Thomas W. Harrison

Last updated
Thomas Harrison
ThomasWHarrison.jpg
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from Virginia's 7th district
In office
March 4, 1923 March 3, 1929
Preceded by John Paul
Succeeded by Jacob A. Garber
In office
November 7, 1916 December 15, 1922
Preceded by James Hay
Succeeded byJohn Paul
Member of the Virginia Senate
from the 12th district
In office
December 8, 1887 December 4, 1895
Preceded byMarshall McCormick
Succeeded byE. H. Jackson
Personal details
Born
Thomas Walter Harrison

(1856-08-05)August 5, 1856
Leesburg, Virginia, U.S.
DiedMay 9, 1935(1935-05-09) (aged 78)
Winchester, Virginia, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s)Julia Knight
Nellie Cover
Children Burr Powell Harrison and 3 daughters
Alma mater University of Virginia
Occupation Lawyer, politician

Thomas Walter Harrison (August 5, 1856 – May 9, 1935) was a Virginia lawyer, judge and politician. He served in the Senate of Virginia and in the United States House of Representatives. [1]

Senate of Virginia Upper chamber of Virginia bicameral legislature

The Senate of Virginia is the upper house of the Virginia General Assembly. The Senate is composed of 40 Senators representing an equal number of single-member constituent districts. The Senate is presided over by the Lieutenant Governor of Virginia. Prior to the American War of Independence, the upper house of the General Assembly was represented by the Virginia Governor's Council, consisting of up to 12 executive counselors appointed by the Colonial Royal Governor as advisers and jurists.

United States House of Representatives lower house of the United States Congress

The United States House of Representatives is the lower house of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper house. Together they compose the national legislature of the United States.

Contents

Early and family life

Born in Leesburg, Fauquier County, Virginia to attorney Matthew Harrison (1822-1875) and his wife, the former Anne Harriott (1822-1894) of Washington DC, Harrison was descended from the First Families of Virginia. His lawyer grandfather Burr William Harrison represented Loudoun County, Virginia in the Virginia House of Delegates 1840-1847. His great-grandfather Richard Henry Lee served in the Continental Congress, including as its President, and in the Virginia House of Burgesses as well as the Constitutional Convention of 1787. [2] Thomas had an older sister Sallie and a younger sister Harriet. He attended local academies at Leesburg, Middleburg, and Hanover. His father owned relatively little property before the American Civil War, [3] but more in 1870 despite the wartime devastation. [4] Thomas attended the academic and law departments of the University of Virginia at Charlottesville and graduated in 1879.

Leesburg, Virginia Town in Virginia

Leesburg is the county seat of Loudoun County, Virginia. It was built circa 1740 and occupied by some of Virginia’s most famous families, being named for Thomas Lee, ancestor of Robert E. Lee. In the War of 1812, it became the temporary seat of the United States government, and in the Civil War, it changed hands several times.

Fauquier County, Virginia County in the United States

Fauquier is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 65,203. The county seat is Warrenton.

First Families of Virginia

First Families of Virginia (FFV) were those families in Colonial Virginia who were socially prominent and wealthy, but not necessarily the earliest settlers. They descended from English colonists who primarily settled at Jamestown, Williamsburg, The Northern Neck and along the James River and other navigable waters in Virginia during the 17th century. These elite families generally married within their social class for many generations and, as a result, most surnames of First Families date to the colonial period.

Thomas Harrison married twice. He first married Julia Knight (1854-1899) and they had daughters Katherine Young Harrison (1884-1973), Harriett Harrison (1886-1892) and Julia K. Harrison (1888-1889), then a son, Burr Powell Harrison (1904-1973) who like his father served in the Virginia Senate and U.S. Congress. [5] He then married Nellie Cover (1866-1936), who survived him.

Career

Admitted to the bar in 1879, Harrison began a private legal practice in Winchester, Virginia. In 1883, he and fellow Democrat and lawyer Richard Evelyn Byrd Sr. bought the Winchester Times from Robert W. Hunter, and by 1899 the Times had become the weekly edition of Byrd's Winchester Evening Star. The weekly's last edition was published on March 29, 1905. [6] Voters in 12th district (composed of Clarke, Frederick, and Warren counties) elected Harrison to the Senate of Virginia in 1887 (a seat previously held by Berryville attorney Marshall McCormick) and re-elected him once, so he served from 1887-1895. In 1895 changed the district boundaries substantially, and J.G. Cune was elected to the new senatorial district comprising Frederick and Shenandoah counties, and E.H. Jackson was elected in the new district encompassing Clarke, Page and Warren counties. [7]

Admission to the bar in the United States

Admission to the bar in the United States is the granting of permission by a particular court system to a lawyer to practice law in the jurisdiction and before those courts. Each U.S. state and similar jurisdiction has its own court system and sets its own rules for bar admission, which can lead to different admission standards among states. In most cases, a person is "admitted" or "called" to the bar of the highest court in the jurisdiction and is thereby authorized to practice law in the jurisdiction. In addition, Federal Courts of the United States, although often overlapping in admission standards with states, set their own requirements for practice in each of those courts.

Winchester, Virginia Independent city in Virginia, United States

Winchester is an independent city located in the northern portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,203. As of 2015, its population is an estimated 27,284. It is the county seat of Frederick County, although the two are separate jurisdictions. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Winchester with surrounding Frederick County for statistical purposes.

Richard Evelyn Byrd Sr. American politician

Richard Evelyn Byrd Sr. was a Virginia lawyer, politician and newspaperman.

Meanwhile, Harrison had not been a candidate for re-election, because the Virginia General Assembly elected him as circuit judge for what was then Virginia's 17th judicial district, and he remained in that office from 1895 until September 1, 1916, when he ran for a seat in the U.S. Congress following the resignation of James Hay. Harrison also won election to the State constitutional convention in 1901 and 1902, representing Winchester and Frederick County.

James Hay (politician) American politician

James Hay served in both houses of the Virginia General Assembly, was a United States Representative from Virginia and a Judge of the Court of Claims.

Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1902

The Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1902 was an assembly of delegates elected by the voters to write the fundamental law of Virginia. The 1902 Constitution severely restricting suffrage among blacks and whites was proclaimed without submitting it to the people.

Voters from Virginia's 7th congressional district elected Harrison as a Democrat to the Sixty-fourth Congress; he would serve from November 7, 1916, to December 15, 1922. During the first four elections, Harrison's opponent was Republican John Paul Jr.. Harrison won the first contests, winning re-election to the Sixty-fifth and Sixty-sixth Congresses. However, in the Sixty-seventh Congress, he only served from March 4, 1921, until December 15, 1922, when the seat was awarded to Republican Paul, who had contested that election.

Virginias 7th congressional district

Virginia's 7th congressional district is a United States congressional district in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The district is currently represented by Democrat Abigail Spanberger, first elected in 2018.

Democratic Party (United States) Major political party in the United States

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with its rival, the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party.

64th United States Congress

The Sixty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1915, to March 4, 1917, during the third and fourth years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Harrison defeated Paul to win the seat in the Sixty-eighth, then Paul became U.S. Attorney for the Western District of Virginia, so Harrison defeated other Republicans to win re-election to Sixty-ninth, and Seventieth Congresses (March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1929).

He authored Harrison on Wills and Administration for the Michie Co. in 1927.

Harrison lost his re-election bid in 1928 to the Seventy-first Congress to Republican businessman Jacob A. Garber.

Death and legacy

Harrison continued his legal practice in Winchester, Virginia, until his death there on May 9, 1935. He was interred in Winchester's Mount Hebron Cemetery.

Electoral history

Related Research Articles

Harry F. Byrd Jr. politician from the United States

Harry Flood Byrd Jr. was an American orchardist, newspaper publisher and politician. He served in the Senate of Virginia and then represented Virginia in the United States Senate, succeeding his father, Harry F. Byrd Sr. His public service spanned thirty-six years, while he was a publisher of several Virginia newspapers. After the decline of his family's political machine, due to its infamous support of massive resistance, he abandoned the Democratic Party in 1970, citing concern about its leftward tilt. He rehabilitated his political career, becoming the first independent in the history of the U.S. Senate to be elected by a majority of the popular vote.

Absalom Willis Robertson American politician

Absalom Willis Robertson was an American politician from Virginia who served over 50 years in public office. A member of the Democratic Party and ally of the Byrd Organization led by fellow U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd, Robertson represented Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives (1933–1946) and the U.S. Senate (1946–1966), and had earlier served in the Virginia General Assembly. A Dixiecrat or member of the conservative coalition during his congressional career, Robertson was also the father of televangelist Pat Robertson.

1976 United States Senate elections

The 1976 United States Senate elections was an election for the United States Senate that coincided with Democratic Jimmy Carter's presidential election and the United States Bicentennial celebration. Although almost half of the seats decided in this election changed parties, Carter's narrow victory did not provide coattails for the Democrats, and the balance of the chamber remained the same.

Matthew Clay was a United States Representative from Virginia.

Mark Herring American lawyer and politician

Mark Rankin Herring is an American lawyer who is the 47th and current Attorney General of Virginia. A Democrat, he previously served in the Senate of Virginia since a 2006 special election, representing the 33rd district, made up of parts of Fairfax and Loudoun counties.

Cassius C. Dowell American politician

Cassius Clay Dowell was a Republican U.S. Representative from Iowa. He served from 1915 to 1935, and again from 1937 until his death in 1940, with the interregnum caused by an unsuccessful campaign for reelection in 1934.

Joseph T. Deal American politician

Joseph Thomas Deal was a U.S. Representative from Virginia.

Burr Harrison American politician

Burr Powell Harrison was a Virginia lawyer, judge and Democratic politician who was a member of the Byrd Organization and served as U.S. Congressman representing Virginia's 7th congressional district.

J. Kenneth Robinson American politician

James Kenneth Robinson was a State Senator and U.S. Representative from Virginia.

Jacob A. Garber American politician

Jacob Aaron Garber was a teacher and businessman who served in both houses of the Virginia General Assembly as well as in the United States House of Representatives as a Republican.

John Lamb (congressman) U.S. Representative from Virginia

John Lamb was a U.S. Representative from Virginia.

Patrick H. Drewry American politician

Patrick Henry Drewry was a U.S. Representative and state legislator from Virginia.

John Janney American politician

John Janney was an influential member of the Whig Party in Virginia prior to its demise, delegate to the Virginia General Assembly from Loudoun County and served as President of the Virginia Secession Convention in 1861.

Mick Staton Member of the United States House of Representatives, 1981-1983

David Michael Staton, better known as Mick Staton was an American politician. He was a Republican from West Virginia.

Eugene Delgaudio American social conservative politician

Eugene Delgaudio is an American politician. In 1981, he started Public Advocate of the United States, a conservative activist group known for its street theater and tax protests opposing taxes. He represented the Sterling District on the Loudoun County, Virginia, Board of Supervisors until he was defeated by Koran Saines in 2015.

Loudoun County, Virginia is divided into eight magisterial districts: Algonkian, Ashburn, Blue Ridge, Broad Run, Catoctin, Dulles, Leesburg, and Sterling. The magisterial districts each elect one supervisor to the Board of Supervisors which governs Loudoun County. There is also a Chair elected by the county at-large, bringing total Board membership to 9. A Vice-Chair is selected by the Board from amongst its membership. The current Chair is Phyllis J. Randall. The current Vice-Chair is Ralph Buona, the Ashburn District Supervisor. He was elected Vice Chair in March 2015. Board members serve four-year terms.

J. Randall "Randy" Minchew is an American politician and lawyer. A Republican, he was first elected to the Virginia House of Delegates in 2011, and re-elected for two subsequent terms. He represented the 10th district, made up of parts of Clarke, Frederick and Loudoun counties in the northern part of the state.

The 2014 United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia were held on Tuesday, November 4, 2014, to elect the 11 members from the state of Virginia to the United States House of Representatives, one from each of the state's 11 congressional districts. On the same day, elections took place for other federal and state offices, including an election to the United States Senate. Primary elections, in which party nominees were chosen, were held on June 10, 2014.

Jennifer Wexton American politician and lawyer

Jennifer Lynn Wexton is an American lawyer and politician from the Commonwealth of Virginia serving as the U.S. Representative for Virginia's 10th congressional district. The district is anchored in the outer suburbs of Northern Virginia and stretches into Winchester. She defeated Republican incumbent Barbara Comstock in the 2018 election. Wexton represented the 33rd district in the Virginia State Senate from 2014 to 2019. She is a member of the Democratic Party.

As most Presidents have careers in politics and some lose re-election, there have been many elections lost by presidents of the United States.

References

    • United States Congress. "Thomas W. Harrison (id: H000277)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress .
  1. Sons of the American Revolution membership application of Burr P. Harrison available pp. 615-616 of 629 on ancestry.com
  2. In the 1860 census Mathew Harrison owned $9000 in real estate and $1300 in personal property and no slaves, 1860 U.S. Federal Census for Loutdoun County, family no. 543
  3. Mathew Harrison owned $30,000 in real estate and $400 in personal property as well as had two domestic servants in the 1870 U.S. Federal Census for the northern Division of Loudoun County family no. 296
  4. findagrave no.7686011
  5. Lester J. Cappon, Virginia newspapers 1821 - 1925: Guide to Virginia Historical Materials Part 1 (D. Appleton-Century Company Inc.1936) pp. 227-228
  6. Cynthia Miller Leonard (ed), The General Assembly of Virginia 1619-1978: A Bicentennial Register of Members (Richmond, 1978) pp 547, 552, 556, 560, 564

Works

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
James Hay
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 7th congressional district

1916–1922
Succeeded by
John Paul
Preceded by
John Paul
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 7th congressional district

1923–1929
Succeeded by
Jacob A. Garber

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov .