Thomas W. Thompson

Last updated
Thomas Weston Thompson
Thomas Weston Thompson.jpg
Member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
In office
Member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives
In office
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from New Hampshire's At-large district
In office
March 4, 1805 – March 3, 1807
Preceded by Samuel Hunt
Succeeded by Daniel Meserve Durell
United States Senator
from New Hampshire
In office
June 24, 1814 March 3, 1817
Preceded by Nicholas Gilman
Succeeded by David L. Morril
Personal details
Born(1766-03-15)March 15, 1766
Boston, Massachusetts
DiedOctober 1, 1821(1821-10-01) (aged 55)
Concord, New Hampshire
Resting place Old North Cemetery
Political party Federalist
Spouse(s)Elizabeth C. Porter
ChildrenWilliam Coombs Thompson
Charles Edward Thompson
Alma mater Harvard University

Thomas Weston Thompson (March 15, 1766 October 1, 1821) was an American attorney and Federalist politician in the U.S. state of New Hampshire. He served as a United States Representative and United States Senator during the 1800s.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Most of the country is located contiguously in North America between Canada and Mexico.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders.

New Hampshire U.S. state in the United States

New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. New Hampshire is the 5th smallest by area and the 10th least populous U.S. state.


Early life and career

Thompson was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Thomas and Isabella Thompson. The family moved to Newburyport, Massachusetts when Thompson was young. [1] He attended Dummer Academy in Byfield, Massachusetts, [2] and served as an aide to General Lincoln during Shays' Rebellion. [3] Thompson graduated from Harvard University in 1786 and began studying for the ministry. He was a tutor at Harvard from 1789 to 1791. [4]

Newburyport, Massachusetts City in Massachusetts, United States

Newburyport is a small coastal, scenic, and historic city in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States, 35 miles (56 km) northeast of Boston. The population was 17,416 at the 2010 census. A historic seaport with a vibrant tourism industry, Newburyport includes part of Plum Island. The mooring, winter storage and maintenance of recreational boats, motor and sail, still contribute a large part of the city's income. A Coast Guard station oversees boating activity, especially in the sometimes dangerous tidal currents of the Merrimack River.

The Governors Academy Private, boarding school in Byfield, Massachusetts, United States

The Governor's Academy is a co-educational, independent boarding preparatory school for grades 9–12 located on 450 acres (1.8 km2) in the village of Byfield, Massachusetts, United States, 33 miles (53 km) north of Boston. The Academy enrolls approximately 400 students in grades nine through twelve, 70% of whom are boarders. The school was established in 1763 and is the oldest continuously operating independent boarding school in the United States.

Byfield, Massachusetts village in Massachusetts

Byfield is a village in the town of Newbury, in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. It borders West Newbury, Georgetown, and Rowley. It is located about 30 miles north-northeast of Boston, along Interstate 95, about 10 miles south of the border between New Hampshire and Massachusetts.

He read law, was admitted to the bar in 1791 and practiced law in Salisbury, New Hampshire from 1791 to 1810. Among the younger men he mentored was Daniel Webster, who started as a law apprentice with him around 1801. [5] [1] Thompson was appointed postmaster of Salisbury, serving from 1798 to 1803. He served for more than two decades as a trustee of Dartmouth College, from 1801 to 1821. [6]

Bar (law) The legal profession as an institution

In law, the bar is the legal profession as an institution. The term is a metonym for the line that separates the parts of a courtroom reserved for spectators and those reserved for participants in a trial such as lawyers.

Salisbury, New Hampshire Town in New Hampshire, United States

Salisbury is a town in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,382 at the 2010 census.

Daniel Webster Leading American senator and statesman, Secretary of State for three US presidents

Daniel Webster was an American statesman who represented New Hampshire and Massachusetts in the United States Congress and served as the United States Secretary of State under Presidents William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, and Millard Fillmore. He was also a prominent attorney, especially during the period of the Marshall Court. Throughout his career, he was a member of the Federalist Party, the National Republican Party, and the Whig Party.

Political career

In 1810, Thompson moved to Concord, New Hampshire where he continued the practice of law. He was elected as a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives, serving from 1807 to 1808. He was treasurer of New Hampshire in 1810. [1] He was reelected to serve in the State House from 1813 to 1814 and elected Speaker. [7]

Concord, New Hampshire capital of New Hampshire

Concord is the capital city of the U.S. state of New Hampshire and the county seat of Merrimack County. As of the 2010 census, its population was 42,695, and in 2018 the population was an estimated 43,412.

New Hampshire House of Representatives lower house of U.S. state legislature

The New Hampshire House of Representatives is the lower house in the New Hampshire General Court, the bicameral legislature of the state of New Hampshire. The House of Representatives consists of 400 members coming from 204 legislative districts across the state, created from divisions of the state's counties. On average, each legislator represents about 3,300 residents.

Thompson was elected as a Federalist to the Ninth U.S. Congress, serving from March 4, 1805 to March 3, 1807. [8] He was appointed state treasurer of New Hampshire from 1809 to 1811. Thompson was elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Nicholas Gilman, serving from June 24, 1814 to March 3, 1817. [9]

Nicholas Gilman American politician

Nicholas Gilman Jr. was a soldier in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, a delegate to the Continental Congress, and a signer of the U.S. Constitution, representing New Hampshire. He was a member of the United States House of Representatives during the first four Congresses, and served in the U.S. Senate from 1805 until his death in 1814.

He died in Concord in 1821; interment was in the Old North Cemetery.

Old North Cemetery (Concord, New Hampshire) United States historic place

Old North Cemetery is a historic cemetery on North State Street in Concord, New Hampshire. Established in 1730, it is the city's oldest cemetery. Franklin Pierce, fourteenth president of the United States, is buried in the cemetery, as are his wife Jane and two of his three sons. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on November 9, 2008. The cemetery continues to accept new burials.

Personal life

Thompson married Elizabeth C. Porter on December 25, 1796. They had two sons, William Coombs Thompson and Charles Edward Thompson. [3]

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  1. 1 2 3 Chase, Frederick (1913). A history of Dartmouth college and the town of Hanover, New Hampshire, Volume 2. Vermont Printing Co. p. 62.
  2. "Thomas W. Thompson". Reference. Archived from the original on December 12, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2013.
  3. 1 2 Bell, Charles Henry (1893). The bench and bar of New Hampshire: including biographical notices of deceased judges of the highest court, and lawyers of the province and state, and a list of names of those now living. Houghton, Mifflin and company. p. 688.
  4. Harvard University (1900). Quinquennial Catalogue of the Officers and Graduates of Harvard University. The University. p. 160.
  5. Wait, Eugene M. (1999). America and the War of 1812. Nova Publishers. p. 255. ISBN   978-1-56072-644-9.
  6. Dartmouth College (1900). General Catalogue of Dartmouth College and the Associated Schools 1769–1900. Dartmouth College. p. 66.
  7. New Hampshire. General Court. Senate (1813). Journal of the Proceedings of the Senate o. New Hampshire. General Court. Senate. p. 6.
  8. Congressional Serial Set. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1900. p. 740.
  9. United States. Congress. Senate (1813). Journal of the Senate of the United States of America. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. viii.

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Samuel Hunt
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from New Hampshire's at-large congressional district

Succeeded by
Daniel M. Durell
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Nicholas Gilman
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from New Hampshire
Served alongside: Jeremiah Mason
Succeeded by
David L. Morril