Thomas Waddell

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Thomas Waddell
Thomas Waddell.jpg
15th Premier of New South Wales
In office
15 June 1904 29 August 1904
Preceded by Sir John See
Succeeded by Joseph Carruthers
Constituency Cowra
Personal details
Born(1854-01-01)1 January 1854
County Monaghan, Ireland
Died25 October 1940(1940-10-25) (aged 86)
Ashfield, New South Wales, Australia
Political party Progressive Party
Spouse(s)Elizabeth James
Children3(m), 4(f)

Thomas Waddell (1 January 1854 – 25 October 1940), an Australian politician, was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1887 to 1917, was briefly the premier of New South Wales during 1904, and was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Council from 1917 to 1934.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 26 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

New South Wales Legislative Assembly one of the two chambers of the Parliament of New South Wales

The New South Wales Legislative Assembly is the lower of the two houses of the Parliament of New South Wales, an Australian state. The upper house is the New South Wales Legislative Council. Both the Assembly and Council sit at Parliament House in the state capital, Sydney. The Assembly is presided over by the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly.

Premier of New South Wales head of government for the state of New South Wales, Australia

The Premier of New South Wales is the head of government in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The Government of New South Wales follows the Westminster system, with a Parliament of New South Wales acting as the legislature. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of New South Wales, and by modern convention holds office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the lower house of Parliament, the Legislative Assembly.

Contents

Early life

He was born in County Monaghan, Ireland, son of John and Ann Waddell and was brought to Australia when a few months old. [1] [2] He grew up near Lake George, New South Wales, northeast of Canberra and was educated at Collector public school and at George Metcalfe's High School, Goulburn. [3] At 15 he started work as a shop assistant and then became clerk of petty sessions at Collector Court. He began selling cattle and horses in 1876 and spent some time at Cooper Creek in western Queensland. Together with his brother George, he bought three stations in far western New South Wales and managed them for five years before selling them in the boom of the 1880s. [1]

County Monaghan County in the Republic of Ireland

County Monaghan is a county in Ireland. It is part of the Border Region and is in the province of Ulster. It is named after the town of Monaghan. Monaghan County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county is 60,483 according to the 2011 census.

Ireland Island in north-west Europe, 20th largest in world, politically divided into the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland (a part of the UK)

Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.

Lake George (New South Wales) Town in New South Wales, Australia

Lake George is an endorheic lake in south-eastern New South Wales, Australia. It is approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) north-east of Canberra located adjacent to the Federal Highway en route to Goulburn and Sydney. Lake George is also the name of a locality on the western and southern edges of the lake, within the area of the Queanbeyan–Palerang Regional Council.

Parliamentary career

In February 1887 he was elected as member for Bourke in the Legislative Assembly and in May 1887 he married Elizabeth, daughter of John James of Orange. In the July 1891 election he lost his seat to James Peter Howe, but won it back again at a by-election following Howe's resignation in October 1891. [1] [3] He was elected as member for Cobar in July 1894 and Cowra in July 1898. In April 1901 he became colonial treasurer in the See government [3] and handled the portfolio well in difficult times. When See resigned in June 1904, he recommended to Governor Sir Harry Rawson that he appoint Paddy Crick, but Rawson did not favour Crick because of his excessive drinking in Executive Council meetings and in due course asked Waddell to be premier. [1]

Electoral district of Bourke state electoral district of New South Wales, Australia

Bourke was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales from 1880 to 1904, including the town of Bourke. It elected two members simultaneously between 1882 and 1894, with voters casting two votes and the first two candidates being elected.

Orange, New South Wales City in New South Wales, Australia

Orange is a city in the Central West region of New South Wales, Australia. It is 254 km (158 mi) west of the state capital, Sydney [206 km (128 mi) on a great circle], at an altitude of 862 metres (2,828 ft). Orange had an estimated urban population of 39,755 as of June 2016 making the city a significant regional centre. A significant nearby landmark is Mount Canobolas with a peak elevation of 1,395 m (4,577 ft) AHD  and commanding views of the district.

Cobar was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales from 1894 to 1920, when it was combined with Willyama and Sturt to create a three-member Sturt. Cobar was recreated in 1930 and abolished in 1968. It included Cobar.

Two months later Waddell's government faced a general election, and he won re-election to the renamed seat of Belubula, but his Progressive Party lost badly to Joseph Carruthers' Liberal Reform Party and he ceased to be premier, colonial treasurer and justice minister on 29 August. [3] The Labor Party became the official opposition. [4] He attempted to hold the Progressive Party together, but in May 1907 he accepted an offer to become Colonial Secretary in Carruthers Government. The Progressive Party disintegrated after the September 1907 election.

Belubula was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales from 1904 to 1913, named after the Belubula River, which flows through the town of Canowindra. In 1913 it was largely absorbed into Lyndhurst.

The Progressive Party was an Australian political party, active in New South Wales state politics. The question of tariff policy which, had created and divided the Free Trade Party and Protectionist Party in New South Wales in the 1890s, became a federal issue at the time of federation. Deprived of their main ideological difference, the two parties were recreated as the Liberal Reform Party aligned with the federal Free Trade Party and the Progressive Party aligned with the federal Protectionist Party. The Progressive Party collapsed in 1907, leaving the Liberal Reform Party as the main anti-Labor Party. In 1919, the Farmers' and Settlers' Association and the Graziers' Association founded a new Progressive Party, which won metropolitan and rural seats in the 1920 election.

Joseph Carruthers Australian politician and Premier of New South Wales

Sir Joseph Hector McNeil Carruthers was an Australian politician and Premier of New South Wales.

When Charles Wade became premier in October 1907, Waddell became colonial treasurer until the Government's defeat by James McGowen's Labor Party in the 1910 election. As treasurer, he reduced income tax and repealed stamp duty. [1] He remained member for Belubula until 1917 and served in the Legislative Council from 1917 to 1934, when elections to the Council were introduced. [3]

Charles Wade New South Wales politician and Premier of New South Wales

Sir Charles Gregory Wade KCMG, KC, JP was Premier of New South Wales 2 October 1907 – 21 October 1910. According to Percival Serle, "Wade was a public-spirited man of high character. His ability, honesty and courage were quickly recognized and, though he could not be called a great leader, he was either in office or leader of the opposition for nearly the whole of his political life of 14 years. His career as a judge was short, but his sense of justice and grasp of principles and details, eminently fitted him for that position."

James McGowen New South Wales politician and Premier

James Sinclair Taylor McGowen was an Australian politician and the first Labor Premier of New South Wales from 21 October 1910 to 30 June 1913.

New South Wales Legislative Council Upper house of the Parliament of New South Wales

The New South Wales Legislative Council, often referred to as the upper house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of the Australian state of New South Wales. The other is the Legislative Assembly. Both sit at Parliament House in the state capital, Sydney. It is normal for legislation to be first deliberated on and passed by the Legislative Assembly before being considered by the Legislative Council, which acts in the main as a house of review.

Waddell died in Ashfield on 25 October 1940. He was survived by his wife and three sons and four daughters. [1]

Ashfield, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Ashfield is a suburb in the Inner West of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Ashfield is about 8 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business district.

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Buck, A. R. "Waddell, Thomas (1854? - 1940)". Australian Dictionary of Biography . Australian National University . Retrieved 15 February 2007.
  2. Serle, Percival. "Waddell, Thomas (1854-1940)". Dictionary of Australian Biography . Project Gutenberg Australia . Retrieved 15 February 2007.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 "Mr Thomas Waddell (1854-1940)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  4. Clune, David. "Facts and Figures - Political Parties of NSW (Overview)". Parliament of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 15 February 2007.
New South Wales Legislative Assembly
Preceded by
Russell Barton
Member for Bourke
1887 1891
Served alongside: Wilson/Willis, Davis/Langwell
Succeeded by
James Howe
Preceded by
James Howe
Member for Bourke
1891 1894
Served alongside: Willis, Langwell
Succeeded by
Edward Millen
New district Member for Cobar
1894 – 1898
Succeeded by
William Spence
Preceded by
Michael Phillips
Member for Cowra
1898 1904
District abolished
New district Member for Belubula
1904 1913
District abolished
New district Member for Lyndhurst
1913 1917
Succeeded by
Claude Bushell
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir William Lyne
Colonial Treasurer of New South Wales
1901–1904
Succeeded by
Sir Joseph Carruthers
Vacant
Title last held by
Robert Fitzgerald
Minister for Justice
1904
Succeeded by
Charles Wade
Preceded by
Sir John See
Premier of New South Wales
1904
Succeeded by
Sir Joseph Carruthers
Preceded by
James Hogue
Colonial Secretary of New South Wales
1907
Succeeded by
William Wood
Preceded by
Sir Joseph Carruthers
Colonial Treasurer of New South Wales
1907–1910
Succeeded by
James McGowen
Party political offices
Preceded by
Sir John See
Leader of the Progressive Party
1904–1907
Merged into Liberal Reform Party

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