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Thomas W. Hardwick
|63rd Governor of Georgia|
June 25, 1921 –June 30, 1923
|Preceded by||Hugh Dorsey|
|Succeeded by||Clifford Walker|
| United States Senator |
November 4,1914 – March 3,1919
|Preceded by||William S. West|
|Succeeded by||William J. Harris|
|Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives |
from Georgia's 10th district
March 4,1903 –November 2,1914
|Preceded by||Emory Speer|
|Succeeded by||Carl Vinson|
|Member of the Georgia House of Representatives|
Thomas William Hardwick
|Died||January 31,1944 71) (aged|
|Resting place|| Old City Cemetery |
Maude Elizabeth Perkins
Sallie Warren West
|Alma mater|| Mercer University (B.A.)|
University of Georgia School of Law (J.D.)
Thomas William Hardwick (December 9,1872 –January 31,1944) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Georgia.
Hardwick was born on December 9,1872 in Thomasville,Georgia.He graduated from Mercer University with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1892 and received a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Georgia School of Law in 1893. He was an active member of Phi Delta Theta at Mercer,and while at UGA,he was a member of the Phi Kappa Literary Society.
Hardwick married Maude Elizabeth Perkins in 1894.He married Sallie Warren West in 1938. He had one daughter and two stepdaughters.
Hardwick practiced law in Savannahand then entered politics with the support of Thomas E. Watson. Hardwick was the prosecutor of Washington County,Georgia from 1895 to 1897.
Hardwick served as a member of the Georgia House of Representatives from 1898 to 1902;and a member of the United States House of Representatives representing Georgia's 10th district from 1903 to 1914. In 1914 he ran for a seat in the United States Senate in a special election for the unexpired term of Augustus O. Bacon who had died in office. Hardwick won,and served in the Senate from 1915 to 1919. Senator Hardwick was defeated in the Democratic primary for reelection in 1918 by William J. Harris.
As a senator,Hardwick co-sponsored the Immigration Act of 1918,which was enacted in October of that year. Aimed at radical anarchists who had immigrated to the U.S.,the new law enabled deportation of any non-citizen who belonged to an anarchist organization or who was found in possession of anarchist literature for the purpose of propaganda.
On April 29,1919,as a direct result of his sponsorship of the Immigration Act,Senator Hardwick was targeted for assassination by adherents of the radical anarchist Luigi Galleani,who mailed a booby trap bomb to his residence in Georgia. The bomb exploded when Ethel Williams,a house servant of the Hardwicks,attempted to open the package,blowing off her hands and severely injuring Hardwick's wife,Maude.
Hardwick then served as Governor of Georgia from 1921 to 1923,and due to his opposition to the Ku Klux Klan,lost to Clifford Walker in the subsequent election.He ran unsuccessfully for election to the Senate in 1922 and 1924,and then retired from politics. He spent the rest of his life practicing law,with offices in Washington,D.C.,Atlanta,Georgia and Sandersville,Georgia.
One of Hardwick's most notable actions as governor of Georgia was his appointment of Rebecca Latimer Felton to the United States Senate as a temporary replacement for Tom Watson,who had died. Though Felton only served for one day,she was the first woman to serve in the Senate.
Hardwick died of a heart attack on January 31,1944 in Sandersville.Hardwick was interred in Old City Cemetery in Sandersville.
The Palmer Raids were a series of raids conducted in November 1919 and January 1920 by the United States Department of Justice under the administration of President Woodrow Wilson to capture and arrest suspected socialists, especially anarchists and communists, and deport them from the United States. The raids particularly targeted Italian immigrants and Eastern European Jewish immigrants with alleged leftist ties, with particular focus on Italian anarchists and immigrant leftist labor activists. The raids and arrests occurred under the leadership of Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer, with 3,000 arrested. Though 556 foreign citizens were deported, including a number of prominent leftist leaders, Palmer's efforts were largely frustrated by officials at the U.S. Department of Labor, which had authority for deportations and objected to Palmer's methods.
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City Cemetery, also known as the Sandersville Old City Cemetery, is located in Sandersville, Georgia.
The United States Immigration Act of 1918 was enacted on October 16, 1918. It is also known as the Dillingham-Hardwick Act. It was intended to correct what President Woodrow Wilson's administration considered to be deficiencies in previous laws, in order to enable the government to deport undesirable aliens, specifically anarchists, communists, labor organizers, and similar activists.
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