Thomas W. Miller

Last updated

Thomas W. Miller
Thomas W. Miller.jpg
Chairman of the American Legion
National Legislative Committee
In office
1919 – 1920
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded by John T. Taylor
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from Delaware's At-large district
In office
March 4, 1915 March 3, 1917
Preceded by Franklin Brockson
Succeeded by Albert F. Polk
Personal details
Born
Thomas Woodnutt Miller

(1886-06-26)June 26, 1886
Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.
DiedMay 5, 1973(1973-05-05) (aged 86)
Reno, Nevada, U.S.
Political party Republican
Alma mater Yale University (BA)
ProfessionLawyer
Military service
AllegianceFlag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States
Branch/service United States Army
Years of service1917–1919
Rank US-O5 insignia.svg Lieutenant Colonel
Battles/wars World War I
Awards Purple Heart ribbon.svg Purple Heart

Thomas Woodnutt Miller (June 26, 1886 May 5, 1973) was an American politician serving as a Republican U.S. Representative for Delaware's at-large congressional district. He was a veteran of World War I and a member of the American Legion, who served as a National Legislative Committee chairman.

Contents

Early life and education

Thomas Woodnutt Miller was born in Wilmington, Delaware, son of Governor Charles R. and Abigail Morgan Woodnutt Miller. He attended The Hotchkiss School and graduated from Yale University in 1908. He was initially employed as a steel roller by the Bethlehem Steel Company in 1908 and 1909.

Political career

Miller worked as secretary to U.S. Representative William H. Heald from 1910 until 1912, and during this period studied law in Washington, D.C.. He was appointed by his father, Governor Charles R. Miller, to the position of Delaware Secretary of State from 1913 until 1915.

Miller was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1914, defeating incumbent Democratic U.S. Representative Franklin Brockson. During this term, he served in the Republican minority in the 64th Congress. Seeking reelection in 1916, he lost to Democrat Albert F. Polk, a lawyer from Georgetown. Miller served from March 4, 1915, until March 3, 1917, during the administration of U.S. President Woodrow Wilson.

World War I

When the United States entered World War I in 1917, Miller enlisted as a private in the infantry of the United States Army, and served in France with the Seventy-Ninth Division. He was cited by General John Pershing for "especially meritorious and conspicuous service" in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive and awarded the Purple Heart for his service. For this, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and served until discharged in September 1919. Miller was a founder and incorporator of the American Legion and vice chairman of the Paris caucus in March 1919. He was also Alien Property Custodian from 1921 until 1925 and a member of the American Battle Monuments Commission from 1923 until 1926.

Conviction and parole

Miller served in the administration of United States President Warren G. Harding, but was convicted in 1927 of conspiring to defraud the U.S. government. [1] The conviction concerned Miller's service as Alien Property Custodian and the effort by Metallgesellschaft AG of Germany to overturn the U.S. government's confiscation of its interest in the American Metal Company during World War I. [2] [3] [4] He served 18 months in prison and was paroled in 1929 and pardoned by United States President Herbert Hoover in 1933.

Later life and death

At this point, Miller moved to Reno, Nevada, where he spent the rest of his life. There he became the founder of Nevada State parks system and served as chairman of the Nevada State Park Commission in 1935, 1936, from 1953 to 1959, and from 1967 to 1973. He also continued his activity in veteran’s affairs as staff field representative of the United States Veterans' Employment Service from 1945 until 1957. He died in Reno, Nevada on May 5, 1973, and was buried in the Masonic Memorial Gardens in Reno.

Personal life

His nephew, Clement W. Miller was a U.S. Representative from California from 1959 until 1962.[ citation needed ]

Almanac

Elections are held the first Tuesday after November 1. U.S. Representatives took office March 4 and have a two-year term.

Public offices
OfficeTypeLocationBegan officeEnded officeNotes
Secretary of State of Delaware Executive Dover 19131915 Delaware
U.S. Representative Legislature Washington March 4, 1915March 3, 1917
United States Congressional service
DatesCongressChamberMajorityPresidentCommitteesClass/District
1915–1917 64th U.S. House Democratic Woodrow Wilson At-large
Election results
YearOfficeSubjectPartyVotes%OpponentPartyVotes%
1914 U.S. Representative Thomas W. Miller Republican 22,92250% Franklin Brockson Democratic 20,68145%
1916 U.S. Representative Thomas W. Miller Republican 24,20247% Albert F. Polk Democratic 24,39548%

See also

Related Research Articles

American Legion organization of U.S. war veterans

The American Legion, commonly known as the Legion, is an organization of U.S. war veterans headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana. It is made up of state, U.S. territory, and overseas departments, and these are in turn made up of local posts. The organization was formed on March 15, 1919, in Paris, France, by a thousand officers and men of the American Expeditionary Forces, and it was chartered on September 16, 1919, by the United States Congress.

Caesar Augustus Rodney American politician

Caesar Augustus Rodney was an American lawyer and politician from Wilmington, in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a member of the Democratic-Republican Party, who served in the Delaware General Assembly, as well as a U.S. Representative from Delaware, U.S. Senator from Delaware, U.S. Attorney General, and U.S. Minister to Argentina.

J. Caleb Boggs American politician

James Caleb Boggs was an American lawyer and politician from Claymont in New Castle County, Delaware. He was commonly known by his middle name, Caleb.

James A. Bayard Jr. American politician

James Asheton Bayard Jr. was an American lawyer and politician from Delaware. He was a member of the Democratic Party and served as U.S. Senator from Delaware.

George R. Riddle American politician

George Read Riddle was an American engineer, lawyer and politician from Wilmington, Delaware. He was a member of the Democratic Party who served as U.S. Representative and as U.S. Senator from Delaware.

John Patten (American politician) American politician

Major John Patten was a United States farmer and politician from Dover, in Kent County, Delaware. He was an officer of the Continental Army in the American Revolution, a Continental Congressman, and a member of the Democratic-Republican Party, who served in the Delaware General Assembly and as a United States Representative from Delaware.

Charles R. Miller American politician

Charles Robert Miller was an American lawyer and politician from Wilmington, Delaware. He was a member of the Republican Party, who served in the Delaware General Assembly and as Governor of Delaware.

Cornelius P. Comegys American politician

Cornelius Parsons Comegys was an American farmer and politician from Dover Hundred, in Kent County, Delaware, near Little Creek. He was a veteran of the War of 1812, a member of the Federalist Party, and then later the Whig Party, who served in the Delaware General Assembly and as Governor of Delaware.

William Temple (politician) American merchant and politician from Delaware

William Temple was an American merchant and politician from Smyrna, in Kent County, Delaware. He was a member of the Whig Party, and later the Democratic Party, who served in the Delaware General Assembly, as Governor of Delaware, and as U.S. Representative from Delaware. He is the youngest governor to serve in Delaware in all of its history.

Ulysses S. Grant III grandson of US President Ulysses S. Grant (1881-1968)

Ulysses Simpson Grant III was a United States Army officer and planner. He was the son of Frederick Dent Grant, and the grandson of General of the Army and U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant.

The Office of Alien Property Custodian was an office within the government of the United States during World War I and again during World War II, serving as a custodian to property that belonged to US enemies. The office was created in 1917 by Executive Order 2729-A under the Trading with the Enemy Act 1917 (TWEA) in order to "assume control and dispose of enemy-owned property in the United States and its possessions."

Franklin Brockson American politician

Franklin Brockson, was an American lawyer and politician from Wilmington in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a member of the Democratic Party, who served in the Delaware General Assembly and as U. S. Representative from Delaware.

Alexis Irénée du Pont "Lex" Bayard was an American lawyer and politician from Rockland, near Greenville, in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a member of the Democratic Party, who served as the 13th Lieutenant Governor of Delaware.

Royal C. Johnson American soldier and politician

Royal Cleaves Johnson was a U.S. Representative from South Dakota and a highly decorated veteran of World War I while he was still a member of Congress. Despite voting against United States declaration of war on Germany, he took a leave of absence from Congress to enlist. He became a highly decorated veteran receiving the Distinguished Service Cross from the United States government. He also received the War Cross 1914–1918 from the French government.

Albert F. Polk American politician

Albert Fawcett Polk was an American lawyer and politician from Georgetown, in Sussex County, Delaware and later, Wilmington, Delaware. He was a member of the Democratic Party, who served as U.S. Representative from Delaware.

Dr. Philip Andrew Traynor was an American dentist and politician from Wilmington, in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a member of the Democratic Party and served two terms as U.S. Representative from Delaware.

Earle Dukes Willey was an American lawyer and politician from Dover, in Kent County, Delaware. He was a member of the Republican Party, who served as U.S. Representative from Delaware.

Herbert Warburton American politician

Herbert Birchby Warburton was an American lawyer and politician from Wilmington, in New Castle County, Delaware and Frankford, in Sussex County, Delaware. He was a veteran of World War II, and a member of the Republican Party, who served as U.S. Representative from Delaware.

Clement Woodnutt Miller American politician

Clement Woodnutt Miller was a U.S. Representative from California.

References

  1. Time, March 31, 1930, "National Affairs: Ohio Gangster"
  2. Miller v. United States, 24 F.2d 353 (2nd Cir. 1928).
  3. "Col. Miller Indicted in $7,000,000 Fraud in Alien Property – Alleged to Have Helped Germans Get Back Big War Seizure After Sharing Bribe". New York Times. October 31, 1925. p. 1. Retrieved April 30, 2020.
  4. "Miller Appeals Sentence – Ex-Alien Property Custodian Asks Supreme Court Decision". New York Times. February 25, 1928. p. 5. Retrieved April 30, 2020.

Further reading

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Franklin Brockson
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from Delaware's at-large congressional district

19151917
Succeeded by
Albert F. Polk
Non-profit organization positions
New office Chairman of the American Legion National Legislative Committee
1919 – 1920
Succeeded by
John T. Taylor