieder by composers such as Robert Schumann and Franz Schubert. Heine's later verse and prose are distinguished by their satirical wit and irony. He is considered part of the Young Germany movement. His radical political views led to many of his works being banned by German authorities—which, however, only added to his fame. He spent the last 25 years of his life as an expatriate in Paris.

He was famous for having assisted the Empress Eugénie in escaping from Paris in 1870 after the Battle of Sedan. [3] [6]

Battle of Sedan battle

The Battle of Sedan was fought during the Franco-Prussian War from 1 to 2 September 1870. It resulted in the capture of Emperor Napoleon III and large numbers of his troops and for all intents and purposes decided the war in favour of Prussia and its allies, though fighting continued under a new French government.

He died in Paris, [1] [3] where he had lived for many years, and was buried in Woodlands Cemetery, Philadelphia. In his will, he left money and land for the founding of what was to become the University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine.

University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine

The University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine is the dental school of the University of Pennsylvania (Penn), an Ivy League university located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. It is one of twelve graduate schools at Penn and one of several dental schools in Pennsylvania. It is part of the University of Pennsylvania Health System.

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Harvard School of Dental Medicine

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Chapin A. Harris American dentist

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Willoughby D. Miller American dentist and microbiologist

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Roscoe A. "Skip" Gougler was an American football player and coach, dentist, and professor of dentistry. He played at the halfback and quarterback positions for the Pittsburgh Panthers football teams from 1914 to 1918. He was selected as a second-team All-American in 1918. He also played two years of professional football, including the 1919 season with the Massillon Tigers of the Ohio League. He later coached football and became a member of the faculty at the University of Pittsburgh’s dentistry school.

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  1. 1 2 Times
  2. Times: "The doctor had every kind of decoration...the orders he received number over 200."
  3. 1 2 3 4 Johnson
  4. Reichhold, Nicolette (2014). James Ernest Heesom (1837–1927): A Yorkshire dentist in Paris. ISBN   978-1495330575.
  5. Hamon
  6. Times: "Dr. Evans was best known for his rescue of the Empress Eugénie..."
<i>The New York Times</i> Daily broadsheet newspaper based in New York City

The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won 125 Pulitzer Prizes, more than any other newspaper. The Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U.S.

David McCullough American historian and author

David Gaub McCullough is an American author, narrator, popular historian, and lecturer. He is a two-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award and a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the United States' highest civilian award.

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.